Weddings Are Getting Smaller—And More Expensive


If you’re part of a couple looking to save money on your wedding, you may think that cutting down the guest list is a good strategy. In general, that's a good way to start, but according to a new survey from The Knot, a smaller crowd on your big day doesn’t always spell a cheaper event. The study found that while the average number of wedding guests has dropped to 141 in 2016 from 149 in 2009, wedding costs have reached their highest point in 10 years.

For the study, The Knot looked at 13,000 U.S. users who were married last year. In 2015, couples were spending an average of $32,641 to get hitched. That number has since shot up to $35,329. The average cost per guest is now $245, more than $50 more than what it was seven years ago.

Instead of using a smaller invite list in order to save some dough, more couples are taking it as an opportunity to create extravagant, personalized experiences for their guests. The report indicates that a choice of fish, chicken, or steak and a DJ will no longer cut it for many couples: They’re going above and beyond with trendy features like photo booths, live dancers, food trucks, dessert bars, and portrait artists. Spending on traditional wedding staples, like cake, flowers, caterers, photographers, and venues, also saw a spending boost across the board.

If you're planning a wedding of your own, try your best not to let these expenses overwhelm you. Figuring out how much you need to spend on your wedding ahead of time is essential to sticking to a budget. In addition to flashy amenities, couples should consider hidden or unexpected costs like cleanup, deliveries, hair and makeup trials, and other parts of the wedding process the guests will never see.

[h/t The Knot]

Live Smarter
These Are the Top 25 U.S. Cities With the Lowest Cost of Living

Coastal cities like New York and San Francisco bustle with excitement, but residents pay plenty of hard-earned cash to enjoy perks like Central Park and world-class museums—and to pay their sky-high rents. If you’d rather have a full bank account than a hipster ZIP code, consider setting down roots in America’s most affordable region: the Midwest.

Niche, a data analysis company, has ranked the 25 cities with the lowest cost of living across the United States—and the top 10 are all located in America’s heartland. Their selections were based on factors including access to affordable housing, food and fuel costs, and median tax rates, all of which were gleaned from U.S. Census and Bureau of Labor Statistics data.

Indiana was the most-represented state in the list’s top 10 section, with Fort Wayne, Evansville, and South Bend nabbing the first three spots. The remaining cities were mid-sized metropolitan areas in Kansas, Ohio, Iowa, and Illinois, all of which offer urban conveniences at a fraction of the cost of their coastal counterparts. After that, other cities in the mix included municipalities in Texas, Michigan, Alabama, South Dakota, and Minnesota.

Check out Niche's top 25 list below, and visit their website to view their methodology.

1. Fort Wayne, Indiana
2. Evansville, Indiana
3. South Bend, Indiana
4. Topeka, Kansas
5. Toledo, Ohio
6. Wichita, Kansas
7. Akron, Ohio
8. Cedar Rapids, Iowa
9. Davenport, Iowa
10. Springfield, Illinois
11. Rochester, Minnesota
12. Dayton, Ohio
13. Springfield, Missouri
14. Wichita Falls, Texas
15. Kansas City, Kansas
16. Odessa, Texas
17. Cleveland, Ohio
18. Indianapolis, Indiana
19. Abilene, Texas
20. Sioux Falls, South Dakota
21. Montgomery, Alabama
22. Lansing, Michigan
23. Des Moines, Iowa
24. Brownsville, Texas
25. Warren, Michigan

Switzerland Flushes $1.8 Million in Gold Down the Sewer Every Year

Switzerland has some pretty valuable sewer systems. As Bloomberg reports, scientists have discovered around $1.8 million worth of gold in the country's wastewater, along with $1.7 million worth of silver.

Scientists at the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology examined sewage sludge and effluents, or discharged liquid waste, from 64 water treatment plants and major Swiss rivers. They did this to assess the concentrations of various trace elements, which are "increasingly widely used in the high-tech and medical sectors," the scientists explained in a press statement. "While the ultimate fate of the various elements has been little studied to date, a large proportion is known to enter wastewater."

The study, which was recently published online in the journal Environmental Science & Technology, revealed that around 94 pounds of gold makes its way through Switzerland's sewage system each year, along with 6600 pounds of silver and high concentrations of rare metals like gadolinium and niobium. For the most part, these metals don't harm the environment, researchers say.

With gold and silver quite literally flowing through their sewers, is there any way that Switzerland could turn their wastewater into wealth? Scientists are skeptical: "The recovery of metals from wastewater or sludge is scarcely worthwhile at present, either financially or in terms of the amounts which could be extracted," the release explains.

However, in the southern canton of Ticino, which is home to several gold refineries, the "concentrations of gold in sewage sludge are sufficiently high for recovery to be potentially worthwhile," they conclude.

Switzerland is famous for its chocolate, watches, and mountains, but it's also home to major gold refineries. On average, around 70 percent of the world's gold passes through Switzerland every year—and judging from the looks of it, much of it goes down the drain. As for the sewer silver, it's a byproduct of the chemical and pharmaceutical industry, which is a cornerstone of Switzerland's economy.

[h/t Bloomberg]


More from mental floss studios