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10 Popular Game of Thrones Fan Theories

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George R. R. Martin's A Song of Ice and Fire book series and its television counterpart, HBO's Game of Thrones, boast some of the most rabid fans on the Internet, who have pooled their collective knowledge of both the books and the TV show to come up with some fascinating theories about what's really going down in the land of Westeros.

Note: This article and the links contained within it do contain spoilers for the show (up through the conclusion of season four) as well as for the books. Proceed with caution.

1. THE MAD KING WASN'T IMAGINING THE CONSPIRACY AGAINST HIM.

What if the “Mad King” Aerys Targaryen's belief that there was a massive conspiracy to overthrow him wasn't so off-base after all? One theory, originally posted on the Tower of the Hand website by Stefan Sasse, argues that, before his death, Ned Stark's father Rickard was masterminding a plot to overthrow the Targaryen family. This theory is supported by some pretty strong textual evidence, according to Sasse:

There are several great lords, all knowing each other better than usual because they fought together in the War of the Ninepenny Kings a few years prior. Jon Arryn, Steffon Baratheon, Rickard Stark, Hoster Tully, and Tywin Lannister are all war buddies. With the exception of the latter, they seem to have taken kind of a friendship out of this war. At least this would explain why they sent each other wards: Eddard and Robert both went to the Eyrie for fostering. Robert was in love [with] Lyanna [Stark] and talks of a betrothal were conducted. And Hoster wanted to wed his daughters to the heirs of Winterfell and Casterly Rock, respectively.

These kinds of relationships are "highly unusual," according to Sasse, who goes on to theorize that “if we look into the relations of the great houses under normal circumstances, they rarely marry each other. In fact, they normally marry with their own bannermen.” He believes that there are only two reasons to arrange such a marriage: to broker peace or to seal a military alliance. Based on these alliances, it’s highly likely that there really was an alliance to overthrow King Aerys.

2. JON SNOW IS A TARGARYEN.

Also known as “R + L = J,” this is one of the most widely circulated fan theories, and has even managed to get some mainstream press in outlets like Slate. The premise states that Jon Snow is not the bastard son of Ned Stark, but the child of Rhaegar Targaryen and Ned’s sister, Lyanna. When Ned arrives at the Tower of Joy during Robert’s Rebellion, he finds his sister in what is described as a “bed of blood,” a phrase commonly associated with childbirth. Lyanna dies shortly afterward, but not before uttering her final words, “Promise me, Ned.”

Fans believe that Lyanna died from complications after giving birth to Jon and asked Ned to raise the boy as his own. Fans also point out that, in the books, both Jon and Lyanna are frequently represented by blue winter roses. Not only that, but Arya and Jon look very much alike (so much so that at one point, Sansa believes that Arya is a bastard like Jon), and Arya is said to resemble Lyanna. If this theory is true, this would mean that Jon is Daenerys’ nephew and therefore the true heir to the Iron Throne.

3. JON SNOW IS A TWIN, AND WE'VE ALREADY MET HIS SISTER.

For this theory, not only is Jon Snow the son of Ned's sister Lyanna, but she gave birth to twins, and the promise Ned made was to keep both of these children safe. This likely meant splitting them up (for safety, but also because returning home to Winterfell with a story for Catelyn about two bastard infants would not have gone well), and one of the twins would need to be with someone Ned trusted implicitly.

Before he got to Lyanna on her deathbed, Ned and six of his companions had to battle three Kingsguardmen to enter; of that battle, only Ned and Howland Reed survived. Howland has been an unseen character in the series, but we've met his children—Jojen and Meera Reed, who helped Bran Stark on his journey to find the three-eyed raven. However, with this theory, Meera becomes the twin daughter born to Lyanna, whom Howland took to Greywater Watch to raise, far away from her brother Jon Snow.

The evidence presented for this theory includes Jon and Meera both being the same age (they're listed as having been born in 283 AC—the same year Lyanna died); having similar looks (both having dark hair and a slim build, though this side-by-side of the television series actors is crazy-convincing); and the twist having a historical precedent in the mythology of Romulus and Remus—something GRRM is well-known for. Plus, Romulus and Remus were raised by a she-wolf, which could easily draw comparisons to the Stark direwolves.

4. TYRION LANNISTER IS A TARGARYEN.

Some fans believe that Tyrion might not be a Lannister after all, but the son of the Mad King Aerys Targaryen. In A Dance With Dragons, Ser Barristan Selmy tells Daenerys that the Mad King had lusted after Joanna Lannister, Tyrion's mother, for years:

Prince Aerys ... as a youth, he was taken with [Joanna]. When she and Tywin wed, your father drank too much wine at the wedding feast and was heard to say that it was a great pity that the lord’s right to the first night had been abolished. A drunken jape, no more, but Tywin Lannister was not a man to forget such words, or the ... liberties your father took during the bedding.

Tyrion also displays some typical Targaryen qualities: his pale blonde hair more closely resembles the Targaryens' silver hair than the Lannisters' gold, and he is fascinated by dragons. Also, Tyrion's eyes are two different colors, which some suspect is a nod to his mixed heritage. Some fans argue that this theory takes away from Tyrion’s complicated relationship with Tywin, but if Tyrion really is a Targaryen, then he could be one of the “Three Heads of the Dragon” along with Daenerys and Jon.

5. JAMIE LANNISTER'S DYSLEXIA MIGHT COME IN HANDY. 

One of the defining moments in Jaime’s character arc—and the catalyst for his redemption story—is losing his hand, which viewers witnessed in Game of Thrones’ third season. Up until that moment, Jaime had always been defined as a master swordsman, causing him to lose his identity along with his hand. However, some fans are confident that Jaime will once again become one of the world's great fighters. In both the series and the books, it’s mentioned that Jaime had great difficulty in school and it’s heavily implied that he is dyslexic. It’s believed that people with dyslexia also have a natural tendency for ambidexterity, leading some fans to speculate that Jaime will become a great left-handed swordsman.

6. OBERYN MARTELL POISONED TYWIN.

It’s widely believed that Prince Oberyn Martell, the Red Viper of Dorne, poisoned Tywin before his death in the season four finale. According to a theory originally posted by Sean Collins on BoiledLeather, Martell had the means, motive, and opportunity to poison Tywin. In the third book, A Storm of Swords, Martell is described as a master of poisons: “Who knows more of poison than the Red Viper of Dorne, after all?” and he tells Tyrion, ominously, “Your father may not live forever.” When Tyrion confronts his father in the season four finale, Tywin is hunched over the toilet, which Collins points to as proof he has been poisoned with Widow’s Blood, which the book describes as shutting “down a man’s bladder and bowels, until he drowns in his own poisons.”

7. THEON MURDERED HIS OWN CHILD.

In season two, shortly after taking Winterfell, Theon murders two children and passes the bodies off as Bran and Rickon Stark. In the fifth book, A Dance With Dragons, Theon thinks about how he had slept with the murdered boys’ mother: “Theon did not want to think about their mother. He had known the miller’s wife for years, had even bedded her. Big heavy breasts with wide dark nipples, a sweet mouth, a merry laugh.” Because Theon would have only been 12 when the first child was born, many fans think that the younger of the two boys was actually Theon’s child, making him a kinslayer. This would also explain Theon’s bad luck since taking Winterfell, as the gods are likely punishing him for his crime.

8. ROOSE BOLTON IS IMMORTAL.

Known as “Bolt-On,” a theory originally posted by Reddit user maj312 argues that Roose Bolton, the man most famous for stabbing Robb Stark, is actually an immortal face thief. “How he achieved this, I’m not sure,” maj312 writes: 

One theory that I like is that the Bolton line began when the Night’s King and an Other had a half human child. That child grew to an adult, but then ceased to age. How could this strange creature continue its existence while living in the world of men? It must pretend. It must be cautious. It must look to live and die and give birth to heirs, like men do. And when it has lived 50 or 60 years, not long enough for its unlined face and dark hair to draw too much attention, it flays a son with pale, pale eyes, and assumes his identity.

According to this theory, Roose was the one who killed Domeric because Domeric had the wrong eye color. But Ramsay was spared because of his blue eyes, and is going to be killed and skinned later.

9. TYWIN LOVES PROSTITUTES.

In the first book, A Game of Thrones, Tyrion asks Varys, ”How is it a brothel happens to have a secret entrance?” to which Varys replies, “The tunnel was dug for another King’s hand, whose honor would not allow him to enter such a house openly.” Many fans believe that Varys is referring to Tywin Lannister. In the third book, A Storm of Swords (and in the show’s season four finale), Shae, a whore—and, for a while, Tyrion’s lady friend—is found in Tywin’s bed. Fans believe this to be proof that Tywin harbors a secret appreciation for prostitutes, which he has kept hidden from the rest of Westeros. This also explains why Tywin resents Tyrion so much, as Tywin sees many of his own flaws in his son.

10. DRAGONGLASS IS DRAGON POOP.

In the show’s second season, Samwell Tarly finds a stash of Dragonglass weapons, which can be used to kill White Walkers. (In the books, it’s Jon Snow who discovers the dragonglass arrowheads, beyond the Wall at the Fist of the First Man.) But where did these weapons come from? Many fans believe Dragonglass is simply obsidian, but a theory from Reddit user The_Others_Take_Ya argues that these weapons are actually frozen clumps of dragon poop. While burrowing through the ground, dragons consume large amounts of sand which, according to the theory, heats up and forms into glass within the dragon’s fiery stomach. “What happens when you combine silica/quartz sand with heat? GLASS,” the theorist explains. “So I think they poop molten glass that solidifies and hardens and said glass is their byproduct, filled with the magical substance that gives them the ability to belch fire. Once they’ve 'eliminated' the waste from their system, the molten glass hardens and cools outside of their warm bodies.”

This piece originally ran in April 2015.

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20 Things You Might Not Have Known About I Love Lucy
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Wikimedia Commons // Public Domain 

When I Love Lucy premiered on October 15, 1951, no one could have predicted that it would become one of television’s most beloved and enduring programs of all time. But a combination of innovative filming techniques, the dogged perfectionism of star Lucille Ball, top-notch writing, the “can do” attitude of the production staff, and the business savvy of Desi Arnaz, I Love Lucy topped the Nielsen ratings for four out of its six seasons and picked up a handful of Emmys along the way. And even though the show’s main stars couldn’t stay married to one another (Lucy and Desi divorced in 1960, after 20 years of marriage), they remained the best of friends. As Desi would proclaim until his dying day, “I Love Lucy was never just a title.”

1. CBS DIDN’T THINK AMERICANS WOULD BUY THAT LUCY WAS MARRIED TO A “FOREIGN” MAN.

When CBS approached Lucille Ball with the offer of turning her popular radio show My Favorite Husband into a television show, she was agreeable with one condition: that her real-life husband, Desi Arnaz, would be cast in the role of her spouse (played on the radio by Richard Denning). The network balked—there was no way that American viewers would accept average housewife Liz Cooper (her character’s name on the radio series) being married to a “foreign” man with an indecipherable accent. Never mind the fact that Lucy and Desi had been married more than a decade; such a “mixed” marriage was unbelievable.

2. LUCY AND DESI HAD TO TAKE THEIR SHOW ON THE ROAD TO CONVINCE THE NETWORK BRASS.

Arnaz had a successful career touring the country with his rhumba band, which was one of the reasons Lucille wanted him to get cast as her TV husband—to keep him off the road and close to home. In an effort to show the network (and potential sponsors) that they could work together as a comedy team, they crafted a sort of vaudevillian skit that was inserted into the middle of performances by the Desi Arnaz Orchestra during a tour in the summer of 1950. The audiences roared over Lucille’s antics and her interaction with Desi as she interrupted his band’s concert confusedly, cello in hand, thinking she had an audition scheduled. The “Professor” skit not only convinced the network powers that be that the couple could, in fact, be convincing as husband and wife—it also was such a hit that it was incorporated into episode six of I Love Lucy’s first season.

3. THE SHOW BROKE GROUND IN SEVERAL WAYS, SIMPLY BECAUSE THE ARNAZES WOULDN’T MOVE TO NEW YORK.

Lucille and Desi wanted to work in Los Angeles, near their home and their new baby daughter Lucie. But in 1951 the majority of television shows were broadcast from New York, and that’s where sponsor Philip Morris wanted their show to originate as well. In those days the U.S. wasn’t wired for television from coast-to-coast; shows broadcast live could only be transmitted so far. As a result, such shows were preserved on kinescopes (a movie camera aimed at a TV monitor that recorded the show in negligible quality) and shipped to distant stations.

Philip Morris objected to I Love Lucy being performed in California and the kinescopes sent to New York; their biggest cigarette market was up and down the east coast and they wanted the best TV picture quality for that area. Desi Arnaz suggested that the show be filmed with three cameras, like a stage play, which would provide the same quality picture for every market. But multi-cameras had never been used on a situation comedy before, and there were many obstacles involved, not the least of which was accommodating a live studio audience (Desi knew that Lucille worked best when she got immediate audience feedback).

Desi hired legendary cinematographer Karl Freund to help solve the dilemma, and along with writer-producer Jess Oppenheimer and director Marc Daniels, they built a set, and the necessary filming equipment was strategically placed. CBS balked at the additional expense involved in this undertaking, so Arnaz struck a deal: he and Lucille would take a large cut in their salaries and their company, Desilu Productions, would retain ownership of the films in exchange. The enduring high quality of the 35 millimeter film was part of the reason that I Love Lucy became so popular in rerun syndication, and Desilu’s 100 percent ownership of the series made Lucille and Desi the first millionaire TV stars.

4. ONLY LUCY WAS ALLOWED TO MAKE FUN OF RICKY’S FRACTURED ENGLISH.

After a few episodes were filmed, it became an unwritten rule that only Lucy would ever poke fun at her husband’s pronunciation problems. The writers had allowed other characters to make remarks, but in each case the “joke” was met with stony silence from the studio audience. For some reason, it seemed cruel when anyone other than Lucy “mucked” Ricky’s English.

5. SMOKING WAS REQUIRED ON-CAMERA.

I Love Lucy almost never made it to the air because CBS had trouble securing a sponsor for the show. Finally tobacco giant Philip Morris signed on at the 11th hour. As a result, lots of smoking was featured in each episode, and the name “Philip Morris” was worked into the dialogue whenever plausible. There was, however, one small problem: Lucille Ball was a Chesterfield girl. She eventually overcame this little hurdle by having a stagehand stuff any on-camera Philip Morris packs full of Chesterfield cigarettes.

6. WILLIAM FRAWLEY WAS FAR FROM THE FIRST CHOICE TO PLAY FRED MERTZ.

Lucille Ball was eager to have Gale Gordon, whom she’d worked with on her My Favorite Husband radio show, play crusty neighbor and landlord Fred Mertz. But Gordon, who had a steady gig at the time on the Our Miss Brooks radio program, asked for more money than Desilu had to offer. Character actor William Frawley knew Ball in passing (they’d met back in the 1940s) and phoned her personally when he read about her upcoming TV show in the trade papers to inquire if there might be a part for him. CBS and Philip Morris were wary of hiring Frawley, who had a reputation for being a heavy drinker. But Arnaz (no stranger to the bottle himself) thought that Frawley was just curmudgeonly enough to bring Fred Mertz to life. He met Frawley for lunch at Nickodell’s on Melrose Avenue and offered him the role with the proviso that if he missed work for any reason other than legitimate illness, he’d be written out of the show.

7. DORIS ZIFFEL WAS ALMOST ETHEL MERTZ.

Lucille had worked with Bea Benaderet in radio and wanted her to play Ethel Mertz. But Benaderet had just signed on to play Blanche Morton on the TV version of The Burns and Allen Show and was unavailable. Barbara Pepper was a personal friend of Ball’s, and the two had worked in films together, so she was the next serious consideration for the role. Pepper was the right age and body type to play Ethel, but she was also a known alcoholic and the network nixed her after Frawley was hired; two heavy drinkers in the main cast was too risky. I Love Lucy had already gone into early rehearsals by the time director Marc Daniels saw Vivian Vance performing in a play at the La Jolla Playhouse and recommended her to Arnaz. Pepper did play background characters on several I Love Lucy episodes and would go on to land the role of Doris Ziffel on Green Acres.

8. THE “MERTZES” DESPISED ONE ANOTHER OFF-CAMERA.

Vivian Vance was 22 years younger than her TV husband and resented having such an “old poop” play her spouse. Frawley responded in kind, referring to her variously as “that sack of doorknobs” or just plain “b*tch.” But all that animosity was strictly behind the scenes and known mostly only to the series’ writers and directors. Frawley and Vance were savvy enough to not jeopardize their jobs on TV’s most successful show by openly airing their mutual hostility. Even co-workers like Keith Thibodeaux (Little Ricky, a.k.a. Richard Keith) and Roy Rowan (the show’s announcer), who were on the set daily, had no idea that things were less than cuddly between the two actors until years after I Love Lucy ceased production.

9. DESI ARNAZ HAD LIFTS IN HIS SHOES (AND HIS LOVESEAT).

Arnaz listed his height as 5’11” in most official biographies, but those who worked with him knew that in reality he was 5’9” and wore four-inch lifts in his shoes. Lucille Ball stood 5’7” in her stocking feet, and when she wore heels she seemed to tower over her husband. Desi Arnaz Jr. would later explain to an interviewer that his father “was a Cuban with a Latin male’s pride,” which is why it was important to him to be taller than his wife. A dual-purpose, subtle additional cushion (undetectable by the viewing audience) was added to the Ricardos’ loveseat so that Ricky would be taller than Lucy while seated, and would also give him the extra boost needed to gracefully rise from a sitting position up onto his elevator shoes.

10. ARNAZ FLATLY REJECTED A SCENE THAT INVOLVED RICKY CHEATING ON HIS TAXES.

Desi Arnaz was an unabashed believer in the American Dream and was very patriotic when it came to his adopted homeland. Desi was 17 years old when Fulgencio Batista overthrew the Cuban government and the Arnaz family fled to Miami with little more than the clothes they were wearing. The family lived in a warehouse with some other refugees and Desi got a job cleaning birdcages for a man whole sold canaries to pet stores. As he said during his acceptance speech on Ed Sullivan’s Toast of the Town in 1954, “From cleaning canary cages to this night in New York is a long ways. And I don’t think there’s any other country in the world that could give you that opportunity.” So when a scene in original script in the episode “Lucy Tells the Truth” called for Ricky to fudge some numbers on his income tax return, Arnaz refused to play it and asked the writers to remove it. He didn’t want the audience to think that Ricky would cheat the U.S. government.

11. THE CANDY LADY WAS A BIG DIPPER IN REAL LIFE.

“Job Switching” (often referred to as “The Candy Factory Episode”) has long been a fan favorite, particularly the scene where Lucy and Ethel are stuffing their faces and clothing with chocolates while trying to keep up with a speedy conveyor belt. The previous scene featured Lucy hand-dipping chocolates with a real-life dipper that stage manager Herb Browar found at See’s Candies on Santa Monica Boulevard.

Amanda Milligan had never seen I Love Lucy (she watched wrestling on Monday nights), but Browar hired her anyway; he thought her deadpan expression would make her the perfect straight woman for Lucille to react to. During rehearsals Lucille was worried that the scene just wasn’t going to be funny on film because Milligan seemed hesitant to hit her in the face as the script specified. When the cameras were rolling, Milligan hauled off and smacked Lucille so hard that Ball feared her nose had been broken. Despite her pain and ringing ears Ball didn’t call for a “cut” because she did not want to have to do another take! During a break in filming Lucille asked Milligan “So, how do you like working in show business?” An unsmiling Milligan, who’d spent eight hours per day for the past 30 years putting swirls on chocolates, replied, “I’ve never been so bored in my life.”

12. LUCILLE WAS TOO STRESSED TO APPRECIATE THE HUMOR IN ONE OF HER MOST POPULAR EPISODES.

Another fan favorite was, interestingly, not one of Ball’s favorite episodes. It wasn’t until “Lucy Does a TV Commercial” was voted tops in many viewer polls over the years that she acknowledged that it was a funny episode. During filming, she was too nervous and worried about messing up her lines (imagine having to say “Vitameatavegamin” that many times during a spiel) to appreciate the humor.

Ball was many things, including a great physical comedienne, but one thing she was not was an improviser or extemporaneous speaker. Every slurred word of her drunken Vitameatavegamin pitch was in the script. Lucille even came up with a backup plan, lest she forget her lines: she had script supervisor Maury Thompson made up and placed off-side in front of her podium holding up her lines (there were no cue cards on the I Love Lucy set), much like a real commercial setting.

By the way, that stuff Lucy was pouring onto the spoon was apple pectin.

13. BECAUSE THE SHOW WAS FILMED IN FRONT OF AN AUDIENCE, THEY HESITATED TO YELL “CUT” AND RESHOOT SCENES.

As a result, the occasional blooper was left in and sort of papered-over. One classic example occurred in “Redecorating the Mertz’s Apartment,” at the breakfast table when Lucy is musing aloud about how to repair both the Mertz’s marriage and their tacky apartment. See how Desi saves the scene after she mistakenly says “paint the furniture and reupholster the old furniture:”

14. LUCILLE’S PREGNANCY CREATED PANIC BEHIND THE SCENES.

During season two, Ball discovered that she was pregnant. While the Arnazes were overjoyed (Lucille had previously suffered three miscarriages before giving birth to daughter Lucie in July 1951), they were also concerned about the fate of their hit series. Other than the late 1940s sitcom Mary Kay and Johnny (which also starred a real-life married couple), a visibly pregnant female had never starred on a TV series. It would be impossible to conceal Lucille’s condition because, as Desi told the network, “she got as big as a house when she was carrying Lucie.”

Eventually, the network agreed to write Ball’s pregnancy into the show, and Desi hired a local Catholic priest, a minister, and a rabbi to sit in while each episode was filmed to determine whether there was anything objectionable. CBS deemed that the word “pregnant” was vulgar, so it was replaced with “expecting” (or, as Ricky pronounced it, “‘spectin’”). The scene at the Tropicana, where Lucy finally breaks the news to Ricky, was genuinely emotional for the actors, who both started crying and Desi had to be prompted “sing the baby song!” Director William Asher reshot that scene, but decided that the raw emotion in the original take made for a more poignant moment and used it.

15. LITTLE RICKY AND DESI ARNAZ JR. WERE BORN ON THE SAME DAY.

The Arnazes already knew that Lucille would give birth via Caesarian section when her time came (as that was how Lucie had been delivered), and Ball’s obstetrician regularly scheduled all his C-sections on Mondays. As luck would have it, I Love Lucy aired on Monday nights, so with the pregnancy episodes timed just so, Ball went to the hospital the same night that Lucy Ricardo did.

What the Arnazes did not know in advance, however, was the gender of their pending bundle of joy. I Love Lucy head writer Jess Oppenheimer had decided that the Ricardos would have a boy, so when Desi Arnaz Jr. was born, Desi Sr. joyfully called Jess to announce proudly, “Lucy followed your script! Ain’t she something?!” (By the way, a record-breaking 71.7 percent of American televisions were tuned in that Monday night to see the Ricardo baby, which topped the number of folks who watched Dwight D. Eisenhower get sworn in as President the following day.)

16. LUCILLE TRULY SUFFERED FOR THAT ICONIC GRAPE-STOMPING EPISODE.

“Lucy’s Italian Movie” faced a variety of obstacles. First was getting a vineyard to donate the necessary grapes for stomping. The company that ultimately agreed did so with the proviso that it must be mentioned in the script that foot-pressing was an outmoded method of making wine in Italy. Next was the local extra cast to wrestle Lucille in the grape vat; Teresa Tirelli didn’t speak any English and an interpreter had to explain the scene to her. Apparently something was lost in the translation because Tirelli didn’t grasp that this was supposed to be a filmed-from-the-waist-up fake fight and she literally held Lucille’s head under the grape mush until the star very nearly drowned. And even though the show was broadcast in black and white, Ball, Arnaz, and the production staff were sticklers for detail so a formula for a purplish/blue dye had to be worked out that would properly tint Lucille’s flesh and hair without irritating her skin or reacting with the chemicals used to keep her permed locks that famous henna color for that final scene.

17. LUCILLE EXASPERATED GUEST STAR HARPO MARX.

Ball was a long-time admirer of Harpo Marx, but when it came to actually working with him, she was unprepared for his “never the same way twice” approach to his comedy routines. In the Hollywood episode where she was required to mirror his moves, she insisted on incessant rehearsals to get the bit just right. But Harpo’s attitude was “I’ve done this bit for 35 years, why do I need so much rehearsal?” In the end, this was one of the few instances where the scene was re-shot several times after the studio audience had left and was later pieced together by editor Dann Cahn.

18. THE LONGEST LAUGH ON THE SHOW LASTED 65 SECONDS.

When Lucy hid dozens of eggs and then danced the tango with Ricky (resulting in the inevitable blouse full of scrambled yolks), the audience roared for so long that ultimately some of the laughter had to be edited out in the final film. Neither Ball nor Vance had used eggs during rehearsals so that their onscreen reactions would be more genuine when the shells cracked and the albumen slimed its way down their flesh.

19. ARNAZ REQUIRED AS MUCH REALISM AS POSSIBLE, NO MATTER THE COST OR DIFFICULTY.

No matter how wacky the situation, Arnaz tried hard to maintain some veracity, thinking that that the audience would believe it (and thus find it more humorous) if the actors believed it. So when a scene in “Pioneer Women” required an eight-foot-long loaf of bread to pop out of the oven, the producers found a New York bakery willing to bake one. (It was rye bread, by the way, and when filming was finished it was cut up and served to the audience.) Likewise, in “Deep Sea Fishing” when Ricky and Fred entered into a bet with Lucy and Ethel to see who could catch the biggest fish, two 100-plus pound tunas were purchased at San Francisco’s Fisherman’s Wharf, packed in ice into child-sized coffins and air-shipped to Hollywood.

20. THE “UH-OH” LADY HEARD IN THE STUDIO AUDIENCE WAS LUCILLE’S MOM.

Quite often when Lucy Ricardo was stepping into a precarious situation, a woman in the audience could be heard uttering “uh-oh.” That was Dede Ball, who attended every taping and tended to get wrapped up in the proceedings. I Love Lucy sound engineer Glen Glenn was the co-founder of Glen Glenn Sound, and in the 1960s and ‘70s his company was one of the leading providers of laugh tracks, or canned laughter, to TV sitcoms. Many of the yuks used in their recordings were culled from I Love Lucy and The Red Skelton Show, which is why Dede’s “uh-oh” could be heard years later on shows she’d never seen, much less been in attendance.

Additional Sources:
A Book, by Desi Arnaz The Lucy Book, by Geoffrey Mark Fidelman Meet the Mertzes, by Ron Edelman and Audrey Kupferberg The “I Love Lucy” Book, by Bart Andrews Lucy & Ricky & Fred & Ethel: The Story of I Love Lucy, by Bart Andrews Laughs, Luck….and Lucy, by Jess Oppenheimer

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Michael Loccisano / Getty Images
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Steven Spielberg’s Anthology Series Amazing Stories Is Being Rebooted for Apple
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Michael Loccisano / Getty Images

Steven Spielberg may be best known for his Oscar-winning work as a film director, but he’s also put forth some prestige television shows. His best known example, Amazing Stories—which ran from 1985 to 1987—offered a lighter take on a fantasy/sci-fi anthology series for a post-Twilight Zone world. Now, The Wall Street Journal reports that the program is being revived for Apple, with Bryan Fuller (Pushing Daisies, Hannibal, American Gods) being tapped to lead the project.

After making a deal with Amblin Entertainment, Spielberg’s production company, Apple announced it will release a 10-episode season of the rebooted series with each episode telling a new story in the genres of fantasy, horror, or science fiction. Fuller will act as both showrunner and executive producer. A release date has yet to be announced.

Amazing Stories will mark Apple's first foray into original content, joining other producers of streaming-only shows like Netflix and Hulu. And with a budget of $5 million per episode, Apple appears to be tackling the program just like any major network would.

When Amazing Stories, named after the early science fiction pulp magazine, debuted in 1985, it was praised for packing Spielberg’s cinematic flair into 30-minute packages. Big names like Martin Scorsese, John Williams, Clint Eastwood, and Brad Bird all contributed to the original project. Details as to who might be on board for the revival are still pending.

[h/t The Wall Street Journal]

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