Original image
William Libbey

11 Images from the American Museum of Natural History's Archives

Original image
William Libbey

There are plenty of awesome things that aren't on display at New York City's American Museum of Natural History. But now, anyone with the internet can get a peek at the museum's archives with its new online image database. The site features more than 7000 images from the institution's history—many of them never before seen by the public—including archival photographs, rare book illustrations, drawings, notes, letters, art, and Museum memorabilia.

There are an estimated one million images in the museum's collection, according to Tom Baione, Harold Boeschenstein Director in the Department of Library Services at AMNH. What's currently available on the site "came about organically," he says, "because we had requests for certain materials, maybe for a book project or an exhibit."

Eventually, the hope is that the museum will be able to get funding to digitize certain collections, but in the meantime, the museum's staff is digitizing negatives and other materials by size. "We could cherry pick all the good images but we figure eventually we want to have everything," Baione says. "In most cases, we have the original negative in our collection. They are stored on shelves in boxes by size, so we’re just going shelf by shelf."

To digitize the collections, negatives and lantern slides were scanned, and rare books were photographed. It's a delicate process. "The lantern slides are all printed on glass, so they’re inherently more scratchable, and many of our negatives are on glass too," Baione says. "They are handling big sheets of glass and they’re laying them down on another piece of glass so your hands are soft, and maybe your lap is soft, but all these materials around you are hard—so if you lose your grip, that image is gone." Rare books pose their own challenges: "The books don’t always want to open the way we want them to, so we have to do some tricks with the camera to get a good shot of the book without breaking the binding."

Baione talked us through a few of his favorite photos from the collection, which you can see below. "There are two words we use around here a lot: conservation and preservation," he says. "Conservation is fixing something. Preservation is making sure you don’t have to fix it. So by digitizing these images, we are preserving them because once we have a very good high resolution image we don’t have to go back to the original negative again."

1. Moving section of giant sequoia into Hall of North American Forests, 1912.

Julius Kirschner 

Bringing a section of a huge sequoia tree into the museum involved cutting it into two or three pieces, according to Baione. "I can tell by the floor where that was, and that’s kind of neat," he says. "You look at the guys who are actually doing the moving and they’re in some decidedly different kind of clothes. If you look at the guy who is holding some kind of leather, his work clothes look filthy."

2. Painting of the suggested Canada Lynx and Snowshoe Hare Group habitat, Hall of North American Mammals, 1935.

This painting of the Canada lynx and hare diorama looks quite different from the finished product. "In the diorama itself, the rabbit is taking shelter under a bush and the lynx is totally on top of him, but the rabbit has no idea," Baione says. "It did change and it’s interesting to see the thought process behind how things changed as they were being created."

3. Carl Lumholtz at granary, giant "olla", Cave Valley, Chihuahua, Mexico, 1891.

William Libbey

That big jar, Baione says, is the granary: "These cave dwelling communities would store grain to keep it dry and free from pests like rats or squirrels."

4. Girl holding bull frog, Natural Science Center, 1958.

Robert Elwood Logan

The museum still has a Natural Science Center like the one this girl visited in 1958. "They have demonstrations and live animals," Baione says. "There’s something called a discovery room where kids can go, and provided they’re here with a parent, they have specimens that kids can touch and they have reproductions of artifacts that can also interact with. There’s still lots of fun stuff for kids."

5. Hand colored lantern slide of Roy Chapman Andrews and George Olsen at nest of "the even dozen dinosaur eggs,” Third Asiatic Expedition, Mongolia, 1925.

James B. Shackelford

Lantern slides, Baione explains, are photographic prints made on glass. An artist would handcolor the slide, which would then be projected. This particular slide comes from the expedition where museum explorer Ray Chapman Andrews and his crew discovered fossilized dinosaur eggs. "Knowing Andrews, it was probably a little while afterwards—after they could clean up the mess and pose a little bit," Baione says. "It’s a little bit of a studio shot. But a good one. It was a huge deal because it was the first time something like that was discovered."

6. Installing models for the Forest Floor exhibit, 1958.

Alex J. Rota

Visitors to the museum will recognize this particular display. "The forest floor is where a lot of decomposition goes on, so in terms of ecology and nature, it is an important place," Baione says. "It’s neat to see the guy who created it in the diorama, pushing it around, getting in the right position. And it’s still here!"

7. Plant, botanical illustration by Arthur A. Jansson, with colors noted, for use in Plains Group, Akeley Hall of African Mammals, c. 1930.

The museum's dioramas are designed to demonstrate what environment an animal would have lived in, down to the plants and backgrounds (which all show real places). "In the Arts and Memorabilia section, you’ll see lots of sketches that were made in the field when they were planning some African mammal dioramas," Baione says. "They would go and make sketches of the place, but they would also collect specimens of the plant and immediately sketch them so that they could reproduce them in the dioramas themselves." While the rocks and tree bark is occasionally real, most of the plants were reproduced with paper. "They don’t want to put things in the diorama that could be attractive to insects that would go in and try to eat it," Baione says. "A lot of the vegetable matter is reproduced from paper."

8. Carlton Beil inspecting school service truck, 1950.

Alex J. Rota

Long before Internet databases, the museum still found a way to get its collections to knowledge-hungry kids: By lending out its lantern slide collections to schools, placing them in suitcases and delivering them in museum-authorized trucks like the one above. "The teacher would get a box of lantern slides with a script and then could go through one by one and discuss with the script what was going on in each of the pictures," Baione says. "They would show everything from expeditions to the far east or to Africa or South America or the Arctic. The museum had a thriving enterprise of making up these sets and delivering them to the schools. There was also a collection of miniature dioramas the size of a suitcase. These could be lent out to schools. Some had actual stuffed animals in them and others had a collection of pine cones or different types of fibers or stones so that kids could begin to be able to identify those things."

9. Green frog dissection and skeleton from Rösel von Rosenhof's Historia naturalis ranarum nostratium, 1758.

Denis Finnin

"It’s so cool that someone was able to carve that image into a piece of copper and then print it," Baione says. "That’s remarkable."

10. Alaska brown bear, specimen measurement chart for use in Alaska Brown Bear Group, Hall of North American Mammals, 1939.

Though the museum doesn't do taxidermy anymore (any that's done takes place outside of the museum), there was a point when most of it was done in-house—and to create the most accurate mounts possible, taxidermists collected reference of living animals and recorded specimens' measurements. This particular item comes from a filing cabinet of a man in the museum's exhibition and appropriate department. "These were his working files," Baione says. "They included anatomical sketches of the actual animals in the field, things from newspapers and magazines, images of the animals moving. Drawings that look like something you’d see at the wall of a butcher’s shop with all the dimensions."

Why did a taxidermist need all of this detail? Because creating an accurate, lifelike animal requires so much more than just stuffing skin. "They take a detailed measurement of the animal once it’s been collected, and then the skin comes off and then a sculpture is made in wax or clay—often with the animals actual bones inside," Baione says. "Then musculature of the animal, as sketched by the artist, is sculpted. A mold is made of that, and a lightweight cast is made of the animal’s musculature. Eyes and teeth are added and then the skin is reapplied to that cast. They’ll make a construction to make the tail stick up, there might be some cardboard stuck in ears, then install the eyes, teeth and paint the hooves. They’ll put in artificial or genuine nails. All of these tools together help the taxidermist come in and recreate that animal."

11. Hand colored lantern slide view of American Museum of Natural History, original building, New York City, 1883.

Compared to what the museum looks like now, the original 1883 structure seems pretty small. But "it’s actually a pretty big building in the grand scheme of buildings," Baione says. "If you put the museum next to your house it would seem like a shed. If you look at that building, you have to realize that you’re looking at the basement level, the first floor, second floor, third floor, fourth floor, fifth floor and the attic. So it’s really like a 7 story building. It’s skinny and part of the reason for that is it was actually a pretty sizable building at the time, and because they knew that other buildings would eventually surround it. So that was the plan."

On Monday, April 28, the museum is celebrating the launch of the site with a Slide Slam. Get your tickets here!

Original image
Pop Culture
5 Bizarre Comic-Con News Stories from Years Past
Original image

At its best, Comic-Con is a friendly place where like-minded people can celebrate their pop culture obsessions, and each other. And no one can make fun of you, no matter how lazy your cosplaying might be. You might think that at its worst, it’s just a series of long lines of costumed fans and small stores crammed into a convention center. But sometimes, throwing together 100,000-plus people from around the world in what feels like a carnival-type atmosphere where anything goes can have less than stellar results. Here are some highlights from past Comic-Con-tastrophes.


In 2010, two men waiting for a Comic-Con screening of the Seth Rogen alien comedy Paul got into a very adult argument about whether one of them was sitting too close to the other. Unable to come to a satisfactory conclusion with words, one man stabbed the other in the face with a pen. According to CNN, the attacker was led away wearing handcuffs and a Harry Potter T-shirt. In the aftermath, some Comic-Con attendees dealt with the attack in an oddly fitting way: They cosplayed as the victim, with pens protruding from bloody eye sockets.


Since its founding in 2006, New York Comic Con has attracted a few sticky-fingered attendees. In 2010, a man stole several rare comics from vendor Matt Nelson, co-founder of Texas’ Worldwide Comics. Just one of those, Whiz Comics No. 1, was worth $11,000, according to the New York Post. A few years later, in 2014, someone stole a $2000 “Dunny” action figure, which artist Jon-Paul Kaiser had painted during the event for Clutter magazine. And those are just the incidents that involved police; lower-scale cases of toys and comics disappearing from booths are an increasingly frustrating epidemic, according to some. “Comic Con theft is an issue we all sort of ignore,” collector Tracy Isenhour wrote on the blog of his company, Needless Essentials, in 2015. “I am here to tell you no more. It’s time for this garbage to stop."


John Sciulli/Getty Images for Xbox

Adrianne Curry, winner of the first cycle of America’s Next Top Model, has made a career of chasing viral fame. Ironically, it was at Comic-Con in 2014 that Curry did something truly worthy of attention—though there wasn’t a camera in sight. Dressed as Catwoman, she was posing with fans alongside her friend Alicia Marie, who was dressed as Tigra. According to a Facebook post Marie wrote at the time, a fan tried to shove his hands into her bikini bottoms. She screamed, the man ran off, and Curry jumped to action. She “literally took off after dude WITH her Catwoman whip and chased him down, beat his a**,” Marie wrote. “Punched him across the face with the butt of her whip—he had zombie blood on his face—got on her costume.”


The lines at Comic-Con are legendary, so one Utah man came up with a novel way to try and skip them altogether. In 2015, Jonathon M. Wall tried to get into Salt Lake Comic Con’s exclusive VIP enclave (normally a $10,000 ticket) by claiming he was an agent with the Air Force Office of Special Investigations, and needed to get into the VIP room “to catch a fugitive,” according to The San Diego Union Tribune. Not only does that story not even come close to making sense, it also adds up to impersonating a federal agent, a crime to which Wall pleaded guilty in April of this year and which carried a sentence of up to three years in prison and a $250,000 fine. In June, prosecutors announced that they were planning to reduce his crime from a felony to a misdemeanor.


Michael Buckner/Getty Images for Disney

In 2015, Kevin Doyle walked 645 miles along the California coast to honor his late wife, Eileen. Doyle had met Eileen relatively late in life, when he was in his 50s, and they bonded over their shared love of Star Wars (he even proposed to her while dressed as Darth Vader). However, she died of cancer barely a year after they were married. Adrift and lonely, Doyle decided to honor her memory and their love of Star Wars by walking to Comic-Con—from San Francisco. “I feel like I’m so much better in the healing process than if I’d stayed home,” he told The San Diego Union Tribune.

Original image
iStock // Lucy Quintanilla
10 Pieces of Lying Lingo from Across the United States
Original image
iStock // Lucy Quintanilla

Maligner. Fabricator. Fibber. Con artist. There are all sorts of ways you can say "liar," but in case you're running out, we’ve worked with the editors at the Dictionary of American Regional English (DARE) to come up with 10 more pieces of lying lingo to add to your storytelling stash.


This term for a liar originally referred to a gold-rusher in Arizona, according to DARE. It can also be used to describe an old-timer, especially one who likes to exaggerate. The word hassayampa (also hassayamper) comes from the Hassayampa River, which is located in the Grand Canyon State. According to the Dictionary of American Folklore, “There was a popular legend that anyone who drank of the Hassayampa River in Arizona would never again tell the truth.”


“You’re a Jacob!” you might say to a deceiver in eastern Alabama or western Georgia. This word—meaning a liar, a lie, and to lie—might be based on the Bible story of twin brothers Jacob and Esau. Esau, the elder and firstborn, stood to inherit his parents' estate by law. At the behest of his mother, Jacob deceived their father, blinded in old age, into thinking he was Esau and persuaded him to bestow him Esau’s blessing.


Liza or Liza Jane can mean a lie or a liar. Hence, to lizar means to lie. Like Jacob, Liza is an eastern Alabama and western Georgia term. However, where it comes from isn’t clear. But if we had to guess, we’d say it’s echoic of lies.


“What a story you are,” you might say to a prevaricator in Virginia, eastern Alabama, or western Georgia. According to the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), story, meaning a liar, is mainly used in the phrase, “You story!” Story as a verb meaning “to give a false or malicious account, lie, tattle,” is an English dialect word, according to DARE, and is chiefly used in the South and South Midland states. “You storied to me about getting a drink,” you might tell someone who stood you up.


To load or load up means to trick, mislead, or “deceive by yarns or windies,” according to cowboy lingo in northwest Texas. The term, which can also be a noun meaning a lie or liar, might also be heard in northwest Arkansas and the Ozarks.


To spin a yarn, or to tell a long tale, began as nautical slang, according to the OED, and comes from the idea of telling stories while doing seated work such as yarn-twisting. (The word yarn comes from the Old English gearn, meaning "spun fiber, spun wool.") By extension, a yarn is a sometimes marvelous or incredible story or tale, and to yarn means to tell a story or chat. In some parts of the U.S., such as Arkansas, Indiana, Maryland, and Tennessee, to yarn means to lie or tell a falsehood. “Don’t yarn to me!” you might say. Street yarn refers to gossip in New York, Kentucky, and parts of New England.


Telling a windy in the West? You’re telling an “extravagantly exaggerated or boastful story,” a tall tale, or a lie, says DARE. Wind has meant “vain imagination or conceit” since the 15th century, says OED.

8. LIE

In addition to being a falsehood or tall tale, a lie in the South and South Midland states can refer to the liar himself.


You’ve probably heard of stretching the truth. How about stretching the blanket? This phrase meaning to lie or exaggerate is especially used in the South Midland states. To split the blanket, by the way, is a term in the South, South Midland, and West meaning to get divorced, while being born on the wrong side of the blanket means being born out of wedlock, at least in Indiana and Ohio.


In the South and South Midland, whack refers to a lie or the act of lying. It might come from the British English colloquial term whacker, meaning anything abnormally large, especially a “thumping lie” or “whopper,” according to the OED. In case you were wondering, wack, as in “crack is wack,” is probably a back-formation from wacky meaning crazy or odd, also according to the OED. Wacky comes from whack, a blow or hit, maybe from the idea of being hit in the head too many times.


More from mental floss studios