6 Ways Movies Subtly Distort Reality

Twentieth Century Fox
Twentieth Century Fox

In order to tell big, sweeping truths about the human condition, film and television productions often have to cheat a little when it comes to the small stuff. Few people talking on a phone onscreen ever say “goodbye,” because it would be tedious for an audience. Take a look at a few more examples of how Hollywood tweaks reality to fit their narratives.


A screen capture of a film featuring two removed headrests in a vehicle
Brett Smrz, YouTube

The next time you see characters in a film going for a drive, look closely at the vehicle's features. In a lot of cases, the headrests will be missing. The adjustable cushions are there to help protect your head and neck in the event of an accident, but in fiction, they tend to get in the way of the camera when it’s trying to photograph passengers. Which is the same reason why rearview mirrors are often removed, too.


A wet street is photographed at night

As protagonists drive recklessly around town without headrests, you might notice that nighttime scenes usually feature glistening, rain-soaked streets. You can chalk it up to atmosphere, but in most cases, it’s because the director of photography mandated it: Wet pavement cuts down on diffuse reactions that will cast shadows from nearby production equipment. It can also reflect the available light to create a moodier frame.


A reliable distraction in movies, fire suppression sprinkler systems usually respond to a character lighting a match by setting off every sprinkler in a building. As the sprinkler industry is eager to point out, the systems don’t work this way—because no one wants to clean up multiple floors of water damage. A fire source will set off the nearest sprinkler by melting the heat-sensitive element inside of it, and only those sprinklers exposed to the heat will respond. You can also forget about pulling a fire alarm level to get the water flowing; that typically won't activate the system, either.


A man forces a patient to inhale chloroform

A staple of operating theaters over 100 years ago, chloroform took on a second life in the movies as a quick, easy way to subdue characters who were apparently too important to be killed immediately. But unlike the rapid effect of a drug-soaked cloth wielded by a villain, real chloroform needs to be inhaled for several minutes in order to affect a person’s consciousness. It’s also incredibly dangerous to breathe in, making any detective or noir movie reenactments very ill-advised.


For heroes trapped in confined spaces, nothing beats crawling into the HVAC system and navigating a building without being seen: Think John McClane snaking his way through Nakatomi Plaza’s ducts. Unfortunately, real systems aren’t designed to support the weight of a fully-grown adult and aren’t typically big enough to fit one. The interior of a duct would also be caked with dust. Even if a protagonist somehow found a weight-bearing system, he or she would make so much noise that they'd be discovered immediately. (That being said, Die Hard is still a flawless movie.)



When a villain wants to be as discreet as possible, he or she often screws a silencer to a firearm in order to muffle the sound of the gunshot. While movies usually depict this as something akin to a mouse fart (“pfft”), the reality is that silencers are still plenty loud—they lessen, but hardly eliminate, the crack of a shot (as MythBusters once demonstrated).

Bran Reveals Meaning of the Three-Eyed Raven and How That Impacts Future of Westeros

Helen Sloan/HBO
Helen Sloan/HBO

Earlier this year, Night King actor Vladimir Furdik confirmed that his Game of Thrones character "has a target he wants to kill," and it appears that last night's episode, "A Knight of the Seven Kingdoms," may have revealed who that person is: Bran Stark, who is now the Three-Eyed Raven. In a meeting before the dead march on Winterfell, Bran says, “He’ll come for me. He’s tried before. Many times, with many Three-eyed Ravens.”

When explaining why it's him the Night King wants, Bran revealed what the Three-Eyed Raven does, and what his death would mean for Westeros.

According to Bran, the Night King's goal is "An endless night. He wants to erase this world." Bran goes on to say, "I am its memory," referring to the fact that he, as the Three-Eyed Raven, knows everything that has happened in the history of Westeros. To this, Sam Tarly replies, "Memories don’t come from books. And your stories aren’t just stories. If I wanted to erase the world of men, I’d start with you.”

The Night King was able to get his hands on Bran in a vision, and Bran is permanently marked from the encounter, which means the Night King always knows where he is. Now, Bran—guarded by Theon—will serve as bait to lure the Night King into Winterfell.

Could this be foreshadowing the fact that Bran won't see the end of the season? We'll just have to wait and see what's coming in episode three and beyond.

Game of Thrones's Episode 3 Teaser May Contain a Hidden Message from Daenerys to Jon

Helen Sloan/HBO
Helen Sloan/HBO

Season 8, episode 2 of Game of Thrones, "A Knight of the Seven Kingdoms," had its fair share of moments that could have given away hints for episodes to come, like in the writers' decision to include "Jenny's Song," or in Jon Snow telling Daenerys Targaryen that they're related.

One fan theory about the fate of Westeros, however, comes from the previews for next week's episode. Posted by Reddit user IgnorantSportsFan, the theory centers around one pivotal line uttered during a conversation between Daenerys and Jon: "The dead are already here."

"That line happens between Dany and Jon, and felt super significant—but we already see the army of the dead, felt it was too obvious to be their reaction to them," the theory begins."Then it clicked: The crypt is full of dead people. All episode they keep repeating and emphasizing how safe it was in the crypt, but its GOT and we cannot have nice things. So is it possible we have old Starks rising from the crypts? Or is that too far fetched?"

The theory certainly adds up, emphasized by the reminder that there were clips included of Arya Stark fighting in the crypts.

Could the dead be rising in the crypts of Winterfell as the White Walkers rapidly approach? We'll find out soon.