CLOSE
istock
istock

Museums Are Developing Programs for People With Memory Loss

istock
istock

Museums across Minnesota and Wisconsin are developing cultural programs for people with Alzheimer's and dementia. Designed to help stimulate past memories and provide a welcoming social space for patients and their caregivers, the programs, collectively called SPARK!, include art tours, painting classes, and even dance. 

So far, ten museums are participating in SPARK!, which works in partnership with the Alzheimer's Association. According to Smithsonian.com, the primary goal of the programs is to “use artwork and other sensory input to help stimulate long-term memory retention among patrons.”

According to The Star Tribune, the SPARK! guided art tours focus more on personal experience and memory than arts education. Tour guides provide some background on each work of art, but are primarily focused on stimulating conversation amongst their audience. Some tours even incorporate other sensory items like scented candles or textured cloth to help spark memories. 

Marv Lofquist, who was diagnosed with Alzheimer's in 2012 and often speaks to groups on behalf of the Alzheimer’s Association, told The Star Tribune, “If you asked me right now what I remember about the last time we were in the Bakken Museum, I’d be able to give you a few details but not very many.” But Lofquist believes the museum provides essential intellectual stimulation for those with Alzheimer's. “I have trouble recalling it later, but what’s important is that I get that stimulation regularly,” he explained. 

According to museum employees, SPARK! is part of a larger effort to make museums fully inclusive spaces. “There are a lot of barriers in the world that keep people from participating fully,” Emma Allen of the Bell Museum of Natural History told The Star Tribune. “How do we make a space that has fewer barriers?”

[h/t: Smithsonian.com, The Star Tribune]

nextArticle.image_alt|e
iStock
arrow
science
New Patient Test Could Suggest Whether Therapy or Meds Will Work Better for Anxiety
iStock
iStock

Like many psychological disorders, there's no one-size-fits-all treatment for patients with anxiety. Some might benefit from taking antidepressants, which boost mood-affecting brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. Others might respond better to therapy, and particularly a form called cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT.

Figuring out which form of treatment works best often requires months of trial and error. But experts may have developed a quick clinical test to expedite this process, suggests a new study published in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology.

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have noted that patients with higher levels of anxiety exhibit more electrical activity in their brains when they make a mistake. They call this phenomenon error-related negativity, or ERN, and measure it using electroencephalography (EEG), a test that records the brain's electric signals.

“People with anxiety disorders tend to show an exaggerated neural response to their own mistakes,” the paper’s lead author, UIC psychiatrist Stephanie Gorka, said in a news release. “This is a biological internal alarm that tells you that you've made a mistake and that you should modify your behavior to prevent making the same mistake again. It is useful in helping people adapt, but for those with anxiety, this alarm is much, much louder.”

Gorka and her colleagues wanted to know whether individual differences in ERN could predict treatment outcomes, so they recruited 60 adult volunteers with various types of anxiety disorders. Also involved was a control group of 26 participants with no history of psychological disorders.

Psychiatrists gauged subjects’ baseline ERN levels by having them wear an EEG cap while performing tricky computer tasks. Ultimately, they all made mistakes thanks to the game's challenging nature. Then, randomized subjects with anxiety disorders were instructed to take an SSRI antidepressant every day for three months, or receive weekly cognitive behavioral therapy for the same duration. (Cognitive behavioral therapy is a type of evidence-based talk therapy that forces patients to challenge maladaptive thoughts and develop coping mechanisms to modify their emotions and behavior.)

After three months, the study's patients took the same computer test while wearing EEG caps. Researchers found that those who'd exhibited higher ERN levels at the study's beginning had reduced anxiety levels if they'd been treated with CBT compared to those treated with medication. This might be because the structured form of therapy is all about changing behavior: Those with enhanced ERN might be more receptive to CBT than other patients, as they're already preoccupied with the way they act.

EEG equipment sounds high-tech, but it's relatively cheap and easy to access. Thanks to its availability, UIC psychiatrists think their anxiety test could easily be used in doctors’ offices to measure ERN before determining a course of treatment.

nextArticle.image_alt|e
iStock
arrow
Food
A Pitless Avocado Wants to Keep You Safe From the Dreaded 'Avocado Hand'
iStock
iStock

The humble avocado is a deceptively dangerous fruit. Some emergency room doctors have recently reported an uptick in a certain kind of injury—“avocado hand,” a knife injury caused by clumsily trying to get the pit out of an avocado with a knife. There are ways to safely pit an avocado (including the ones likely taught in your local knife skills class, or simply using a spoon), but there’s also another option. You could just buy one that doesn’t have a pit at all, as The Telegraph reports.

British retailer Marks & Spencer has started selling cocktail avocados, a skinny, almost zucchini-like type of avocado that doesn’t have a seed inside. Grown in Spain, they’re hard to find in stores (Marks & Spencer seems to be the only place in the UK to have them), and are only available during the month of December.

The avocados aren’t genetically modified, according to The Independent. They grow naturally from an unpollinated avocado blossom, and their growth is stunted by the lack of seed. Though you may not be able to find them in your local grocery, these “avocaditos” can grow wherever regular-sized Fuerte avocados grow, including Mexico and California, and some specialty producers already sell them in the U.S. Despite the elongated shape, they taste pretty much like any other avocado. But you don’t really need a knife to eat them, since the skin is edible, too.

If you insist on taking your life in your hand and pitting your own full-sized avocado, click here to let us guide you through the process. No one wants to go to the ER over a salad topping, no matter how delicious. Safety first!

[h/t The Telegraph]

SECTIONS

arrow
LIVE SMARTER
More from mental floss studios