See the Web of Undersea Cables That Power the Internet

The very concept of the internet is so mind-boggling, it's easy to overlook the equally mind-boggling practical mechanics that make it happen.

Business Insider has created an animated map showing the 550,000 miles of undersea cable that make the world wide web go 'round. The first ever transatlantic cable was laid back in the 1850s and used to send telegraphs. Since then, at least 300 more have been installed, the longest of which spans 24,000 miles from Germany to Korea. Some of the fiber optic bundles are as deep as 25,000 feet below the surface of the ocean.

Watch the many cables weave their way through the oceans in the video above.

Dealing With an Annoying Bug In Chrome? Report It to Google and You Might Get $30,000

Carsten Koall, Stringer/Getty Images
Carsten Koall, Stringer/Getty Images

Finding a security hole in your web browser isn't normally something to be happy about. But if you're the first person to encounter a software bug compromising Google Chrome, you could earn a big check from the company. As CNET reports, Google's bug bounty program, which has been rewarding amateur users' bug reports since 2010, has increased its maximum payment to $30,000.

For nearly a decade, Google has used bounties as a way to catch vulnerabilities in its security system before hackers can exploit them. The tech giant says it has paid out more than $5 million in rewards for more than 8500 bug reports. That number may seem enormous, but compared to the cost of hiring more programmers full-time—or the cost of a major security breach—it's a smart investment on Google's part.

In a recent blog post, Google announced that it will be increasing reward amounts across the board. The baseline payment for a regular bug report has been tripled from $5000 to $15,000, and the maximum reward for a high-quality report has doubled from $15,000 to $30,000. Google lays out what constitutes a high-quality report on its application security page.

Computer whizzes who detect attacks on Chrome OS, the software foundation for Chromebooks, can receive even bigger paydays from Google. The company will pay $150,000 to anyone who reports exploit chains that can compromise a Chromebook or Chromebox in its more restricted guest mode. Fuzzers—bug-hunters who look for vulnerabilities in a product by hitting it with random data—are also getting bigger rewards. The bonus they receive for finding bugs using the Chrome Fuzzer Program has been doubled to $1000.

Using bug bounties as an incentive to report security issues is a practice used across the tech industry. Earlier in 2019, Apple thanked the 14-year-old who first discovered the disastrous Group FaceTime bug by giving him money for college.

[h/t CNET]

Ninja’s Hot & Cold Brewed System Is the Only Coffee Maker You’ll Ever Need

Amazon
Amazon

Update: The glass-carafe version of the Ninja Hot & Cold Brewed System is currently on sale for $89 (a 50 percent discount) at Walmart. The thermal-carafe version is on sale on Amazon for $200, a $30 percent discount.

For people who just want a cup of joe to help them get out the door in the morning, the French presses, Chemexes, Aeropresses, Moka pots, and other specialized devices that coffee aficionados swear by probably seem more overwhelming than appealing. Ditto the fancy cappuccino machines at local cafes. That’s where Ninja’s new Hot & Cold Brewed System comes in: It was created to give coffee addicts a myriad of options with minimal fuss, not to mention minimal equipment. And it makes tea, too!

“Coffeehouses are known for having an endless selection, but current at-home brewers haven't given users the vast variety of choice we thought possible, and certainly not all in one product," Mark Rosenzweig, CEO of SharkNinja, said in a press release. "The Ninja Hot & Cold Brewed System changes the category entirely. This innovative system is more than just a machine you use in the morning; it's your all-day brewing partner.”

The Hot & Cold Brewed System comes with two baskets: one for coffee and one for tea. It knows what you're making to make based on the basket you insert, and the available options for that basket will light up. The machine allows the user to make six different sizes of coffee or tea, from a single cup all the way up to a full 50-ounce (10-cup) carafe.

And of course, as the name suggests, the system can make both hot and iced beverages. For coffee, it has five brew options: classic, rich, over ice, cold brew, and specialty (a concentrated brew for milky drinks like cappuccinos). If you’re making tea, you can choose between hot and cold brews optimized for herbal, black, oolong, white, or green tea.

When you select an over ice or cold brew, the machine automatically doubles the strength of your beverage so it doesn't get overly diluted by the ice cubes in the carafe. Even better, the Ninja can make cold brew in just 10 to 15 minutes, whereas other systems and methods typically take hours. (Hot coffee is brewed at 205°F, while the cold brew is made at 101°F.) And the system has a hot and cold frother that folds into the side so you can make barista-level lattes, too.

These bells and whistles sound impressive on paper, but how do they perform in real life? Ninja sent me Hot & Cold Brewed System to test for myself.

Ease of Use

Though it might look like something developed by NASA, the Hot & Cold Brewed System is designed to easily work with the twist of a dial and the push of a button, and it delivers. From loading in the correct amount of grounds with the system’s “smart scoop” to picking what type of brew you’d like, it’s simple enough to use even while bleary-eyed in the morning. It’s also easy to schedule a delayed brew so you can do the rest of your morning routine while your coffee brews. (Here’s the only drawback I can think of about this machine: When it starts brewing, it’s kind of noisy—loud enough to make my cats jump. It’s not a dealbreaker, but if you live in a small apartment and plan to brew coffee so that it’s ready right when you wake up, it might be something to consider.)

The system even tells you when it needs to be descaled. The “clean” button will light up, at which point you simply fill the water reservoir with descaling solution and water and press the clean button. A countdown lets you know how much longer the clean cycle will last.

Taste and Flavor

I swapped out an old, cheap coffee maker for the Hot & Cold Brewed System, and the difference was immediately noticeable. Whether hot or cold, the coffee made by the H&CBS was a better, smoother cup of joe. That’s due to what Ninja has dubbed Thermal Flavor Extraction automated brewing technology, which, according to a press release, “knows the precise temperatures, correct bloom times, and proper levels of saturation for every possible beverage combination to ensure a great taste every time.”

Whatever tech they use, it works. The coffee I make in this machine is consistently tasty. The rich brew setting works exactly as advertised, too, providing a richer, bolder flavor than the classic brew.

Features and Accessories

One of the best things about the H&CBS is the fact that it cuts down on waste significantly. Unlike other machines, it doesn't require any plastic pods or paper filters. Instead, it comes with two permanent filters, one for coffee and one for tea.

And the cold brew function is a game changer if you prefer iced coffee to hot. Not only does it brew quickly, but it eliminates the messy cleanup that comes with making cold brew yourself.

Typically priced at $230 for the thermal carafe version (or $200 for the glass carafe, though both are regularly on sale), the Hot & Cold Brewed System is significantly more expensive than a simpler drip coffee machine. But if you’re a cold brew addict looking to treat yourself, it’s worth it. Consider springing for the slightly more expensive thermal carafe model, which will keep your java hot or cold for hours. (I’ve left ice in it overnight and found cubes the next morning.)

You can get the Hot & Cold Brewed System on Amazon, Walmart, or Macy's starting at $89 right now, but those prices are likely to rise back up soon.

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