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The Stories Behind 10 Famous Typefaces and Where They're Used

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Typefaces are everywhere—in books, advertisements, signage, magazines, and logos—yet we rarely pay them any heed. But many of them have histories richer than their designs convey, including the ten below.

Before we start, some terms you should know. typeface is the letters, numbers, and symbols that make up a design of type, while a font is one particular weight and style of a typeface—Garamond is the typefaceGaramond 12 italic is the font. Serif typefaces have small flourishes or lines at the tops and bottoms of each letter and are most commonly used in books, mastheads, and headlines, while sans-serif typefaces lack those flourishes and are most commonly used for logos, signage, and online.

1. AKZIDENZ-GROTESK

Akzidenz-Grotesk is one of the the most influential of the early sans-serif typefaces. Released in 1898, it was designed by the Berthold Type Foundry and was based on another early sans-serif typeface, Royal Grotesk Light. It got a facelift in 1950s and '60s thanks to designer Günther Gerhard Lange, whose work made Akzidenz-Grotesk into a more useable family of typefaces. Akzidenz-Grotesk is most often used in advertising and logos, and can be seen as the typeface used for the American Red Cross [PDF], in Arizona State University's branding, and in the Brooklyn Nets wordmark logo.

2. HELVETICA

In 1956, Eduard Hoffmann, manager of the Hass Type Foundry, commissioned Swiss typesetter Max Miedinger to design a new sans-serif typeface based on Akzidenz-Grotesk. The result, Haas-Grotesk, was released in 1957; it immediately became popular thanks to its sleek, neutral design. Three years later, the typeface was renamed Helvetica, after the Latin word for Swiss, to make it more internationally marketable. Today, Helvetica is one of the most popular typefaces in the world and is used for all the lettering on the New York subway signage since 1989, the American Apparel logo, and many U.S. government forms. 

More controversially, movies like Titanic and L.A. Confidential have also made use of the typeface, despite taking place in 1912 and the 1950s, respectively. One typographer griped that the use of Helvetica in Titanic (for the dials on the pressure gauge) was “like taking out a Palm Pilot on the deck of the Titanic.” 

3. BODONI

Typographer Giabattista Bodoni (1740–1813) had a killer resume: He was employed by a number of Italian dukes and was the court typographer for Charles III of Spain. Over the course of his career, Bodoni developed numerous typefaces and published a number of books detailing his meticulous designs. The serif Bodoni typeface, which is based on the typographer's original 18th-century designs, features strong contrast between the thick and thin strokes of the letters. The design was recut in 1907 by American Type Founders’ Morris Fuller Benton, and it's this version which is still in use today. Bodoni can most famously be seen in the Columbia Records wordmark logo, and in modified forms in Nirvana’s logo (which uses a variant called Onyx) and the masthead of Vogue.

Bodoni isn't the only famous typeface Benton designed: He also created News Gothic, which is memorably used at the beginning of the Star Wars: A New Hope. That knack for type design ran in the family; his father, Linn Boyd Benton, created the Century typeface in the late 1800s. Today, it's used by the U.S. Supreme Court.

4. FRUTIGER

It all began in 1968, when Swiss type designer Adrian Frutiger was asked to design a typeface for signage at Paris’s Charles de Gaulle airport. There was only one requirement, really—that the type be legible from a great distance—but meeting that requirement was tough. Finally, after years of development, Frutiger gave the airport Roissy. It was so popular that he was asked to create a version for mass production. After some slight tweaking, the Frutiger typeface was released to the public in 1976. Due to its clarity, Frutiger is very popular for signage: It can be seen on Amtrak and is used for the publications of various institutions, including the University of Southern California and Cornell University. Perhaps most notably, in 2002, Frutiger was used on the all-new Euro banknotes.

5. TIMES NEW ROMAN

Times New Roman was designed in 1929 by typographer Stanley Morison and drawn by advertising artist Victor Lardent after The Times of London was criticized for the illegibility of its print. Because the typeface was made for newspapers it is fairly narrow so that many words can be fit onto one line. When the typeface was released to the public the two biggest type manufacturers, Monotype and Linotype, worked together to create the molds for casting the type, with one calling it Times New Roman, the other Times Roman—a naming difference which persists to this day, depending on whether you use an Apple computer (which uses the Linotype catalogue) or Microsoft (which uses Monotype’s catalogue), although Apple has recently begun offering Times New Roman as well. But despite being one of the most ubiquitous typefaces in the world, one place that doesn’t use Times New Roman is The Times of London. In 1972, they switched over to Times Europa, and continued to change every couple of years until 2006 when they settled on Times Modern, at least for now.

6. BASKERVILLE

Baskerville is a "transitional typeface"—a departure from traditional typefaces based on hand-written letters but not quite as modern as the strong, bold lines that followed after it. It was designed in 1757 by printer John Baskerville, who created it to use in the printing of classic works for Cambridge University Press. Benjamin Franklin was a great admirer of Baskerville’s work; after the two met in 1758, Franklin took a sample of Baskerville’s typeface back to America, where it was used as the basis for the typefaces used in much of the U.S. federal government papers at that time. Variants of Baskerville can today be seen on the logo of the Metropolitan Opera, on the masthead of Better Homes and Gardens magazine and as the wordmark logo for Canada.

7. GILL SANS

Developed by British artist and typesetter Eric Gill in the 1920s, Gill Sans is a sans-serif typeface based on the work of Edward Johnston, whose 1916 Johnston Sans was used on London Underground signage. Gill first used his new typeface in 1926 on a bookshop’s sign in Bristol. Monotype advisor Stanley Morison noticed the potential of Gill’s type and asked him to develop it into a full alphabet. In 1928, Monotype released the typeface as Gill Sans, and it was immediately adopted by London and North Eastern Railway, where it was used on their locomotives, timetables, and logos. Gill Sans rose to international prominence in 1935 when it was used by designer Edward Young as the typeface for Penguin paperbacks. Today, it can be seen in Toy Story and on Tommy Hilfiger’s logo.

8. GARAMOND

Garamond is a classic, elegant old-style serif typeface that originated in the designs of French punch-cutter Claude Garamond (1480–1561). Garamond’s designs were further embellished in the 17th century by French typographer Jean Jannon. Garamond has been modified and refined over the years, but the family of typefaces can still be said to be based upon the original designs of Claude Garamond. Such is its timeless appeal that Garamond is still widely used today, especially as a beautifully legible typeface in books (all of the Harry Potter and Dr. Seuss books are primarily set in Garamond) and as logos for the likes of Abercrombie & Fitch.

9. COMIC SANS

This world's most-maligned typeface was designed by Vincent Connare in 1994, when he was an employee at Microsoft, to mimic the kind of type seen in comic book talk bubbles (and in fact its original name was Comic Book; the sans comes from sans serif). Connare was working with a team creating software for PCs when he opened a program called Microsoft Bob, which featured a cartoon dog named Rover that spoke in a text bubble. The typeface was Times New Roman, and Connare thought he could do better. After looking at a couple of comic books in his office (The Dark Knight Returns and Watchmen) he created the typeface using his mouse to draw on the computer screen. Comic Sans was designed within the week, and was eventually a standard typeface in Windows’ operating system.

According to an article in the Wall Street Journal from 2009, “Mr. Connare has looked on, alternately amused and mortified, as Comic Sans has spread from a software project at Microsoft Corp. ... to grade-school fliers and holiday newsletters, Disney ads and Beanie Baby tags, business emails, street signs, Bibles, porn sites, gravestones and hospital posters about bowel cancer.” Today, it's a typeface we love to hate.

10. FUTURA

This geometric sans-serif type was developed between 1924 and 1926 by German designer Paul Renner. Released in 1927, it was inspired by the modernist Bauhaus school of design, which believed in dispensing with unnecessary clutter and ornamentation. As if to secure its reputation as a thoroughly modern typeface, Futura was chosen for the commemorative plaque left on the moon in 1969 by the astronauts of Apollo 11. Futura is also very popular with filmmakers and was used extensively by Stanley Kubrick in the credits and artwork for his films 2001: A Space Odyssey and Eyes Wide Shut, and also in Wes Anderson films such as The Royal Tenenbaums. Today Futura can be seen on Absolut Vodka bottles, in a modified form on the Domino Pizza’s logo, and on Red Bull energy drinks.

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30 Memorable Quotes from Carrie Fisher
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Just days after suffering a heart attack aboard a flight en route to Los Angeles, beloved actress, author, and screenwriter Carrie Fisher passed away at the age of 60 on December 27, 2016. Though she’ll always be most closely associated with her role as Princess Leia in Star Wars, Fisher’s life was like something out of its own Hollywood movie. Born in Beverly Hills on this day in 1956, Fisher was born into show business royalty as the daughter of singer Eddie Fisher and actress Debbie Reynolds.

In addition to her work in front of the camera, Fisher built up an impressive resume behind the scenes, too, most notably as a writer; in addition to several memoirs and semi-autobiographical novels, including Wishful Drinking, Surrender the Pink, Delusions of Grandma, The Best Awful, Postcards from the Edge, and The Princess Diarist (which was released last month), she was also an in-demand script doctor who counted Sister Act, Hook, Lethal Weapon 3, and The Wedding Singer among her credits.

Though she struggled with alcoholism, drug addiction, and mental illness, Fisher always maintained a sense of humor—as evidenced by the 30 memorable quotes below.

ON GROWING UP IN HOLLYWOOD

“I am truly a product of Hollywood in-breeding. When two celebrities mate, someone like me is the result.”

“I was born into big celebrity. It could only diminish.”

“At a certain point in my early twenties, my mother started to become worried about my obviously ever-increasing drug ingestion. So she ended up doing what any concerned parent would do. She called Cary Grant.”

“I was street smart, but unfortunately the street was Rodeo Drive.”

“If anything, my mother taught me how to sur-thrive. That's my word for it.”

ON AGING

“As you get older, the pickings get slimmer, but the people don't.”

ON INSTANT GRATIFICATION

“Instant gratification takes too long.”

ON THE LEGACY OF STAR WARS

“People are still asking me if I knew Star Wars was going to be that big of a hit. Yes, we all knew. The only one who didn't know was George.”

“Leia follows me like a vague smell.”

“I signed my likeness away. Every time I look in the mirror, I have to send Lucas a couple of bucks.”

“People see me and they squeal like tropical birds or seals stranded on the beach.”

“You're not really famous until you’re a Pez dispenser.”

ON THE FLEETING NATURE OF SUCCESS

“There is no point at which you can say, 'Well, I'm successful now. I might as well take a nap.'”

ON DEALING WITH MENTAL ILLNESS

“I'm very sane about how crazy I am.”

ON RESENTMENT

“Resentment is like drinking poison and waiting for the other person to die."

ON LOVE

“Someone has to stand still for you to love them. My choices are always on the run.”

“I've got to stop getting obsessed with human beings and fall in love with a chair. Chairs have everything human beings have to offer, and less, which is obviously what I need. Less emotional feedback, less warmth, less approval, less patience, and less response. The less the merrier. Chairs it is. I must furnish my heart with feelings for furniture.”

“I don’t hate hardly ever, and when I love, I love for miles and miles. A love so big it should either be outlawed or it should have a capital and its own currency.”

ON EMOTIONS

“The only thing worse than being hurt is everyone knowing that you're hurt.”

ON RELATIONSHIPS

“I envy people who have the capacity to sit with another human being and find them endlessly interesting, I would rather watch TV. Of course this becomes eventually known to the other person.”

ON HOLLYWOOD

“Acting engenders and harbors qualities that are best left way behind in adolescence.”

“You can't find any true closeness in Hollywood, because everybody does the fake closeness so well.”

“It's a man's world and show business is a man's meal, with women generously sprinkled through it like overqualified spice.”

ON FEAR

“Stay afraid, but do it anyway. What’s important is the action. You don’t have to wait to be confident. Just do it and eventually the confidence will follow.”

ON LIFE

“I don’t want life to imitate art. I want life to be art.”

“No motive is pure. No one is good or bad-but a hearty mix of both. And sometimes life actually gives to you by taking away.”

“If my life wasn't funny it would just be true, and that is unacceptable.”

“I shot through my twenties like a luminous thread through a dark needle, blazing toward my destination: Nowhere.”

“My life is like a lone, forgotten Q-Tip in the second-to-last drawer.”

ON DEATH

“You know what's funny about death? I mean other than absolutely nothing at all? You'd think we could remember finding out we weren't immortal. Sometimes I see children sobbing at airports and I think, 'Aww. They've just been told.'”

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Get This Weekend's Best Amazon Deals Now
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As a recurring feature, our team combs the Web and shares some amazing Amazon deals we’ve turned up. Here’s what caught our eye today, October 21.

Mental Floss has affiliate relationships with certain retailers, including Amazon, and may receive a small percentage of any sale. But we only get commission on items you buy and don’t return, so we’re only happy if you’re happy. Good luck deal hunting!

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Energizer AA Batteries, Double A Battery Max Alkaline (24 Count) E91BP-24 for $13.99 (list price $28.61)

KITCHEN

ThermoPro TP03A Digital Food Cooking Thermometer Instant Read Meat Thermometer for Kitchen BBQ Grill Smoker for $11.99 (list price $29.99)

Miusco 5 Piece Silicone Cooking Utensil Set with Natural Acacia Hard Wood Handle for $20.99 (list price $49.99)

Utopia Kitchen Premium Class Stainless-Steel 12 Knife Set with Acrylic Stand for $35.69 (list price $299.99)

[20 Pack] 3 Compartment Meal Prep Containers BPA Free Portion Control Bento Boxes (39 Oz.) for $17.99 (list price $39.99)

Rubbermaid LunchBox Sandwich Kit, Food Storage Container, Green for $6.79 (list price $39.00)

Spiral Slicer Spiralizer Complete Bundle - Vegetable Spiralizer and Cutter - Zucchini Pasta Noodle Spaghetti Maker for $14.84 (list price $39.99)

Pre Seasoned Cast Iron Skillet (12.5 inch) by Utopia Kitchen for $30.99 (list price $99.99)

Cuisinart CTG-00-3MS Set of 3 Fine Mesh Stainless Steel Strainers for $19.90 (list price $22.00)

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Home-it Stainless Steel Bread Box for kitchen, bread bin, bread storage Bread holder 16.5x10x8 for $19.99 (list price $49.99)

Set of 9 Grey Beverage Chilling Stones [Chill Rocks] Whiskey Stones for Whiskey and other Beverages - in Gift Box with Velvet Carrying Pouch - Made of 100% Pure Soapstone - by Quiseen for $7.95 (list price $18.99)

HOME

TasteLife 105 GSM Deep Pocket Bed Sheet Set Brushed Hypoallergenic Microfiber 1800 Bedding Sheets Wrinkle, Fade, Stain Resistant - 4 Piece(White,Queen) for $14.90 (list price $119.90)

Zober Premium Quality Space Saving Velvet Hangers Strong and Durable Hold Up To 10 Lbs - 360 Degree Chrome Swivel Hook - Ultra Thin Non Slip Suit Hangers, Black - 50 pack for $22.95 (list price $39.99)

Cr Sleep Ventilated Memory Foam Bed Pillow with AirCell Technology, Standard, 1-Pack for $25.49 (list price $89.99)

StorageManiac Foldable Pop-Up Mesh Laundry Hamper with Reinforced Carry Handles, 2-Pack for $16.99 (list price $39.99)

Monkey Hook Picture Hanger Home and Office Pack, 30 pc set for $11.24 (list price $19.75)

Syntus Himalayan Salt Lamp Natural Crystal Salt Light Glow Hand Carved Night Lights Wall light with UL Listed Plug for Lighting, Decoration and Air Purifying for $12.99 (list price $21.99)

LED String Lights 33 ft with 100 LEDs, TaoTronics Waterproof Decorative Lights for Bedroom, Patio, Parties ( Copper Wire Lights, Warm White ) for $14.49 (list price $29.99)

Whitmor Supreme Wide Stacking Shelf, Chrome for $15.35 (list price $32.02)

Hoover FH50251PC Power Scrub Elite Pet Carpet Cleaner for $169.99 (list price $189.00)

HEALTH AND BEAUTY

Activated Charcoal Natural Teeth Whitening Powder by Pro Teeth Whitening Co® | High Quality Grey Charcoal (non abrasive and proven safe for enamel) From Coconut Shells | Manufactured in England for $12.99 (list price $29.99)

TheraFlow Dual Foot Massager Roller (Large) - Relieve Plantar Fasciitis, Heel, Foot Arch Pain & Stress - Foot Chart & Instructions Included - Acupressure/ Reflexology Tool - Perfect Gift for $16.95 (list price $49.99)

Apple Cider Vinegar - Pills for Weight Loss - Includes: Vitamin B6, Spirulina, Lecithin & Kelp - Helps Support Detox, Digestion & Circulation, 350 mg, 90 Capsules for $18.92 (list price $28.59)

B.I.G. Natural Pre Shave Oil, 60 ml for $12.95 (list price $25.00)

Pure Body Naturals Essential Oils Gift Set, Lavender/Tea Tree/Eucalyptus/Lemongrass/Orange/Peppermint, 6 count - 10 ml for $14.95 (list price $17.95)

Colgate Max Fresh Wisp Disposable Travel Toothbrush, Peppermint - 24 Count for $4.99 (list price $7.99)

Nano Towel Makeup Remover Face Cloth. Remove Cosmetics FAST and Chemical Free. Wipes Away Facial Dirt and Oil Like An Eraser. Great for Sensitive Skin, Acne, Exfoliating, Mascara, etc. 7 x 16" for $14.97 (list price $29.99)

CCS Blackhead Remover Pimple Extractor with Instructions for Acne Comedone Whitehead Blemish Zit Removal Tool Kit for $6.97 (list price $49.97)

Oneleaf 2PCS Professional Pedicure Rasp Foot File Cracked Skin Corns Callus Remover for Extra Smooth and Beauty Foot for $9.99 (list price $19.99)

OUTDOORS, GARDEN, AND SPORTS

Wilson Championship Extra Duty Tennis Ball (4-Pack), Yellow for $15.16 (list price $20.18)

Anker Ultra-Bright Tactical Flashlight with 1300 Lumens, Rechargeable(26650 Battery Included), IP67 Water-Resistant, Bolder LC130 LED with 5 Light Modes For Camping, Security, Emergency Use for $45.99 (list price $112.00)

Enkeeo Foldable Fishing Net Triangular Landing Net with Aluminum Pole and Nylon Mesh, 14.6" Wide for $19.99 (list price $39.99)

G4Free 12x25 Compact Binoculars(BAK4,Green Lens),Large Eyepiece Super High-Powered Field Surveillance Binoculars for $24.99 (list price $39.99)

Stansport Canteen, 4-Quart for $7.97 (list price $10.49)

HEIMDALL Safety Whistle with lanyard (2 pack) for Boating Camping Hiking Hunting Emergency Survival Rescue Signaling for $8.95 (list price $10.99)

Veegul Stylish Doctor Style Canvas School Backpack Functional Travel Bag for Men Women Semizipper Pocket x Black VG for $39.99 (list price $74.50)

Enkeeo Foam Roller 13” × 6” EVA with Grid Design Muscle Rollers for Deep Tissue Myofascial Release, Sports Massage and Recovery, Trigger Point Therapy, Pilates & Yoga, Black for $16.99 (list price $29.99)

TOOLS

Pumie Toilet Bowl Ring Remover #TBR-6 for $9.15 (list price $14.33)

Gorilla 7700104 Super Glue Gel, 20g for $5.97 (list price $14.89)

Worthington 336737 WT2301 Trigger Start Propane Torch for $16.97 (list price $19.99)

Bosch T4021 Screwdriver Bit Set, Blue, 21-Piece for $8.17 (list price $14.99)

DEWALT DW1361 Titanium Pilot Point Drill Bit Set, 21-Piece for $19.99 (list price $25.99)

Tire Inflator, 3-in-1 Inflation Gun, with Gun, Locking Chuck and 2-inch Gauge, ¼” NPT and Flexible Hose (Campbell Hausfeld MP600000AV) for $9.94 (list price $13.49)

Stanley 84-056 3-Piece Bi-Material Pliers Set for $13.18 (list price $18.29)

Stanley 55-525 15-inch Super Wonder Bar Pry Bar for $9.89 (list price $13.29)

Picture Hanging Kit Asst for $9.99 (list price $12.99)

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