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The Most Frequently Used Word on Each Country's Wikipedia Page

Amiantedeluxe // Click to enlarge

When thinking of certain countries, what word comes to mind? If you think of "war" when thinking about the United States, you might have just read the country's Wikipedia page. This map shows the most recurrent words found on each country's English Wikipedia page.

Reddit user Amiantedeluxe looked at each country's Wikipedia entry and used a word frequency counter to figure out which words were used the most. To keep it interesting, prepositions and words connected to the country's name were not included in the counting. It's also worth noting that words like "island" and "islands" are counted as different words.

Not all the results were as poignant as the United States. Many of the countries had obvious answers like "national" and "Africa."

[h/t Vox]

The Afternoon Map is a semi-regular feature in which we post maps and infographics. In the afternoon. Semi-regularly.

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The Evolution of "Two" in the Indo-European Language Family
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The Indo-European language family includes most of the languages of Europe as well as many languages in Asia. There is a long research tradition that has shown, though careful historical comparison, that languages spanning a huge linguistic and geographical range, from French to Greek to Russian to Hindi to Persian, are all related to each other and sprung from a common source, Proto-Indo-European. One of the techniques for studying the relationship of the different languages to each other is to look at the similarities between individual words and work out the sound changes that led from one language to the next.

This diagram, submitted to Reddit by user IronChestplate1, shows the word for two in various Indo-European languages. (The “proto” versions, marked with an asterisk, are hypothesized forms, built by working backward from historical evidence.) The languages cluster around certain common features, but the words are all strikingly similar, especially when you consider the words for two in languages outside the Indo-European family: iki (Turkish), èjì (Yoruba), ni (Japanese), kaksi (Finnish), etc. There are many possible forms two could take, but in this particular group of languages it is extremely limited. What are the chances of that happening by accident? Once you see it laid out like this, it doesn’t take much to put *dwóh and *dwóh together.

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Beyond Plumbing: 19 Other Jobs on Mario's Resume
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Nintendo made news this week by subtly announcing that Mario is no longer a plumber. In fact, they're really downplaying his whole plumbing career. On the character's Japanese-language bio, the company says, "He also seems to have worked as a plumber a long time ago."

But Mario has always had plenty of jobs on the side. Here's a look at his resume:

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