Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division
Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division

These Centuries-Old ‘Dissected Maps’ Were the Earliest Jigsaw Puzzles

Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division
Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division

Solving modern-day jigsaw puzzles is often about piecing together fun scenes, but the objects of leisure once served a more educational purpose. The Library of Congress recently added high-resolution scans of jigsaw puzzles that are among the first ever made, dating from the 18th through the early 20th century.

According to Rebecca Onion of Slate, the "dissected maps" were handcrafted by cartographers as learning tools. John Spilsbury is credited as the inventor of the jigsaw puzzle, but only the well-to-do could afford them. Now, thanks to the LOC, we can all see examples of the vintage wooden maps and their packaging for free.

While most of the puzzles are fully intact, there are a couple pieces lost to history. The oldest of the set (above) is from 1772 and depicts the "kingdoms of Spain and Portugal, divided into their great provinces." Check out a few of the cool puzzles below, then head to the Library of Congress' digital collection of maps to see them all.

Map of the New York City subway system, 1954

"Wallis's New map of the Holy Land : exhibiting at one view all the remarkable events recorded in the Old and New Testament," 1815

"England and Wales : with the principal roads and distances of the county towns for London," 1810

"Dissected map of the United States," 1900

"Europe according to the best authorities," 1810

"Wallis's new dissected map of America, engraved from the latest authorities for use of young students in geography," 1812

All images courtesy of the Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.

From Crab Cakes to Pepperoni Rolls: The Most Iconic Dish in Every State

Each state has a particular dish or dishes that residents hold especially dear to their hearts. West Virginians are evangelical about pepperoni rolls. Residents of Maine and Connecticut are territorial about their lobster rolls. Colorado makes license plates featuring the pueblo chile. Regional foods inspire incredible loyalty, and though you may be able to find the same chain restaurants in every state, certain foods are indelibly linked to their birthplace.

The team behind Flavored Nation—an event devoted to dishes from all 50 states that’s debuting in Columbus, Ohio in August 2018—put together the map below showing every state’s most iconic food. The dishes were chosen based on independent research, input from social media, and discussions with state tourism boards. Come August, Flavored Nation will bring chefs from all over the country to Columbus to make these dishes during the two-day event.

A map of the U.S. with a photo of a regional food placed within each state
Flavored Nation

On the map you’ll see familiar foods like deep dish pizza, Nashville hot chicken, and Philly cheese steaks alongside less-popular dishes like knoephla (a type of dumpling) in North Dakota, Idaho's finger steaks (battered and deep-fried strips of steak), and Kansas's sour cream and raisin pie.

Some picks may surprise you, like the Coney dog—which isn’t native to Coney Island in New York, but is a Michigan delicacy that involves hot dogs smothered in ground beef. Others are disappointingly mainstream, like Missouri’s barbecue or Iowa’s corn dogs.

The longer you look at the map, the hungrier you’ll get, so you might as well just start planning a road trip so you can try all these snacks for yourself.

Interactive Map Shows Where Your House Would Have Been 750 Million Years Ago

Your neighborhood traveled a long way over several hundred million years to reach the spot it occupies today. To trace that journey over the ages, check out Ancient Earth, an interactive digital map spotted by Co.Design.

Ancient Earth, a collaboration between engineer and Google alum Ian Webster and Paleomap Project creator C.R. Scotese, contains geographical information for the past 750 million years. Start at the beginning and you'll see unrecognizable blobs of land. As you progress through the ages, the land mass Pangaea gradually breaks apart to form the world map we're all familiar with.

To make the transition even more personal, you can enter your street address to see where it would have been located in each period. Five hundred million years ago, for example, New York City was a small island in the southern hemisphere isolated from any major land mass. Around the same time, London was still a part of Pangaea, and it was practically on top of the South Pole. You can use the arrows on your keyboard to flip through the eras or jump from event to event, like the first appearance of multicellular life or the dinosaur extinction.

As you can see from the visualization, Pangaea didn't break into the seven continents seamlessly. Many of the long-gone continents that formed in the process even have names.

[h/t Co.Design]


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