You Can Now Buy NASA’s 1975 Graphics Standards Manual

You might not have ever noticed unless you’re a design nerd or a NASA nerd, but the agency has used two distinct logos in its 58 year history. There’s the original “Meatball” logo (right), and the futuristic “Worm” logo (left).

The “Worm” is the work of designers Richard Danne and Bruce Blackburn, who redesigned the look of NASA with their 1975 Graphics Standards Manual, outlining the visual identity of the organization from clothing emblems to rocket identifiers. The work was somewhat unceremoniously ditched in 1992 when NASA decided to return to the original “Meatball” logo design, but last year, designers Hamish Smyth and Jesse Reed decided to bring it back—at least for public consumption.

The pair ran a successful Kickstarter campaign last fall to released Danne & Blackburn's 1975 NASA Graphics Standards Manual, which you can now preorder. The hardcover, 220-page book costs $79, and features scans of Danne’s personal copy of the manual, as well as a foreward by him, a 6,000-word essay on the culture of NASA in the 1970s by writer Christopher Bonanos, rare scans of the original 35mm slides presented to NASA, and The Manager's Guide to NASA Graphics Standards.

You can gaze at some of the book’s pages and hear Danne talk about the manual at the project’s Kickstater page.

[h/t Curbed]

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Sagar.jadhav01, Wikimedia Commons // ;CC BY-SA 4.0
New 'Eye Language' Lets Paralyzed People Communicate More Easily
Sagar.jadhav01, Wikimedia Commons // ;CC BY-SA 4.0
Sagar.jadhav01, Wikimedia Commons // ;CC BY-SA 4.0

The invention of sign language proved you don't need to vocalize to use complex language face to face. Now, a group of designers has shown that you don't even need control of your hands: Their new type of language for paralyzed people relies entirely on the eyes.

As AdAge reports, "Blink to Speak" was created by the design agency TBWA/India for the NeuroGen Brain & Spine Institute and the Asha Ek Hope Foundation. The language takes advantage of one of the few motor functions many paralyzed people have at their disposal: eye movement. Designers had a limited number of moves to work with—looking up, down, left, or right; closing one or both eyes—but they figured out how to use these building blocks to create a sophisticated way to get information across. The final product consists of eight alphabets and messages like "get doctor" and "entertainment" meant to facilitate communication between patients and caregivers.

Inside of a language book.
Sagar.jadhav01, Wikimedia Commons // CC BY-SA 4.0

This isn't the only tool that allows paralyzed people to "speak" through facial movements, but unlike most other options currently available, Blink to Speak doesn't require any expensive technology. The project's potential impact on the lives of people with paralysis earned it the Health Grand Prix for Good at the Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity earlier in June.

The groups behind Blink to Speak have produced thousands of print copies of the language guide and have made it available online as an ebook. To learn the language yourself or share it with someone you know, you can download it for free here.

[h/t AdAge]

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How Bats Protect Rare Books at This Portuguese Library
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iStock

Visit the Joanina Library at the University of Coimbra in Portugal at night and you might think the building has a bat problem. It's true that common pipistrelle bats live there, occupying the space behind the bookshelves by day and swooping beneath the arched ceilings and in and out of windows once the sun goes down, but they're not a problem. As Smithsonian reports, the bats play a vital role in preserving the institution's manuscripts, so librarians are in no hurry to get rid of them.

The bats that live in the library don't damage the books and, because they're nocturnal, they usually don't bother the human guests. The much bigger danger to the collection is the insect population. Many bug species are known to gnaw on paper, which could be disastrous for the library's rare items that date from before the 19th century. The bats act as a natural form of pest control: At night, they feast on the insects that would otherwise feast on library books.

The Joanina Library is famous for being one of the most architecturally stunning libraries on earth. It was constructed before 1725, but when exactly the bats arrived is unknown. Librarians can say for sure they've been flapping around the halls since at least the 1800s.

Though bats have no reason to go after the materials, there is one threat they pose to the interior: falling feces. Librarians protect against this by covering their 18th-century tables with fabric made from animal skin at night and cleaning the floors of guano every morning.

[h/t Smithsonian]

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