Do Polka Dots Have Anything to Do With Polka?


Sure, it’s a fun name, but is there a link between this spotted pattern and actual polka? The answer is a resounding “kind of.”

Let’s begin at the beginning. What we now call polka dots have been around for centuries and, over the years, they’ve gone by several aliases. In the mid-1800s, for example, little round spots were a common sight on Northern European dresses, prompting many Germans to call these circles thalertupfen after a similarly-sized coin dubbed the “thaler.” During that era, Deutschland and the continent at large were being swept away by a musical torrent of polkamania. This Czech export spread like wildfire, eventually reaching American shores somewhere around the 1860s.

So what’s the connection? In fashion—as in comedy—timing is everything. Halfway through the 19th century, dotted dresses and polka dancing were simultaneously surging. Therefore, most historians have concluded that the former were simply named after the latter by virtue of being trendy at the same time. However, the bond between them may actually be a bit more definite: Some gilded age polka clubs began encouraging their members to wear spotted garments as a kind of uniform.

Regardless of their origins, polka dots have had an enormous impact on popular culture, from Miss America 1926 and her speckled swimsuit to Winston Churchill’s charming bow-ties. Even Batman’s gone toe to toe with an obscure villain named “Mr. Polka Dot,” whose powers consist of plucking the blotches off his outfit and transforming them into various dastardly weapons (there’s no word yet on whether or not he’ll be appearing in the Dark Knight’s next movie, but we’ve certainly got our fingers crossed).

You may also be wondering where the word “polka” itself came from. In Poland’s native tongue, it means “Polish Woman.” However, it could have alternatively been based on “pulka,” the Czech term for “half-step.” At the end of the day, etymology isn’t always an exact science.

Why You Should Never Take Your Shoes Off On an Airplane

What should be worn during takeoff?

Tony Luna:

If you are a frequent flyer, you may often notice that some passengers like to kick off their shoes the moment they've settled down into their seats.

As an ex-flight attendant, I'm here to tell you that it is a dangerous thing to do. Why?

Besides stinking up the whole cabin, footwear is essential during an airplane emergency, even though it is not part of the flight safety information.

During an emergency, all sorts of debris and unpleasant ground surfaces will block your way toward the exit, as well as outside the aircraft. If your feet aren't properly covered, you'll have a hard time making your way to safety.

Imagine destroying your bare feet as you run down the aisle covered with broken glass, fires, and metal shards. Kind of like John McClane in Die Hard, but worse. Ouch!

Bruce Willis stars in 'Die Hard' (1988)
20th Century Fox Home Entertainment

A mere couple of seconds delay during an emergency evacuation can be a matter of life and death, especially in an enclosed environment. Not to mention the entire aircraft will likely be engulfed in panic and chaos.

So, the next time you go on a plane trip, please keep your shoes on during takeoff, even if it is uncomfortable.

You can slip on a pair of bathroom slippers if you really need to let your toes breathe. They're pretty useless in a real emergency evacuation, but at least they're better than going barefoot.

This post originally appeared on Quora. Click here to view.

Big Questions
Where Should You Place the Apostrophe in President's Day?

Happy Presidents’ Day! Or is it President’s Day? Or Presidents Day? What you call the national holiday depends on where you are, who you’re honoring, and how you think we’re celebrating.

Saying "President’s Day" infers that the day belongs to a singular president, such as George Washington or Abraham Lincoln, whose birthdays are the basis for the holiday. On the other hand, referring to it as "Presidents’ Day" means that the day belongs to all of the presidents—that it’s their day collectively. Finally, calling the day "Presidents Day"—plural with no apostrophe—would indicate that we’re honoring all POTUSes past and present (yes, even Andrew Johnson), but that no one president actually owns the day.

You would think that in the nearly 140 years since "Washington’s Birthday" was declared a holiday in 1879, someone would have officially declared a way to spell the day. But in fact, even the White House itself hasn’t chosen a single variation for its style guide. They spelled it “President’s Day” here and “Presidents’ Day” here.

Wikimedia Commons // Public Domain

Maybe that indecision comes from the fact that Presidents Day isn’t even a federal holiday. The federal holiday is technically still called “Washington’s Birthday,” and states can choose to call it whatever they want. Some states, like Iowa, don’t officially acknowledge the day at all. And the location of the punctuation mark is a moot point when individual states choose to call it something else entirely, like “George Washington’s Birthday and Daisy Gatson Bates Day” in Arkansas, or “Birthdays of George Washington/Thomas Jefferson” in Alabama. (Alabama loves to split birthday celebrations, by the way; the third Monday in January celebrates both Martin Luther King, Jr., and Robert E. Lee.)

You can look to official grammar sources to declare the right way, but even they don’t agree. The AP Stylebook prefers “Presidents Day,” while Chicago Style uses “Presidents’ Day.”

The bottom line: There’s no rhyme or reason to any of it. Go with what feels right. And even then, if you’re in one of those states that has chosen to spell it “President’s Day”—Washington, for example—and you use one of the grammar book stylings instead, you’re still technically wrong.

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