Rosalind Franklin: The Woman Who Helped Give Shape to DNA

DNA—like any good code—took quite a long time for humans to crack (and we’re still working on it). The discovery of the double helix structure of molecules in the mid-20th century is widely credited to Francis Crick and James D. Watson, but it was a breakthrough that was aided by the work of many people—perhaps most notably, a woman by the name of Rosalind Franklin.

In the TED-Ed lesson above, “Rosalind Franklin: DNA’s Unsung hero,” Cláudio L. Guerra, with the help of narrator Susan Zimmerman and animator Chris Bishop, briefly details the life and work of this often overlooked pioneer.

In short, Franklin is the person behind the X-ray image known as Photo 51—the one that helped Watson and Crick crack the structure of DNA. The pair’s groundbreaking study was published alongside Franklin’s, but they earned the lasting legacy as well as a Nobel Prize in 1962. Franklin had died of cancer before the awards were handed out, and Nobel Prizes aren’t awarded posthumously; in the years since, there’s been much debate over whether Franklin would have been included in the ceremony had she lived to see it.

There's also some lasting debate over just how much Watson and Crick owe to Franklin, and—perhaps principally—whether they stole her data. What is clear is that Franklin was an essential player in the discovery of the double helix and was right alongside her male counterparts with the analysis and findings. Her Photo 51 is what allowed the breakthrough to happen, and for that she should be remembered and celebrated. (Not to mention all the other historic work she did in her far too short life.)

[h/t The Mary Sue]

Banner image: YouTube

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Afternoon Map
The Most Searched Shows on Netflix in 2017, By State

Orange is the New Black is the new black, at least as far as Netflix viewers are concerned. The women-in-prison dramedy may have premiered in 2013, but it’s still got viewers hooked. Just as they did in 2017, took a deep dive into Netflix analytics using Google Trends to find out which shows people in each state were searching Netflix for throughout the year. While there was a little bit of crossover between 2016 and 2017, new series like American Vandal and Mindhunter gave viewers a host of new content. But that didn’t stop Orange is the New Black from dominating the map; it was the most searched show in 15 states.

Coming in at a faraway second place was American Vandal, a new true crime satire that captured the attention of five states (Illinois, Kansas, Massachusetts, Minnesota, and Wisconsin). Even more impressive is the fact that the series premiered in mid-September, meaning that it found a large and rabid audience in a very short amount of time.

Folks in Alaska, Colorado, and Oregon were all destined to be disappointed; Star Trek: Discovery was the most searched-for series in each of these states, but it’s not yet available on Netflix in America (you’ve got to get CBS All Access for that, folks). Fourteen states broke the mold a bit with shows that were unique to their state only; this included Big Mouth in Delaware, The Keepers in Maryland, The OA in Pennsylvania, GLOW in Rhode Island, and Black Mirror in Hawaii.

Check out the map above to see if your favorite Netflix binge-watch matches up with your neighbors'. For more detailed findings, visit

Afternoon Map
Monthly Internet Costs in Every Country

Thanks to the internet, people around the world can conduct global research, trade tips, and find faraway friends without ever leaving their couch. Not everyone pays the same price for these digital privileges, though, according to new data visualizations spotted by Thrillist.

To compare internet user prices in each country, cost information site created a series of maps. The data comes courtesy of English market research consultancy BDRC and, which teamed up to analyze 3351 broadband packages in 196 nations between August 18, 2017 and October 12, 2017.

In the U.S., for example, the average cost for internet service is $66 per month. That’s substantially more than what browsers pay in neighboring Mexico ($27) and Canada ($55). Still, we don’t have it bad compared to either Namibia or Burkina Faso, where users shell out a staggering $464 and $924, respectively, for monthly broadband access. In fact, internet in the U.S. is far cheaper than what residents in 113 countries pay, including those in Saudi Arabia ($84), Indonesia ($72), and Greenland ($84).

On average, internet costs in Asia and Russia tend to be among the lowest, while access is prohibitively expensive in sub-Saharan Africa and in certain parts of Oceania. As for the world’s cheapest internet, you’ll find it in Ukraine and Iran.

Check out the maps below for more broadband insights, or view’s full findings here.

Map of Internet costs in each country created by information site

Map of Internet costs in each country created by information site

Map of Internet costs in each country created by information site

Map of Internet costs in each country created by information site

Map of Internet costs in each country created by information site

[h/t Thrillist]


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