CLOSE
Original image
iStock

25 Things You Should Know About Austin

Original image
iStock

The capital of Texas marches to the beat of a different drum circle. It’s a government town that’s also a hotbed for artists and musicians, and a high-tech hub that has a thriving independent business class. It’s a place where a cross-dressing mayoral candidate can become a local icon, and where college students, drifters, celebrities, biker gangs and well-heeled Formula One fans can all rub elbows. Below, some facts about Austin and the many ways its residents are keeping it weird.

1. It was originally called Waterloo. That was the name given by the commission that surveyed the strip of land along the Colorado River back in 1838, on orders from Republic of Texas president Mirabeau B. Lamar. The Republic’s congress quickly changed the new capital’s name to honor one of its founding fathers, Stephen F. Austin.

Wikimedia Commons // Public Domain

2. Lamar’s choice to make Austin the capital had numerous opponents, who argued the city was vulnerable to attacks from the Mexican army and hostile Native American tribes. When Mexican troops overtook nearby San Antonio in 1842, Sam Houston, Lamar’s successor and an opponent of the capital city, ordered a company of rangers to retrieve the national archives from Austin and bring them to the city of Houston, effectively moving the capital. The rangers succeeded in retrieving the archives, but were quickly overtaken by a posse from Austin, who reclaimed the documents.

3. The Austin Dam, built in 1893, was one of the world’s largest concrete dams at the time, and provided the first locally generated electricity for the city. Stretching 1,200 feet across the Colorado River, it powered Austin’s new electric trolley cars and the collection of 150-foot-tall Moon Towers that illuminated the city at night. In 1900, however, the dam collapsed in a flood, killing eight and leaving a trail of debris still visible today.

4. One of the city’s earliest live-music venues was Threadgill’s, a filling station and restaurant where country and hillbilly blues bands played for rounds of beer, and where a young Janis Joplin got her start.

Getty

5.There was also the Victory Grill, which opened in 1945 as a hangout for black soldiers coming home from the war. A well-known stop on the Chitlin’ Circuit, it hosted musicians like James Brown, Billie Holiday, Chuck Berry, and Ike and Tina Turner. It fell on hard times in the ‘60s and ‘70s, and closed its doors in 1988, but reopened in 1996 thanks to local fundraising efforts.

6. Austin City Limits, the country’s longest-running live music TV show, began broadcasting on October 14, 1974. A then-unknown Willie Nelson was the featured performer.

7. The venue credited with kickstarting Austin’s music modern-day music scene was a converted armory known as the Armadillo World Headquarters. Country, rock and blues were always on tap, along with copious amounts of Lone Star beer. It’s where Frank Zappa liked to record live albums, and where AC/DC played their first American gig.

8. In addition to “Live Music Capital of the World,” Austin is known as the “Violet Crown City,” a reference to the purplish light cast over the hills on winter evenings.

9. In 1986, three staffers at The Austin Chronicle hatched an idea for a local festival that would showcase Austin’s prodigious musical talents to the world. The next year, South by Southwest kicked off with just over 700 attendees. Fast forward nearly 30 years, and SXSW has branched out into film and digital media festivals. But the big draw remains the music festival, which attracts more than 2,200 musicians and 28,000 concertgoers to venues throughout the city.

10. So many tech firms have come to town that Austin now has the nickname “Silicon Hills.” IBM kicked things off in 1967, followed by Texas Instruments, Motorola, 3M, Dell computers, and numerous others. Nowadays, Austin is one of the leading sites for venture capital funding in the nation.

11. In 1978, John Mackey and Renee Lawson started a natural foods store called SaferWay using a $45,000 loan they scraped together from family and friends. Two years later, they merged with another local store and opened the very first Whole Foods Market.

Courtesy Whole Foods

12. Austin has the largest urban bat population of any city in the country. Every summer, more than 1.5 million Mexican free-tailed bats roost beneath the Congress Avenue Bridge, flying out at night to feast upon 10,000 to 20,000 pounds of insects.

13. Beginning in 1989, local resident Vince Hanneman began piling hubcaps, bicycle frames, bottles, CDs, air-conditioning vents and other pieces of scrap in his backyard. More than twenty years and numerous zoning disputes later, the Cathedral of Junk is still standing and open to visitors.

Flickr // CC BY 2.0

14. There are three artificial lakes surrounding Austin, two of which were formed by dams along the Colorado River. One of them, Lady Bird Lake (formerly Town Lake), was named after the former first lady for her efforts to beautify the area. She had declined the honor while living, so the city named it in her honor after she died in 2007.

15. It’s a popular hangout for celebrities like Sandra Bullock, Ryan Gosling and Elijah Wood. Led Zeppelin frontman Robert Plant has a house there, and apparently likes to haggle cheese prices at the local Whole Foods. It's also the site of Matthew McConaughey's infamous 1999 bongo drums arrest.

16. Austin’s food truck scene started in the early ‘90s with a few family-owned taco carts on South Lamar Street. The movement took off in the 2000s, and between 2006 and 2011 the number of mobile vendor licenses tripled. Today, there are close to 2,000 food trucks throughout the city.

Flickr // CC BY 2.0

17. On the last Saturday of April, thousands of Austinites come together for Eeyore’s Birthday Party. Named for Winnie-the-Pooh’s gloomy donkey friend, the gathering started in 1963 as a picnic for English Department students at the University of Texas. Nowadays, the mix of costumes, live music and general merriment makes it your best chance to see a drum circle comprised of Winnie-the-Pooh characters.

18. Austin also hosts the O. Henry Pun-Off World Championships, which draws pun-loving individuals from around the country. Contestants recite a pun-filled monologue in the “Punniest of Show” competition, then test their improv skills in the “Punslinger” portion of the event. This year’s winner attained a perfect score with a booze-inspired monologue.

19. When it opened in November 1924, University of Texas’s Darrell K. Royal Stadium had a capacity of 27,000, making it one of the largest stadiums in the South. Today, it holds more than 100,000 fans and is the ninth largest stadium in the world.

20. Austin’s original Moonlight Towers, installed in 1894, are still lighting up the night sky. One of the towers played host to a keg party in the movie Dazed and Confused. In 1993, the city spent $1.3 million dismantling each tower and replacing every bolt and wire in hopes they’ll last at least another hundred years.

21. The city’s unofficial slogan, “Keep Austin Weird,” originated with local librarian Red Wassenich, who uttered the phrase when he called in to a local radio show in 2000. Since then, the slogan has become a fixture on bumper stickers, store signs, and elsewhere around town. The phrase’s anti-gentrification message has also caught on in other cities, like Louisville, Portland and Indianapolis.

22. The one person who embodied that slogan for many Austinites was Leslie Cochran, a bearded, cross-dressing Miami native who ran for mayor three times. Frequently homeless, he was a fixture around town who inspired everything from refrigerator magnets to iPhone apps. When he died in 2012, Mayor Lee Leffingwell proclaimed a local holiday in Cochran’s honor.

Activist Leslie Cochran // Flickr // CC BY 2.0

23. It’s the fastest growing city in the U.S., with a population spike of 3% in the past year—a fact bemoaned by the many Austinites who claim the city is losing its character.

24. It’s the most populous city in the country without a pro sports team. And there won’t ever be one, if the throngs of University of Texas fans have anything to say about it.

25. It’s home to America’s only Formula 1 race, the United States Grand Prix, held every year at the Circuit of the Americas located southwest of the city. Built in 2012, the Circuit is a 3.4-mile course notable for its elevation changes, including a 133-foot hill on turn one.

Original image
iStock
arrow
travel
Tokyo Tops List of Safest Cities in the World, New Report Says
Original image
iStock

When choosing a city to call home, some might weigh factors like affordability, potential for job growth, and even the number of bookstores and libraries. But for many aspiring urbanites, safety is a top concern. This list of the world’s safest cities from the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) proves you don’t need to trade your sense of welfare for the hustle and bustle of city life—especially if you're headed to Tokyo.

As Quartz reports, the EIU assessed the overall safety of 60 major cities using categories like health safety, infrastructure safety, personal safety, and the cybersecurity of smart city technology. With an overall score in 89.80 out of 100 points, Tokyo is the 2017 Safe Cities Index's highest-ranking city for the third year in a row.

While it was rated in the top five places for cybersecurity, health security, and personal security, Tokyo's No. 12 spot in the infrastructure security category kept it from receiving an even higher score. The next two spots on the EIU list also belong to East Asian cities, with Singapore snagging second place with a score of 89.64 and Osaka coming in third with 88.67. Toronto and Melbourne round out the top five. View more from the list below.

1. Tokyo
2. Singapore
3. Osaka
4. Toronto
5. Melbourne
6. Amsterdam
7. Sydney
8. Stockholm
9. Hong Kong
10. Zurich

You may have noticed that no U.S. cities broke into the top 10. The best-rated American metropolis is San Francisco, which came in 15th place with a score of 83.55. Meanwhile, New York, which used to hold the No. 10 slot, fell to No. 21 this year. The report blames the U.S.'s poor performance in part on America's aging infrastructure, which regularly receives failing grades from reports like these due to lack of maintenance and upgrades.

Surprised by your city's rank? For an idea of how other countries view the U.S. in terms of safety, check out this list of travel warnings to foreign visitors.

[h/t Quartz]

Original image
iStock
arrow
History
In 1909, a Door-to-Door Catnip Salesman Incited a Riot in New York
Original image
iStock

In 1909, New York City businessman G. Herman Gottlieb was looking for a way to make a quick buck. He found it in a wooded section of Northern Manhattan, where wild catnip grew. After harvesting two baskets full of the plant, Gottlieb headed downtown to Harlem, intending to sell the product to residents with pampered felines.

As the history blog The Hatching Cat recounts, what Gottlieb didn’t know was that the neighborhood was also home to plenty of feral cats with voracious appetites. As Gottlieb made his way around the neighborhood, a handful of stray cats seized upon some leaves that had fallen out of his basket and began writhing and rolling around on the ground. Soon, even more kitties joined in, and “jumped up at his baskets, rubbed themselves against his legs, mewing, purring, and saying complimentary things about him,” according to an August 19, 1909 article in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch.

Gottlieb tried to frighten the cats away, according to The Washington Times’s account of the event, but the persistent animals wouldn’t budge. “All of them, rich and poor, aristocrats from the sofa cushions near the front windows and thin plebians from the areaways struggled mightily to get into the two baskets of catnip,” the Times wrote. Soon, Gottlieb found himself surrounded by somewhere between 30 and 40 cats, each one of them clamoring for his goods.

When he eventually spotted a policeman, Gottlieb thought he’d found an ally against the cats. Instead, Sergeant John F. Higgins promptly arrested Gottlieb for inciting a crowd. (“Why don’t you arrest the catnip?” Gottlieb asked him, according to the Times. “That is collecting the crowd. Not I.”)

Trailed by several cats, Higgins and Gottlieb made their way to a police station on East 104th Street. But when they arrived, authorities couldn’t decide whether or not the salesman had actually broken any laws.

“We can’t hold this man,” Lieutenant Lasky, the officer who received the arrest report, said. “The law says a man must not cause a crowd of people to collect. The law doesn’t say anything about cats.”

“The law doesn’t say anything about people,” Higgins replied. “It says ‘a crowd.’ A crowd of cats is certainly a crowd.” Amid this debate, a station cat named Pete began fighting with the invading felines, and, with the help of some policemen, eventually drove the catnip-hungry kitties out of the building.

Gottlieb was eventually released, and even driven home in a patrol wagon—all while being chased by a few lingering cats, still hot on the trail of his now regrettable merchandise.

[h/t The Hatching Cat]

SECTIONS

arrow
LIVE SMARTER
More from mental floss studios