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11 Essential Talking Points on NBA Jam

For those of a certain generation, the thought of basketball players flipping thirty feet in the air and shooting literal fireballs into smoking hoops isn't odd—it's the most natural thing in the world. That's thanks to NBA Jam, which was originally released in 1993 and quickly became the most popular arcade game of all time.

Here are some little-known facts about the game that had you and all your friends screaming "Boomshakalaka!" until the arcade closed.

1. It Started Out As A Standard Sports Game

Based on Midway’s previous (non-NBA licensed) game Arch Rivals, NBA Jam began as a straightforward 2-on-2 basketball simulator. It wasn’t until creator Mark Turmell began fiddling with the slam dunk sequences that the game got its trademark, gravity-defying jams. “I didn't even intend to do anything over the top,” Turmell recalled to ESPN The Magazine. “I put in the velocity and the height, and it looked cool, then I kept going higher until it was clearly unrealistic but still entertaining. Once that happened, we completely shifted the focus of the game.”

2. It Was Designed Quickly

It took Turmell and his team of designers just 10 months to make the first version of the game. They finished two months ahead of schedule in order to secure a 20% royalty bonus.

3. It Was Supposed To Include Different Camera Angles

Midway made the above video in 1992 as part of their pitch to the NBA in order to secure licensing. In it, they tease two features that never made it into the actual arcade game. When players dunked, the camera angle was originally supposed to switch to a vantage point behind the action. Also, on breakaways, the perspective was going to assume the character’s point of view as they sprinted to the hoop.

4. The Bulls Were Programmed to Choke

Turmell, a Detroit Pistons fan, gave his team an advantage when they played the arch-rival Chicago Bulls in the original arcade version of the game. “When the Bulls played the Pistons [and] there was a close game and anyone on the Bulls took a last second shot, we wrote special code in the game so that they would average out to be bricks,” Turmell revealed.

5. The NBA Got $100 For Every Arcade Machine Sold

Midway had to work hard to obtain licensing from the NBA. The league was initially reluctant to associate its brand with arcades, which NBA executives viewed as seedy locales. When the game developers finally convinced the league to come aboard, the agreement included a $100-per-machine royalty.

6. It Made Almost $1 Billion In Quarters In Its First Year

Reports pegged its revenue at a little over $900 million. There were over 20,000 machines, and some machines made over $2,000 a week. (One unit holds the world record amount for money made over one week: $2,468.)

7. A Version Exists That Features Both Michael Jordan And Gary Payton (On The Same Team)

Ever protective of his brand, Jordan wouldn’t agree to licensing terms for NBA Jam and was absent from the game. Gary Payton also wasn’t a featured player, as programmers selected Shawn Kemp and Benoit Benjamin (and later Detlef Schrempf, for the console version) to represent the Seattle Supersonics. Mark Turmell recalls making a special version featuring both those players after Gary Payton asked him to:

“One day, I got a phone call from a distributor out on the west coast who told me that Gary Payton was willing to pay whatever it cost to get into the game. So we told him what to do in terms of taking photographs, so he sent in photographs of himself and Jordan, saying, ‘We want to be in the game, hook us up.’ So we actually did a special version of the game and gave both players all-star, superstar stats. There are only a handful of these machines, but Jordan and Payton did end up being in one version of the game.”

8. Shaquille O’Neal Took An 'NBA Jam' Unit With Him Wherever He Went

Shaq loved the game so much that he bought two full arcade units—one for home, and one that was shipped around the country as he traveled so he could play in his hotel rooms.

9. The Narration Was Rushed

NBA Jam's iconic commentary and catchphrases (written by composer Jon Hey) had to be read by first-time video game voice actor Tim Kitzerow as quickly as possible. ”There was such limited space on those machines,” Kitzerow told IGN, “that we literally had to go over, ten or fifteen times, something like ‘He's on fire!’ as fast as we could until it was ‘H’s o'fire!’...I think that it was, well, just not very good. But it was only because of the restrictions.”

These quick-fire reads didn’t prevent Kitzerow's exclamations from becoming some of the most repeated catchphrases of the '90s, eventually permeating pop culture and entering the traditional sportscaster’s lexicon.

10. The NBA Nixed A Gory Hidden Court

Twitter // @noobde

NBA Jam is famous for its hidden characters like Bill Clinton and Frank Thomas, but there was also supposed to be an unlockable court designed to look like a Mortal Kombat level (Mortal Kombat was also a Midway-designed game). The "Kourt," which had a hoop made of bones and featured a bloody skull as the ball, was vetoed by the NBA.

11. Its Creator Says The Game Has A Haunting Glitch

Croatian NBA star Dražen Petrović tragically died in a car accident in 1993. He was initially put in the game, but his likeness couldn't be removed in time before it shipped. Here, Mark Turmell told ESPN the Magazine about an eerie glitch that was discovered shortly thereafter:

"One night we were playing Mortal Kombat and there was a Jam machine next to it, and all of a sudden the game started calling out 'Petrovic!' 'Petrovic!' And this only happened after Petrovic had died. Everyone started freaking out. Something weird was going on with the software, and to this day, if you have an original 'NBA Jam' machine every once in a while it will just yell out 'Petrovic!'"

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Brain Training Could Help Combat Hearing Loss, Study Suggests
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Contrary to what you might think, the hearing loss that accompanies getting older isn't entirely about your ears. Studies have found that as people get older, the parts of their brain that process speech slow down, and it becomes especially difficult to isolate one voice in a noisy environment. New research suggests there may be a way to help older people hear better: brain training.

The Verge reports that a new double-blind study published in Current Biology suggests that a video game could help older people improve their hearing ability. Though the study was too small to be conclusive, the results are notable in the wake of several large studies in the past few years that found that the brain-training games on apps like Luminosity don't improve cognitive skills in the real world. Most research on brain training games has found that while you might get better at the game, you probably won't be able to translate that skill to your real life.

In the current study, the researchers recruited 24 older adults, all of whom were long-term hearing-aid users, for eight weeks of video game training. The average age was 70. Musical training has been associated with stronger audio perception, so half of the participants were asked to play a game that asked them to identify subtle changes in tones—like you would hear in a piece of music—in order to piece together a puzzle, and the other half played a placebo game designed to test their memory. In the former, as the levels got more difficult, the background noise got louder. The researchers compare the task to a violinist tuning out the rest of the orchestra in order to listen to just their own instrument.

After eight weeks of playing their respective games around three-and-a-half hours a week, the group that played the placebo memory game didn't perform any better on a speech perception test that asked participants to identify sentences or words amid competing voices. But those who played the tone-changing puzzle game saw significant improvement in their ability to process speech in noise conditions close to what you'd hear in an average restaurant. The tone puzzle group were able to accurately identify 25 percent more words against loud background noise than before their training.

The training was more successful for some participants than others, and since this is only one small study, it's possible that as this kind of research progresses, researchers might find a more effective game design for this purpose. But the study shows that in specific instances, brain training games can benefit users. This kind of game can't eliminate the need for hearing aids, but it can help improve speech recognition in situations where hearing aids often fail (e.g., when there is more than one voice speaking). However, once the participants stopped playing the game for a few months, their gains disappeared, indicating that it would have to be a regular practice.

[h/t The Verge]

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This Game About Soup Highlights How Tricky Language Is
Something Something Soup Something
Something Something Soup Something

Soup, defined by Merriam-Webster as "a liquid food especially with a meat, fish, or vegetable stock as a base and often containing pieces of solid food," is the ultimate simple comfort food. But if you look closer at the definition, you'll notice it's surprisingly vague. Is ramen soup? What about gumbo? Is a soy vanilla latte actually a type of three-bean soup? The subjectivity of language makes this simple food category a lot more complicated than it seems.

That’s the inspiration behind Something Something Soup Something, a new video game that has players label dishes as either soup or not soup. According to Waypoint, Italian philosopher, architect, and game designer Stefano Gualeni created the game after traveling the world asking people what constitutes soup. After interviewing candidates of 23 different nationalities, he concluded that the definition of soup "depends on the region, historical period, and the person with whom you're speaking."

Gualeni took this real-life confusion and applied it to a sci-fi setting. In Something Something Soup Something, you play as a low-wage extra-terrestrial worker in the year 2078 preparing meals for human clientele. Your job is to determine which dishes pass as "soup" and can be served to the hungry guests while avoiding any items that may end up poisoning them. Options might include "rocks with celery and batteries in a cup served with chopsticks" or a "foamy liquid with a candy cane and a cooked egg served in a bowl with a fork."

The five-minute game is meant to be tongue-in-cheek, but Gualeni also hopes to get people thinking about real philosophical questions. According to its description page, the game is meant to reveal "that even a familiar, ordinary concept like 'soup' is vague, shifting, and impossible to define exhaustively."

You can try out Something Something Soup Something for free on your browser.

[h/t Waypoint]

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