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15 Tales of Female Ghosts

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Believe in them or not, the stories of these female ghosts live on. But whether born of folklore or a historical tragedy, each of these ladies has a haunting tale.

1. Anne Boleyn

After King Henry VIII successfully broke from his first wife, he made Boleyn his second, and she became the Queen of England in 1533. However, Boleyn's reign was short because she failed to produce a male heir, which turned her once-loving husband against her. She was beheaded at the Tower of London on May 19th, 1536 and, since then, people have claimed to see her ghost not only at the location of her death, but also at Hever Castle, Blickling Hall, Salle Church, and Marwell Hall. The most chilling tale of her appearance tells of a guard at the Tower of London who was approached by a "whitish, female figure." Panicked, the man stabbed his bayonet at the spirit before fainting from fear.

2. Bloody Mary

Dare you stand before a mirror and call her name thrice, she'll appear. The folklore involving this ghost varies. Some believe she was a witch from the notorious Salem trials. Others claim she was the victim of a grisly murder by a stranger or lover. Still others believe her to be Mary I, Queen of England, damned for her persecution of the Protestants. Even whether or not she's a dangerous spirit in the first place is a matter of debate. To test for yourself, shut off the lights. Take a candle into your bathroom, and give Mary a call. If you dare.

3. Kuchisake-onna

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A freaky figure from Japan's urban legends is this terrifying spirit, whose name translates to "Slit-Mouthed Woman." Rumors of her first surfaced in the late 1970s. Her mouth is said to be sliced open from ear to ear, and she appears solely to chase and torment children. At first she hides her deformity with the help of a surgical mask, but when she finds a child alone she pulls the mask away and asks if they find her beautiful. It's said that if they say no she will slash at them with scissors. But if they say yes, she will slice their faces from ear to ear to resemble her own. Fear of this figure grew so intense that children would travel home from school in groups for safety.

4. The Headless Nun

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This ghost is said to roam about in Canada's French Fort Cove, lonely and seeking her lost head. In Doug Underhill's Miramichi Tales Tall & True, he places her origins in the 1700s, when noble French women were sent to Canada to join convents. But this poor nun met a tragic end when she came across either a deranged fur trapper or a pair of sailors merciless in their search for treasure. Either way, the story ends the same way, with the nun's head lopped off and the rest of her beginning a never-ceasing search to make herself whole once more.

5. The White Lady

There are many ghosts all over the world who are called "The White Lady." In medieval England, she was believed to appear as an omen of death. In Scotland, she was rumored to have been the lost soul of a suicidal girl who threw herself out of a tower. In Malta, she lept from a balcony to escape an undesired marriage. In the Philippines and in Portugal she died in a car accident. White Ladies linger in castles all over the United Kingdom. In the U.S., her white dress is often believed to be a bridal gown for a wedding that would never take place. Other White Ladies are said to be searching for lost children or deceased husbands, or else they are damned to walk the earth for killing an unwanted child.

6. The Grey Lady

There are plenty of stories about apparitions dubbed The Grey Lady popping up in Wales, Scotland, New Zealand, and even Evansville, Indiana. But the English legend of Dudley Castle's Grey Lady got new life recently when a photograph snapped by a tourist appeared to have captured the lady who is believed to have haunted the place for centuries. Having been built in 1071, the castle has had its fair share of residents, and it is said to be haunted by many spirits—chief of which is the Grey Lady. She is believed to be Dorothy Beaumont, who died shortly after giving birth to a stillborn daughter. Her story claims she wanders the castle looking for her husband and baby, both of whom she called for on her deathbed to no avail.

7. The Brown Lady of Raynham Hall

Believed to be the spirit of Lady Dorothy Walpole, this ghost is so named for the brown brocade dress she has been spotted wearing. She was the wife of Whig statesman Viscount Charles Townshend and lived in the posh country house Raynham Hall, but her life there was one of misery. Her husband was notorious for his bad temper, and when he discovered his wife's infidelity, he imprisoned her in the house they shared. She died there of smallpox in 1726, and the first recorded sighting of her ghost came on Christmas 1835. The following year she so frightened one burly visitor that he fired a gun into her ghostly face. She vanished, but has been spotted since in 1926 and 1936, when a photographer claims he snapped a picture of her as she descended the stairs towards him.

8. The Red Lady of Huntingdon College

In her book 13 Alabama Ghosts and Jeffrey, Kathryn Tucker Windham tells a tragic story of an outsider named Martha, who reluctantly came from New York to Huntingdon College because it was the alma mater of her grandmother. Said to have been a shy girl, the boldest thing about her was her love of the color red, which she draped about her bedroom in blankets, curtains, rugs, and knickknacks. Failing to make friends, she became increasingly withdrawn and eventually began wandering to the doorways of others' dorms, staring in at night without saying a word. It's a pattern she's said to repeat to this day, after having swathed herself in her red blanket and slit her wrists in her room.

9. The Blue Lady

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In California, the Moss Beach Distillery Café claims to be the home of a ghost in a blue dress. As her story goes, she was a young married woman of the Prohibition era who fell for a handsome pianist who played at the café. One night while walking the beach, they were attacked, and she was killed. Those who work at the café claim she still wanders through, looking for her lost lover, and they cite mysterious phone calls, levitating objects, and locked rooms. Her story has been featured on Unsolved Mysteries and Ghost Hunters, but the latter declaried that the Blue Lady legend was bunk. The Café has issued a respectful response titled, "A Visit Does Not An Investigation Make."

10. Screaming Jenny

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A dark tale of West Virginia is that of Jenny, a poor woman reduced to living in a shack near some train tracks. One night, Jenny was huddled near the fire, trying to keep warm while she ravenously gobbled up the meager food she'd acquired. This is when her skirt caught fire. She couldn't put herself out, and so ran down the tracks toward the station, screaming for help. But in her panic, she didn't see the train coming. She was buried in a pauper's grave, and might have been forgotten were it not for her return on the anniversary of her death. She's said to appear in a ball of flame, tearing down the train tracks screaming.

11. The Bell Witch

Named for the family she is believed to have tormented, this poltergeist was once known as Kate Batts. In 1800s Tennessee, she'd had a land dispute with neighbor John Bell Sr., and became notorious for her bad behavior towards him. But things got worse once she died. His children were attacked in their sleep by unseen hands, household objects moved on their own, and a séance revealed it all to be caused by Batts. The story goes that her ghost went on to poison Mr. Bell, and at his funeral her voice could be heard singing a drinking song. Today, her presence is less feared and more a tourist attraction.

12. Dolley Madison

The wife of President James Madison, Dolley is often credited with transforming Washington, D.C. from swamp to a civilized destination to see and be seen. She was known for her winsome spirit, vibrant parties, and for taking exceptional pride in how her tastes shaped the interior design and landscapes of the White House. Dolley is said to have continued the house's upkeep, even after death. Legend has it that during Woodrow Wilson's presidency, his second wife Edith dared to demand the Rose Garden be ripped up, but every time a gardener drew near the place, Dolley would appear to shoo them away. Since her death in 1849, she's also been spotted rocking in a chair on the porch of The Cutts-Madison House, where she lived after her tenure as First Lady ended.

13. Theodora Burr

The daughter of Vice President Aaron Burr and wife of South Carolina governor Joseph Alston, this 19th century lady was positioned for a life of luxury and ease, but sorrow plagued her. Raised in New York City, she struggled to adjust to life on her husband's mosquito-plagued country plantation. Her father was tried for treason, and she lost her only child from malaria when he was just ten years old. Deep in grief, she boarded a ship on New Year's Eve 1812 to visit her father in New York, but she'd never arrive; the ship was lost at sea with no trace. Since then, Theodora's ghost has been known to travel. She's been spotted by the Georgetown dock where she boarded the ill-fated vessel, near her old summer home in Debordieu, and strolling around the old Oaks Plantation, now renamed Brookgreen Gardens. Another version of her tale claims she washed up on shore with a portrait of herself, but no memory of who she was.

14. Madame Marie Delphine Lalaurie

Credited by some as America's first female serial killer, LaLaurie has left a dark stain on her New Orleans home. She was among the social elite of the city in the 1830s until a fire in 1834 revealed the horrible secrets she had locked within her house. When neighbors rushed into help, they followed screams to a locked door. Upon breaking it down they discovered a horror show of slaves, tortured, chained, and mutilated. An angry mob chased LaLaurie out of town, and corpses were reportedly uncovered under the house's floorboards. She died in 1849 in Paris, but some say her hideous acts have condemned her to walk the lands of her old home for all time. She's been spotted with a sneer and a whip, hovering over babies and children. Recently, she inspired a character on American Horror Story: Coven.

15. Olive Thomas

Having starred in the 1920 film that coined the phrase, Thomas was the original flapper. Her life was glamorous and included a stint as a Ziegfeld Follies showgirl and a marriage to Jack Pickford, brother of the movie star Mary Pickford. Her death came too soon, at age 25, when Thomas drank down the mercury bichloride that was intended to treat her husband's syphilis topically. Whether this was accidental—perhaps she thought it was illicit hooch—or intentionally suicidal was a matter of debate. But since then, Olive has been said to haunt the New Amsterdam Theater in New York City, where she once owned the spotlight. Thomas struts around in a green beaded costume that she wore as part of the Follies while clutching a blue bottle. She supposedly appears before men and flirts before she vanishes. She's been spotted so often by stagehands that a superstition has risen, claiming it's best to say, "Goodnight, Olive," as you leave so as not to snub the theater's long-time resident.

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Man Buys Two Metric Tons of LEGO Bricks; Sorts Them Via Machine Learning
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Jacques Mattheij made a small, but awesome, mistake. He went on eBay one evening and bid on a bunch of bulk LEGO brick auctions, then went to sleep. Upon waking, he discovered that he was the high bidder on many, and was now the proud owner of two tons of LEGO bricks. (This is about 4400 pounds.) He wrote, "[L]esson 1: if you win almost all bids you are bidding too high."

Mattheij had noticed that bulk, unsorted bricks sell for something like €10/kilogram, whereas sets are roughly €40/kg and rare parts go for up to €100/kg. Much of the value of the bricks is in their sorting. If he could reduce the entropy of these bins of unsorted bricks, he could make a tidy profit. While many people do this work by hand, the problem is enormous—just the kind of challenge for a computer. Mattheij writes:

There are 38000+ shapes and there are 100+ possible shades of color (you can roughly tell how old someone is by asking them what lego colors they remember from their youth).

In the following months, Mattheij built a proof-of-concept sorting system using, of course, LEGO. He broke the problem down into a series of sub-problems (including "feeding LEGO reliably from a hopper is surprisingly hard," one of those facts of nature that will stymie even the best system design). After tinkering with the prototype at length, he expanded the system to a surprisingly complex system of conveyer belts (powered by a home treadmill), various pieces of cabinetry, and "copious quantities of crazy glue."

Here's a video showing the current system running at low speed:

The key part of the system was running the bricks past a camera paired with a computer running a neural net-based image classifier. That allows the computer (when sufficiently trained on brick images) to recognize bricks and thus categorize them by color, shape, or other parameters. Remember that as bricks pass by, they can be in any orientation, can be dirty, can even be stuck to other pieces. So having a flexible software system is key to recognizing—in a fraction of a second—what a given brick is, in order to sort it out. When a match is found, a jet of compressed air pops the piece off the conveyer belt and into a waiting bin.

After much experimentation, Mattheij rewrote the software (several times in fact) to accomplish a variety of basic tasks. At its core, the system takes images from a webcam and feeds them to a neural network to do the classification. Of course, the neural net needs to be "trained" by showing it lots of images, and telling it what those images represent. Mattheij's breakthrough was allowing the machine to effectively train itself, with guidance: Running pieces through allows the system to take its own photos, make a guess, and build on that guess. As long as Mattheij corrects the incorrect guesses, he ends up with a decent (and self-reinforcing) corpus of training data. As the machine continues running, it can rack up more training, allowing it to recognize a broad variety of pieces on the fly.

Here's another video, focusing on how the pieces move on conveyer belts (running at slow speed so puny humans can follow). You can also see the air jets in action:

In an email interview, Mattheij told Mental Floss that the system currently sorts LEGO bricks into more than 50 categories. It can also be run in a color-sorting mode to bin the parts across 12 color groups. (Thus at present you'd likely do a two-pass sort on the bricks: once for shape, then a separate pass for color.) He continues to refine the system, with a focus on making its recognition abilities faster. At some point down the line, he plans to make the software portion open source. You're on your own as far as building conveyer belts, bins, and so forth.

Check out Mattheij's writeup in two parts for more information. It starts with an overview of the story, followed up with a deep dive on the software. He's also tweeting about the project (among other things). And if you look around a bit, you'll find bulk LEGO brick auctions online—it's definitely a thing!

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Here's How to Change Your Name on Facebook
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Whether you want to change your legal name, adopt a new nickname, or simply reinvent your online persona, it's helpful to know the process of resetting your name on Facebook. The social media site isn't a fan of fake accounts, and as a result changing your name is a little more complicated than updating your profile picture or relationship status. Luckily, Daily Dot laid out the steps.

Start by going to the blue bar at the top of the page in desktop view and clicking the down arrow to the far right. From here, go to Settings. This should take you to the General Account Settings page. Find your name as it appears on your profile and click the Edit link to the right of it. Now, you can input your preferred first and last name, and if you’d like, your middle name.

The steps are similar in Facebook mobile. To find Settings, tap the More option in the bottom right corner. Go to Account Settings, then General, then hit your name to change it.

Whatever you type should adhere to Facebook's guidelines, which prohibit symbols, numbers, unusual capitalization, and honorifics like Mr., Ms., and Dr. Before landing on a name, make sure you’re ready to commit to it: Facebook won’t let you update it again for 60 days. If you aren’t happy with these restrictions, adding a secondary name or a name pronunciation might better suit your needs. You can do this by going to the Details About You heading under the About page of your profile.

[h/t Daily Dot]

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