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Franco Origlia/Getty Images
Franco Origlia/Getty Images

15 Things You Might Not Know About Michelangelo’s David

Franco Origlia/Getty Images
Franco Origlia/Getty Images

Few statues are as enduring and iconic as Michelangelo's David. But while much of the world could sketch this majestic masterpiece from memory, few know the quirks and curiosities that went into its creation.

1. IT’S A RELIGIOUS STATUE. 

At first glance, Michelangelo’s famed naked man may not scream “biblical hero.” But if you look closely, David cradles a sling over his left shoulder and clutches a rock in his right hand. These items and the statue’s name identify the subject as the David who faced down the vicious giant Goliath. Michelangelo broke from convention by not including the future king’s fearsome foe in his sculpture. In a further departure from tradition, art historians believe David depicts the legendary underdog before the great battle, in part because of the anxiety that’s clearly etched on his face. 

2. IT'S LARGER THAN LIFE. 

David stands 17 feet tall, nearly three times the size of the average man. 

3. HIS RIGHT HAND IS OUT OF PROPORTION.

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It's too big to fit perfectly with the rest of his body. This asymmetry is believed to be Michelangelo's clever nod to David's nickname, manu fortis—strong of hand. 

4. DAVID IS LEFT-HANDED.

You can tell he’s a southpaw from where the slingshot lies—but strangely, his body position is more suggestive of a righty.

5. THE STATUE IS CARVED FROM A SINGLE BLOCK OF UNWANTED MARBLE.

The block of marble that became one of history’s most famous masterpieces proves the old cliché about one man’s trash being another’s treasure. Michelangelo created David from a piece of marble that had been twice discarded by other sculptors. Agostino di Duccio gave up on a project using the block, after which it sat untouched for 10 years. At that point, Antonio Rossellino took a crack at the block but decided it was too much of a pain to work with. When Michelangelo finally got his hands on it, the marble had been waiting for 40 years for someone who was up to its challenge. 

6. DAVID WAS INTENDED FOR GREAT HEIGHTS. 

In 1501, the city government of Florence commissioned Michelangelo to create the piece as part of a series of statues meant to adorn the roofline of Florence's cathedral dome. But upon its completion, Michelangelo's patrons were so overwhelmed by David's beauty that they decided to scrap that plan and place it where it could be appreciated up close. In 2010, a Florence art project showed David as it was intended, perching a replica high on the Cathedral's exterior, as well as in every other spot that had been suggested upon its completion in 1504. 

7. IT EARNED RAVE REVIEWS FROM THE START. 

Sixteenth century Italian painter and architect Giorgio Vasari wrote of David, "Whoever has seen this work need not trouble to see any other work executed in sculpture, either in our own or in other times." With praise like that, how could the people of Florence tuck the statue up high on a rooftop? 

8. IT CEMENTED MICHELANGELO’S REPUTATION. 

Five years before David's debut, Michelangelo's Pieta made him famous. But it was his David that defined the 29-year-old High Renaissance artist as a master sculptor. Four years later, in 1508, he would begin work on his greatest painting achievement in the Sistine Chapel

9. DAVID PULLED INSPIRATION FROM ANCIENT ROMAN ART. 

Specifically, it's believed that Michelangelo based David's pose on depictions of Hercules, a hero with deep ties to the city of Florence who had even appeared on the Florentine seal for centuries. By creating such a glorious statue in the Roman tradition, Michelangelo helped ensure the work was instantly embraced by the people of Florence. 

10. FOR DECADES, DAVID WAS A POLITICAL SYMBOL. 

After much debate, David was placed outside Florence's government offices in the Palazzo Della Signoria, creating a strong connection in the public's mind. In 1494, the powerful Medici family was exiled from Florence, and as such this new republic was under constant threat from both the returning Medicis (who regained power in 1512) and the surrounding states, making Florence feel like the biblical David. It's said the statue's wary gaze was knowingly pointed toward Rome. 

These political overtones led to the statue being attacked twice in its early days. Protesters pelted it with stones the year it debuted, and, in 1527, an anti-Medici riot resulted in its left arm being broken into three pieces.  

11. IT HAS WEATHERED MODERN ATTACKS, TOO. 

On September 14, 1991, Italian artist Piero Cannata snuck a small hammer into the statue's home at the Galleria dell'Accademia in Florence. He approached the towering statue and promptly smashed off the second toe on his left foot. The museum's visitors leapt into action, converging on David's attacker, preventing him from doing any further damage and subduing him until the police arrived. When asked why he'd do such a thing, Cannata claimed that a model for the Renaissance artist Paolo Veronese, who was a rough contemporary of Michelangelo, had asked him to do it. 

12. THERE’S MORE THAN ONE DAVID. 

Since David is one of the world's most popular pieces of art, there are reproductions of it on t-shirts, mouse pads, and just about any medium you can imagine. But even full-fledged replicas exist—and Florence has two of them: While the real David sits in a museum, a full-sized copy stands in its original place in front of the Palazzo Vecchio, and a bronzed replica towers over the city from its perch on Piazzale Michelangelo. 

13. DAVID IS OCCASIONALLY CENSORED. 

Fans of The Simpsons will recall a plot where the locals of Springfield demand that David put on some pants. While this request was used as a comical extreme of censorship, it mirrored actual events in the nude statue's past. 

In 1857, the Grand Duke of Tuscany surprised England's Queen Victoria with a replica of Michelangelo's David. It's said the prim royal was so scandalized by the piece's nudity that a detachable plaster cast fig leaf was created to preserve the modesty of this marble man and protect the gentlewomen who might visit him at the modern day Victoria and Albert Museum in London. 

14. TOURISTS ARE HARD ON DAVID. 

Over 8 million visitors a year tromp through the Galleria dell'Accademia to take in the sight of David. Unfortunately, studies show that all this foot traffic creates vibrations that amount to little, near-constant earthquakes that are tearing at the marble and through recent restoration work of the centuries-old piece. 

15. DAVID’S OWNERSHIP IS A TRICKY QUESTION. 

David has stood on display at Florence's Galleria dell'Accademia since 1873. But as more and more tourists were drawn to take in the wonder of David, the Italian government began to itch to define the national treasure's ownership. In 2010, the Italian government began a campaign to solidify its claim to the iconic marble statue. 

Does the statue belong to the city of Florence or the nation of Italy? An ongoing court case is burrowing through the history of both to decide. Florence mayor Matteo Renzi declared, "This is a new instance of David versus Goliath. Our battle is for a different way of managing the cultural patrimony of a city that lives off culture." Perhaps it's time to point David's eyes to Rome once more.

All images courtesy of Getty Images.

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The Getty Center, Surrounded By Wildfires, Will Leave Its Art Where It Is
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The wildfires sweeping through California have left countless homeowners and businesses scrambling as the blazes continue to grow out of control in various locations throughout the state. While art lovers worried when they heard that Los Angeles's Getty Center would be closing its doors this week, as the fires closed part of the 405 Freeway, there was a bit of good news. According to museum officials, the priceless works housed inside the famed Getty Center are said to be perfectly secure and won't need to be evacuated from the facility.

“The safest place for the art is right here at the Getty,” Ron Hartwig, the Getty’s vice president of communications, told the Los Angeles Times. According to its website, the museum was closed on December 5 and December 6 “to protect the collections from smoke from fires in the region,” but as of now, the art inside is staying put.

Though every museum has its own way of protecting the priceless works inside it, the Los Angeles Times notes that the Getty Center was constructed in such a way as to protect its contents from the very kind of emergency it's currently facing. The air throughout the gallery is filtered by a system that forces it out, rather than a filtration method which would bring air in. This system will keep the smoke and air pollutants from getting into the facility, and by closing the museum this week, the Getty is preventing the harmful air from entering the building through any open doors.

There is also a water tank at the facility that holds 1 million gallons in reserve for just such an occasion, and any brush on the property is routinely cleared away to prevent the likelihood of a fire spreading. The Getty Villa, a separate campus located in the Pacific Palisades off the Pacific Coast Highway, was also closed out of concern for air quality this week.

The museum is currently working with the police and fire departments in the area to determine the need for future closures and the evacuation of any personnel. So far, the fires have claimed more than 83,000 acres of land, leading to the evacuation of thousands of people and the temporary closure of I-405, which runs right alongside the Getty near Los Angeles’s Bel-Air neighborhood.

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This 77-Year-Old Artist Saves Money on Art Supplies by 'Painting' in Microsoft Excel
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It takes a lot of creativity to turn a blank canvas into an inspired work of art. Japanese artist Tatsuo Horiuchi makes his pictures out of something that’s even more dull than a white page: an empty spreadsheet in Microsoft Excel.

When he retired, the 77-year-old Horiuchi, whose work was recently spotlighted by Great Big Story, decided he wanted to get into art. At the time, he was hesitant to spend money on painting supplies or even computer software, though, so he began experimenting with one of the programs that was already at his disposal.

Horiuchi's unique “painting” method shows that in the right hands, Excel’s graph-building features can be used to bring colorful landscapes to life. The tranquil ponds, dense forests, and blossoming flowers in his art are made by drawing shapes with the software's line tool, then adding shading with the bucket tool.

Since picking up the hobby in the 2000s, Horiuchi has been awarded multiple prizes for his creative work with Excel. Let that be inspiration for Microsoft loyalists who are still broken up about the death of Paint.

You can get a behind-the-scenes look at the artist's process in the video below.

[h/t Great Big Story]

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