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Museums Are Developing Programs for People With Memory Loss

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Museums across Minnesota and Wisconsin are developing cultural programs for people with Alzheimer's and dementia. Designed to help stimulate past memories and provide a welcoming social space for patients and their caregivers, the programs, collectively called SPARK!, include art tours, painting classes, and even dance. 

So far, ten museums are participating in SPARK!, which works in partnership with the Alzheimer's Association. According to Smithsonian.com, the primary goal of the programs is to “use artwork and other sensory input to help stimulate long-term memory retention among patrons.”

According to The Star Tribune, the SPARK! guided art tours focus more on personal experience and memory than arts education. Tour guides provide some background on each work of art, but are primarily focused on stimulating conversation amongst their audience. Some tours even incorporate other sensory items like scented candles or textured cloth to help spark memories. 

Marv Lofquist, who was diagnosed with Alzheimer's in 2012 and often speaks to groups on behalf of the Alzheimer’s Association, told The Star Tribune, “If you asked me right now what I remember about the last time we were in the Bakken Museum, I’d be able to give you a few details but not very many.” But Lofquist believes the museum provides essential intellectual stimulation for those with Alzheimer's. “I have trouble recalling it later, but what’s important is that I get that stimulation regularly,” he explained. 

According to museum employees, SPARK! is part of a larger effort to make museums fully inclusive spaces. “There are a lot of barriers in the world that keep people from participating fully,” Emma Allen of the Bell Museum of Natural History told The Star Tribune. “How do we make a space that has fewer barriers?”

[h/t: Smithsonian.com, The Star Tribune]

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Beyond the Label: How to Pick the Right Medicines For Your Cold and Flu Symptoms
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The average household spends an annual total of $338 on various over-the-counter medicines, with consumers making around 26 pharmacy runs each year, according to 2015 data from the Consumer Healthcare Products Association. To save cash and minimize effort (here's why you'd rather be sleeping), the Cleveland Clinic recommends avoiding certain cold and flu products, and selecting products containing specific active ingredients.

Since medicine labels can be confusing (lots of people likely can’t remember—let alone spell—words like cetirizine, benzocaine, or dextromethorphan), the famous hospital created an interactive infographic to help patients select the right product for them. Click on your symptom, and you’ll see ingredients that have been clinically proven to relieve runny or stuffy noses, fevers, aches, and coughs. Since every medicine is different, you’ll also receive safety tips regarding dosage levels, side effects, and the average duration of effectiveness.

Next time you get sick, keep an eye out for these suggested elements while comparing products at the pharmacy. In the meantime, a few pro tips: To avoid annoying side effects, steer clear of multi-symptom products if you think just one ingredient will do it for you. And while you’re at it, avoid nasal sprays with phenylephrine and cough syrups with guaifenesin, as experts say they may not actually work. Cold and flu season is always annoying—but it shouldn’t be expensive to boot.

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Why You Might Not Want to Order Tea or Coffee On Your Next Flight
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A cup of tea or coffee at 40,000 feet may sound like a great way to give yourself an extra energy boost during a tiring trip, but it might be healthier to nap away your fatigue—or at least wait until hitting ground to indulge in a caffeine fix. Because, in addition to being tepid and watery, plane brew could be teeming with germs and other harmful life forms, according to Business Insider.

Multiple studies and investigations have taken a closer look at airplane tap water, and the results aren’t pretty—or appetizing. In 2002, The Wall Street Journal conducted a study that looked at water samples taken from 14 different flights from 10 different airlines. Reporters discovered “a long list of microscopic life you don’t want to drink, from Salmonella and Staphylococcus to tiny insect eggs," they wrote.

And they added, "Worse, contamination was the rule, not the exception: Almost all of the bacteria levels were tens, sometimes hundreds, of times above U.S. government limits."

A 2004 study by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) found that water supplies on 15 percent of 327 national and international commercial aircrafts were contaminated to varying degrees [PDF]. This all led up to the 2011 Aircraft Drinking Water Rule, an EPA initiative to make airlines clean up. But in 2013, an NBC investigation found that at least one out of every 10 commercial U.S. airplanes still had issues with water contamination.

Find out how airplane water gets so gross, and why turning water into coffee or tea isn’t enough to kill residual germs by watching Business Insider’s video below.

[h/t Business Insider]

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