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15 Books Every Young Reader Will Love

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Want to help the kids in your life nurture their interests? From art, to science, to history, these brainy books can teach and inspire—and who knows? Your young friends might be able to school you on a few topics after reading!

1. NATHAN HALE’S HAZARDOUS TALES, BY NATHAN HALE

History doesn’t have to be dry—and author-illustrator Nathan Hale’s series is anything but. Presented in graphic novel form, Hale’s Hazardous Tales covers everything from the Alamo to the Donner Party. But the first book in the series, appropriately, is on the author's namesake—the American spy who was captured during the Revolutionary War, and uttered the famous "I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country," before being hanged by the British. Hazardous history, indeed! 

2. RAD WOMEN WORLDWIDE: ARTISTS AND ATHLETES, PIRATES AND PUNKS, AND OTHER REVOLUTIONARIES WHO SHAPED HISTORY, BT KATE SCHATZ AND MIRIAM STAHL

Nothing illustrates the saying "Well-behaved women rarely make history" better than the 40 women highlighted in this book. Famous fab females are featured, like Marie Curie and Frida Kahlo, but young readers will also appreciate tales about lesser-known figures such as environmental and political activist Wangari Maathai and punk rocker Poly Styrene.

3. EARTHRISE: MY ADVENTURES AS AN APOLLO 14 ASTRONAUT, BY EDGAR MITCHELL

Kids can make history into reality by putting themselves in the shoes of astronaut Edgar Mitchell, the lunar module pilot for the third moon landing. Mitchell's first solo airplane flight as a teen and his firsthand accounts of eating, sleeping, and even going to the bathroom on the moon are sure to fascinate any science buff.

4. CHASING VERMEER, BY BLUE BALLIETT AND BRETT HELQUIST

Dubbed "The DaVinci Code for kids," this youth novel sends a pair of sixth-graders on a scavenger hunt to recover a stolen painting. The clues and puzzles presented in the book encourage kids to scrutinize and analyze real works of art to solve the mystery themselves. And you may recognize illustrator Brett Helquist's style from his work on Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events books.

5. STAR STUFF: CARL SAGAN AND THE MYSTERIES OF THE COSMOS, BY STEPHANIE ROTH SISSON

Any kid who has felt a sense of wonder while looking up at the stars will feel a kinship with little Carl Sagan, who once gazed at the cosmos from his apartment window. Learning how a kid from Brooklyn went on to be one of the most renowned astrophysicists in the world will no doubt inspire budding astronomers—and the fun illustrations definitely don't hurt.

6. WITCHES! THE ABSOLUTELY TRUE TALE OF DISASTER IN SALEM, BY ROSALYN SCHANZER

The author of the critically acclaimed children's book How We Crossed the West: The Adventures of Lewis and Clark tackles the topic of the Salem witch trials in an age-appropriate manner, including intriguing illustrations and well-researched information. In 2012, Witches! was named a Robert F. Sibert Honor book, an award given by the Association for Library Service to Children to honor writers and illustrators of distinguished informational books for kids.

7. FUNNY BONES: POSADA AND HIS DAY OF THE DEAD CALAVERAS, BY DUNCAN TONATIUH

Calaveras skeletons are the hallmark of Dia de los Muertos, but not many people know the name of the artist behind them. This book changes all of that by telling the story of Mexican printmaker and engraver Lupe Posada, who used his artwork to make political statements—it's sure to inspire any young aspiring artist.

8. GEORGE AND THE UNBREAKABLE CODE, BY LUCY AND STEPHEN HAWKING

Astrophysics and super computers are big concepts for anyone to grasp, let alone children. But if anyone is up to the task, it's Lucy Hawking and her father, Stephen. In George and the Unbreakable Code—the latest in a series of George books that teach kids the principles of astronomy, astrophysics, and cosmology—the young title character and his best friend have to travel into space to figure out who hacked into the world's super computers.

9. BOMB: THE RACE TO BUILD—AND STEAL—THE WORLD’S MOST DANGEROUS WEAPON, BY STEVE SHEINKIN

How do you explain the creation of the atomic bomb to a young reader? You turn it into an international spy story. But this historical tale told by author Steve Sheinkin is 100 percent true—no embellishment necessary. In fact, adults who need a refresher themselves would do well to give this one a read: According to The Wall Street Journal, Bomb is "an excellent primer for adult readers who may have forgotten, or never learned, the remarkable story of how nuclear weaponry was first imagined, invented and deployed—and of how an international arms race began well before there was such a thing as an atomic bomb."

10. WARRIORS DON'T CRY, BY MELBA PATTILLO BEALS

Most of us have never known a world that includes segregated schools—and even fewer can imagine what it must have been like to be one of the "Little Rock Nine," the first group of black students to integrate. Experiencing the historic event through the eyes of author and Little Rock Nine member Melba Pattillo Beals is sure to be a fascinating, terrifying, and eye-opening perspective for any teen.

11. SMART ALECK’S GUIDE TO AMERICAN HISTORY, BY ADAM SELZER

Look, let's talk about the elephant in the room: 11th president James K. Polk had a serious mullet, OK? It's tidbits like this one that makes Adam Selzer's Smart Aleck way more interesting than your average history textbook—but he also manages to work plenty of important stuff in amongst the Daily Show-style humor. It even invites readers to do some critical thinking about the subjects by asking questions such as, "Who was the bigger jerk, Hitler or Stalin?"

12. YOU CAN'T READ THIS! WHY BOOKS GET BANNED, BY PAMELA DELL

From Galileo to J.K. Rowling, books have been under siege from censors for centuries. This book, targeted specifically at young readers, helps them understand why books have been banned based on historical context—and makes them think about the banned texts of today. Other titles in the series, including Play It Loud!, a look at how musicians from Bach to Tupac have used music to fight oppression, are also worth checking out.

13. THE BOYS WHO CHALLENGED HITLER: KNUD PEDERSON AND THE CHURCHILL CLUB, BY PHILIP HOOSE

It wasn't just adults who were opposed to Hitler and the Nazi regime. Fifteen-year-old Knud Pedersen and seven of his friends committed numerous acts of sabotage against the Nazis during the German occupation of Denmark, including stealing weapons and destroying plane parts. Their action-packed story, which includes narratives from the boys themselves, is a great reminder that you don't have to be an adult to make a difference.

14. MR. FERRIS AND HIS WHEEL, BY KATHRYN GIBBS DAVIS AND GILBERT FORD

The story of how the Ferris wheel came to be is a tale of inspiration, invention, and perseverance, with more than a little bit of history mixed in. Though younger children will no doubt be interested to see how a favorite carnival ride came to be, they'll also learn about the creation of the Eiffel Tower and the 1893 World's Fair while they're at it.

15. ORPHAN TRAIN: A NOVEL, BY CHRISTINA BAKER KLINE

Between 1854 and 1929, homeless children from crowded cities on the East Coast were loaded onto trains and sent into the Midwest in hopes of being taken in. Sometimes it went well for the children—but just as often, it didn't. Orphan Train is a fictionalized account of what the emotional experience must have been like for kids of different genders, ethnicities, and ages.

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Ernest Hemingway’s Guide to Life, In 20 Quotes
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Central Press/Getty Images

Though he made his living as a writer, Ernest Hemingway was just as famous for his lust for adventure. Whether he was running with the bulls in Pamplona, fishing for marlin in Bimini, throwing back rum cocktails in Havana, or hanging out with his six-toed cats in Key West, the Nobel and Pulitzer Prize-winning author never did anything halfway. And he used his adventures as fodder for the unparalleled collection of novels, short stories, and nonfiction books he left behind, The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms, Death in the Afternoon, For Whom the Bell Tolls, and The Old Man and the Sea among them.

On what would be his 119th birthday—he was born in Oak Park, Illinois on July 21, 1899—here are 20 memorable quotes that offer a keen perspective into Hemingway’s way of life.

ON THE IMPORTANCE OF LISTENING

"I like to listen. I have learned a great deal from listening carefully. Most people never listen."

ON TRUST

"The best way to find out if you can trust somebody is to trust them."

ON DECIDING WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT

"I never had to choose a subject—my subject rather chose me."

ON TRAVEL

"Never go on trips with anyone you do not love."


Ernest Hemingway Photograph Collection, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston. [1], Public Domain, Wikimedia Commons

ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTELLIGENCE AND HAPPINESS

"Happiness in intelligent people is the rarest thing I know."

ON TRUTH

"There's no one thing that is true. They're all true."

ON THE DOWNSIDE OF PEOPLE

"The only thing that could spoil a day was people. People were always the limiters of happiness, except for the very few that were as good as spring itself."

ON SUFFERING FOR YOUR ART

"There is nothing to writing. All you do is sit down at a typewriter and bleed."

ON TAKING ACTION

"Never mistake motion for action."

ON GETTING WORDS OUT

"I wake up in the morning and my mind starts making sentences, and I have to get rid of them fast—talk them or write them down."


Photograph by Mary Hemingway, in the Ernest Hemingway Photograph Collection, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston., Public Domain, Wikimedia Commons

ON THE BENEFITS OF SLEEP

"I love sleep. My life has the tendency to fall apart when I'm awake, you know?"

ON FINDING STRENGTH 

"The world breaks everyone, and afterward, some are strong at the broken places."

ON THE TRUE NATURE OF WICKEDNESS

"All things truly wicked start from innocence."

ON WRITING WHAT YOU KNOW

"If a writer knows enough about what he is writing about, he may omit things that he knows. The dignity of movement of an iceberg is due to only one ninth of it being above water."

ON THE DEFINITION OF COURAGE

"Courage is grace under pressure."

ON THE PAINFULNESS OF BEING FUNNY

"A man's got to take a lot of punishment to write a really funny book."


By Ernest Hemingway Photograph Collection, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston. - JFK Library, Public Domain, Wikimedia Commons

ON KEEPING PROMISES

"Always do sober what you said you'd do drunk. That will teach you to keep your mouth shut."

ON GOOD VS. EVIL

"About morals, I know only that what is moral is what you feel good after and what is immoral is what you feel bad after."

ON REACHING FOR THE UNATTAINABLE

"For a true writer, each book should be a new beginning where he tries again for something that is beyond attainment. He should always try for something that has never been done or that others have tried and failed. Then sometimes, with great luck, he will succeed."

ON HAPPY ENDINGS

"There is no lonelier man in death, except the suicide, than that man who has lived many years with a good wife and then outlived her. If two people love each other there can be no happy end to it."

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Marvel Entertainment
10 Facts About Robert E. Howard’s Conan the Barbarian
Marvel Entertainment
Marvel Entertainment

Nearly every sword-wielding fantasy hero from the 20th century owes a tip of their horned helmet to Robert E. Howard’s Conan the Barbarian. Set in the fictional Hyborian Age, after the destruction of Atlantis but before our general recorded history, Conan's stories have depicted him as everything from a cunning thief to a noble king and all types of scoundrel in between. But beneath that blood-soaked sword and shield is a character that struck a nerve with generations of fantasy fans, spawning adaptations in comics, video games, movies, TV shows, and cartoons in the eight decades since he first appeared in the December 1932 issue of Weird Tales. So thank Crom, because here are 10 facts about Conan the Barbarian.

1. THE FIRST OFFICIAL CONAN STORY WAS A KULL REWRITE.

Conan wasn’t the only barbarian on Robert E. Howard’s resume. In 1929, the writer created Kull the Conqueror, a more “introspective” brand of savage that gained enough interest to eventually find his way onto the big screen in 1997. The two characters share more than just a common creator and a general disdain for shirts, though: the first Conan story to get published, “The Phoenix on the Sword,” was actually a rewrite of an earlier rejected Kull tale titled “By This Axe I Rule!” For this new take on the plot, Howard introduced supernatural elements and more action. The end result was more suited to what Weird Tales wanted, and it became the foundation for future Conan tales.

2. BUT A “PROTO-CONAN” STORY PRECEDED IT.

A few months before Conan made his debut in Weird Tales, Howard wrote a story called "People of the Dark" for Strange Tales of Mystery and Terror about a man named John O’Brien who seemed to relive his past life as a brutish, black-haired warrior named … Conan of the reavers. Reave is a word from Old English meaning to raid or plunder, which is obviously in the same ballpark as barbarian. And in the story, there is also a reference to Crom, the fictional god of the Hyborian age that later became a staple of the Conan mythology. This isn't the barbarian as we know him, and it's certainly not an official Conan tale, but the early ideas were there.

3. ROBERT E. HOWARD NEVER INTENDED TO WRITE THESE STORIES IN ORDER.

Howard was meticulous in his world-building for Conan, which was highlighted by his 8600-word history on the Hyborian Age the character lived in. But the one area the creator had no interest in was linearity. Conan’s first story depicted him already as a king; subsequent stories, though, would shift back and forth, chronicling his early days as both a thief and a youthful adventurer.

There’s good reason for that, as Howard himself once explained: “In writing these yarns I've always felt less as creating them than as if I were simply chronicling his adventures as he told them to me. That's why they skip about so much, without following a regular order. The average adventurer, telling tales of a wild life at random, seldom follows any ordered plan, but narrates episodes widely separated by space and years, as they occur to him.”

4. THERE ARE NUMEROUS CONNECTIONS TO THE H.P. LOVECRAFT MYTHOS.

For fans of the pulp magazines of the early 20th century, one of the only names bigger than Robert E. Howard was H.P. Lovecraft. The two weren’t competitors, though—rather, they were close friends and correspondents. They’d often mail each other drafts of their stories, discuss the themes of their work, and generally talk shop. And as Lovecraft’s own mythology was growing, it seems like their work began to bleed together.

In “The Phoenix on the Sword,” Howard made reference to “vast shadowy outlines of the Nameless Old Ones,” which could be seen as a reference to the ancient, godlike “Old Ones” from the Lovecraft mythos. In the book The Coming of Conan the Cimmerian, editor Patrice Louinet even wrote that Howard’s earlier draft for the story name-dropped Lovecraft’s actual Old Ones, most notably Cthulhu.

In Lovecraft’s “The Shadow of Time,” he describes a character named Crom-Ya as a “Cimmerian chieftain,” which is a reference to Conan's homeland and god. These examples just scratch the surface of names, places, and concepts that the duo’s work share. Whether you want to read it all as a fun homage or an early attempt at a shared universe is up to you.

5. SEVERAL OF HOWARD’S STORIES WERE REWRITTEN AS CONAN STORIES POSTHUMOUSLY.

Howard was only 30 when he died, so there aren’t as many completed Conan stories out in the world as you’d imagine—and there are even less that were finished and officially printed. Despite that, the character’s popularity has only grown since the 1930s, and publishers looked for a way to print more of Howard’s Conan decades after his death. Over the years, writers and editors have gone back into Howard’s manuscripts for unfinished tales to doctor up and rewrite for publication, like "The Snout in the Dark," which was a fragment that was reworked by writers Lin Carter and L. Sprague de Camp. There were also times when Howard’s non-Conan drafts were repurposed as Conan stories by publishers, including all of the stories in 1955's Tales of Conan collection from Gnome Press.

6. FRANK FRAZETTA’S CONAN PAINTINGS REGULARLY SELL FOR SEVEN FIGURES.

Chances are, the image of Conan you have in your head right now owes a lot to artist Frank Frazetta: His version of the famous barbarian—complete with rippling muscles, pulsating veins, and copious amounts of sword swinging—would come to define the character for generations. But the look that people most associate with Conan didn’t come about until the character’s stories were reprinted decades after Robert E. Howard’s death.

“In 1966, Lancer Books published new paperbacks of Robert E. Howard's Conan series and hired my grandfather to do the cover art,” Sara Frazetta, Frazetta's granddaughter owner and operator of Frazetta Girls, tells Mental Floss. You could argue that Frazetta’s powerful covers were what drew most people to Conan during the '60s and '70s, and in recent years the collector’s market seems to validate that opinion. In 2012, the original painting for his Lancer version of Conan the Conqueror sold at auction for $1,000,000. Later, his Conan the Destroyer went for $1.5 million.

Still, despite all of Frazetta’s accomplishments, his granddaughter said there was one thing he always wanted: “His only regret was that he wished Robert E. Howard was alive so he could have seen what he did with his character.”

7. CONAN’S FIRST MARVEL COMIC WAS ALMOST CANCELED AFTER SEVEN ISSUES.

The cover to Marvel's Conan the Barbarian #21
Marvel Entertainment

Conan’s origins as a pulp magazine hero made him a natural fit for the medium’s logical evolution: the comic book. And in 1970, the character got his first high-profile comic launch when Marvel’s Conan The Barbarian hit shelves, courtesy of writer Roy Thomas and artist Barry Windsor-Smith.

Though now it’s hailed as one of the company’s highlights from the ‘70s, the book was nearly canceled after a mere seven issues. The problem is that while the debut issue sold well, each of the next six dropped in sales, leading Marvel’s then editor-in-chief, Stan Lee, to pull the book from production after the seventh issue hit stands.

Thomas pled his case, and Lee agreed to give Conan one last shot. But this time instead of the book coming out every month, it would be every two months. The plan worked, and soon sales were again on the rise and the book would stay in publication until 1993, again as a monthly. This success gave way to the Savage Sword of Conan, an oversized black-and-white spinoff magazine from Marvel that was aimed at adult audiences. It, too, was met with immense success, lasting from 1974 to 1995.

8. OLIVER STONE WROTE A FOUR-HOUR, POST-APOCALYPTIC CONAN MOVIE.

John Milius’s 1982 Conan movie is a classic of the sword and sorcery genre, but its original script from Oliver Stone didn’t resemble the final product at all. In fact, it barely resembled anything related to Conan. Stone’s Conan would have been set on a post-apocalyptic Earth, where the barbarian would do battle against a host of mutant pigs, insects, and hyenas. Not only that, but it would have also been just one part of a 12-film saga that would be modeled on the release schedule of the James Bond series.

The original producers were set to move ahead with Stone’s script with Stone co-directing alongside an up-and-coming special effects expert named Ridley Scott, but they were turned down by all of their prospects. With no co-director and a movie that would likely be too ambitious to ever actually get finished, they sold the rights to producer Dino De Laurentiis, who helped bring in Milius.

9. BARACK OBAMA IS A FAN (AND WAS TURNED INTO A BARBARIAN HIMSELF).

When President Barack Obama sent out a mass email in 2015 to the members of Organizing for Action, he was looking to get people to offer up stories about how they got involved within their community—their origin stories, if you will. In this mass email, the former Commander-in-Chief detailed his own origin, with a shout out to a certain barbarian:

“I grew up loving comic books. Back in the day, I was pretty into Conan the Barbarian and Spiderman.

Anyone who reads comics can tell you, every main character has an origin story—the fateful and usually unexpected sequence of events that made them who they are.”

This bit of trivia was first made public in 2008 in a Daily Telegraph article on 50 facts about the president. That led to Devil’s Due Publishing immortalizing the POTUS in the 2009 comic series Barack the Barbarian, which had him decked out in his signature loincloth doing battle against everyone from Sarah Palin to Dick Cheney.

10. J.R.R. TOLKIEN WAS ALSO A CONAN DEVOTEE.

The father of 20th century fantasy may always be J.R.R. Tolkien, but Howard is a close second in many fans' eyes. Though Tolkien’s work has found its way into more scholarly literary circles, Howard’s can sometimes get categorized as low-brow. Quality recognizes quality, however, and during a conversation with Tolkien, writer L. Sprague de Camp—who himself edited and touched-up numerous Conan stories—said The Lord of the Rings author admitted that he “rather liked” Howard’s Conan stories during a conversation with him. He didn’t expand upon it, nor was de Camp sure which Conan tale he actually read (though it was likely “Shadows in the Moonlight”), but the seal of approval from Tolkien himself goes a long way toward validation.

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