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40 Things Turning 40 in 2016

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If you were born in 1976, you're in good company! You're the same age as Apple, U2, the meme, The Blues Brothers, and a bunch of talented actors. You were also born just as the United States was celebrating its bicentennial ... and getting super into The Eagles. Read on.

1. RYAN REYNOLDS AND BENEDICT CUMBERBATCH 

Lots of hunks were born in 1976, but Ryan Reynolds (October 23) and Benedict Cumberbatch (July 19) have to top this list. Both men have graced various "Sexiest Man Alive" lists, and apparently they're actors as well.

Some more of our favorite actors born in 1976: Cillian Murphy (May 25); Colin Farrell (May 31); Fred Savage (July 9); Adrian Grenier (July 10); Mark Duplass (December 7); and Danny McBride (December 29).

2. U2

In the fall of 1976, 14-year-old drummer Larry Mullen, Jr. posted a flyer on his Irish high school's bulletin board looking for musicians to join him in a new band. In short order he met Adam Clayton (bass), Paul Hewson ("Bono," vocals), and Dave Evans ("The Edge," guitar). The band was first known as Feedback, then changed to The Hype, and finally settled on U2 in 1978.

3. APPLE

On April Fools' Day 1976, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak founded Apple Computer. The Steves had already been friends for years, having worked on telephone system hacks, Atari's Breakout, and various other projects. But what would put them on the map was Woz's Apple I computer, priced provocatively at $666.66.

There was actually a third Apple founder, Ronald Wayne. He is largely omitted from modern stories about Apple's founding, likely because he left the company on April 12, just 11 days after it began. Oops.

4. THE MEME

In Richard Dawkins' book The Selfish Gene, he coined the term meme, which is now defined by Wiktionary (via Wordnik) as "Any unit of cultural information, such as a practice or idea, that is transmitted verbally or by repeated action from one mind to another."

While today the term also has specific technical connotations (think images posted to the web with text superimposed on them), the original Dawkins idea applied to all ideas that propagated among people through non-genetic means.

5. THE FIRST PLATINUM RECORD // THEIR GREATEST HITS, THE EAGLES 

In 1976, the Recording Industry Association of America introduced the concept of a "Platinum Record," meaning an album or single selling one million units in the U.S. (This was super-confusing because previously the one-million-unit mark had already been achieved.) The Eagles were awarded the first Platinum Record for Their Greatest Hits 1971-1975, which today is basically tied with Michael Jackson's Thriller in sales volume.

6. ALICIA SILVERSTONE, REESE WITHERSPOON, AND RASHIDA JONES

On March 22, Reese Witherspoon entered the world, with the rather wondrous name Laura Jeanne Reese Witherspoon. She was preceded by Rashida Jones (February 25) and followed by Alicia Silverstone (October 4). Silverstone's first acting credit was on TV's The Wonder Years, appearing alongside Fred Savage.

Other notable women of the silver screen born in 1976 include: Kelly Macdonald (February 23); Audrey Tautou (August 9); Anna Faris (November 29).

7. WEIRD AL'S FIRST AIRPLAY 

On March 14, 1976, Dr. Demento played the first "Weird Al" Yankovic song on the radio. That first tune was "Belvedere Cruisin'," recorded on a boombox in the 16-year-old Yankovic's bedroom. The song refers to the Plymouth Belvedere, which was discontinued around 1970.

8. THE BICENTENNIAL QUARTER 

The mid-1970s were filled with U.S. bicentennial events as the country celebrated 200 years of independence. Several U.S. coins were redesigned, most notably the bicentennial quarter, which was marked "1776-1976" on its face and featured a colonial drummer on the reverse. More than 1.5 billion of these quarters made their way into circulation, making them quite common in the pockets of Americans throughout the following few decades.

In addition to the famous quarter, various other bicentennial coins were issued, including a dollar coin showing the Liberty Bell over the face of the moon.

This leads us to ...

9. THE RE-RELEASE OF THE $2 BILL

In 1966, the U.S. stopped printing $2 bills. Featuring Thomas Jefferson on the front, the bill was always useful but also always a little odd, since it was more rare than the $1 and $5 notes. In 1976, the bill returned (with Trumbull's The Declaration of Independence on the back), and contrary to popular myth, it's still being printed and remains in circulation. According to the Treasury Department (emphasis added):

"The $2 bill has not been removed from circulation and is still a circulating denomination of United States paper currency. The Federal Reserve System does not, however, request the printing of that denomination as often as the others. The Series 2003 $2 bill was the last printed and bears the names of former Secretary of the Treasury John W. Snow and Treasurer Rosario Marin. As of April 30, 2007 there were $1,549,052,714 worth of $2 bills in circulation worldwide."

And since that was written, the Treasury has (intermittently) printed more $2 bills, most recently in 2014.

10. THE MUPPET SHOW 

Although there had been two pilot episodes aired as specials in the years prior, The Muppet Show officially premiered in the United States as a syndicated show in September 1976. Because Jim Henson had several complete shows produced, stations could pick which one they started the series off with; most chose the one starring Rita Moreno (for which she won an Emmy). The show was an immediate hit around the world, though it struggled in U.S. ratings initially. (It had been turned down by all three networks, and was only made when British TV mogul Lord Lew Grade funded the series on a handshake deal with Henson, insisting only that it be filmed in England.)

11. THE BLUES BROTHERS

In a January 17 musical performance on Saturday Night Live, proto-Jake and Elwood Blues (John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd) showed off their musical chops to the world. Although they weren't fully formed as a comedy act ("We're on a mission from God, ma'am"), or even a band (they initially performed dressed as bees, calling themselves "Howard Shore and his All-Bee Band"), the energy was undeniable. Prior to that musical performance, the duo (typically backed up by the SNL house band) played as a warmup act before the live show. It wasn't until April 1978 that the Blues Brothers performed on SNL wearing their signature outfits.

12. THAT BOGUS "FACE" ON MARS (...AND VIKING 1 & 2 LAND ON MARS)

On July 20, Viking 1 became the first American spacecraft to land on Mars, following a bunch of Soviet probes that had landed (or crash-landed) in years prior. Although the spacecraft had originally been slated to land on July 4 (a rather important date for the United States, ahem), plans were changed after the original landing site was deemed unsuitable and NASA needed to find a new site. July 20 was still an auspicious day, though: It marked the seven-year anniversary of humans landing on the moon.

After the landing, the Viking 1 orbiter (the rover's orbiting friend) went about searching for a landing site for Viking 2 and sent back plenty of photos, including one which shows that creepy "face" staring up. As subsequent photos and studies have demonstrated, the "face" is just a lump of rock with some shadows, but that didn't stop decades of conspiracy theorists from commenting on it.

After its landing and main experiments concluded, Viking 1 spent six years taking and sending pictures back to Earth. Its sister craft, Viking 2, landed on September 3.

13. ROCKY 

Sylvester Stallone became famous as the eponymous Rocky, a boxer working as a debt-collector for a loan shark in Philly. When Rocky gets a chance to fight Apollo Creed, his life changes forever (and, indeed, Stallone's career changed forever). The film took home three Oscars, including Best Picture, and introduced us to the pained cry "Adrian!" It also popularized the Philadelphia Museum of Art, also known as "The Rocky Steps," where Rocky pumps his fists.

14. THE SEATTLE SEAHAWKS

In 1974, NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle awarded an expansion franchise to a group in Seattle, and by 1975 a local contest gave us the name "Seahawks." The team first took the field on August 1, 1976, playing a pre-season game against the 49ers.

15. THE TAMPA BAY BUCCANEERS

Tampa, Florida, also got a new franchise. Jacksonville attorney Hugh Culverhouse received the franchise after failing to buy the LA Rams. A contest chose the name "Buccaneers," referring to Florida's history of coastal pirates. The three-syllable name was pretty much instantly shortened to "Bucs."

The Bucs had a tough time starting out—record-breakingly rough. The 1976 Bucs had a record 0-14 season (the Lions finally broke this by going 0-16 in 2008), suffered tons of injuries, and were mocked on late-night TV. It took until Week 13 in the 1977 season for the Bucs to catch a break, winning their first regular-season game against the New Orleans Saints. For more detail on the rough early years, enjoy the gloriously detailed Wikipedia section entitled The worst team in the league (1983–1996).

16.  THE ACTORS WHO PLAYED KIMMY GIBBLER AND STEVE URKEL, OUR FAVORITE SITCOM NEIGHBORS 

Although their signature roles wouldn't come until the 1980s, 1976 saw the birth of Jaleel White on November 27 and Andrea Barber on July 3. White would go on to play Steve Urkel on Family Matters and Barber was Kimmy Gibbler on Full House. Both actors are, weirdly, best known as annoying-but-lovable neighbors on sitcoms.

17. CARRIE (THE FILM)

Stephen King's breakthrough novel Carrie came out in 1974, and by November 3, 1976, we had the Brian De Palma-directed film in theaters. The film earned Oscar nominations for Sissy Spacek as the title character, and for Piper Laurie, who played her abusive mother. In 1999, an ill-conceived Carrie 2 came out. It wasn't exactly a hit. (It earned a staggering 21 percent rating on Rotten Tomatoes.)

18. NETWORK

On November 27, the stunning satire Network introduced us to the phrase, "I'm as mad as hell, and I'm not going to take this anymore!" Howard Beale (played by Peter Finch, who won a posthumous Oscar for the performance) played a dangerously unhinged TV anchor, who promised to commit suicide on air in order to boost ratings. As the movie goes on, Beale digs himself into ever-deeper holes with his madness, and the audience eats it up as network executives let it happen. Network took home four Oscars, including Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Supporting Actress, and Best Screenplay (non-adapted). Not too shabby.

19. THE FIRST ROCKY HORROR PICTURE SHOW MIDNIGHT SCREENING 

Although The Rocky Horror Picture Show was released in 1975, it really became a cultural staple on April Fools' Day 1976 (the same day Apple was founded!) when the Waverly Theater in Greenwich Village started showing it at midnight. Previous midnight programming at the Waverly (including a Night of the Living Dead run) had established its audience's tolerance for camp, and suddenly, an American tradition was born. Within the year, audiences developed dialogue to yell at the screen, theater-goers made costumes, and The Rocky Horror Picture Show became a cult classic.

20. THE LAST AMERICAN SLIDE RULE

On July 11, Keuffel & Esser manufactured its last slide rule in the United States. For four decades, K&E had been making popular slide rules, but digital calculators were faster and more accurate, which accounts for why most people under age 40 today don't even know what a slide rule is. The last K&E slide rule was donated to the Smithsonian.

That leads us to ...

21. THE CRAY-1 SUPERCOMPUTER

Cray Research installed its first supercomputer, the Cray-1, at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The computer cost $8.8 million, weighed 11,500 pounds, ran at 160 megaflops, and was cooled by liquid Freon. The machine was insanely powerful for its time, and spent five years as the fastest supercomputer on the planet (until the Cray X-MP came out).

Without getting too technical, yes, the computer in your smartphone (or even your dumbphone) is radically faster than the Cray-1. Deeply, profoundly, staggeringly faster. But does your phone come with its own sectional couch to go around it? No, it does not.

22. THE RAMONES' EPONYMOUS  FIRST ALBUM

On February 4, the Ramones released their album Ramones, featuring the cult anthems "Blitzkrieg Bop," "Judy Is a Punk," "I Wanna Be Your Boyfriend," and "Beat on the Brat." The longest song on the album is two and a half minutes, which is totally punk rock. Another punk concept they pioneered was the use of pseudonyms; all band members adopted the last name "Ramone," although none of them were related.

23. THE CN TOWER 

Toronto's CN Tower had its grand opening on October 1. It was the world's tallest tower at the time, and also the world's tallest free-standing structure. (It remained so for more than three decades!)

Built as a monument to Canadian industry, the CN Tower is a radical skyscraper. In the SkyPod, you can sometimes feel a slight sway. If you ever have the opportunity to go up, do it. Otherwise, just keep an eye open for the color symbolism shown on the tower throughout the year.

24. BILL GATES'S "OPEN LETTER TO HOBBYISTS"

On February 3, Bill Gates wrote a famous open letter to computer hobbyists. In it, he asked people to pay for software, which was actually something people had to argue about at the time. (In the mid-1970s, "Micro-Soft" BASIC was being pirated all over the place and hobbyists typically placed little or no value on software, but they paid for hardware.) In part, Gates wrote:

The feedback we have gotten from the hundreds of people who say they are using BASIC has all been positive. Two surprising things are apparent, however, 1) Most of these "users" never bought BASIC (less than 10% of all Altair owners have bought BASIC), and 2) The amount of royalties we have received from sales to hobbyists makes the time spent on Altair BASIC worth less than $2 an hour.

Why is this? As the majority of hobbyists must be aware, most of you steal your software. Hardware must be paid for, but software is something to share. Who cares if the people who worked on it get paid? ...

...I would appreciate letters from any one [sic] who wants to pay up, or has a suggestion or comment. ...

The strategy appears to have worked, because Microsoft (it dropped the hyphen later in 1976) went on to bring in loads of cash selling software. Indeed, its success in the software business created an estimated 10,000 millionaires, plus three billionaires.

25. FAMILY FEUD

On July 12, Family Feud debuted on ABC. Hosted by Richard Dawson of Hogan's Heroes and Match Game fame, the show had the same format it does today: two families guessed answers to simple questions, often with awkward results. In the premiere episode (seen in the video above), the Abramowitz family was asked to name "Something you can do to a nose." As the family members screamed "Pick! Pick! Pick!," the Abramowitz matriarch was mortified, murmuring, "Powder?" but finally gave in to her family's answer. "Pick" was in fact on the board, and won them the round. ("Powder," however, was the better answer.)

26. LAVERNE & SHIRLEY 

On January 27, Laverne & Shirley premiered on ABC as a spin-off from Happy Days. It starred Penny Marshall (her brother Garry Marshall served as producer) and Cindy Williams as the title characters, who worked in the "Shotz Brewery" in Milwaukee. Also notable is the appearance of a young Michael McKean as Lenny Kosnowski, their upstairs neighbor. (McKean's college friend and bandmate David Lander played Squiggy.)

Two notable albums came from this show: Lenny and the Squigtones (one song shown above), and Laverne & Shirley Sing.

27. THE EAGLES' HOTEL CALIFORNIA 

The same year that The Eagles had the first-ever Platinum record with their Greatest Hits album, they also released Hotel California, which was a massive hit. Hotel California came out on December 8, along with the single "New Kid in Town" (the title track wasn't a single until 1977).

28. ALEX HALEY'S ROOTS

In 1976, Alex Haley's Roots: The Saga of an American Family brought Kunta Kinte to American readers. The novel followed Kunta's enslavement and subsequent generations' struggles, leading down a family tree to Haley himself.

At the time, Haley said the book was largely based on oral history within his family, though it was later shown to be a mixture of fact and fiction (and indeed, Kunta Kinte's life was lifted at least in part from anthropologist Harold Courlander's book The African). This led to Haley calling it "faction" (fact + fiction). Literary issues aside, Roots was an incredible success, and was rapidly adapted into the landmark 1977 TV miniseries. The novel spent 22 weeks at the top of The New York Times Best Seller List. It spawned a renewed interest in genealogy as well as the history of slavery in America.

29. BIG RED GUM 

Cinnamon-flavored Big Red gum debuted in 1976. By 1979 the famous "Kiss a Little Longer" slogan was introduced, and ads like the one above pounded home the message that Big Red was a breath-freshener. You know, for people seeking to extend their make-out sessions.

30. TAXI DRIVER

On February 8, Americans met Travis Bickle, a Marine and Vietnam vet who drove a cab through a filthy New York City. (The filth was real, due to a sanitation workers' strike going on during filming.) Taxi Driver was bleak and brutal, and we have 13 grimy facts about it. My favorite? "You talkin' to me?" came from Bruce Springsteen.

31. THE QUEEN'S FIRST EMAIL 

On March 26, Queen Elizabeth II sent her first email (sorry, "e-mail") from the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment in Malvern, Worcestershire. Connected to the ARPANET, Her Majesty showed up, punched a few keys, and instantly became the most wired monarch in the world. Her username? "HME2," chosen by Peter Kirstein, who had set up the ARPANET node.

32. FIRST EBOLA OUTBREAK(S)

Ebola was first identified in 1976 when it broke out in Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of Congo) and Sudan (now South Sudan), infecting more than 300 people and killing most of them. Initially called Ebola hemorrhagic fever, it was named for the Ebola River, near the site of the Zaire outbreak. After many outbreaks since, the largest epidemic to date occurred in West Africa starting in 2013, causing more than 11,000 deaths.

33. THE BAND PERFORMS THE LAST WALTZ

On November 25, The Band performed The Last Waltz, its final show. The show was packed full of guest stars and filmed by Martin Scorsese, who released his landmark documentary (and the hit soundtrack) in 1978. Years later, a black-and-white alternate recording surfaced, showing another view of the famous concert (and demonstrating the extent to which the finished music had been enhanced with overdubs).

34. STEVE WONDER'S SONGS IN THE KEY OF LIFE

Stevie Wonder's masterpiece album Songs In the Key of Life came out on September 28. The double-disc album (plus bonus seven-inch EP) had tremendous musical depth, and in 1977 it won the Grammy for Best Album, Pop Male Vocalist, and Producer of the Year. In 2015, Wonder concluded a world tour performing Songs in its entirety.

35. "SILLY LOVE LONGS" BY WINGS

On April Fools' Day (also the day Apple was founded, and the day the Rocky Horror Picture Show midnight screenings began), Wings released the song of the summer: "Silly Love Songs." The biggest single from Wings at the Speed of Sound, "Silly Love Songs" was a reaction by Paul McCartney to criticism that he mainly wrote love songs of little substance.

(There was another contender for song of the summer of '76, though: "Afternoon Delight," which released in April and hit #1 by mid-July.)

36. THE FDA'S BAN ON RED DYE NO. 2 (AND THE DISCONTINUATION OF RED M&Ms)

Early in 1976, Red Dye No. 2, also called amaranth, was banned by the FDA. It was a tremendously common food coloring at the time, so the ban caused many food companies to pull products from store shelves and reformulate them.

The story of the ban is a complex tale of murky science, in which various studies disagreed about a possible link between the food additive and cancer. Mars went ahead and discontinued red M&Ms, despite never having used Red Dye No. 2 in them—their concern was that the public might assume the candy contained the coloring, as red was now a bit of a tainted color.

Within a decade, red M&Ms were back but Red Dye No. 2 remains banned.

37. NEAR-PEAK DAVID BOWIE: THE THIN WHITE DUKE, THE MAN WHO FELL TO EARTH, and STATION TO STATION

On January 23, David Bowie released his tenth studio album, Station to Station. The album was recorded while Bowie was heavily addicted to cocaine, and he later recalled very little of its recording. It's also the first appearance of Bowie's character The Thin White Duke, developed in part for another major project released in 1976: The Man Who Fell to Earth. (The character was retired in 1977.)

On March 18, The Man Who Fell to Earth was released in the UK, featuring Bowie in his first major film role. (He said he “didn't really know what was being made at all" due to the aforementioned massive cocaine addiction.) Based on the 1963 novel by Walter Tevis, the film follows Thomas Jerome Newton, a very human-like alien who visits Earth seeking water for his drought-stricken home world, and ends up becoming an alcoholic. It became a cult classic, and Bowie became sober shortly after.

38. PEYTON MANNING & RONALDO 

On March 24, Peyton Manning was born. He's currently a five-time NFL MVP. On September 18, Brazilian soccer legend Ronaldo was born. Known as "the phenomenon," he's among the best strikers (and overall soccer players) ever.

39. THE FIRST COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE LASER PRINTER

In 1976, if you wanted a finely-printed document, you weren't going to make it with a home computer. The advent of desktop publishing was still years away, but the first laser printer to be used in business did arrive in 1976. IBM installed the IBM 3800, a laser printer designed to replace the noisy line printers typically used in data centers. It printed on fanfold paper and was designed to print high volume documents like bank statements and financial reports.

A year later, Xerox responded with its Xerox 9700, a cut-sheet laser printer, which was the first to support loading alternate fonts.

40. HAIR CLUB FOR MEN

In 1976, Sy Sperling founded the Hair Club for Men due to his dissatisfaction with the quality of hair replacement solutions for men dealing with baldness. In TV ads, he famously proclaimed, "I'm not only the Hair Club president, but I'm also a client." By 1995, the Hair Club had expanded to include services for women, and by 2000, Sperling sold the business to a private equity firm.

If you're a fan of Sy Sperling and/or his Hair Club, check out the documentary Roots: The Hair-Raising Story of a Guy Named Sy.

All images courtesy of Getty Images

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15 Heartwarming Facts About Mister Rogers
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Though Mister Rogers' Neighborhood premiered 50 years ago, Fred Rogers remains an icon of kindness for the ages. An innovator of children’s television, his salt-of-the-earth demeanor and genuinely gentle nature taught a generation of kids the value of kindness. In celebration of the groundbreaking children's series' 50th anniversary, here are 15 things you might not have known about everyone’s favorite “neighbor.”

1. HE WAS BULLIED AS A CHILD.

According to Benjamin Wagner, who directed the 2010 documentary Mister Rogers & Me—and was, in fact, Rogers’s neighbor on Nantucket—Rogers was overweight and shy as a child, and often taunted by his classmates when he walked home from school. “I used to cry to myself when I was alone,” Rogers said. “And I would cry through my fingers and make up songs on the piano.” It was this experience that led Rogers to want to look below the surface of everyone he met to what he called the “essential invisible” within them.

2. HE WAS AN ORDAINED MINISTER.

Rogers was an ordained minister and, as such, a man of tremendous faith who preached tolerance wherever he went. When Amy Melder, a six-year-old Christian viewer, sent Rogers a drawing she made for him with a letter that promised “he was going to heaven,” Rogers wrote back to his young fan:

“You told me that you have accepted Jesus as your Savior. It means a lot to me to know that. And, I appreciated the scripture verse that you sent. I am an ordained Presbyterian minister, and I want you to know that Jesus is important to me, too. I hope that God’s love and peace come through my work on Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood.”

3. HE RESPONDED TO ALL HIS FAN MAIL.

Responding to fan mail was part of Rogers’s very regimented daily routine, which began at 5 a.m. with a prayer and included time for studying, writing, making phone calls, swimming, weighing himself, and responding to every fan who had taken the time to reach out to him.

“He respected the kids who wrote [those letters],” Heather Arnet, an assistant on Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood, told the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette in 2005. “He never thought about throwing out a drawing or letter. They were sacred."

According to Arnet, the fan mail he received wasn’t just a bunch of young kids gushing to their idol. Kids would tell Rogers about a pet or family member who died, or other issues with which they were grappling. “No child ever received a form letter from Mister Rogers," Arnet said, noting that he received between 50 and 100 letters per day.

4. ANIMALS LOVED HIM AS MUCH AS PEOPLE DID.

It wasn’t just kids and their parents who loved Mister Rogers. Koko, the Stanford-educated gorilla who understands 2000 English words and can also converse in American Sign Language, was an avid Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood watcher, too. When Rogers visited her, she immediately gave him a hug—and took his shoes off.

5. HE WAS AN ACCOMPLISHED MUSICIAN.

Though Rogers began his education in the Ivy League, at Dartmouth, he transferred to Rollins College following his freshman year in order to pursue a degree in music (he graduated Magna cum laude). In addition to being a talented piano player, he was also a wonderful songwriter and wrote all the songs for Mister Rogers' Neighborhood—plus hundreds more.

6. HIS INTEREST IN TELEVISION WAS BORN OUT OF A DISDAIN FOR THE MEDIUM.

Rogers’s decision to enter into the television world wasn’t out of a passion for the medium—far from it. "When I first saw children's television, I thought it was perfectly horrible," Rogers told Pittsburgh Magazine. "And I thought there was some way of using this fabulous medium to be of nurture to those who would watch and listen."

7. KIDS WHO WATCHED MISTER ROGERS’ NEIGHBORHOOD RETAINED MORE THAN THOSE WHO WATCHED SESAME STREET.

A Yale study pitted fans of Sesame Street against Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood watchers and found that kids who watched Mister Rogers tended to remember more of the story lines, and had a much higher “tolerance of delay,” meaning they were more patient.

8. ROGERS’S MOM KNIT ALL OF HIS SWEATERS.

If watching an episode of Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood gives you sweater envy, we’ve got bad news: You’d never be able to find his sweaters in a store. All of those comfy-looking cardigans were knitted by Fred’s mom, Nancy. In an interview with the Archive of American Television, Rogers explained how his mother would knit sweaters for all of her loved ones every year as Christmas gifts. “And so until she died, those zippered sweaters I wear on the Neighborhood were all made by my mother,” he explained.

9. HE WAS COLORBLIND.

Those brightly colored sweaters were a trademark of Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood, but the colorblind host might not have always noticed. In a 2003 article, just a few days after his passing, the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette wrote that:

Among the forgotten details about Fred Rogers is that he was so colorblind he could not distinguish between tomato soup and pea soup.

He liked both, but at lunch one day 50 years ago, he asked his television partner Josie Carey to taste it for him and tell him which it was.

Why did he need her to do this, Carey asked him. Rogers liked both, so why not just dip in?

"If it's tomato soup, I'll put sugar in it," he told her.

10. HE WORE SNEAKERS AS A PRODUCTION CONSIDERATION.

According to Wagner, Rogers’s decision to change into sneakers for each episode of Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood was about production, not comfort. “His trademark sneakers were born when he found them to be quieter than his dress shoes as he moved about the set,” wrote Wagner.

11. MICHAEL KEATON GOT HIS START ON THE SHOW.

Oscar-nominated actor Michael Keaton's first job was as a stagehand on Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, manning Picture, Picture, and appearing as Purple Panda.

12. ROGERS GAVE GEORGE ROMERO HIS FIRST PAYING GIG, TOO.

It's hard to imagine a gentle, soft-spoken, children's education advocate like Rogers sitting down to enjoy a gory, violent zombie movie like Dawn of the Dead, but it actually aligns perfectly with Rogers's brand of thoughtfulness. He checked out the horror flick to show his support for then-up-and-coming filmmaker George Romero, whose first paying job was with everyone's favorite neighbor.

“Fred was the first guy who trusted me enough to hire me to actually shoot film,” Romero said. As a young man just out of college, Romero honed his filmmaking skills making a series of short segments for Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood, creating a dozen or so titles such as “How Lightbulbs Are Made” and “Mr. Rogers Gets a Tonsillectomy.” The zombie king, who passed away in 2017, considered the latter his first big production, shot in a working hospital: “I still joke that 'Mr. Rogers Gets a Tonsillectomy' is the scariest film I’ve ever made. What I really mean is that I was scared sh*tless while I was trying to pull it off.”

13. ROGERS HELPED SAVE PUBLIC TELEVISION.

In 1969, Rogers—who was relatively unknown at the time—went before the Senate to plead for a $20 million grant for public broadcasting, which had been proposed by President Johnson but was in danger of being sliced in half by Richard Nixon. His passionate plea about how television had the potential to turn kids into productive citizens worked; instead of cutting the budget, funding for public TV increased from $9 million to $22 million.

14. HE ALSO SAVED THE VCR.

Years later, Rogers also managed to convince the Supreme Court that using VCRs to record TV shows at home shouldn’t be considered a form of copyright infringement (which was the argument of some in this contentious debate). Rogers argued that recording a program like his allowed working parents to sit down with their children and watch shows as a family. Again, he was convincing.

15. ONE OF HIS SWEATERS WAS DONATED TO THE SMITHSONIAN.

In 1984, Rogers donated one of his iconic sweaters to the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History.

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5 Things You Might Not Know About Ansel Adams

You probably know Ansel Adams—who was born on February 20, 1902—as the man who helped promote the National Park Service through his magnificent photographs. But there was a lot more to the shutterbug than his iconic, black-and-white vistas. Here are five lesser-known facts about the celebrated photographer.

1. AN EARTHQUAKE LED TO HIS DISTINCTIVE NOSE.

Adams was a four-year-old tot when the 1906 San Francisco earthquake struck his hometown. Although the boy managed to escape injury during the quake itself, an aftershock threw him face-first into a garden wall, breaking his nose. According to a 1979 interview with TIME, Adams said that doctors told his parents that it would be best to fix the nose when the boy matured. He joked, "But of course I never did mature, so I still have the nose." The nose became Adams' most striking physical feature. His buddy Cedric Wright liked to refer to Adams' honker as his "earthquake nose.

2. HE ALMOST BECAME A PIANIST.

Adams was an energetic, inattentive student, and that trait coupled with a possible case of dyslexia earned him the heave-ho from private schools. It was clear, however, that he was a sharp boy—when motivated.

When Adams was just 12 years old, he taught himself to play the piano and read music, and he quickly showed a great aptitude for it. For nearly a dozen years, Adams focused intensely on his piano training. He was still playful—he would end performances by jumping up and sitting on his piano—but he took his musical education seriously. Adams ultimately devoted over a decade to his study, but he eventually came to the realization that his hands simply weren't big enough for him to become a professional concert pianist. He decided to leave the keys for the camera after meeting photographer Paul Strand, much to his family's dismay.

3. HE HELPED CREATE A NATIONAL PARK.

If you've ever enjoyed Kings Canyon National Park in California, tip your cap to Adams. In the 1930s Adams took a series of photographs that eventually became the book Sierra Nevada: The John Muir Trail. When Adams sent a copy to Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes, the cabinet member showed it to Franklin Roosevelt. The photographs so delighted FDR that he wouldn't give the book back to Ickes. Adams sent Ickes a replacement copy, and FDR kept his with him in the White House.

After a few years, Ickes, Adams, and the Sierra Club successfully convinced Roosevelt to make Kings Canyon a national park in 1940. Roosevelt's designation specifically provided that the park be left totally undeveloped and roadless, so the only way FDR himself would ever experience it was through Adams' lenses.

4. HE WELCOMED COMMERCIAL ASSIGNMENTS.

While many of his contemporary fine art photographers shunned commercial assignments as crass or materialistic, Adams went out of his way to find paying gigs. If a company needed a camera for hire, Adams would generally show up, and as a result, he had some unlikely clients. According to The Ansel Adams Gallery, he snapped shots for everyone from IBM to AT&T to women's colleges to a dried fruit company. All of this commercial print work dismayed Adams's mentor Alfred Stieglitz and even worried Adams when he couldn't find time to work on his own projects. It did, however, keep the lights on.

5. HE AND GEORGIA O'KEEFFE WERE FRIENDS.

Adams and legendary painter O'Keeffe were pals and occasional traveling buddies who found common ground despite their very different artistic approaches. They met through their mutual friend/mentor Stieglitz—who eventually became O'Keeffe's husband—and became friends who traveled throughout the Southwest together during the 1930s. O'Keeffe would paint while Adams took photographs.

These journeys together led to some of the artists' best-known work, like Adams' portrait of O'Keeffe and a wrangler named Orville Cox, and while both artists revered nature and the American Southwest, Adams considered O'Keeffe the master when it came to capturing the area. 

“The Southwest is O’Keeffe’s land,” he wrote. “No one else has extracted from it such a style and color, or has revealed the essential forms so beautifully as she has in her paintings.”

The two remained close throughout their lives. Adams would visit O'Keeffe's ranch, and the two wrote to each other until Adams' death in 1984.

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