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iStock (Basketball); Penguin House (Book Cover)

6 Words You Probably Didn't Know Came From Sports

iStock (Basketball); Penguin House (Book Cover)
iStock (Basketball); Penguin House (Book Cover)

Chances are, at one point or another you’ve used a sports related expression in a decidedly non-sports context. Some obvious ones are inside baseball, political football, and soccer moms. Others are less well known: go-to guy (basketball) and dead ringer (horse racing) for example. Sports journalist and former baseball player Josh Chetwynd has compiled what appears to be an exhaustive collection in his new book The Field Guide to Sports Metaphors: A Compendium of Competitive Words and Idioms. Here are the sports-related origins of just six of the over 300 terms included in the book.

1. JAZZ // BASEBALL

While there is circumstantial evidence of the word previously being used in the American South as a sexual reference, it first appeared in print in a 1912 Los Angeles Times article about baseball. Ben Henderson, a pitcher for the Portland Beavers, touted a pitch he called a “jazz ball." In a San Francisco Bulletin article a year later, writer E. T. “Scoop” Gleeson used jazz in reference to the “pep, vim, [and] vigor” of the San Francisco Seals players during spring training. Gleeson continued to use the word during his coverage of the baseball season. When asked where he had heard it, he said it was another reporter’s term from the dice game craps. The team’s hotel that spring in 1913 was also home to a group of musicians hired to entertain the guests.

It’s almost certain that the band led by Art Hickman interacted with Gleeson and the players, thereby picking up the jazz lingo. Hickman wasn’t a fan. However, his banjo player Bert Kelly liked it so much he used it to describe the sound of a new band he formed a year later in Chicago. By 1915, the Chicago press was full of musical jazz mentions, with New Orleans based publications following suit in 1916. As for baseball mentions, Gleeson’s 1913 efforts didn’t catch on in subsequent seasons.

2. FLAKE // BASEBALL

The word flaky was in use as far back as the 1920s to describe cocaine (the substance being “flaky in appearance,” according to Eric Partridge's A Dictionary of the Underworld). However, it was in an apparently drug free context that the word was used to describe the odd personality of outfielder Jackie Brandt in the mid-1950s. According to Chetwynd, “the rationale for the moniker was that his mind was so impermanent that his brains were flaking from his head." Brandt’s on-field antics included hitting a home run and sliding into each base (rather than simply jogging around). The use of flake as an “insider’s word” in baseball was also noted in a 1964 New York Times article: “It does not mean anything so crude as 'crazy,' but it's well beyond 'screwball' and far off to the side of 'eccentric.'“ However flake came about, Brandt was reportedly proud to be called one.

3. IN YOUR FACE // BASKETBALL

While the expression is used today in many contexts and is not uncommon as a song or album title by numerous groups, in your face first gained popularity through basketball. It was a “phrase to be uttered after making a shot or defensive play that humiliates an opponent” according to a 1980 book on America’s best pickup game spots appropriately titled The In-Your-Face Basketball Book. By the early 1990s, the phrase had entered mainstream political discourse. It was the subject of a 1992 William Safire “On Language” column in The New York Times Magazine prompted by a reader who was unaware of its meaning. Safire approvingly quoted assistant executive editor Allan M. Siegal complaining that it had “catapulted overnight into the cliche Hall of Fame.” Siegal’s complaint would go unheeded: In your face continued to show up in a steadily increasing number of New York Times articles over the next two decades.

4. FLUKE // BILLIARDS

The word fluke has three distinct meanings in English. One is for “the flat end of an arm of an anchor.” Another is for the flatfish also sometimes called summer flounder. Both of these have straightforward etymologies. Of somewhat more uncertain origin is how fluke came to mean an unexpected stroke of luck. What we do know is that it first appeared in the mid-1800s as a billiards term. At the time, pool required a considerable amount of luck due to the warping that occurred on the old ivory billiard balls. That, combined with the fact that in Old English fluke means "guess," provides a strong indication of how it came about. By the 1880s, it began to be used in other contexts. It wasn’t long before more sustainable—and more durable— materials began being used for billiard balls, thereby minimizing the need for flukes by more skilled players.

5. STYMIE // GOLF

The word seems to have originated in 17th century Scotland as a way to refer to someone who couldn’t see something well. Fast forward to the 1800s, and this definition made its way into golf parlance. At the time, a golfer could only pick up an obstructing player’s ball if they were within half a foot of each other. Hence the first known citation from an 1834 rule book in Scotland: “With regard to Stimies the ball nearest the hole if within six inches shall be lifted.” It appeared as a verb 20 years later in an 1857 monograph about the sport: “The ball stimying may be lifted if within six inches of that of the player, until the stroke is done.” By the early 20th century, stymie began to be used outside of a golf context in its modern manner. In 1952, as golf expanded in popularity beyond the British Isles, associations on both sides of the Atlantic published their first unified rulebook. During this process, the stymie was abolished from the game altogether.

6. FREE-FOR-ALL // HORSE RACING

Today, free-for-all carries a somewhat chaotic and negative connotation. It wasn’t always so. In 1700s England, a free-for-all was a horse race open to anyone who wanted to enter. They weren’t open to literally everyone, but the name stuck anyway and it made its way to the U.S. It was during the mid to late 1800s that the American press began to refer to large public skirmishes as free-for-alls. How one meaning transformed into the other remains a mystery.

If you’d like to explore more sports metaphors, check out The Field Guide to Sports Metaphors: A Compendium of Competitive Words and Idioms.

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Every New Movie, TV Series, and Special Coming to Netflix in May
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Netflix

Netflix is making way for loads of laughs in its library in May, with a handful of original comedy specials (Steve Martin, Martin Short, Carol Burnett, Tig Notaro, and John Mulvaney will all be there), plus the long-awaited return of Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt. Here’s every new movie, TV series, and special making its way to Netflix in May.

MAY 1

27: Gone Too Soon

A Life of Its Own: The Truth About Medical Marijuana

Amelie

Barbie Dreamhouse Adventures: Season 1

Beautiful Girls

Darc

God's Own Country

Hachi: A Dog's Tale

Harold & Kumar Escape from Guantanamo Bay

Hellboy II: The Golden Army

High School Musical 3: Senior Year

John Mulaney: Kid Gorgeous Live at Radio City

Mr. Woodcock

My Perfect Romance

Pocoyo & Cars

Pocoyo & The Space Circus

Queens of Comedy: Season 1

Reasonable Doubt

Red Dragon

Scream 2

Shrek

Simon: Season 1

Sliding Doors

Sometimes

The Bourne Ultimatum

The Carter Effect

The Clapper

The Reaping

The Strange Name Movie

Yu-Gi-Oh! Arc-V: Season 2

MAY 2

Jailbreak

MAY 4

A Little Help with Carol Burnett

Anon

Busted!: Season 1

Dear White People: Volume 2

End Game

Forgive Us Our Debts

Kong: King of the Apes: Season 2

Manhunt

My Next Guest Needs No Introduction With David Letterman: Tina Fey

No Estoy Loca

The Rain: Season 1

MAY 5

Faces Places

MAY 6

The Joel McHale Show with Joel McHale

MAY 8

Desolation

Hari Kondabolu: Warn Your Relatives

MAY 9

Dirty Girl

MAY 11

Bill Nye Saves the World: Season 3

Evil Genius: the True Story of America's Most Diabolical Bank Heist

Spirit Riding Free: Season 5

The Kissing Booth

The Who Was? Show: Season 1

MAY 13

Ali Wong: Hard Knock Wife

MAY 14

The Phantom of the Opera

MAY 15

Girlfriends' Guide to Divorce: Season 4

Grand Designs: Seasons 13 - 14

Only God Forgives

The Game 365: Seasons 15 - 16

MAY 16

89

Mamma Mia!

The 40-Year-Old Virgin

The Kingdom

Wanted

MAY 18

Cargo

Catching Feelings

Inspector Gadget: Season 4

MAY 19

Bridge to Terabithia

Disney’s Scandal: Season 7

Small Town Crime

MAY 20

Some Kind of Beautiful

MAY 21

Señora Acero: Season 4

MAY 22

Mob Psycho 100: Season 1

Shooter: Season 2

Terrace House: Opening New Doors: Part 2

Tig Notaro Happy To Be Here

MAY 23

Explained

MAY 24

Fauda: Season 2

Survivors Guide to Prison

MAY 25

Ibiza

Steve Martin and Martin Short: An Evening You Will Forget for the Rest of Your Life

The Toys That Made Us: Season 2

Trollhunters: Part 3

MAY 26

Sara's Notebook

MAY 27

The Break with Michelle Wolf

MAY 29

Disney·Pixar's Coco

MAY 30

Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt: Season 4

MAY 31

Bombshell: The Hedy Lamarr Story

My Next Guest Needs No Introduction With David Letterman: Howard Stern

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The First-Ever Troop of Homeless Girl Scouts Just Crushed Their Cookie Sales Goal
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Selling 32,500 boxes of cookies in a single week would be noteworthy for any team of Girl Scouts, but it's an especially sweet achievement for Troop 6000: The New York City-based chapter is the first-ever Girl Scout troop composed entirely of children living in homeless shelters.

According to NBC News, this season marked the first time the troop took part in the organization's annual cookie sale tradition. In early April, they received exclusive permission to set up shop inside the Kellogg's Café in Union Square. They kicked off their inaugural stand sale aiming to sell at least 6000 boxes of cookies: At the end of six days, they had sold more than 32,500.

Some customers waited in line an hour to purchase boxes from the history-making young women. Others gave their money directly to the troop, collectively donating over $15,000 to fund trips and activities. After purchasing their cookies, customers could also buy special Girl Scout cookie-inspired menu items from the Kellogg's store, with all proceeds going to Troop 6000.

The troop formed in 2016 as a collaboration between the Girl Scouts of Greater New York, Mayor de Blasio, and the city Department of Homeless Services. Meetings are held in shelters across the city, and many of the troop leaders, often mothers of the scouts, are homeless women themselves. About 40 percent of New York's homeless population are children, and Troop 6000 had to expand last summer to accommodate a flood of new recruits. Today, there are about 300 girls enrolled in the program.

[h/t NBC News]

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