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Maria Pepe

In a League of Her Own: The Girl Who Fought to Play Baseball With the Boys

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Maria Pepe

Jimmy Farina had never seen anything like it: Maria Pepe, a middle schooler, was striking out her male counterparts.

As the coach of the Young Democrats Little League team in Hoboken, New Jersey, Farina had allowed Pepe to try out for the 1972 season. Farina knew the “official” League rule book expressly prohibited girls, but dismissed it as silly. He heard from the neighborhood boys that Pepe was talented, and she had proven it during tryouts. She was better than most of the boys he'd seen.

Not everyone shared Farina's enthusiasm. When Pepe took the mound, her presence was met with outright hostility. Local press chided the team and Farina for breaking tradition; parents of boys on opposing teams grew agitated. Everyone knew Little League was a boys’ club.

After the Democrats had played just three games, Farina received a phone call from the Little League offices in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. The publicity surrounding Pepe had made its way to headquarters, and the response was sharp: either Pepe was booted off the team, or Little League would be forced to revoke the Young Democrats' charter and cancel the rest of their season. Farina tried to protest, but Little League had made up its mind.

Reluctantly, he told Pepe he needed her uniform back. She could keep her hat.


Carl Stotz had no boys of his own, but his nephews enjoyed baseball. In 1938, Stotz decided to try and arrange an organized league for pre-teen players to foster sportsmanship and teamwork. The following year, he enlisted friends as team managers and came up with a name: Little League Baseball.

By 1953, the program’s World Series was being televised nationally. By 1960, over 27,000 teams had been formed. For much of that time, girls were virtually non-existent during play. When 12-year-old Kathryn Johnston took the field in 1950, angry parents made such a fuss that the League added an explicit ban to its rule book: “Girls are not eligible under any conditions.”

Though Pepe didn’t realize she was excluded by policy, she got the sense Little League teams were for boys. Having played wiffle ball since she was a toddler with cousins and brothers, she had become a skilled player but hung back when her male friends went to sign up for the Young Democrats in 1972. Coach Farina, however, knew of Pepe’s reputation and invited the shy young girl into the tryout.

“Why don’t you play?” he asked. Pepe pitched the first game of the season and acted as relief for the next two.

When she took to the field the first time, an inattentive reporter mistakenly referred to Pepe as a “he.” But her slender frame and curly hair left little confusion. Parents were vocal in their displeasure in Farina’s decision, waving the Little League rule book under his nose; one adult confronted Pepe in her apartment building’s elevator, telling her she was ruining the activity for everyone.

When Little League forced her out, Pepe didn’t protest. She felt responsible for her teammates and other local players—more than 200 in all—and didn’t want to affect their chances of playing out the season. But Pepe’s parents were livid; a call from the National Organization for Women (NOW) had come at the right time. NOW wanted to file a discrimination suit on behalf of Pepe in New Jersey and wanted her parents’ permission to do so.

They agreed. Forced into an early retirement, Pepe would shortly have her day in court.

Arguing before the New Jersey Division of Civil Rights beginning in May 1972, Little League Vice-President Creighton J. Hale was aghast at NOW’s defense of females in the junior baseball circuit. Girls, he argued, had “weaker” bones and muscles than boys and slower reaction times. Worse, a well-placed hit by a ball to the chest could cause breast cancer.

As Hale and NOW debated that highly dubious science, observers took opposing sides. The New York Yankees publicly backed Pepe, inviting her and her family to a game and making her an honorary "Yankee for a Day"; the Spokane Daily Chronicle’s editorial page ran in the opposite direction and advised Pepe to “give up her foolish, girlish dream of belting one out of Shea Stadium.”

But other girls had started to challenge Little League’s practices. In Newark, Delaware, nine-year-old Kim Green was turned away from the sign-up table at her local team’s tryouts. Her mother was outraged and wanted to file suit, as roughly 20 others had done around the country. Kim ended up on the Mike Douglas Show and teed off on balls pitched by football great Larry Czonka. Another player, Janine Cinseruli, sued for violation of her civil rights and won. Little League suddenly found itself in a pile-up of courtroom appearance and attorneys’ fees.

In May of 1973, presiding hearing officer Sylvia Pressler ruled in favor of NOW and Pepe. Calling her a “very courageous girl,” Pressler stated that there was no compelling reason girls should be ostracized from an American pastime. Declaring the order “outrageous,” Little League appealed, but the state’s Supreme Court upheld Pressler’s decision.

Faced with precedent and increasing litigation, Little League eliminated the gender policy in June 1974, and Little League’s Federal charter was amended in December of that year. (It was too late in the season for Kim Green to try out, so her mother started an all-female team, the Angels, that beat boys’ teams in eight straight games.) The following year, 30,000 females signed up.

A NOW representative called Pepe’s father with the good news, which turned out to be bittersweet. Because the lawsuit had taken nearly two years to play out, 14-year-old Pepe was now too old for the League and its 8-to-12 demographic.

After graduating college, she became a Certified Public Accountant. While she was happy her situation had helped the women that followed her—girls are free to join Little League to this day, with 18 having made it to the World Series—Pepe still felt some disappointment she hadn’t been able to get back on the field.

That changed in 2004, when Little League asked her to throw out the first pitch of the World Series to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the rules change. Pepe agreed, though it was the last time she saw her Young Democrats hat. It’s now in Cooperstown.

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Denis Poroy/Getty Images
The First High Five Recorded in the History of Sports
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Denis Poroy/Getty Images

We don’t quite know who invented the high five—but we can pinpoint the moment it became inextricably linked with sports, which the short documentary The High Five explores below.

On October 2, 1977, Los Angeles Dodgers leftfielder Dusty Baker scored his 30th home run, making the team the first in history to have four players—Baker, Ron Cey, Steve Garvey, and Reggie Smith—with at least 30 homers under each of their belts. Fellow outfielder Glenn Burke was so overwhelmed with joy and pride, he raised his arm and slapped his flat palm against the victorious athlete’s own palm. The moment transformed Baker and Burke into legends.

Sadly, the latter player faced hard times ahead: Burke was gay, and it’s believed that his sexuality prompted team officials to trade him to the Oakland A's the following year. In Oakland, Burke clashed with team manager Billy Martin, then retired early from baseball. Today, Burke is remembered for his charisma and talent—and for transforming a simple gesture into a universal symbol. “To think his energy and personality was the origin of that, that’s a pretty good legacy,” sportswriter Lyle Spencer says in the film.

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11 Outrageous Ballpark Foods
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Major League ballpark food has gone way beyond peanuts, Cracker Jacks, and the all-American hot dog. Now you can enjoy full meals, international cuisine, and eye-popping, gut-busting specialty dishes concocted for maximum publicity. Let's sample some of the outrageous dishes available at baseball games this year.


Wayback Burger has the ultimate meat-lover's burger at Citizens Bank Park in Philadelphia. Watch the Phillies while eating a Triple Triple Burger with nine beef patties and nine slices of cheese. And some veggies, if you can find them.


First seen in 2015, Pig Guy still offers S‘mores Bacon on a Stick at Citi Field. That's a slice of thick bacon dipped in marshmallow, chocolate, and graham cracker crumbs …on a stick. If you so choose, there are other toppings available for your bacon on a stick, like Sriracha maple glaze or salted caramel.


Served by Edgar's Cantina, the authentic Oaxacan chapulines debuting this year at Safeco Field in Seattle are "toasted grasshoppers with chile-lime salt seasoning." [PDF] They sold out on opening day, and the ballpark moved more grasshoppers in three games than Edgar's home restaurant Poquitos serves in a year!


Not in the mood for toasted grasshoppers? There are plenty of sweet treats available at Safeco Field in Seattle, including the made-to-order deluxe frozen custard cookie sandwiches from Frozen Rope Sandwich Company. As you can see, they come with extras.


In case you don't know what Rocky Mountain oysters are, they're bull testicles that are sliced and deep-fried. Not only are they a huge hit throughout Colorado, they've been a staple at Rockies games for 20 years.


New for 2017, you'll be able to try the Texas Snowballs at Globe Life Park in Arlington, Texas. It's made of chopped brisket and barbecue sauce rolled into a ball and covered with funnel cake batter. It is then deep-fried and sprinkled with powdered sugar. Is it an entree or a dessert? That's your decision.


Choomongous is both a sandwich and a description. This staple at Globe Life Park in Arlington, Texas, is a 24-inch Korean beef sandwich that was crafted in 2014 in honor of Texas Ranger outfielder Shin-Soo Choo. The sandwich is stuffed with Korean-spiced beef, spicy slaw, and Sriracha-infused mayo. Your best advice is to split it with a friend or two.


Watch baseball at Minute Maid Park and use only one hand to eat a full dinner. The Chicken and Waffle Cone puts fried chicken fingers and mashed potatoes inside a large waffle cone with honey-mustard sauce on top. The fan favorite is in its third year of satisfying hungry Astros fans.


Miller Park in Milwaukee is the home of Inside the Park Nachos, which is basically taco meat on a stick that is rolled in crushed Doritos, fried, and served with cheese sauce, sour cream, and salsa.


Chase Field in Phoenix first served the Churro Dog in 2015. This is not the ballpark hot dog you're used to, but an 1100-calorie dessert. The "dog" is a cinnamon churro, the "bun" is a split Long John donut, and the toppings are frozen yogurt, chocolate sauce, caramel sauce, and whipped cream. For 2017, the Churro Dog 2.0 comes dressed up in Oreos! The churro is rolled in crushed Oreo cookies, strawberry topping replaces the caramel, and then a generous helping of more Oreo crumbs is sprinkled on top.


Target Field is offering a new Bloody Mary during Twins games. Hrbek's Pub supplies the new Triple Sausage Bloody Mary, a Bloody Mary with deluxe garnishes including three varieties of sausage (brat, Polish, and andouille), in addition to cheese cubes, peppers, and various fruits and vegetables. You can get a variation with a hamburger garnish if you like!


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