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The Edisto Bookstore

13 Bookstore Cats

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The Edisto Bookstore

Curling up with a good book and a cat is a heavenly experience. Libraries and bookstores know that, and having a cat around is not only good for customers relations and advertising, they also keep mice away. And they make the folks who work there happy. Over the years, we’ve brought you several lists of bookstores and their resident cats. Here are a baker's dozen more of them for your enjoyment.

1. Amelia

The Spiral Bookcase via Facebook

The Spiral Bookcase in Philadelphia got a new cat in 2012. The kitten was named Amelia, after both Amelia (Amy) Pond and Amelia Bedelia. She was alone on the street, and believed to have been dumped. The store describes her as “adorable, affectionate, and mouthy, and we can’t let her go.”

2., and 3. Noodle and Freddie

Weiser Antiquarian Books via Facebook

Weiser Antiquarian Books in York Beach, Maine, is the oldest occult bookstore in the United States. As such, the store is almost obligated to have cats. Those would be Noodle and Freddie, who are both male and brothers. Freddie is pictured here.

4., and 5. Pierre and Upton Sinclair

The Kelmscott Bookshop via Facebook

The Kelmscott Bookshop in Baltimore lists Pierre and Upton Sinclair on their staff page as security (Pierre) and apprentice security (Upton Sinclair). The older Pierre is the white cat. Both were strays taken in by store employees to lounge among the books and greet customers. Pierre’s hobbies include “eating, tripping customers, stealing pencils, and learning French.” They also note he’s not the smartest cat.

6., and 7. Tony and Mabel Dodge Lujan

Photo via Yelp

Moby Dickens Bookshop in Taos, New Mexico has always included a cat or two on their staff. The current residents are Tony and Mabel Dodge Lujan. They were no doubt named after Taos art patron Mabel Dodge Luhan and her fourth husband Tony. Customers love the cats.

8. Emily Grace

The Edisto Bookstore via Facebook

Emily Grace lives ands works at The Edisto Bookstore on Edisto Island, South Carolina. She was a stray taken in front he parking lot. Emily Grace takes her responsibilities at the store seriously, but only works for about an hour a day. Then she has to take a nap. Visiting authors get their photographs taken with the usually-asleep Emily Grace, which you can see on their Facebook timeline.

9. Sterling

Abraxas Books via Tumblr

At a store in Daytona Beach, Florida, named Abraxas Books you’ll find a cat named Sterling overseeing operations. See an earlier picture of him at Facebook, and another as a kitten when he first came to the bookstore.

10., and 11. Mr. Blue and Mr. Gray

The Bookman at Facebook

The Bookman bookstore in Colorado Springs, Colorado, has two resident cats named Mr. Blue and Mr. Gray (sometimes spelled Grey). Mr. Gray is the darker of the two, and every Facebook post carries his profile picture.

12., and 13. GwenieB and SweetiePie

Already Read Used Books at Facebook

We mentioned Already Read Used Books in Alexandria, Virginia in a post several years ago featuring their cat Gwenievere the Bibliocat. Gwenievere passed away shortly after that was published. Now the store has two Bibliocats, GwenieB (apparently named in honor of her predecessor) and SweetPie. GwenieB is on the left. There are stories about the cats at Facebook, like the one in which they guarded the store against dogs.

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iStock // Ekaterina Minaeva
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technology
Man Buys Two Metric Tons of LEGO Bricks; Sorts Them Via Machine Learning
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iStock // Ekaterina Minaeva

Jacques Mattheij made a small, but awesome, mistake. He went on eBay one evening and bid on a bunch of bulk LEGO brick auctions, then went to sleep. Upon waking, he discovered that he was the high bidder on many, and was now the proud owner of two tons of LEGO bricks. (This is about 4400 pounds.) He wrote, "[L]esson 1: if you win almost all bids you are bidding too high."

Mattheij had noticed that bulk, unsorted bricks sell for something like €10/kilogram, whereas sets are roughly €40/kg and rare parts go for up to €100/kg. Much of the value of the bricks is in their sorting. If he could reduce the entropy of these bins of unsorted bricks, he could make a tidy profit. While many people do this work by hand, the problem is enormous—just the kind of challenge for a computer. Mattheij writes:

There are 38000+ shapes and there are 100+ possible shades of color (you can roughly tell how old someone is by asking them what lego colors they remember from their youth).

In the following months, Mattheij built a proof-of-concept sorting system using, of course, LEGO. He broke the problem down into a series of sub-problems (including "feeding LEGO reliably from a hopper is surprisingly hard," one of those facts of nature that will stymie even the best system design). After tinkering with the prototype at length, he expanded the system to a surprisingly complex system of conveyer belts (powered by a home treadmill), various pieces of cabinetry, and "copious quantities of crazy glue."

Here's a video showing the current system running at low speed:

The key part of the system was running the bricks past a camera paired with a computer running a neural net-based image classifier. That allows the computer (when sufficiently trained on brick images) to recognize bricks and thus categorize them by color, shape, or other parameters. Remember that as bricks pass by, they can be in any orientation, can be dirty, can even be stuck to other pieces. So having a flexible software system is key to recognizing—in a fraction of a second—what a given brick is, in order to sort it out. When a match is found, a jet of compressed air pops the piece off the conveyer belt and into a waiting bin.

After much experimentation, Mattheij rewrote the software (several times in fact) to accomplish a variety of basic tasks. At its core, the system takes images from a webcam and feeds them to a neural network to do the classification. Of course, the neural net needs to be "trained" by showing it lots of images, and telling it what those images represent. Mattheij's breakthrough was allowing the machine to effectively train itself, with guidance: Running pieces through allows the system to take its own photos, make a guess, and build on that guess. As long as Mattheij corrects the incorrect guesses, he ends up with a decent (and self-reinforcing) corpus of training data. As the machine continues running, it can rack up more training, allowing it to recognize a broad variety of pieces on the fly.

Here's another video, focusing on how the pieces move on conveyer belts (running at slow speed so puny humans can follow). You can also see the air jets in action:

In an email interview, Mattheij told Mental Floss that the system currently sorts LEGO bricks into more than 50 categories. It can also be run in a color-sorting mode to bin the parts across 12 color groups. (Thus at present you'd likely do a two-pass sort on the bricks: once for shape, then a separate pass for color.) He continues to refine the system, with a focus on making its recognition abilities faster. At some point down the line, he plans to make the software portion open source. You're on your own as far as building conveyer belts, bins, and so forth.

Check out Mattheij's writeup in two parts for more information. It starts with an overview of the story, followed up with a deep dive on the software. He's also tweeting about the project (among other things). And if you look around a bit, you'll find bulk LEGO brick auctions online—it's definitely a thing!

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© Nintendo
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fun
Nintendo Will Release an $80 Mini SNES in September
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© Nintendo

Retro gamers rejoice: Nintendo just announced that it will be launching a revamped version of its beloved Super Nintendo Classic console, which will allow kids and grown-ups alike to play classic 16-bit games in high-definition.

The new SNES Classic Edition, a miniature version of the original console, comes with an HDMI cable to make it compatible with modern televisions. It also comes pre-loaded with a roster of 21 games, including Super Mario Kart, The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past, Donkey Kong Country, and Star Fox 2, an unreleased sequel to the 1993 original.

“While many people from around the world consider the Super NES to be one of the greatest video game systems ever made, many of our younger fans never had a chance to play it,” Doug Bowser, Nintendo's senior vice president of sales and marketing, said in a statement. “With the Super NES Classic Edition, new fans will be introduced to some of the best Nintendo games of all time, while longtime fans can relive some of their favorite retro classics with family and friends.”

The SNES Classic Edition will go on sale on September 29 and retail for $79.99. Nintendo reportedly only plans to manufacture the console “until the end of calendar year 2017,” which means that the competition to get your hands on one will likely be stiff, as anyone who tried to purchase an NES Classic last year will well remember.

In November 2016, Nintendo released a miniature version of its original NES system, which sold out pretty much instantly. After selling 2.3 million units, Nintendo discontinued the NES Classic in April. In a statement to Polygon, the company has pledged to “produce significantly more units of Super NES Classic Edition than we did of NES Classic Edition.”

Nintendo has not yet released information about where gamers will be able to buy the new console, but you may want to start planning to get in line soon.

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