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Amazing Color Photos of France After D-Day

In honor of the anniversary of D-Day, LIFE granted us permission to reprint a few photographs from their World War II archives. In stunning color, here's a look at life in France in the summer of 1944.

Frank Scherschel—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images

Original caption: All the civilized world loves France and Paris. Americans share this love with a special intimacy born in the kinship of our revolutions, our ideas and our alliances in two great wars.

Frank Scherschel—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images

Original caption: A French couple shares cognac with an American tank crew, northern France, summer 1944.

See Also: Before & After D-Day: Color Photos from England and France

Frank Scherschel—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images

Original caption: Jeeps (including a press vehicle) in the town square, Marigny (Manche), Normandy, 1944.

See Also: Color Photos from Normandy, Summer 1944

Frank Scherschel—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images

Original caption: American Army trucks (note cyclist hitching a ride) parade down the Champs-Elysées the day after the liberation of Paris by French and Allied troops, August 1944.

Frank Scherschel—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images

Original caption: Paris is like a magic sword in a fairy tale — a shining power in those hands to which it rightly belongs, in other hands tinsel and lead. Whenever the City of Light changes hands, Western Civilization shifts its political balance. So it has been for seven centuries; so it was in 1940; so it was last week.

See Also: Rare Photos from the Allied Invasion of Southern France

Bonus: The First Organized Show for American Troops After D-Day

Ralph Morse—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images

LIFE also has a separate gallery of post-D-Day images from the first organized show for American troops in Normandy. There are dancers, acrobats, and this terrifying clown.

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The Evolution of "Two" in the Indo-European Language Family
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The Indo-European language family includes most of the languages of Europe as well as many languages in Asia. There is a long research tradition that has shown, though careful historical comparison, that languages spanning a huge linguistic and geographical range, from French to Greek to Russian to Hindi to Persian, are all related to each other and sprung from a common source, Proto-Indo-European. One of the techniques for studying the relationship of the different languages to each other is to look at the similarities between individual words and work out the sound changes that led from one language to the next.

This diagram, submitted to Reddit by user IronChestplate1, shows the word for two in various Indo-European languages. (The “proto” versions, marked with an asterisk, are hypothesized forms, built by working backward from historical evidence.) The languages cluster around certain common features, but the words are all strikingly similar, especially when you consider the words for two in languages outside the Indo-European family: iki (Turkish), èjì (Yoruba), ni (Japanese), kaksi (Finnish), etc. There are many possible forms two could take, but in this particular group of languages it is extremely limited. What are the chances of that happening by accident? Once you see it laid out like this, it doesn’t take much to put *dwóh and *dwóh together.

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Beyond Plumbing: 19 Other Jobs on Mario's Resume
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Nintendo made news this week by subtly announcing that Mario is no longer a plumber. In fact, they're really downplaying his whole plumbing career. On the character's Japanese-language bio, the company says, "He also seems to have worked as a plumber a long time ago."

But Mario has always had plenty of jobs on the side. Here's a look at his resume:

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