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15 Magical Facts About Sabrina, The Teenage Witch

Sabrina, the Teenage Witch told the story of Sabrina Spellman who, at the beginning of the series, was a teenager tasked with navigating the emotional minefield that is high school while also having to hide the fact she was gradually learning the art of witchcraft, with the help of her 600-year-old aunts Hilda and Zelda. Here are some facts about the long-running sitcom and one of the last cornerstones of ABC's TGIF lineup.

1. IT WAS BASED ON AN ARCHIE COMICS COMIC.

Created by writer George Gladir and artist Dan DeCarlo, Sabrina first appeared in Archie's Madhouse #22 in October 1962. In 2014, a darker version of the comic, The Chilling Adventures of Sabrina, was released, that documented Sabrina's "troubled origins." "One day, Sabrina's going to be the most powerful sorceress who's ever lived—Archie's equivalent of Doctor Strange—but right now, she's a 16-year-old girl who's figuring out who she wants to be and if she's going to prom or not," Chilling Adventures writer Roberto Aguirre-Sacasa said.

2. THE UNOFFICIAL PILOT AIRED ON SHOWTIME, AND FEATURED RYAN REYNOLDS.

On April 7, 1996, nearly six months before the TV series premiered, the show's "unofficial pilot" premiered as a TV movie on Showtime. In the movie, Sabrina's last name was Sawyer. Ryan Reynolds portrayed Seth, Sabrina's (short-lived) love interest.

3. MELISSA JOAN HART'S MOTHER WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR GETTING THE COMIC TO THE SCREEN.

Melissa Joan Hart's mom, Paula, was instrumental in turning the comic into a TV series, as her grateful daughter pointed out to Marie Claire. "My mom doesn't get nearly enough credit for her job as the woman spearheading the show. She is the one who was handed the Archie Comic book on a playground at my sister's school in Manhattan and sold it to Viacom as a Showtime movie. She always knew it would make an incredible series but no one would listen, until she cut together a trailer from the movie and pitched it to all four major networks at the time." With ABC and NBC in a bidding war to snatch the series, Paula and Melissa decided ABC was the right place because they loved the TGIF lineup.

4. ABC "DIDN'T REALLY SUPPORT" THE SHOW IN ITS FIRST SEASON.

"They were counting on Clueless the show to be the big hit; we were just the little show that would follow that," Hart claimed. "But we ended up being the fan favorite and held our spot on that network (even forcing Everybody Loves Raymond to move to a different night of the week) for four years until we moved to WB for the final three seasons."

5. PAT ROBERTSON WAS AGAINST IT.

The former minister and television personality complained about the series. According to Entertainment Weekly, he deemed the series "an example of insidious New Age thinking."

6. ELVIRA ACCUSED THE SHOW OF RIPPING HER OFF.

Though she acknowledged that "Sabrina was a character that existed before," Elvira, Mistress of the Dark (Cassandra Peterson) said her failed 1995 CBS pilot The Elvira Show was plagiarized by Sabrina, the Teenage Witch. "The talking black cat, the two old aunts, the teenage girl—the whole damn thing—and they released it the following year," Elvira said. "It just focused on the teenage lead instead of me—because in my show, I was the aunt of a teenage girl, along with Katherine Helmond. Teenage girl, aunts who are witches, young girl who didn’t want to be a witch because she wanted to fit in, talking black cat, blah blah blah ... It did get made!"

7. THREE LIVE CATS PLAYED SALEM OVER THE YEARS.

After Elvis and Witch passed away, Warlock took over until the end of the show, before going into semi-retirement. Along with those three, there was the puppet Salem, who moved with the aid of three puppeteers. One worked the tail and eyes, one the body, and another the mouth. Nick Bakay, the voice of Salem, sat next to the mouth puppeteer who would match the mouth to what Bakay was saying. Some stuffed animal Salems were used for rehearsals. They were named "Stuffy."

8. SALEM WAS A WRITER.

In addition to voicing Salem, Bakay was credited with penning 12 episodes of the series.

9. WHEN JASON SCHWARTZMAN AND HIS BAND PHANTOM PLANET CAMEOED, THEY MADE SALEM CURSE.

"Yeah, we asked the cat to say dirty words," Schwartzman, the drummer for the band best known for the theme to The O.C., remembered. "The cat was like, 'Fu*k this sh*t.' Yeah, the best part was where the cat came in and swore."

10. CAROLINE RHEA DIDN'T LOVE THE COSTUMES.

“They were the worst costumes in the entire world,” Rhea (who played Aunt Hilda) said. “Really, it was ridiculous. [Sabrina] was dressed like an accountant going to high school." As for herself, Rhea believed she always "going to a coronation for a very senior royal member. I was like, ‘It’s breakfast, my hair is this high.’”

11. MARTIN MULL DID THE SHOW FOR HIS DAUGHTER.

Martin Mull, who played Sabrina's vice principal-turned-principal, got a "few months" of looking cool to his kid by being on the show. "The main reason I was anxious to do that was that my daughter was 10 or 11 at the time, and there was no bigger show with 10- or 11-year-old girls in the world than Sabrina," the veteran comedic actor told The A.V. Club. "So I thought, 'My God, I can also curry favor with my daughter,' who was about to enter into those teenage years where you’re nothing but just a bag of crap if you’re a father."

12. IT WAS ABC'S HIGHEST-RATED TGIF SHOW, BUT THEY LET THE SHOW GO AFTER FOUR SEASONS ANYWAY.

Viacom and Paramount executives rejected ABC's offer of paying a per-episode license fee of $1.3 to $1.5 million. They accepted the WB's offer of approximately $675,000 per episode, because they initially committed to doing so for 44 episodes, or two full seasons, which automatically put the show into lucrative syndication and the riches that come with selling those broadcast rights. "We were both surprised and delighted that this franchise program would become available to us; in fact we were shocked!," WB CEO Jamie Kellner enthused in his network's press release.

13. THERE WAS A FAILED ATTEMPT AT A SPINOFF STARRING MELISSA'S YOUNGER SISTER.

Emily Hart portrayed Sabrina's younger witch cousin, Amanda, for various episodes of Sabrina, the Teenage Witch through the years. The season five installment "Witchright Hall" was a backdoor pilot for Amanda to get her own show, where she would live in a wayward witches and warlocks boarding house, run by a headmaster played by Charles Shaughnessy (Mr. Sheffield on The Nanny). The WB didn't pick it up for series. Emily still starred in Sabrina: The Animated Series (1999-2000), where Melissa played both Hilda and Zelda.

14. THERE WAS A REMAKE IN TURKEY.

Acemi Cadi, or Novice Witch, was about a teenage girl who found out from her aunts Selda and Melda that she was a witch, and discovered her cat Duman could talk. It ran from 2005 to 2007.

15. IT MIGHT COME BACK.

Melissa Joan Hart recently revealed she has been taking meetings on remaking Clarissa Explains It All and Sabrina, The Teenage Witch. "It’s a meeting ... you know they are throwing around Clarissa and Sabrina ideas," Hart said. "But it depends on who’s going to give up rights, who’s gonna do it, how’s it going to be done. It’s a lot of politics."

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8 Things We Know About Stranger Things Season 3
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[Warning: There are lots of Stranger Things season two spoilers ahead.]

Stranger Things season two is in the books, and like we all hoped, it turned out to be a worthy follow-up to an addictive debut season. Now, though, we’re left with plenty of questions, mysteries, and theories to chew on as the wait for a third season begins. But for everything we don’t know about what the next year of Stranger Things will bring us (such as an actual release date), there are more than enough things we do know to keep those fan theories coming well into 2018. While the show hasn't been officially greenlit for a third season by Netflix yet, new details have already begun to trickle out. Here’s everything we know about Stranger Things season three so far.

1. THERE WILL BE ANOTHER TIME JUMP.

The third season of Stranger Things won’t pick up right where the second one left off. Like the show experienced between the first two seasons, there will be a time jump between seasons two and three as well. The reason is simple: the child actors are all growing up, and instead of having the kids look noticeably older without explanation for year three, the Duffer Brothers told The Hollywood Reporter:

“Our kids are aging. We can only write and produce the show so fast. They're going to be almost a year older by the time we start shooting season three. It provides certain challenges. You can't start right after season two ended. It forces you to do a time jump. But what I like is that it makes you evolve the show. It forces the show to evolve and change, because the kids are changing.”

2. THE IDEA IS TO BE SMALLER IN SCALE.

If the series’s second season was about expanding the Stranger Things mythology, the third season won't go bigger just for the sake of it, with the brothers even going so far as to say that it will be a more intimate story.

“It’s not necessarily going to be bigger in scale,” Matt Duffer said in an interview with IndieWire. “What I am really excited about is giving these characters an interesting journey to go on.”

Ross Duffer did stress, though, that as of early November, season three is basically “… Matt and me working with some writers and figuring out where it’s going to go.”

3. THE MIND FLAYER WILL BE BACK.

The second season ended on a bit of a foreboding note when it was revealed that the Mind Flayer was still in the Upside Down and was seen looming over the Hawkins school as the winter dance was going on. Though we know there will be a time jump at the start of next season, it’s clear that the monster will still have a big presence on the show.

Executive producer Dan Cohen told TV Guide: "There were other ways we could have ended beyond that, but I think that was a very strong, lyrical ending, and it really lets us decide to focus where we ultimately are going to want to go as we dive into Season 3."

What does the Mind Flayer’s presence mean for the new crop of episodes? Well, there will be plenty of fan theories to ponder between now and the season three premiere (whenever that may be).

4. PLENTY OF LEFTOVER SEASON TWO STORYLINES WILL BE IN SEASON THREE.

The Duffer Brothers had a lot of material for the latest season of the show—probably a bit too much. Talking to Vulture, Matt Duffer detailed a few details and plot points that had to be pushed to season three:

"Billy was supposed to have a bigger role. We ended up having so many characters it ended up, in a way, more teed up for season three than anything. There was a whole teen supernatural story line that just got booted because it was just too cluttered, you know? A lot of that’s just getting kicked into season three."

The good news is that he also told the site that this wealth of cut material could make the writing process for the third season much quicker.

5. THERE WILL BE MORE ERICA.

Stranger Things already had a roster of fan-favorite characters heading into season two, but newcomer Erica, Lucas’s little sister, may have overshadowed them all. Played by 11-year-old Priah Ferguson, Erica is equal parts expressive, snarky, and charismatic. And the Duffer Brothers couldn’t agree more, saying that there will be much more Erica next season.

“There will definitely be more Erica in Season 3,” Ross Duffer told Yahoo!. “That is the fun thing about the show—you discover stuff as you’re filming. We were able to integrate more of her in, but not as much you want because the story [was] already going. ‘We got to use more Erica’—that was one of the first things we said in the writers’ room.”

“I thought she’s very GIF-able, if that’s a word,” Matt Duffer added. “She was great.”

6. EXPECT KALI TO RETURN.

The season two episode “The Lost Sister” was a bit of an outlier for the series. It’s a standalone episode that focuses solely on the character Eleven, leaving the central plot and main cast of Hawkins behind. As well-received as Stranger Things season two was, this episode was a near-unanimous miss among fans and critics.

The episode did, however, introduce us to the character of Kali (Linnea Berthelsen), who has the ability to manipulate people’s minds with illusions she creates. Despite the reaction, the Duffers felt the episode was vital to Eleven’s development, and that Kali won’t be forgotten moving forward.

“It feels weird to me that we wouldn’t solve [Kali’s] storyline. I would say chances are very high she comes back,” Matt Duffer said at the Vulture Festival.

7. OTHER "NUMBERS" MIGHT SHOW UP.

We're already well acquainted with Eleven, and season two introduced us to Eight (a.k.a. Kali), and executive producer Shawn Levy heavily hinted to E! that there are probably more Hawkins Laboratory experiments on the horizon.

"I think we've clearly implied there are other numbers, and I can't imagine that the world will only ever know Eleven and Eight," Levy said.

8. THERE MIGHT NOT BE MANY SEASONS LEFT.

Don’t be in too much of a rush to find out everything about the next season of Stranger Things; there might not be many more left. The Duffer Brothers have said in the past that the plan is to do four seasons and end it. However, Levy gave fans a glimmer of hope that things may go on a little while longer—just by a bit, though.

“Hearts were heard breaking in Netflix headquarters when the Brothers made four seasons sound like an official end, and I was suddenly getting phone calls from our actors’ agents,” Levy told Entertainment Weekly. “The truth is we’re definitely going four seasons and there’s very much the possibility of a fifth. Beyond that, it becomes I think very unlikely.”

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20 Random Facts About Shopping
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Shopping on Black Friday—or, really, any time during the holiday season—is a good news/bad news kind of endeavor. The good news? The deals are killer! The bad news? So are the lines. If you find yourself standing behind 200 other people who braved the crowds and sacrificed sleep in order to hit the stores early today, here's one way to pass the time: check out these fascinating facts about shopping through the ages.

1. The oldest customer service complaint was written on a clay cuneiform tablet in Mesopotamia 4000 years ago. (In it, a customer named Nanni complains that he was sold inferior copper ingots.)

2. Before battles, some Roman gladiators read product endorsements. The makers of the film Gladiator planned to show this, but they nixed the idea out of fear that audiences wouldn’t believe it.

3. Like casinos, shopping malls are intentionally designed to make people lose track of time, removing clocks and windows to prevent views of the outside world. This kind of “scripted disorientation” has a name: It’s called the Gruen Transfer.

4. According to a study in Social Influence, people who shopped at or stood near luxury stores were less likely to help people in need.

5. A shopper who first purchases something on his or her shopping list is more likely to buy unrelated items later as a kind of reward.

6. On the Pacific island of Vanuatu, some villages still use pigs and seashells as currency. In fact, the indigenous bank there uses a unit of currency called the Livatu. Its value is equivalent to a boar’s tusk. 

7. Sears used to sell build-your-own homes in its mail order catalogs.

8. The first shopping catalog appeared way back in the 1400s, when an Italian publisher named Aldus Manutius compiled a handprinted catalog of the books that he produced for sale and passed it out at town fairs.

9. The first product ever sold by mail order? Welsh flannel.

10. The first shopping cart was a folding chair with a basket on the seat and wheels on the legs.

11. In the late 1800s in Corinne, Utah, you could buy legal divorce papers from a vending machine for $2.50.

12. Some of the oldest known writing in the world includes a 5000-year-old receipt inscribed on a clay tablet. (It was for clothing that was sent by boat from Ancient Mesopotamia to Dilmun, or current day Bahrain.)

13. Beginning in 112 CE, Emperor Trajan began construction on the largest of Rome's imperial forums, which housed a variety of shops and services and two libraries. Today, Trajan’s Market is regarded as the oldest shopping mall in the world.

14. The Chinese invented paper money. For a time, there was a warning written right on the currency that all counterfeiters would be decapitated.

15. Halle Berry was named after Cleveland, Ohio's Halle Building, which was home to the Halle Brothers department store.

16. At Boston University, students can sign up for a class on the history of shopping. (Technically, it’s called “The Modern American Consumer”)

17. Barbra Streisand had a mini-mall installed in her basement. “Instead of just storing my things in the basement, I can make a street of shops and display them,” she told Harper's Bazaar. (There are photos of it here.)

18. Shopping online is not necessarily greener. A 2016 study at the University of Delaware concluded that “home shopping has a greater impact on the transportation sector than the public might suspect.”

19. Don’t want to waste too much money shopping? Go to the mall in high heels. A 2013 Brigham Young University study discovered that shoppers in high heels made more balanced buying decisions while balancing in pumps.

20. Cyber Monday is not the biggest day for online shopping. The title belongs to November 11, or Singles Day, a holiday in China that encourages singles to send themselves gifts. According to Fortune, this year's event smashed all previous records with more than $38 million in sales.

A heaping handful of these facts came from John Lloyd, John Mitchinson, and James Harkin's delightful book, 1,234 Quite Interesting Facts to Leave You Speechless.

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