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9 Vintage Beauty Video Tutorials

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YouTube

The how-to beauty video didn't start with YouTube. Here are a few vintage videos that taught women how to put the best possible face forward.

1. "Secrets of Makeup" (1936)

"Making up, whether after a tiff or as part of the toilet, is an art if only one knows how," intones the narrator of this short how-to film. An art that apparently involves tools for measuring. Women should draw a triangle as the "very limit of operations," the narrator advises. "When the forehead, nose, and chin are of different lengths, the cheeky triangle is shaped accordingly, thus making up in makeup what the face lacks in uniformity."

2. "Daily Beauty Rituals" (1937)

In this tutorial, silver screen star Constance Bennett rolls out of bed to dole out lots of beauty-related advice, all the while being attended to by her maid (who Bennett seems to find kind of annoying).

Bennett advises women to start with a clean slate by washing their faces with cleansing cream. She likes hers because "for my temperamental skin, it is neither too oily nor too dry—and above all," she whispers, "it doesn’t grow fuzz.” Next comes the stimulation cream, which Bennett says is the basis of her skincare regime: “Just like brushing your teeth is stimulation for your gums and makes your gums healthy, and brushing your hair is stimulation for your scalp and makes your hair strong and healthy and oh, I could go on for hours!”

After putting on a complexion mask, head for the bath, and then, once you're clean, apply your makeup. Bennett uses glow base and cream rouge. "Lots of women think cream rouge is difficult to use, but maybe they're just lazy," she says. Follow it up with powder and lipstick, and you're ready to go. "Remember," Bennett sums up, "that to be beautiful and natural is the birthright of every woman."

3. "Beautifying! Where to Put the Accent!" (1938)

In this short, Women's Fair beauty "editress" Jean Barrie shows women how to accentuate their eyes by playing up their brows. "Brows are extended slightly and shaped to provide a pleasing and artistic frame for the liquid orbs," the narrator says. Adding eyeshadow completes the look. Also, if you have to wear glasses, make sure they're as unobtrusive as possible—and make sure to accentuate your mouth to distract from them. "Girls," the narrator finishes, "it's up to you."

4. "A Vintage Guide to Glamour" (circa 1940)

A woman named Mary is chatting with her girlfriends about glamour. "In order for glamour to be effective, everything else must be right," she says. "Glamour, and poise and charm too, are all based on good grooming." Mary's job, apparently, is to go to school auditoriums and lecture young ladies about their looks. At the school, she tells the students, "The way we look exerts so much influence on the way we feel, and on the way other people feel about us, that it really is very important," then compares clothes, hairstyles, and makeup to the icing on the cake. "If the icing is very good, well that's fine," she says, "but if the cake itself isn't good, you'll soon lose interest in the icing." A daily bath is the groundwork on glamour, as is brushing your teeth and using deodorant. Eat a balanced diet (go easy on fried foods!) and get a good night's sleep, at least 8 or 9 hours: "I've seen lots of sparkling eyes and good complexions sacrificed to swing records at bedtime ... there is a lot of sense in that old expression, 'beauty sleep.'"

5. "How to Apply Makeup" (circa 1940s)

Mary is back in what is presumably the second part of this tutorial, and now, she wants to talk about makeup. It starts with a good base, which you can get with "a makeup pat or vanishing cream." Apply the makeup pat sparingly all over your face with a damp sponge or a piece of cotton, and blend with your fingertips. But if you're using vanishing cream, "a light touch is equally important. ... Spread it evenly, clear up to the hairline." Use the tri-dot system to apply rouge; one dot goes under the pupil of the eye, one on the cheekbone and the third no lower than the tip of the nose. Fill in the triangle until the rouge disappears. "Nothing dates you more than rouge that shows," the narrator says. Next, the lips: Use two strokes on the upper lip and one long stroke on the lower. "Fill in with up and down strokes, so that the lipstick goes with the grain of the skin," the narrator advises. Put on powder and make sure the makeup goes all the way around the side because "lots of people will see you in profile." And make sure your makeup harmonizes with the rest of your outfit, from your fingernails to your dress.

6. "Making Your Face Appear Oval" (circa 1940s)

There are many ways—good and bad—to try to make your face appear to be more oval-shaped, according to Mary. If you have a round face, for example, a feathercut hairdo "wouldn't be too bad ... if kept in hand, but an overgrown feathercut gives too much hair at the sides and forehead, and adds to the effect of roundness." Don't wear too much lipstick—Mary stresses quality over quantity—or a neckline that's too high, which shortens the neck and make the face appear rounder. But a hairdo that's off the forehead and flat against the temples, with lipstick that follows the natural lipline, and a V-neck shirt or dress, all enhance the illusion of ovalness.

7. "Removing Makeup" (circa 1940s)

Mary's back, now to tell us how to remove makeup! "Don't just slide a washcloth around and call your face clean," she says. The proper way to do it is to pin your hair back and cover it with a hand towel, then apply cold cream, using gentle spiral motions, "clear up to the hairline, and down under the jaw. Give extra attention to the pocket at the base of the nose and cleft of the chin." Remove it with tissues, making sure to switch to a clean side with each swipe, "so you don't track the grime right back again." Then wash your face, and apply either skin freshener (if your face is oily) or skin cream (if your face is dry). I can't be entirely sure, but based on the way Ponds tissues and other products have repeatedly popped up in all three of these tutorials, it seems safe to say that they were probably created by Ponds.

8. Correct Ways to Apply Makeup (1960)

This short and sweet film covers how to apply base ("dab it on in spots, then smooth it in"), rouge ("should be applied in three dots high on the cheekbones, near the eyes"), and eyeshadow ("should be stippled on to the corners of the eye")—all in moderation, of course. "Powder is the only thing to be used lavishly," the narrator advises. "Let it stay on for about five seconds, then smooth it out." Then apply mascara in two thin coats (not one thick one!), and lipstick with a brush.

9. "Go Easy" (1969)

"Go easy, or the results can become ludicrous," narrator Marla Craig intones. "Take advantage of what's there. Accentuate the good points, and minimize the others." Craig outlines the basics of applying base, and notes that cosmeticians can help a woman pick out makeup that's right for her. "If you have disturbed skin, medicated makeups are available," Craig says. To cover up dark circles, use a foundation that's two or three times lighter than the base, or a highlighting cream. Apply blush "to give cheeks a quiet glow. A good rule to follow is never let blush come nearer the nose than an imaginary line dropped vertically from the center of the eye." Apply translucent powder with a disposable cotton puff to set and blend your makeup. Eyebrows draw attention to the eye and also help to shape the nose. "To remove straggly brows," Craig advises, "lubricate them with Vaseline or baby oil and pluck with tweezers." Also: Never pluck above your brow! When applying eyeliner, make sure you're putting it as close to the lashes as possible—"there should be no obvious hard line"—and only use black if you have very black hair, because "black adds harshness to the eye."

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15 Must-Watch Facts About The Ring
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DreamWorks

An urban legend about a videotape that kills its viewers seven days after they see it turns out to be true. To her increasing horror, reporter Rachel Keller (then-newcomer Naomi Watts) discovers this after her niece is one of four teenage victims, and is in a race against the clock to uncover the mystery behind the girl in the video before her and her son’s time is up.

Released 15 years ago, on October 18, 2002, The Ring began a trend of both remaking Japanese horror films in a big way, and giving you nightmares about creepy creatures crawling out of your television. Here are some facts about the film that you can feel free to pass along to anybody, guilt-free.

1. DREAMWORKS BOUGHT THE AMERICAN RIGHTS TO RINGU FOR $1 MILLION.

There were conflicting stories over how executive producer Roy Lee came to see the 1998 Japanese horror film Ringu, Hideo Nakata's adaptation of the 1991 novel Ring by Kôji Suzuki. Lee said two different friends gave him a copy of Ringu in January 2001, which he loved and immediately gave to DreamWorks executive Mark Sourian, who agreed to purchase the rights. But Lee’s close friend Mike Macari worked at Fine Line Features, which had an American remake of Ringu in development before January 2001. Macari said he showed Lee Ringu much earlier. Macari and Lee were both listed as executive producers for The Ring.

2. THE DIRECTOR FIRST SAW RINGU ON A POOR QUALITY VHS TAPE, WHICH ADDED TO ITS CREEPINESS.

Gore Verbinski had previously directed MouseHunt. He said the first time he "watched the original Ringu was on a VHS tape that was probably seven generations down. It was really poor quality, but actually that added to the mystique, especially when I realized that this was a movie about a videotape." Naomi Watts struggled to find a VHS copy of Ringu while shooting in the south of Wales. When she finally got a hold of one she watched it on a very small TV alone in her hotel room. "I remember being pretty freaked out," Watts said. "I just saw it the once, and that was enough to get me excited about doing it."

3. THE RING AND RINGU ARE ABOUT 50 PERCENT DIFFERENT.

Naomi Watts in 'The Ring'
© 2002 - DreamWorks LLC - All Rights Reserved

Verbinski estimated that, for the American version, they "changed up to 50 percent of it. The basic premise is intact, the story is intact, the ghost story, the story of Samara, the child." Storylines involving the characters having ESP, a volcano, “dream logic,” and references to “brine and goblins” were taken out.

4. IT RAINED ALMOST EVERY DAY WHEN THEY FILMED IN THE STATE OF WASHINGTON.

The weather added to the “atmosphere of dread,” according to the film's production notes. Verbinski said the setting allowed them to create an “overcast mood” of dampness and isolation.

5. THE PRODUCTION DESIGNER WAS INFLUENCED BY ANDREW WYETH.

Artist Andrew Wyeth tended to use muted, somber earth tones in his work. "In Wyeth's work, the trees are always dormant, and the colors are muted earth tones," explained production designer Tom Duffield. "It's greys, it's browns, it's somber colors; it's ripped fabrics in the windows. His work has a haunting flavor that I felt would add to the mystique of this movie, so I latched on to it."

6. THERE WERE RINGS EVERYWHERE.

The carpeting and wallpaper patterns, the circular kitchen knobs, the doctor’s sweater design, Rachel’s apartment number, and more were purposely designed with the film's title in mind.

7. WATTS AND MARTIN HENDERSON HAD A FRIENDLY INTERNATIONAL RIVALRY.

Martin Henderson and Naomi Watts star in 'The Ring' (1992)
© 2002 - DreamWorks LLC - All Rights Reserved

The New Zealand-born Henderson played Noah, Rachel’s ex-husband. Since Watts is from Australia, Henderson said that, "Between takes, we'd joke around with each other's accents and play into the whole New Zealand-Australia rivalry."

8. THE TWO WEREN’T SURE IF THE MOVIE WAS GOING TO BE SCARY ENOUGH.

After shooting some of the scenes, and not having the benefit of seeing what they'd look like once any special effects were added, Henderson and Watts worried that the final result would not be scary enough. "There were moments when Naomi and I would look at each other and say, 'This is embarrassing, people are going to laugh,'" Henderson told the BBC." You just hope that somebody makes it scary or you're going to look like an idiot!"

9. CHRIS COOPER WAS CUT FROM THE MOVIE.

Cooper played a child murderer in two scenes which were initially meant to bookend the film. He unconvincingly claimed to Rachel that he found God in the beginning, and in the end she gave him the cursed tape. Audiences at test screenings were distracted that an actor they recognized disappears for most of the film, so he was cut out entirely.

10. THEY TRIED TO GET RID OF ALL OF THE SHADOWS.

Verbinski and cinematographer Bojan Bazelli used the lack of sunlight in Washington to remove the characters’ shadows. The two wanted to keep the characters feeling as if “they’re floating a little bit, in space.”

11. THE TREE WAS NICKNAMED "LUCILLE."

The red Japanese maple tree in the cursed video was named after the famous redheaded actress Lucille Ball. The tree was fake, built out of steel tubing and plaster. The Washington wind blew it over three different times. The night they put up the tree in Los Angeles, the wind blew at 60 miles per hour and knocked Lucille over yet again. "It was very strange," said Duffield.

12. MOESKO ISLAND IS A FUNCTIONING LIGHTHOUSE.

Moesko Island Lighthouse is Yaquina Head Lighthouse, at the mouth of the Yaquina River, a mile west of Agate Beach, Oregon. The website Rachel checks, MoeskoIslandLighthouse.com, used to actually exist as a one-page website, which gave general information on the fictional place. You can read it here.

13. A WEBSITE WAS CREATED BY DREAMWORKS TO PROMOTE THE MOVIE AND ADD TO ITS MYTHOLOGY.

Before and during the theatrical release, if you logged into AnOpenLetter.com, you could read a message in white lettering against a black background warning about what happens if you watch the cursed video (you can read it here). By November 24, 2002, it was a standard official website made for the movie, set up by DreamWorks.

14. VERBINSKI DIDN’T HAVE FUN DIRECTING THE MOVIE.

“It’s no fun making a horror film," admitted Verbinski. "You get into some darker areas of the brain and after a while everything becomes a bit depressing.”

15. DAVEIGH CHASE SCARED HERSELF.

Daveigh Chase in 'The Ring'
© 2002 - DreamWorks LLC - All Rights Reserved

When Daveigh Chase, who played Samara, saw The Ring in theaters, she had to cover her eyes out of fear—of herself. Some people she met after the movie came out were also afraid of her.

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European Space Agency Releases First High-Res Land Cover Map of Africa
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Land Cover CCI, ESA

This isn’t just any image of Africa. It represents the first of its kind: a high-resolution map of the different types of land cover that are found on the continent, released by The European Space Agency, as Travel + Leisure reports.

Land cover maps depict the different physical materials that cover the Earth, whether that material is vegetation, wetlands, concrete, or sand. They can be used to track the growth of cities, assess flooding, keep tabs on environmental issues like deforestation or desertification, and more.

The newly released land cover map of Africa shows the continent at an extremely detailed resolution. Each pixel represents just 65.6 feet (20 meters) on the ground. It’s designed to help researchers model the extent of climate change across Africa, study biodiversity and natural resources, and see how land use is changing, among other applications.

Developed as part of the Climate Change Initiative (CCI) Land Cover project, the space agency gathered a full year’s worth of data from its Sentinel-2A satellite to create the map. In total, the image is made from 90 terabytes of data—180,000 images—taken between December 2015 and December 2016.

The map is so large and detailed that the space agency created its own online viewer for it. You can dive further into the image here.

And keep watch: A better map might be close at hand. In March, the ESA launched the Sentinal-2B satellite, which it says will make a global map at a 32.8 feet-per-pixel (10 meters) resolution possible.

[h/t Travel + Leisure]

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