125 Essential Movies, According to Martin Scorsese

Tim P. Whitby, Getty Images
Tim P. Whitby, Getty Images

To be as accomplished and prolific a filmmaker as Martin Scorsese, you’d have to be as accomplished and prolific a filmgoer as Martin Scorsese. The Oscar-winning director would be the first to tell you that he is as much a student of movies as he is a creator, and he regularly shares his ever-growing list of essential films that he believes any true movie fan should see.

In 2012, Fast Company published an extensive interview with Scorsese in which he talked about his 85 movies “you need to see to know anything about film.” Meanwhile, in 2006, a young filmmaker named Colin Levy wrote to the filmmaker, asking for recommendations on where to start an education on foreign films. Scorsese responded with a list of almost 40 suggestions. And, of course, Scorsese shared even more of his favorite films with Sight & Sound magazine.

Each film he has mentioned is listed below, chronologically, so you can start your education at the Scorsese Film School as soon as possible.

1. The Infernal Cakewalk (1903)

2. Secrets of the Soul (1912)

3. The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921)

4. Nosferatu (1922)

5. Dr. Mabuse the Gambler (1922)

6. Metropolis (1927)

7. Napoleon (1927)

8. The Power and the Glory (1933)

9. It Happened One Night (1934)

10. Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936)

11. La Grande Illusion (1937)

12. Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939)

13. Stagecoach (1939)

14. The Roaring Twenties (1939)

15. The Rules Of The Game (1939)

16. Citizen Kane (1941)

17. How Green Was My Valley (1941)

18. Sullivan’s Travels (1941)

19. Cat People (1942)

20. Arsenic and Old Lace (1944)

21. Rome, Open City (1945)

22. Children Of Paradise (1945)

23. Duel in the Sun (1946)

24. Gilda (1946)

25. A Matter of Life and Death (1946)

26. Paisan (1946)

27. Beauty & The Beast (1946)

28. The Lady From Shanghai (1947)

29. T-Men (1947)

30. I Walk Alone (1947)

31. The Red Shoes (1948)

32. Germany Year Zero (1948)

33. Force of Evil (1948)

34. La Terra Trema (1948)

35. Macbeth (1948)

36. Raw Deal (1948)

37. Bicycle Thieves (1948)

38. Caught (1949)

39. The Third Man (1949)

40. Stromboli (1950)

41. The Flowers of St. Francis (1950)

42. Gun Crazy (1950)

43. Night and the City (1950)

44. An American in Paris (1951)

45. The River (1951)

46. Ace in the Hole (1951)

47. The Magic Box (1951)

48. The Bad and the Beautiful (1952)

49. Europa ’51 (1952)

50. Othello (1952)

51. Umberto D. (1952)

52. Ikiru (1952)

53. The Band Wagon (1953)

54. House of Wax (1953)

55. Julius Caesar (1953)

56. Pickup on South Street (1953)

57. Ugetsu (1953)

58. Tokyo Story (1953)

59. Dial M for Murder (1954)

60. Journey to Italy (1954)

61. Senso (1954)

62. Seven Samurai (1954)

63. Sansho the Bailiff (1954)

64. All that Heaven Allows (1955)

65. Kiss Me Deadly (1955)

66. The Searchers (1956)

67. Forty Guns (1957)

68. Sweet Smell of Success (1957)

69. Some Came Running (1958)

70. Touch of Evil (1958)

71. Vertigo (1958)

72. Ashes and Diamonds (1958)

73. Big Deal On Madonna Street (1958)

74. Shadows (1959)

75. The 400 Blows (1959)

76. Peeping Tom (1960)

77. Rocco and His Brothers (1960)

78. Shoot the Piano Player (1960)

79. Breathless (1960)

80. L'Avventura (1960)

81. The Hustler (1961)

82. One, Two, Three (1961)

83. Cape Fear (1962)

84. The Trial (1962)

85. Two Weeks in Another Town (1962)

86. Salvatore Giuliano (1962)

87. Il Sorpasso (1962)

88. America, America (1963)

89. Jason and the Argonauts (1963)

90. The Leopard (1963)

91. Shock Corridor (1963)

92. High and Low (1963)

93.  (1963)

94. The Fall of the Roman Empire (1964)

95. Band of Outsiders (1964)

96. Before the Revolution (1964)

97. The Rise of Louis XIV (1966)

98. Blow-Up (1966)

99. Weekend (1967)

100. Faces (1968)

101. 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)

102. Death by Hanging (1968)

103. Midnight Cowboy (1969)

104. The Butcher (1970)

105. The American Friend (1970)

106. Klute (1971)

107. McCabe & Mrs. Miller (1971)

108. The Merchant of Four Seasons (1971)

109. The Godfather (1972)

110. M*A*S*H (1972)

111. Aguirre, the Wrath of God (1972)

112. The Conversation (1974)

113. Ali: Fear Eats The Soul (1974)

114. The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (1974)

115. The Messiah (1975)

116. Nashville (1975)

117. Kings of the Road (1976)

118. Apocalypse Now (1979)

119. The Marriage of Maria Braun (1979)

120. Health (1980)

121. Heaven’s Gate (1980)

122. Mishima (1985)

123. Born on the Fourth of July (1989)

124. Do the Right Thing (1989)

125. The Player (1992)

New Game of Thrones Season 8 Teaser Features an Important Callback to the Very First Episode

HBO
HBO

On Sunday, January 13, HBO finally shared the air date for Game of Thrones's eighth and final season, along with a 90-second promo that featured Jon Snow and Sansa and Arya Stark walking through the Crypts of Winterfell with the voices of the late Lyanna, Catelyn, and Ned Stark heard as they passed each of their statues.

In the immediate aftermath of the new teaser, the biggest question on people's minds seemed to be the whereabouts of Bran Stark—and whether his absence from the trailer confirmed one of the long-held fan theories that Bran is in fact the Night King, or that he is the Three-Eyed Raven. But now that fans have had additional time to digest the footage, they've noticed something else: a clever callback to the series' first-ever episode from 2011.

Just after the 1:00 mark, the camera closes in on feather which quickly freezes over with ice. To the casual viewer, this may not seem like an important thing. But those who recall the show's tiniest details recognized the feather as a callback to the pilot episode of Game of Thrones, and a symbol of Jon Snow's true parentage.

As Business Insider reminds us in "Winter is Coming"—the first aired episode of Game of Thrones—Lyanna's statue was shown in very much the same way that we see it in the new teaser, with King Robert Baratheon placing a feather on it. Fast forward to the fifth season, and you may remember Sansa visiting Lyanna's crypt and picking up that same feather. Both of these scenes hinted that Lyanna was Jon's real mother—a fact that was confirmed in season seven, when it was revealed that he is indeed the son of Lyanna Stark and Rhaegar Targaryen, who were secretly married in Dorne. (Though Jon doesn't know it yet.)

Ever since that revelation, we've suspected that Jon—who is believed to be the bastard son of Ned Stark—will finally learn about his parents in the final season, and the teaser seems to confirm that it will be an important storyline. Especially considering the growing romance between Jon and Daenerys Targaryen, who is Rhaegar's sister … making her Jon's aunt (unbeknownst to either of them, of course).

The final season of Game of Thrones will premiere on April 14, 2019.

Why Chris Evans Turned Down the Role of Captain America 'A Few Times'

Marvel Studios
Marvel Studios

In 2011, Chris Evans made his first big-screen appearance as superhero Steve Rogers/Captain America in Captain America: The First Avenger. It may now seem impossible for Marvel fans to imagine any other actor in the role, but Evans once admitted that it took a lot of convincing to get him to sign on for the part.

While appearing on Jimmy Kimmel Live! in 2016, Evans revealed that he actually turned down the project "a few times" before finally saying yes. When asked by Kimmel why he was so reluctant to play such a popular superhero, Evans replied that, "I was scared."

In addition to admitting to "having some social anxiety with this industry," Evans explained that his main hesitation was in signing what was ostensibly a nine-picture contract. "In doing movies one at a time, if all of a sudden you decide you don't want to do it anymore, you're afforded the opportunity to take a step back and recalibrate," Evans said. "When you have a giant contract, if all of a sudden you're not responding well? Too bad, you've got to suit up again. That was scary."

Though he initially declined the role, Evans said the offer just kept coming back to him. And after talking to family and friends about it, he realized what an amazing opportunity he was being offered—and what was holding him back.

"I was saying no out of fear, really," Evans said. "You can't do anything out of fear. You can't be doing something because you're scared. It ended up kind of clicking to me in the way that whatever you're scared of, push yourself into it."

Evans's Captain America has gone on to become one of the Marvel Cinematic Universe's most popular characters, though it's largely rumored that Avengers: Endgame will mark his final outing as The Captain. Sebastian Stan, Anthony Mackie, and Keke Palmer are just a few of the actors whose names are swirling as possible replacements for Evans.

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