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12 Ailments Humans And Animals Share

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Humans aren't as different from the rest of the mammal world as we’d sometimes like to think. We’re not the only animals that get acne as youngsters, or suffer from allergies during the spring. Humans can even pass along some of their illnesses to their pets. Here are 12 familiar ailments that you might not know your pets can suffer from, too.

1. Acne

It turns out dogs, cats, and horses have their own skin struggles. In horses, the issue is most often caused by friction from saddles and harnesses, but it tends to strike short-haired dogs when they’re young and going through their awkward-teen phase, just like in humans. Cat pimples are a lifelong issue. The pores around a cat’s chin can become clogged with sebum, an oily substance that keeps the skin from drying out, resulting in blackheads, pimples, and overall inflammation. To prevent feline acne, vets recommend a pretty simple change: stop using plastic bowls, which can irritate cats’ skin. 

2. Hay Fever 

Dog and cat dander may be responsible your own sniffles, but your furry friends can also fall prey to allergies. Pollen and seeds can cause respiratory issues or skin problems such as redness and irritation in dogs and cats. You aren’t the only one suffering in spring. 

3. Asthma

Image Credit: Claire via Flickr // CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Vets estimate that as many 800,000 American cats suffer from asthma. Cat owners can use inhalers similar to those used with babies to help their cats breathe more comfortably. Horses, too, can have an asthma-like condition called chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that causes their airways to narrow. Though anti-inflammatory medications can be delivered orally, equine asthma can also be treated with awesome giant inhalers like this.  

4. Addison’s Disease

President John F. Kennedy may be the most famous human to suffer from this disease, which affects the adrenal glands. It can also strike dogs, and in rare cases, cats. Addison’s prevents the adrenal glands from producing the hormones necessary for bodily function. This can upset the body’s natural balance of electrolytes, such as potassium and sodium, and cause weakness and irregular heartbeats. Because it affects the production of cortisol, the hormone released in response to stress, these symptoms worsen when the dog (or human) is stressed out. 

5. HIV

Up to 3 percent of U.S. cats are infected with feline immunodeficiency virus, the cat equivalent of HIV. The virus is largely spread through cats biting each other, and it causes a disease similar to AIDS. Some cats can go for years without showing symptoms after the initial infection, and the lifespans of FIV-infected cats seem to be similar to uninfected cats. 

6. Diabetes

A cat at risk for diabetes. Image Credit: Tripp via Wikimedia Commons // CC BY 2.0

Dogs and cats can become diabetic, and much like in their owners, pet diabetes rates are on the rise. The disease is more common in female dogs and male cats, and typically occurs in overweight, middle-aged animals. A 2012 survey estimated that more than half of dogs and cats are overweight or obese, putting them at risk for type 2 diabetes. Monkeys, too, can get diabetes from eating too much sugar, including from bananas

But not all animal diabetes is problematic. In 2010, researchers found that bottlenose dolphins have a condition that’s not unlike type 2 diabetes in humans—but they can turn it on and off, a feature scientists are studying in hopes that it will lead to better treatment for diabetic humans. 

7. Arthritis 

Elderly pets often fall prey to chronic arthritis, the swelling of joints. To give them some relief, some pet owners are turning to acupuncture for dogs and cats. Small animal acupuncture programs even cover acupuncture for birds.

8. Cavities 

Up to 60 percent of cats are affected by tooth resorption (sometimes called “cat cavities”) which erodes the tissue inside the tooth. Cavities are more common in cats, but can occur in dogs as well. 

9. Influenza

Some of the biggest flu scares of the last few years have come from animals, like avian flu and swine flu, and birds and pigs aren’t the only animals who can get it. Bats can get it too, although so far it seems bat flu can’t infect humans. Other animals have more to worry about from us than we do from them. Pets can get the flu from their owners, and may get it more often than you’d think. One study of cat blood samples in Ohio found that 30 percent of cats had been infected with the seasonal flu. 

10. Urinary Tract Infections

One of humanity’s most common infectious diseases also plagues much of the mammalian population. UTIs can infect koalas, horses, and rabbits, causing them to pee more often, and painfully. Dogs are more likely to get UTIs than cats, who rarely get them before the age of 10. 

11. Tuberculosis 

Image Credit: Peter Trimming via Flickr // CC BY 2.0

Badgers and cows can get TB, and potentially spread it to humans. The first reported case of a person infected with the agent that causes tuberculosis in cattle dates back to 1902. And bovine TB is on the rise, putting humans at risk for contracting the disease through contaminated milk. In 2012, English cow farmers tried to institute a badger cull to stop the furry little predators from infecting their herds. The controversial measure was piloted in several regions of England in 2013. 

12. African Sleeping Sickness 

Sleeping sickness is transmitted by tsetse flies, which live in sub-Saharan Africa. Cattle and other livestock can be infected. Nagana, as the animal version of the disease is called, reduces fertility and milk production in cattle (not to mention its impact on mortality rates), and the World Health Organization calls it a major obstacle to economic development in affected areas. 

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Bleat Along to Classic Holiday Tunes With This Goat Christmas Album
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Feeling a little Grinchy this month? The Sweden branch of ActionAid, an international charity dedicated to fighting global poverty, wants to goat—errr ... goad—you into the Christmas spirit with their animal-focused holiday album: All I Want for Christmas is a Goat.

Fittingly, it features the shriek-filled vocal stylings of a group of festive farm animals bleating out classics like “Jingle Bells,” “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer,” and “O Come All Ye Faithful.” The recording may sound like a silly novelty release, but there's a serious cause behind it: It’s intended to remind listeners how the animals benefit impoverished communities. Goats can live in arid nations that are too dry for farming, and they provide their owners with milk and wool. In fact, the only thing they can't seem to do is, well, sing. 

You can purchase All I Want for Christmas is a Goat on iTunes and Spotify, or listen to a few songs from its eight-track selection below.

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Animals
If You Want Your Cat to Poop Out More Hairballs, Try Feeding It Beets
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Have you ever wondered if there’s a way to get your cat to poop out its hairballs instead of hacking them up? If so, you’re likely a seasoned cat owner whose tolerance for gross stuff has reached the point of no return. Luckily, there may be an easy way to get your cat to dispose of hairballs in the litter box instead of on your carpet, according to one study.

The paper, published in the Journal of Physiology and Animal Nutrition, followed the diets of 18 mixed-breed short-haired cats over a month. Some cats were fed straight kibble, while others were given helpings of beet pulp along with their regular meals. The researchers suspected that beets, a good source of fiber, would help move any ingested hair through the cats’ digestive systems, thus preventing it from coming back up the way it went in. Following the experiment, they found that the cats with the beet diet did indeed poop more.

The scientists didn’t measure how many hairballs the cats were coughing up during this period, so it's possible that pooping out more of them didn’t stop cats from puking them up at the same rate. But considering hairballs are a matter of digestive health, more regular bowel movements likely reduced the chance that cats would barf them up. The cat body is equipped to process large amounts of hair: According to experts, healthy cats should only be hacking hairballs once or twice a year.

If you find them around your home more frequently than that, it's a good idea to up your cat's fiber intake. Raw beet pulp is just one way to introduce fiber into your pet's diet; certain supplements for cats work just as well and actually contain beet pulp as a fiber source. Stephanie Liff, a veterinarian at Pure Paws Veterinary Care in New York, recommends psyllium powder to her patients. Another option for dealing with hairballs is the vegetable-oil based digestive lubricant Laxatone: According to Dr. Liff, this can "help to move hairballs in the correct direction."

[h/t Discover]

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