Using Finger Tutting to Make Magic Happen on The Magicians


The characters in Lev Grossman’s novel The Magicians don't use wands—instead, they make magic with their hands. “Learning magic is this arduous task. When I read [the book], I thought about learning how to play the piano,” Sera Gamble said at a New York Comic Con Panel last year. “You have to make your hands do very unnatural things … You can actually spot a [true] magician on the street ... because their hands can do things that regular hands can’t.”

But a vague description of intricate hand movements wouldn’t work for Syfy’s adaptation of Grossman’s trilogy of novels, which debuts tonight at 9 p.m. EST. And magic created wholly using visual effects didnt appeal, either. So Gamble and fellow co-creator John McNamara settled on a more practical—and much more difficult—way to make magic: Finger tutting.

The style of dance known as “tutting” involves creating geometric shapes and sharp angles with one’s body—primarily the hands and arms—to mimic Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics (it’s named after King Tut). When dancers do that with just their fingers, it’s called finger tutting; Gamble discovered the technique when McNamara’s assistant emailed her a video of it. 

Olivia Taylor Dudley, who plays Alice Quinn, tells mental_floss that when she read the books and the script, she didn’t think about how the actors would use their hands to make magic. “I was like ‘OK, whatever. We’re just going to do some spells,’” she says. But when McNamara and Gamble emailed her videos of finger tutting, Dudley’s reaction was immediate: “I was like, ‘There’s no way in hell I’m going to be able to do this.’”

Arjun Gupta, who plays Penny, demonstrates a finger tutting move that "would slice someone's head off." Gif via SyFy.

The production hired Paul Becker and Kevin Li, who specialize in finger tutting, to create the motions for the spells. The goal was to give the show’s magic a language—like Game of Thrones languages, but physical. “There’s a theory behind it,” Dudley says. “Each movement means a certain thing, and then we revisit those hand movements when we cast the same spell. There’s a consistency, and it helps us keep track of what we’re doing.” Gamble told Buzzfeed that “We now have the basic vocabulary of the kind of movement of hands and fingers that would make something catch fire or blow wind.”

Becker and Li were also tasked with putting the cast through finger tutting boot camp, teaching them how to create the intricate movements they’d need to cast spells. That was easier said than done. 

“My fingers just aren’t that flexible,” Dudley says. “I’m more of a single hand motion kind of a spell caster.” Li would come up with complicated finger movements for the spells, then send the cast videos breaking down the movements. Dudley says she usually balked at the videos, then came up with a compromise: “I kind of found the way I think Alice finger tuts, which is a little bit more gentle and specific. I would go back to Kevin with, ‘I’ll do the first part.’” 

Performing the finger tutting on set brought added pressure. Many of the scenes in The Magicians rely on practical effects, which meant repeating the tutting over and over again until it was perfect—and resetting the practical effects each time. “If you mess up the tut, you have to keep going until you get it right,” Dudley says. Thankfully, Li was on the show’s Vancouver set most days to help. “He was just so wonderful,” Dudley says. “He was available all the time, anytime we needed help or couldn’t do it. He had never spent so much time on a set, so for him it was a lot of fun to be there. And for us, it was fun to have somebody who was so enthusiastic about finger tutting, something none of us knew anything about.” 

Even if some of the actors were really great at finger tutting—Dudley says Jason Ralph, who plays Quentin Coldwater, is the best at it—the production didn’t rely solely on the actors’ skills. “The tutting is augmented with visual effects, so it makes it look like we’re way better at it than we are,” Dudley says.

For Dudley, who grew up fascinated by magic—her grandmother even held séances every year on the actress’s birthday—being cast in The Magicians was a dream come true. “I’m such a dork for this stuff,” she says. “Our director of photography, Elie Smolkin, and the special effects people figured out ways that make it look and feel like we were actually doing the magic. I feel like a total badass most of the time.

“Getting to be a part of a show that embraces magic the way The Magicians does, and getting to see that magic on camera, I’m always blown away,” she continues. “It’s really satisfying to get to work in this genre and get to do magic for a living. I keep pinching myself every day.”

But it might take casting a spell on Dudley to get her to fully master finger tutting. Despite all of her practice, “I’m still horrible at it,” she says. “I’m the worst.”

The Magicians premieres tonight at 9/8c on SyFy.

Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images for PCA
12 Surprising Facts About Robin Williams
Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images for PCA
Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images for PCA

Robin Williams had a larger-than-life personality. On screen and on stage, he embodied what he referred to as “hyper-comedy.” Offscreen, he was involved in humanitarian causes and raised three children—Zak, Zelda, and Cody. On July 16, HBO debuts the documentary Robin Williams: Come Inside My Mind, directed by Marina Zenovich. The film chronicles his rise on the L.A. and San Francisco stand-up comedy scenes during the 1970s, to his more dramatic roles in the 1980s and '90s in award-winning films like Dead Poets Society; Good Morning, Vietnam; Awakenings; The Fisher King; and Good Will Hunting. The film also focuses on August 11, 2014, the date of his untimely death. Here are 12 surprising facts about the beloved entertainer.


A still from 'Robin Williams: Come Inside My Mind' (2018)

After leaving Juilliard, Robin Williams found himself back in his hometown of San Francisco, but he couldn’t find work as an actor. Then he saw something for a comedy workshop in a church and decided to give it a shot. “So I went to this workshop in the basement of a Lutheran church, and it was stand-up comedy, so you don’t get to improvise with others, but I started off doing, ostensibly, it was just like improvising but solo," he told NPR. "And then I started to realize, ‘Oh.’ [I started] building an act from there."


In 2001, Williams visited Koko the gorilla, who passed away in June, at The Gorilla Foundation in Northern California. Her caregivers had shown her one of his movies, and she seemed to recognize him. Koko repeatedly signed for Williams to tickle her. “We shared something extraordinary: laughter,” Williams said of the encounter. On the day Williams died, The Foundation shared the news with Koko and reported that she fell into sadness.


In 1974, photographer Daniel Sorine captured photos of two mimes in New York's Central Park. As it turned out, one of the mimes was Williams, who was attending Juilliard at the time. “What attracted me to Robin Williams and his fellow mime, Todd Oppenheimer, was an unusual amount of intensity, personality, and physical fluidity,” Sorine said. In 1991, Williams revisited the craft by playing Mime Jerry in Bobcat Goldthwait’s film Shakes the Clown. In the movie, Williams hilariously leads a how-to class in mime.


As a teen, Lisa Jakub played Robin Williams’s daughter Lydia Hillard in Mrs. Doubtfire. “When I was 14 years old, I went on location to film Mrs. Doubtfire for five months, and my high school was not happy,” Jakub wrote on her blog. “My job meant an increased workload for teachers, and they were not equipped to handle a ‘non-traditional’ student. So, during filming, they kicked me out.”

Sensing Jakub’s distress over the situation, Williams typed a letter and sent it to her school. “A student of her caliber and talent should be encouraged to go out in the world and learn through her work,” he wrote. “She should also be encouraged to return to the classroom when she’s done to share those experiences and motivate her classmates to soar to their own higher achievements … she is an asset to any classroom.”

Apparently, the school framed the letter but didn’t allow Jakub to return. “But here’s what matters from that story—Robin stood up for me,” Jakub wrote. “I was only 14, but I had already seen that I was in an industry that was full of back-stabbing. And it was entirely clear that Robin had my back.”


Anson Williams, Marion Ross, and Don Most told The Hallmark Channel that a different actor was originally hired to play Mork for the February 1978 Happy Days episode “My Favorite Orkan,” which introduced the alien character to the world. “Mork & Mindy was like the worst script in the history of Happy Days. It was unreadable, it was so bad,” Anson Williams said. “So they hire some guy for Mork—bad actor, bad part.” The actor quit, and producer Garry Marshall came to the set and asked: “Does anyone know a funny Martian?” They hired Williams to play Mork, and from September 1978 to May 1982, Williams co-headlined the spinoff Mork & Mindy for four seasons.


Actor Robin Williams poses for a portrait during the 35th Annual People's Choice Awards held at the Shrine Auditorium on January 7, 2009 in Los Angeles, California
Michael Caulfield, Getty Images for PCA

In 1988, Williams made his professional stage debut as Estragon in the Mike Nichols-directed Waiting for Godot, which also starred Steve Martin and F. Murray Abraham. The play was held off-Broadway at Mitzi E. Newhouse Theater at Lincoln Center. The New York Times asked Williams if he felt the show was a career risk, and he responded with: “Risk! Of never working on the stage again! Oh, no! You’re ruined! It’s like you're ruined socially in Tustin,” a town in Orange County, California. “If there’s risk, you can’t think about it,” he said, “or you’ll never be able to do the play.”

Williams had to restrain himself and not improvise during his performance. “You can do physical things,” he said, “but you don’t ad lib [Samuel] Beckett, just like you don’t riff Beethoven.” In 1996, Nichols and Williams once again worked together, this time in the movie The Birdcage.


The 1992 success of Aladdin, in which Williams voiced Genie, led to more celebrities voicing animated characters. According to a 2011 article in The Atlantic, “Less than 20 years ago, voice acting was almost exclusively the realm of voice actors—people specifically trained to provide voices for animated characters. As it turns out, the rise of the celebrity voice actor can be traced to a single film: Disney’s 1992 breakout animated hit Aladdin.” Since then, big names have attached themselves to animated films, from The Lion King to Toy Story to Shrek. Williams continued to do voice acting in animated films, including Aladdin and the King of Thieves, Happy Feet, and Happy Feet 2.


In March 1998, Williams won a Best Supporting Actor Oscar for his performance as Sean Maguire in Good Will Hunting. In 2011, Williams appeared on The Graham Norton Show, and Norton asked him what it was like to win the award. “For a week it was like, ‘Hey congratulations! Good Will Hunting, way to go,'” Williams said. “Two weeks later: ‘Hey, Mork.’”

Then Williams mentioned how his speech accidentally left out one of the most important people in his life. “I forgot to thank my mother and she was in the audience,” he said. “Even the therapist went, ‘Get out!’ That was rough for the next few years. [Mom voice] ‘You came through here [points to his pants]! How’s the award?’”


At this year’s 25th anniversary screening of Schindler’s List, held at the Tribeca Film Festival, director Steven Spielberg shared that Williams—who played Peter Pan in Spielberg’s Hook—would call him and make him laugh. “Robin knew what I was going through, and once a week, Robin would call me on schedule and he would do 15 minutes of stand-up on the phone,” Spielberg said. “I would laugh hysterically, because I had to release so much.”


During a June 2018 appearance on The Graham Norton Show, Ethan Hawke recalled how, while working on Dead Poets Society, Williams was hard on him. “I really wanted to be a serious actor,” Hawke said. “I really wanted to be in character, and I really didn’t want to laugh. The more I didn’t laugh, the more insane [Williams] got. He would make fun of me. ‘Oh this one doesn't want to laugh.’ And the more smoke would come out of my ears. He didn’t understand I was trying to do a good job.” Hawke had assumed Williams hated him during filming.

After filming ended, Hawke went back to school, but he received a surprising phone call. It was from Williams’s agent, who—at Williams's suggestion—wanted to sign Hawke. Hawke said he still has the same agent today.


In February 1988, Williams told Rolling Stone how he sometimes still had to audition for roles. “I read for a movie with [Robert] De Niro, [Midnight Run], to be directed by Marty Brest,” Williams said. “I met with them three or four times, and it got real close, it was almost there, and then they went with somebody else. The character was supposed to be an accountant for the Mafia. Charles Grodin got the part. I was craving it. I thought, ‘I can be as funny,’ but they wanted someone obviously more in type. And in the end, he was better for it. But it was rough for me. I had to remind myself, ‘Okay, come on, you’ve got other things.’”

In July 1988, Universal released Midnight Run. Just two years later, Williams finally worked with De Niro, on Awakenings.


Actors Robin Williams (L) and Billy Crystal pose at the afterparty for the premiere of Columbia Picture's 'RV' on April 23, 2006 in Los Angeles, California
Kevin Winter, Getty Images

Starting in 1986, Williams, Billy Crystal, and Whoopi Goldberg co-hosted HBO’s Comic Relief to raise money for the homeless. Soon after Williams’s death, Crystal went on The View and spoke with Goldberg about his friendship with Williams. “We were like two jazz musicians,” Crystal said. “Late at night I get these calls and we’d go for hours. And we never spoke as ourselves. When it was announced I was coming to Broadway, I had 50 phone messages, in one day, from somebody named Gary, who wanted to be my backstage dresser.”

“Gary” turned out to be Williams.

Robin Williams: Come Inside My Mind premieres on Monday, July 16 at 8 p.m. ET on HBO.

Mark Ralston, AFP/Getty Images
How a Hairdresser Found a Way to Fight Oil Spills With Hair Clippings
Mark Ralston, AFP/Getty Images
Mark Ralston, AFP/Getty Images

The Exxon Valdez oil tanker made global news in 1989 when it dumped millions of gallons of crude oil into the waters off Alaska's coast. As experts were figuring out the best ways to handle the ecological disaster, a hairdresser from Alabama named Phil McCroy was tinkering with ideas of his own. His solution, a stocking stuffed with hair clippings, was an early version of a clean-up method that's used at real oil spill sites today, according to Vox.

Hair booms are sock-like tubes stuffed with recycled hair, fur, and wool clippings. Hair naturally soaks up oil; most of the time it's sebum, an oil secreted from our sebaceous glands, but it will attract crude oil as well. When hair booms are dragged through waters slicked with oil, they sop up all of that pollution in a way that's gentle on the environment.

The same properties that make hair a great clean-up tool at spills are also what make animals vulnerable. Marine life that depends on clean fur to stay warm can die if their coats are stained with oil that's hard to wash off. Footage of an otter covered in oil was actually what inspired Phil McCroy to come up with his hair-based invention.

Check out the full story from Vox in the video below.

[h/t Vox]


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