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Wikimedia Commons // Public Domain

The Hosts of ‘Stuff You Missed in History Class’ Share 7 Amazing, Oft-Overlooked Women in History

Wikimedia Commons // Public Domain
Wikimedia Commons // Public Domain

From composers and moonshiners to hoaxes and natural disasters, Holly Frey and Tracy V. Wilson have researched it all. Their popular podcast, Stuff You Missed in History Class, spotlights fascinating historical figures and events that haven’t gotten nearly as much attention as they deserve. 

Since 2013, the duo has recorded hundreds of episodes, each of which takes anywhere from eight to 20 hours to research. As a listener, I’m particularly impressed by how many history-making women I’ve discovered through the podcast, though I’ve also been won over by episodes about, say, Popsicle history

I asked Frey and Wilson to throw out a few women they’ve profiled and adore. Each name links to its corresponding podcast, where you can (and should!) listen to learn much more.

1. KATIE SANDWINA 

“She was the strongwoman that worked at Barnum & Bailey for years and years,” says Frey, an Atlanta-based editor for HowStuffWorks. “She was a member of the circus suffragette movement, although she seemed almost to take that on because she thought it was a responsibility of her position. She had children, and she did her strongwoman act right up to the birth of each of her sons.

“What’s really interesting is that when I read interviews from people that knew her, they’d talk about how incredibly feminine she was: How she’d always have her nails done, she was always in makeup, and she was always into super-girly things,” Frey adds. “It was such an entertaining juxtaposition against this woman who was literally having a carousel put on her shoulders so she could lift eight to a dozen people at a time."

2. DR. VIRGINIA APGAR

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“She was the person who came up with a measurable and objective way to measure whether newborn babies were thriving outside the womb or not,” says Wilson, HowStuffWorks’s Boston-based editorial director. “I really like how she had this very tender and loving presence, and then she also completely changed a standard in OB-GYN care. She’s a person who did something that was really groundbreaking and completely affected the way people practiced medicine—and, as is so often the case on the show, no one listened to her for quite a while.” 

3. JOE CARSTAIRS

“There’s this kind of accidental thing where you sometimes fall in love with the subject, and Joe Carstairs is definitely one that stands out to me in that regard,” Frey says about the motorboat racer. “She just had such a fascinating life and was playing with gender at a time when it was not all that common. She just had this amazing, strange, wonderful energy about her.” 

4. MILDRED LOVING

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“Mildred and Richard Loving were an interracial couple, and the case for their marriage went all the way to the Supreme Court,” Wilson says. “We did the episode on them [because] their case [Loving v. Virginia] kept being cited in same-sex marriage cases as a precedent. They had a simultaneously triumphant and tragic story, because they ultimately were allowed to be married in Virginia … but tragically, not many years after that, Richard Loving was killed in a car accident. 

“In her later life, Mildred was asked how she felt about their case being brought up again in the context of same-sex marriage,” Wilson adds. “She gave a beautiful statement about how important it was for people who wanted to be married to each other to be married to each other, no matter who they were. She ended it by saying, ‘That’s what Loving’ (being their case) ‘and loving’ (being the act of loving) ‘are all about.’” 

5. EDNA ST. VINCENT MILLAY

Wilson, who has a degree is in literature, cites the famed poet for different reasons than one might expect: “The word ‘polyamory’ had not been coined—and I’m very reluctant to apply modern words to people who lived before that word (existed),” she says. “But [Millay’s marriage] was clearly one where she loved her husband, and also they were open to having relationships with other people."

“She basically broke some new ground for a lot of women in terms of personal fulfillment in relationships,” she says. “She wrote poems that were really evocative and that a lot people took romantic and personal inspiration from … but she wasn’t a completely romantic figure. As her life went on, she had some problems with drugs and alcohol, and her death was almost certainly due to that.” 

Frey notes, “It’s great to have a figure who is romantic and lovely and, at the same time, is realistic about the fact that no one’s life is perfect.” 

6. KATHARINE DEXTER MCCORMICK 

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“She was another heiress who inherited a whole lot of money and then said, ‘All right, we’re gonna have birth control now!’” Wilson says. “Then she used her knowledge gleaned from having gotten a degree in biology from MIT to stay on top of the project. And on top of almost single-handedly funding the development of the first successful oral contraceptive pill, she also would go to Europe and smuggle diaphragms back (to the U.S.) in the linings of her dresses.” 

7. FRANCES GLESSNER LEE

“She was an heiress in the early part of the 20th century who developed some investigative processes for looking at crime scenes,” Frey explains. “She took all of her money and put it toward this bizarre sort of hobby of creating dioramas that were realistic depictions of crime scenes so that she could train police officers.” 

“[There are] so many instances in history of someone that is just richer than anyone needs to be, and they’re just really self-indulgent and do a lot of crazy things,” she says. “But [Lee] put her money behind creating homicide investigation tools. She was teaching investigators how to walk into a crime scene without destroying evidence, take clear stock of what might’ve happened, and learn how to look for details. She really had this lasting impact on the way crime is dealt with, and yet she has kind of faded into the background of history.” 

Want to see more podcast recommendations and interviews? Head to the archive.

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Amy Meredith, Flickr // CC BY-ND 2.0
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You Can Still Visit This Forgotten Flintstones Theme Park in Arizona
Amy Meredith, Flickr // CC BY-ND 2.0
Amy Meredith, Flickr // CC BY-ND 2.0

Like many pop culture institutions of the 20th century, Hanna-Barbera’s The Flintstones hasn’t been relegated to just one medium. The animated cast of America's favorite modern Stone Age family sold cigarettes, starred in a live-action 1994 film, and inspired all sorts of merchandise, including video games and lunchboxes. In 1972, it also got the theme park treatment.

Bedrock City, located 30 minutes from the Grand Canyon in Williams, Arizona, was the brainchild of Linda and Francis Speckels, a married couple who bought the property and turned it into a 6-acre tourist attraction. Concrete houses were built to resemble the Flintstone and Rubble residences and are furnished with props; a large metal slide resembles a brontosaurus, so kids can mimic the show’s famous title credits sequence; and statues of the characters are spread all over the premises. The site also doubles as an RV campground and parking site.

A Flintstones theme park house
Matthew Dillon, Flickr // CC BY 2.0

A statue of Bam-Bam at the Flintstones park in Arizona
Matthew Dillon, Flickr // CC BY 2.0

A statue of Wilma Flintstone at Bedrock City in Arizona
Matthew Dillon, Flickr // CC BY 2.0

When it first opened, Bedrock City employed actors to stay in character, but the remote location proved challenging to retain both employees and visitors. Over the past four decades, it's had a steady stream of tourists, but not enough to turn a huge profit. Atlas Obscura reports the attractions are in various stages of disrepair.

Linda Speckels put the property up for sale in 2015 with an asking price of $2 million, but it has yet to sell. One possible hold-up: The new owner would have to negotiate a fresh licensing deal with Hanna-Barbera and Warner Bros. for the right to continue using the show’s trademarks. (A separate Flintstones park in South Dakota, owned by another member of the Speckels family, was sold and closed in 2015.) With its proximity to the Canyon, the 30 total acres could be converted into almost anything, from a mall to a golf course. For Flintstones enthusiasts, the hope is that the park’s unique attractions won’t be reduced to rubble.

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Watch Terry Gilliam's 1968 Animated Christmas Card
Carlo Allegri/Getty Images
Carlo Allegri/Getty Images

In 1968, future Monty Python member Terry Gilliam was kicking around London, working as an animator. He was asked to put together an animated segment for a Christmas show, so he hopped over to the Tate and photocopied a bunch of Victorian Christmas cards for inspiration. The resulting film, The Christmas Card, is brilliant, bizarre, and delightful. Enjoy some pre-Python madness from the master:

If you liked that, check out Terry Gilliam explaining his animation technique in 1974.

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