It Cost $1500 to Make This Sandwich Completely from Scratch

A lot of trendy restaurants boast meals that are made "completely from scratch.” Unless they boiled down the ocean water themselves and nearly got arrested trying to take the salt through customs, they got nothing on this guy. 

As part of his “How to Make Everything” series, YouTuber Andy George set off on a quest to discover what really goes into building a sandwich made 100 percent from scratch. The sandwich and all its ingredients ended up costing $1,554 and took 6 months to make. You’d think he’d go with a simple recipe, like maybe a BLT without the B, but the final product included chicken, cheese, lettuce, onion, pickles, tomatoes, and mayonnaise, which he curdled, slaughtered, and harvested by hand. 

In addition to growing the vegetables and milking a cow, he also went out of his way to collect honey and forage for greens. Because he wasn’t using preservatives, the peak freshness of all his ingredients needed to coincide perfectly. This proved to be a challenge, with the wheat for the bread taking longer to grow than he had anticipated, throwing off the whole schedule.

He calculated the price by adding his out-of-pocket expenses, which totaled $542, with the amount he would pay himself for the 140 hours of labor he invested, $1011, based on federal minimum wage. The project makes you appreciate the amount of work a small army of people complete just to get lunch on your plate. It also shows that “made from scratch” isn’t always the gold standard for taste—after biting into his $1500 sandwich, George described it as “not bad.” 

[h/t: Mashable]

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College Board Wants to Erase Thousands of Years From AP World History, and Teachers Aren't Happy
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One would be forgiven for thinking that the Ides of March are upon us, because Julius Caesar is being taken out once again—this time from the Advanced Placement World History exam. The College Board in charge of the AP program is planning to remove the Roman leader, and every other historical figure who lived and died prior to 1450, from high school students’ tests, The New York Times reports.

The nonprofit board recently announced that it would revise the test, beginning in 2019, to make it more manageable for teachers and students alike. The current exam covers over 10,000 years of world history, and according to the board, “no other AP course requires such an expanse of content to be covered over a single school year.”

As an alternative, the board suggested that schools offer two separate year-long courses to cover the entirety of world history, including a Pre-AP World History and Geography class focusing on the Ancient Period (before 600 BCE) up through the Postclassical Period (ending around 1450). However, as Politico points out, a pre-course for which the College Board would charge a fee "isn’t likely to be picked up by cash-strapped public schools," and high school students wouldn't be as inclined to take the pre-AP course since there would be no exam or college credit for it.

Many teachers and historians are pushing back against the proposed changes and asking the board to leave the course untouched. Much of the controversy surrounds the 1450 start date and the fact that no pre-colonial history would be tested.

“They couldn’t have picked a more Eurocentric date,” Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks, who previously helped develop AP History exams and courses, told The New York Times. “If you start in 1450, the first thing you’ll talk about in terms of Africa is the slave trade. The first thing you’ll talk about in terms of the Americas is people dying from smallpox and other things. It’s not a start date that encourages looking at the agency and creativity of people outside Europe.”

A group of teachers who attended an AP open forum in Salt Lake City also protested the changes. One Michigan educator, Tyler George, told Politico, “Students need to understand that there was a beautiful, vast, and engaging world before Europeans ‘discovered’ it.”

The board is now reportedly reconsidering its decision and may push the start date of the course back some several hundred years. Their decision will be announced in July.

[h/t The New York Times]

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North America: East or West Coast?
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