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10 Superlative Facts About Guinness World Records

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Without the good folks at GWR, how would we ever know about the world’s longest usable golf club, heaviest carrot, or largest gathering of people dressed as gorillas? Sixty years ago today, the very first Guinness Book of Records was published. After reading our little tribute, get out there and try to make next year’s print edition. Go nuts!

1. No, It Isn’t Owned by the Brewery (Anymore).

Let’s tackle this one first. True, the makers of Ireland’s favorite stout did establish this record-tracking franchise in 1954 (stay tuned for details). However, everything changed in 2001. Diageo—Guinness’ new parent company—decided to sell off all non-booze-related assets. A deal was then struck with the new owner which let them keep using the iconic beverage’s name, though astute readers will note that their top product is now called Guinness World Records as opposed to The Guinness Book of World Records.

An unlikely buyer soon picked up this rechristened brand: Gullane Entertainment, the producers of Thomas the Tank Engine and other kid-friendly shows. Since then, it’s been sold to the Jim Pattison Group, which also owns Ripley’s Believe It or Not!

2. The Whole Concept Was Inspired by A Bird-Hunting Question.

Pop quiz! Name the fastest game bird in Europe. Anyone? Bueller? If you’re drawing a blank, don’t worry: Sir Hugh Beaver didn’t know the answer either. In 1951, this Guinness marketing director posed the same query at an Irish shooting party. Nobody present could settle the ensuing debate—even after combing through their host’s private book collection.

If only there was a single, authoritative text loaded with superlatives. Such a resource could end trivial arguments like this one throughout Ireland and the world at large. Thusly inspired, Beaver contacted Norris and Ross McWhirter, who ran a London-based fact-finding agency. Soon enough, Guinness hired the pair to create an all-new record book. Legend has it that, during the interview process, somebody asked them which language has the fewest irregular verbs. Without missing a beat, the brothers—accurately—said “Turkish” and the job was theirs.

Oh, by the way, Europe’s fastest game bird is the red grouse (so says The Guinness Book of World Records, 1989). You’re welcome.

3. Finishing the First Edition Took 13 and a Half 90-Hour Weeks, Including Weekends.

According to GWR’s official website, that figure doesn’t even include the McWhirters' research phase, which came earlier. Labor-intensive, no? Still, the rewards were pretty sweet.

Guinness’ original plan was to hand out free copies to around 80,000 Irish & British pubs. Nobody had the foggiest idea about how wildly successful this meek, 198-page volume would soon become. By Christmas 1955—just over four months after its release date—word-of-mouth public demand had transformed The Guinness Book of Records into a runaway bestseller. Beaver couldn’t believe his eyes. “It was a marketing giveaway,” he said, “it wasn’t supposed to be a money maker.”

4. Ashrita Furman Holds the Record for Most Guinness World Records.

This man is a record-setting legend. In 1979, the Big Apple native made history by doing an unprecedented 27,000 jumping jacks, and he didn’t stop there. At one point or another, Furman’s cracked upward of 500 Guinness World Records. Today, he defends over 200, including “most records held at the same time by an individual.” The others range from “highest mountain peak climbed on stilts” to “tallest object balanced on chin.”

5. Sadly, “Oldest Living Woman” Is Among the Most Frequently-Updated Records.

“It’s consistently broken at regular intervals for obvious reasons,” reveals editor-in-chief Craig Glenday. 2015 alone has already seen that title change hands twice. As of right now, 116-year-old Brooklynite Susannah Mushatt Jones owns the Guinness certificate. What’s her secret? “Sleep!” she says. And bacon.

6.  92% of Applicants Are Disappointed Every Year.

The remaining 8% actually get certified as record holders. On average, Glenday’s staff receives an unenviable 1,000 applications per week. Most don’t get very far. “One of the most common reasons for rejection is lack of evidence,” he notes. “We don’t have to be in attendance at every attempt… so, we ask for video footage, photos, independent witness statements, press clippings, log books, credit card receipts and so on to help us validate the achievement.”  Also, many wannabes brag about doing banal things that don’t count as records to begin with (e.g.: “I can lick my elbow!”).

7. In 2008, They Were Sued by “The Most Litigious Man in the World.”  

Jonathan Lee Riches will file a lawsuit against anything. Literally anything. An ex-federal prisoner, he’s tried to sue Weird Al Yankovic, George W. Bush, the Eiffel Tower, Plato, Viagra, Nordic Gods, the Ming Dynasty, the dwarf planet Pluto, Whoopi Goldberg, Google, Huggies, Black History Month, Nostradamus, “various Buddhist monks,” and Mein Kampf by Adolf Hitler. Things got so absurd that, in 2010, a U.S. district court officially prohibited Riches from submitting any more “frivolous, fraudulent, or malicious lawsuits” to federal courts.

Just one year earlier, he’d set his sights on Guinness World Records. Riches allegedly heard that the company was about to name him “The Most Litigious Man in the World.” What happened next? Exactly what you’d expect: Riches sued. “Jonathan Lee Riches is not a Guinness record holder,” said one spokeswoman in response, “and a category for most litigious man is not something Guinness World Records has ever monitored.” As usual, the inmate’s case was dismissed.  

8. President Obama Was a World Record Holder—For Two Whole Weeks. 

This spring, America’s commander-in-chief set up a bona fide Twitter account. Before that, Robert Downey Jr. had the distinction of having clocked the “fastest time to reach one million followers” on that social media service, but Obama racked up a million followers in 4 hours 52 minutes on May 18 to take the movie star's title. Two weeks later, Olympic champion and transgender activist Caitlyn Jenner joined Twitter and broke the president's record by 49 minutes. 

9. Special Rules Apply to Culinary Record-Seekers.

Wanna make the world’s largest pizza? Have fun! Just don’t be wasteful. Chefs hoping to pursue food-related titles must make sure that their grub is “either consumed or distributed for consumption after it has been measured.”

10. Guinness World Records Itself Has Set a Pretty Awesome One.

Guinness World Records has the distinction of being “The best-selling annual publication” in history, with “132,002,542 copies sold from 1955 until October 2013.” 

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Nate D. Sanders Auctions
Sylvia Plath's Pulitzer Prize in Poetry Is Up for Auction
Nate D. Sanders Auctions
Nate D. Sanders Auctions

A Pulitzer Prize in Poetry that was awarded posthumously to Sylvia Plath in 1982 for her book The Collected Poems will be auctioned on June 28. The Los Angeles-based Nate D. Sanders Auctions says bidding for the literary document will start at $40,000.

The complete book of Plath’s poetry was published in 1981—18 years after her death—and was edited by her husband, fellow poet Ted Hughes. The Pulitzer Prize was presented to Hughes on Plath’s behalf, and one of two telegrams sent by Pulitzer President Michael Sovern to Hughes read, “We’ve just heard that the Collected Plath has won the Pulitzer Prize. Congratulations to you for making it possible.” The telegrams will also be included in the lot, in addition to an official congratulatory letter from Sovern.

The Pultizer’s jury report from 1982 called The Collected Poems an “extraordinary literary event.” It went on to write, “Plath won no major prizes in her lifetime, and most of her work has been posthumously published … The combination of metaphorical brilliance with an effortless formal structure makes this a striking volume.”

Ted Hughes penned an introduction to the poetry collection describing how Plath had “never scrapped any of her poetic efforts,” even if they weren’t all masterpieces. He wrote:

“Her attitude to her verse was artisan-like: if she couldn’t get a table out of the material, she was quite happy to get a chair, or even a toy. The end product for her was not so much a successful poem, as something that had temporarily exhausted her ingenuity. So this book contains not merely what verse she saved, but—after 1956—all she wrote.”

Also up for auction is Plath’s Massachusetts driver’s license from 1958, at which time she went by the name Sylvia P. Hughes. Bidding for the license will begin at $8000.

Plath's driver's license
Nate D. Sanders Auctions
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Sagar.jadhav01, Wikimedia Commons // ;CC BY-SA 4.0
New 'Eye Language' Lets Paralyzed People Communicate More Easily
Sagar.jadhav01, Wikimedia Commons // ;CC BY-SA 4.0
Sagar.jadhav01, Wikimedia Commons // ;CC BY-SA 4.0

The invention of sign language proved you don't need to vocalize to use complex language face to face. Now, a group of designers has shown that you don't even need control of your hands: Their new type of language for paralyzed people relies entirely on the eyes.

As AdAge reports, "Blink to Speak" was created by the design agency TBWA/India for the NeuroGen Brain & Spine Institute and the Asha Ek Hope Foundation. The language takes advantage of one of the few motor functions many paralyzed people have at their disposal: eye movement. Designers had a limited number of moves to work with—looking up, down, left, or right; closing one or both eyes—but they figured out how to use these building blocks to create a sophisticated way to get information across. The final product consists of eight alphabets and messages like "get doctor" and "entertainment" meant to facilitate communication between patients and caregivers.

Inside of a language book.
Sagar.jadhav01, Wikimedia Commons // CC BY-SA 4.0

This isn't the only tool that allows paralyzed people to "speak" through facial movements, but unlike most other options currently available, Blink to Speak doesn't require any expensive technology. The project's potential impact on the lives of people with paralysis earned it the Health Grand Prix for Good at the Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity earlier in June.

The groups behind Blink to Speak have produced thousands of print copies of the language guide and have made it available online as an ebook. To learn the language yourself or share it with someone you know, you can download it for free here.

[h/t AdAge]

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