California Pet Stores Can No Longer Use 'Puppy Mills,' According to a New Law

iStock.com/choja
iStock.com/choja

The landscape of pet ownership is about to experience a radical shift, at least in California. Beginning Tuesday, January 1, 2019, pet stores located in the state will no longer be able to sell certain animals sourced from anywhere other than rescue and shelter organizations.

Pet stores have been perpetually under fire by animal rights activists for making use of “puppy mills,” businesses that supply stores with dogs and other pets reared in questionable and sometimes inhumane environments. According to the Humane Society [PDF], squalid conditions in cramped cages or poor hygienic standards can result in puppies with long-term health conditions or communicable diseases. PAWS, a non-profit animal rights group, estimates that 90 percent of puppies currently sold in stores come from mills.

The new California law, AB 485, aims to reduce the demand for puppies from such places by requiring that commercial pet stores traffic exclusively in dogs, cats, and rabbits that have been sourced from a rescue. Stores will need to keep records of where the animal was obtained, along with required spaying and neutering documentation. The information also needs to be posted near the animal’s cage.

Opponents of the bill have criticized it for making it harder for buyers to select the specific breed they want, and because offering shelter animals could cut significantly into a store’s profits, leading some to close their doors.

Prospective owners will still be able to buy puppies and kittens directly from breeders. If a store is found to be in violation of the law, a $500 penalty can be issued.

[h/t Time]

FDA Recalls Several Dry Dog Foods That Could Cause Toxic Levels of Vitamin D

iStock.com/Chalabala
iStock.com/Chalabala

The FDA has recalled several brands of dry dog food that contain potentially toxic levels of vitamin D, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution reports. While vitamin D is essential for dogs, too much of the nutrient can result in kidney failure and other serious health problems.

The FDA has already received reports of vitamin D toxicity in dogs that consumed certain dry foods. Pet owners are advised to stop using the following products:

Old Glory Hearty Turkey and Cheese Flavor Dog Food (manufactured by Sunshine Mills, Inc.)

Evolve Chicken & Rice Puppy Dry Dog Food (Sunshine Mills, Inc.)

Sportsman's Pride Large Breed Puppy Dry Dog Food (Sunshine Mills, Inc.)

Triumph Chicken & Rice Recipe Dry Dog Food (Sunshine Mills, Inc.)

Nature's Promise Chicken & Brown Rice Dog Food (Ahold Delhaize)

Nature's Place Real Country Chicken and Brown Rice Dog Food (Ahold Delhaize)

Abound Chicken and Brown Rice Recipe Dog Food (sold at Kroger in Louisville, Kentucky, as well as King Soopers and City Market stores in Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, and Wyoming)

ELM Chicken and Chickpea Recipe (ELM Pet Foods, Inc.)

ELM K9 Naturals Chicken Recipe (ELM Pet Foods, Inc.)

ANF Lamb and Rice Dry Dog Food (ANF, Inc.)

Orlando Grain-Free Chicken & Chickpea Superfood Recipe (sold at Lidl stores)

Natural Life Pet Products Chicken & Potato Dry Dog Food

Nutrisca Chicken and Chickpea Dry Dog Food

For the full list of UPC and lot numbers involved in the recall, visit the FDA's website.

Symptoms of vitamin D poisoning usually develop 12 to 36 hours after pets consume a suspect food, according to PetMD. The FDA says those symptoms include vomiting, loss of appetite, increased thirst, increased urination, excessive drooling, and weight loss. "Customers with dogs who have consumed this product and are exhibiting these symptoms should contact their veterinarian as soon as possible," the FDA writes.

The agency says the situation is still developing, and it will update the list of recalled brands as more information becomes available. According to WKRN News, veterinary professionals recommend sticking to dog foods that have an AAFCO label (from the Association of American Feed Control Officials) on them.

[h/t The Atlanta Journal-Constitution]

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