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Wikimedia Commons // Fair Use

15 Delicious Facts About The Very Hungry Caterpillar

Wikimedia Commons // Fair Use
Wikimedia Commons // Fair Use

This bright, beloved children's classic about an insatiable caterpillar has been collecting awards since it was first published in 1969. Here are a few things you might not know about it.

1. The bright colors of this book, and other Eric Carle books, contrast a dark period in his childhood.

Carle was born in Syracuse, N.Y., but when he was 6, he and his family returned to their native Stuttgart, Germany. It was 1935—precisely the wrong time to move back to Europe. World War II cast a bleak pallor of violence and loss over Carle’s childhood. His father was drafted into the German army and was captured by the Russians, and was away from the family for 8 years. When he returned, he wasn't the warm, encouraging paternal figure the then-18-year-old Carle remembered from before the war, but a distant and broken man.

The author has since speculated that he was drawn to the chunky, vibrant colors of painted tissue paper collage in part as reaction to the grimness of his childhood. "It may be psychobabble but I sometimes think I rehash that period of my life in my books,” he told The Guardian.

2. A brave art teacher introduced Carle to vibrancy that would later define his work.

Herr Kraus, Carle’s high school art teacher, recognized his young pupil’s potential and risked his livelihood for the opportunity to foster it. Flouting the rigorous policing of Nazi Germany, Kraus invited Carle to his home to see banned expressionist art, showing him reproductions of works by Paul Klee, Henri Matisse, and Pablo Picasso.

"I didn't have the slightest idea that something like that existed, because I was used to art being flag-waving, gun-toting Aryans—super-realistic Aryan farmers, the women with their brute arms,” he's said.

3. The hungry caterpillar was originally a bookworm.

The war didn't exactly endear Carle to Europe, and he longed to return to America. As a young adult, he moved back to New York and got a job as a graphic designer working in advertising. After briefly getting sent back to Germany when he was drafted by the United States Army, Carle returned to the U.S. and took a job at an ad agency, where he got the inspiration for his future classic.

"I wasn't thinking of books or anything like that," he said. "I didn't have anything to do, so I took a stack of paper and a hole-punch and I playfully punched holes ... then I looked at them. Straight away I thought of a book worm."

He pitched the idea of A Week With Willi Worm to his editor Ann Beneduce. But she was worried about the unappealing protagonist. The story goes that the pair sat around trying to think of something more engaging until, at the same instant, Ann said, "Caterpillar!" and Carle said, "Butterfly!"

4. The book’s playful design proved tricky to manufacture.

Although Carle was convinced to ditch the bookworm idea, the holes stuck, becoming the eaten-through portions of the various food items that the caterpillar devours. This distinguishing feature is part of what has made the book stand out for over 45 years—but it also almost thwarted production. The publisher failed to find a printer in the United States that could economically manufacture a book with so many die cuts, but was ultimately able to locate a suitable printer in Japan that took on the project.

5. It has been interpreted as a Catholic parable ...

Because of the central transformation—which features the caterpillar retreating into a cocoon only to reemerge a butterfly—the book is often thought to have religious undertones. It's a popular addition to sermons and Sunday school curriculums.

6. … And a support for capitalism.

But not everyone thinks that the hungry caterpillar’s transformation is biblically-inspired. A young East German librarian once told Carle that she opposed the book on the basis of capitalism: "She said, 'This book would never have been published here. The caterpillar represents a capitalist. He bites into every fruit, just takes one bite and he moves on, getting fatter and fatter. He's exploiting everything.'"

7. Former President George W. Bush was a big fan of the book.

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When he made stops at schools along the campaign trail, Bush would only read The Very Hungry Caterpillar. "If teachers have put out other books his advance team will clear them," Nick Clark, the former chief curator and founding director of the Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art, told The Guardian.

And that's despite the fact that his affection for the book earned Bush a round of public mockery earlier in his political career. In 1999, then-governor Bush listed Eric Carle’s picture book as one of his favorite books from childhood. The only problem? He was almost 23 when The Very Hungry Caterpillar came out. The media lampooned Bush for his childish taste in literature, but it evidentially didn’t squash his spirit for the book.

8. Carle thinks the sparseness of the book is part of its appeal.

All children’s books are pared down, but The Very Hungry Caterpillar is especially so: There's very little deviation from the pattern, and the text is lacking in poetics and rhyme. But Carle says this is intentional, comparing the clean efficient nature of the book to his grandfather’s work on car engines, building "[b]eautiful parts for Porsche cars.”

In fact, a desire to imbue the world of children’s literature with this pared down style was what first motivated him to try his hand at writing. “Way back, when I was in advertising, someone asked me to illustrate what they called ‘educational material,’ and I thought it was pretty awful,” Carle said in 2009. “They put too much on the pages—I would say 32 good ideas on one page makes a terrible book. Then Bill Martin Jr. asked if I’d illustrate his book Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See? It turned me on—the simplicity of the text, the rhythm of that book. I learned from Bill: you take one idea and spread it over 32 pages.”

9. There was a terrible TV version ...

In 1993, the United Kingdom production company The Illuminated Film Company released a television version of The Very Hungry Caterpillar and several other of Carle’s stories as The World of Eric Carle. The shorts went to DVD under the title The Very Hungry Caterpillar & Other Stories and are still available for download on iTunes or Amazon. You might want to think twice before purchasing, though: The author himself described the DVD set as "awful. God-awful. I'm ashamed of it."

10. ... And a video game.

In 2010, CYBIRD Co., Ltd. debuted an educational video game based on The Very Hungry Caterpillar. Curiously, even though the book itself serves as an early tool for teaching counting, the video game, The Very Hungry Caterpillar's ABCs, focuses on language basics.

11. Carle has an idea of what makes the book so popular, but it’s purely incidental.

Asked why he thinks The Very Hungry Caterpillar has enjoyed so much success, Carle had this to say:

My guess is it’s a book of hope. That you, an insignificant, ugly little caterpillar can grow up and eventually unfold your talent, and fly into the world. As a child, you can feel small and helpless and wonder if you’ll ever grow up. So that might be part of its success. But those thoughts came afterwards, a kind of psychobabble in retrospect. I didn’t start out and say: 'I want to make a really meaningful book.'

12. There was a Google doodle for its 40th birthday ...

In 2009, on the 40th anniversary of the publication of The Very Hungry Caterpillar, Google celebrated the book with an Eric Carle-style doodle on the homepage.

13. ... And a healthy eating campaign pegged to the book.

Sure, if you eat every day like the titular caterpillar does on Saturday (one piece of chocolate cake, one ice cream cone, one pickle, one slice of Swiss cheese, one slice of salami, one lollipop, one piece of cherry pie, one sausage, one cupcake, and one slice of watermelon), you might end up with more than just a stomach ache, but the American Academy of Pediatrics thought that the bright and appealing treatment of produce during the rest of the week could be a positive influence on children’s diets. In 2011, the group partnered with a charity associated with former President Bill Clinton to send more than 17,000 pediatricians special copies of the book, along with growth charts and parent handouts on healthy eating.

14. It has been translated into 62 languages ...

Including Yiddish, Urdu, Ukrainian, Tamil, Somali, Panjabi, Luxembourgish, Latvian, Icelandic, Gaelic, Frysian, Catalan, and Aramaic.

15. ... And it's incredibly successful.

There’s a copy of The Very Hungry Caterpillar sold somewhere in the world every minute, totaling well over 30 million copies by now. "It is one of our most successful books of all time,” Francesca Dow, managing director of Puffin Books, has told The Guardian. "It's a publisher's dream and we are very lucky to have it."

Even other authors recognize the preeminence of Eric Carle's pared-down masterpiece. "The Very Hungry Caterpillar is one of the pillars of children's culture," says fellow children’s book author Ted Dewan. "It's almost like talking about how great the Beatles were. It's beyond reproach."

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10 Things You Might Not Know About Wine
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by Tilar J. Mazzeo

Between the vine and the liquor store, plenty of secrets are submerged in your favorite bottle of vino. Here, the author of Back Lane Wineries of Sonoma spills some of the best.

1. DIGITAL EYES ARE EVERYWHERE IN VINEYARDS.

Certain premium estates in Bordeaux and Napa are beginning to look a little more like an army base—or an Amazon.com warehouse. They’re using drones, optical scanners, and heat-sensing satellites to keep a digital eye on things. Some airborne drones collect data that helps winemakers decide on the optimal time to harvest and evaluate where they can use less fertilizer. Others rove through the vineyard rows, where they may soon be able to take over pruning. Of course, these are major investments. At $68,000 a pop, the Scancopter 450 is about twice as costly as a 1941 Inglenook Cabernet Sauvignon!

2. THERE ARE ALSO LOTS OF COW SKULLS.

They’re not everywhere, but biodynamic farming techniques are on the rise among vintners who don’t want to rely on chemicals, and this is one trick they’ve been known to use to combat plant diseases and improve soil PH. It’s called Preparation No. 505, and it involves taking a cow’s skull (or a sheep’s or a goat’s), stuffing it with finely ground oak chips, and burying it in a wet spot for a season or two before adding it to the vineyard compost.

3. FEROCIOUS FOLIAGE IS A VINTNER’S FRIEND.

The mustard flowers blooming between vineyard rows aren’t just for romance. Glucosinolates in plants like radishes and mustard give them their spicy bite, and through the wonders of organic chemistry, those glucosinolates also double as powerful pesticides. Winemakers use them to combat nematodes—tiny worms that can destroy grape crops.

4. WHAT A CANARY IS TO A COAL MINE, ROSES ARE TO A VINEYARD.

Vintners plant roses among their vines because they get sick before anything else in the field. If there’s mildew in the air, it will infect the roses first and give a winemaker a heads-up that it’s time to spray.

5. VINTNERS EXPLOIT THE FOOD CHAIN.

A trio of wines
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Small birds like blackbirds and starlings can clear out 20 percent of a crop in no time. But you know what eats little birds? Big birds. Falconry programs are on the rise in vineyards from California to New Zealand. Researchers have found that raptors eat a bird or two a day (along with a proportion of field mice and other critters) and cost only about as much to maintain as your average house cat.

6. THE BIG PROBLEMS IN TASTING ROOMS ARE VERY SMALL.

Winemakers are constantly seeking ways to manage the swarms of Drosophila melanogaster that routinely gather around the dump buckets in their swanky showrooms. You know these pests as fruit flies, and some vintners in California are exploring ways to use carnivorous plants to tackle the problem without pesticides. Butterworts, sundews, and pitcher plants all have sweet-sounding names, but the bugeating predators make for terrific fruit fly assassins, and you’ll see them decorating tasting rooms across wine country.

7. WINE NEEDS CLEANING.

Winemaking produces hard-to-remove sediments. Filters can catch most of the debris, but winemakers must add “fining agents” to remove any suspended solids that sneak by. Until it was banned in the 1990s, many European vintners used powdered ox blood to clean their wines. Today, they use diatomaceous earth (the fossilized remains of hard-shelled algae), Isinglass (a collagen made from fish swim bladders), and sometimes bentonite (volcanic clay). Irish moss and egg whites are also fine wine cleaners.

8. ATOMS HAVE ALL THE ANSWERS.

About 5 percent of the premium wine sold for cellaring doesn’t contain what the label promises. So how do top-shelf buyers avoid plunking down serious cash on a bottle of something bunk? Most elite wine brokerages, auction houses, and collectors use atomic dating to detect fraud. By measuring trace radioactive carbon in the wine, most bottles can be dated to within a year or two of the vintage.

9. FINE WINES GET MRIs.

Even with atomic dating, there are certain perils involved in buying a $20,000 bottle of wine. Leaving a case in the hot trunk of your car is enough to ruin it, so imagine what can happen over a couple of decades if a wine isn’t kept in the proper conditions. Back in 2002, a chemistry professor at University of California at Davis patented a technique that uses MRI technology to diagnose the condition of vintage wines. Not planning any $20,000 wine purchases? This is still good news for the consumer. This technique may soon be used at airport security, meaning you’ll be able to carry on your booze.

10. THERE’S A TRICK TO AGING YOUR WINE.

If you end up with a bottle of plonk, Chinese scientists have developed a handy solution. Zapping a young wine with electricity makes it taste like something you’ve cellar aged. Scientists aren’t quite sure how it happens yet, but it seems that running your wine for precisely three minutes through an electric field changes the esters, proteins, and aldehydes and can “age” a wine instantly.

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New Book Highlights the World's Most Depressing Place Names

If you like a little ennui with your wanderlust, we've got a book for you.

As Hyperallergic reports, the popular Instagram account @sadtopographies recently got the coffee table book treatment with the beautiful and gloomy Triste Tropique, Topographies of Sadness. Since 2015, master of misery Damien Rudd has been compiling Google Maps screen shots of real-life locales like Melancholy Lane, Mistake Island, Hopeless Way, and Cape Disappointment on the social media platform. Scrolling through them will make you laugh and marvel at how these names even came to be.

Created in collaboration with French publisher Jean Boîte Éditions, Triste Tropique includes 89 locales accompanied by amusingly poetic captions (called "romances" by the publisher) from writer Cécile Coulon. "Anyway, does it even really exist?" she writes of Doubtful Island. Each place is printed to scale with its exact location provided. The title is a reference to another glum book: Tristes Tropiques by anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss.

This isn't the first time @sadtopographies has been made into a book; last year's Sad Topographies: A Disenchanted Travellers' Guide delved further into the origins of depressing place names. "I have not been to, nor is it likely I will visit, any of the places in this book," Rudd wrote in that 2017 title, but perhaps you'll feel differently.

See the cover, featuring Disappointment Island, below. While you're at it, check out 14 of the most depressing place names in North America here.

Triste Tropique, Topographies of Sadness cover
Jean Boîte Éditions

[h/t Hyperallergic]

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