12 Facts About the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug

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iStock.com/claudiodivizia

There are about 5000 species of stink bugs, shield-shaped insects that belong to the family Pentatomidae. One of the most notorious stink bugs is the brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys Stål), a.k.a. BMSB, which The New Yorker called “the most destructive, the most annoying, and possibly the ugliest” of all the stink bugs, an invasive species that’s taking North America by storm … and not in a good way. Here’s what you should know.

1. IT MADE ITS WESTERN HEMISPHERE DEBUT IN PENNSYLVANIA.

A stink bug
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Native to East Asia, the first BMSB specimens in the U.S. were collected in Allentown, Pennsylvania in 1998, but the bugs likely arrived a few years prior to that. (They may have come to the states in a shipping container, but no one’s sure.) Since then, they’ve spread to 43 states and will probably be continent-wide soon.

“It’s an incredible hitchhiker,” Dr. Tracy Leskey, an entomologist with the Agriculture Department’s Appalachian Fruit Research Laboratory, told The New York Times of the BMSB. Less than 10 years after it was identified in the States, it was in Switzerland and other parts of Europe, too.

2. IT TOOK YEARS TO IDENTIFY IT.

A magnifying glass on a yellow background.
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When the bugs were delivered to Karen Bernhard, an entomologist at Pennsylvania State University’s Extension Service, she had no idea what they were—and neither did anyone else. (Many assumed it was the native Euschistus servus.) It wasn’t until 2001, when Bernhard sent specimens to Richard Hoebeke, an entomologist specializing in invasive species who was then working at Cornell, that they were identified as brown marmorated stink bugs.

3. IT’S NOT CUTE.

Brown marmorated stink bug eggs hatching on a leaf.
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After they hatch, the black-and-red nymphs go through five molts, growing into mottled, dull-brown bugs—up to .66 inches long—with white banded antennae and legs, alternating dark and light bands on the abdomen, and smooth, rounded shoulders. All of these features distinguish them from lookalikes like the brown, rough, and one-spotted stink bugs. BMSBs can live for up to eight months.

4. THEIR SPRAY HAS SOMETHING IN COMMON WITH CILANTRO.

A bunch of cilantro tied together with a string
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Skunk. Old socks. Coriander. These are just some of the things the stink of the brown marmorated stink bug has been compared to. The two main chemicals responsible for the BMSB’s stinky spray are trans-2-octenal and trans-2-decenal. The latter is what gives cilantro its smell.

The chemicals in the spray might have a purpose besides scaring away predators: According to a 2016 study, they “inhibit the growth of bacteria”; the results of the study “suggest that brown marmorated stink bug aldehydes are indeed antibacterial agents and serve a multifunctional role for this insect.”

5. THEY EAT YOUR APPLES …

Brown marmorated stink bug feeding on an apple
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Brown marmorated stink bugs chow down on more than 100 types of crops. According to StopBMSB.org, apples, Asian pears, green beans, sweet corn, peaches, tomatoes, peppers, and Swiss chard are among the crops BMSBs pose the most risk to. Apricots, blueberries, broccoli, cauliflower, sweet potatoes, and turnips are also on the menu (though they’re less at risk).

To feed, the bugs pierce the skin of the plants with their mouthparts and drink the fluids, which in fruits like apples “results in a characteristic distortion referred to as ‘cat facing,’ that renders the fruit unmarketable as a fresh product,” according to a Penn State Extension article on the bugs. In 2010, mid-Atlantic farmers estimated that BMSBs caused $37 million in damage to apple crops alone. Some farmers of apples and other crops reported total losses that year.  

6. … AND COULD INVADE YOUR HOME BY THE THOUSANDS.

A stink bug on a model of white house
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Come winter, BMSBs are looking for a warm place to shack up so they can enter diapause, a hibernation-like state that lasts until spring (a.k.a. mating season). Outdoors, they’ll overwinter in dead trees—but often, they find their way into peoples' homes through open windows and doorways, in the gaps around window air conditioning units, down chimneys, and basically any crack they can find.

According to The New Yorker, “Studies have shown that, despite their relative heft, stink bugs can crawl through any crevice larger than 7 millimeters, which means that, no matter how much caulk and weather-stripping and patience you possess, it is virtually impossible to stink bug-proof a home.” But that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t try; experts recommend placing screens over windows and vents and making liberal use of caulk to patch cracks.

Once a stink bug has found a warm spot it likes, it will release an aggregation pheromone (which can linger for up to a year) that draws other BMSBs to the same area, where they’ll gather in sometimes staggering numbers: One study found more than 26,000 of them living in a Maryland home.

The good news is, beyond being a smelly nuisance, they won’t mate in your home or cause structural damage (though they might clog chimneys ... or your pipes).

7. ONCE INSIDE, THEY’RE HARD TO GET RID OF.

A stink bug on a piece of wood.
iStock.com/drnadig

Some suggested stink bug removal approaches include knocking the bugs into soapy water, placing fly traps or double-sided tape in entryways, and spraying various concoctions (like garlic water) around your house. Vacuuming them up is also an option, though as the Penn State Extension article notes, “the vacuum may acquire the smell of stink bugs for a period of time,” so it might be best to avoid that tactic if your vacuum doesn’t have a bag you can easily toss.

A study showed that traps baited with the aggregation pheromone are only effective half of the year. And though foggers will kill stink bugs around your house, “it will not prevent more of the insects from emerging shortly after the room is aerated” and therefore “is not considered a good solution to long-term management of the problem.” Even expensive professional extermination efforts can be for naught.

Research by Virginia Tech has suggested that the most effective method of removal is to line a roasting pan with foil, fill it with soapy water, and place it in a dark room with a light above it to attract the bugs. According to a press release, this method—which was tested in 16 homes over a period of two years—“eliminated 14 times more stink bugs than store-bought traps that cost up to $50.”

8. THEY’RE PRETTY GREAT FLIERS.

In the home, stink bugs are lethargic, buzzing around clumsily thanks to diapause. But in the wild, they’re good fliers: Research has shown that, in flight mill tests, the bugs can fly 1.2 miles in a 24-hour period, and in field observations, they fly in a straight line at 6.7 mph. You can see one flying in slow motion here.

9. THEY’RE GENERALLY NOT HARMFUL.

A puppy with a leash in its mouth.
iStock.com/sawiemander

BMSBs don’t sting or bite—their main defensive mechanism is their stinky spray. But some people can have allergic reactions, including rhinitis, conjunctivitis, or dermatitis, to the spray. The bugs aren’t toxic, so they won’t hurt your pets—though the chemicals in their spray might make your pets vomit or drool.

10. THEY MIGHT BE MESSING WITH YOUR RED WINE.

Pouring red wine into a glass.
iStock.com/debyaho

Not only do these pests feed on grapes, but they can end up in the mix as grapes are turned into wine, where the bugs give off stress compounds that affect the quality of the vino. Researchers at Oregon State University placed live and dead stink bugs on wine grapes and measured the stress compounds the insects released as they and the grapes were squeezed during the winemaking process. According to a press release, “They found that pressing was a key step in the release of two of the most common stress compounds—tridecane, which is odorless, and (E)-2-decenal, which produces an undesirable musty-like, coriander or cilantro aroma.” Red wine was more affected than white, maybe because the grapes are pressed at different points in the production process. The researchers found that more than three stink bugs per grape cluster resulted in contaminated wine.

11. THEY LEAVE TRACES OF THEIR PRESENCE ON PLANTS.

Brown marmorated stink bug on a plant.
iStock.com/ibunt

Scientists at Rutgers University recently discovered that they could detect the eDNA (or environmental DNA—things like skin flakes, scales, exoskeletons, or fecal matter) of brown marmorated stink bugs in the water farmers used to wash their produce before the crops go to market. They visited two farms—one in New Jersey with a known stink bug infestation and another that was just outside the bugs’ range in New Hampshire—where they both tested water and set traps for the bugs. As expected, they found stink bug DNA at the Jersey farm … and they found it at the New Hampshire farm, too. There, on the last day of testing, an immature stink bug ended up in a trap—visual confirmation of what their data was telling them. They hope that farmers can use the test to detect stink bugs before there’s a full-fledged infestation.

12. ONE OF ITS NATURAL PREDATORS IS A PARASITIC WASP THAT JUST MADE ITS WAY TO THE STATES.

A samurai wasp lays an egg in a brown marmorated stink bug egg
Oregon State University, Wikimedia Commons // CC BY-SA 2.0

In the U.S. the BMSB has few predators—so when scientists were looking for a way to combat the pests, they went to Asia. There, the stink bugs are kept in check by samurai wasps (Trissolcus japonicus), a tiny, stingerless parasite that lays its eggs in the stink bugs’ eggs, where its larvae eat the contents before emerging as wasps to continue the cycle. Sixty to 90 percent of BMSB eggs in Asia are parasitized by the wasps.

Scientists brought some of the wasps back and began testing to see if they would be a good candidate for release in the states. But before they could release any, the wasps showed up on their own, in Maryland in 2014. (Genetic testing showed that they weren’t escaped wasps that the scientists had been studying.) According to Science, “Although in laboratory tests it has parasitized some eggs laid by native species, [the wasp] has shown a strong preference for brown marmorated stink bug eggs.” Still, scientists are proceeding with caution: Though they can release the wasps in states where they’ve already been found, there are rules and regulations to follow and permissions to get before they can be released anywhere new.

Invasive Snakehead Fish That Can Breathe on Land Is Roaming Georgia

Mohd Fazlin Mohd Effendy Ooi, Flickr // CC BY 2.0
Mohd Fazlin Mohd Effendy Ooi, Flickr // CC BY 2.0

A fish recently found in Georgia has wildlife officials stirred up. In fact, they’re advising anyone who sees a northern snakehead to kill it on sight.

That death sentence might sound extreme, but there’s good reason for it. The northern snakehead, which can survive for brief periods on land and breathe air, is an invasive species in North America. With one specimen found in a privately owned pond in Gwinnett County, the state wants to take swift action to make certain the fish, which is native to East Asia, doesn’t continue to spread. Non-native species can upset local ecosystems by competing with native species for food and habitat.

The Georgia Department of Natural Resources’ Wildlife Resources Division is advising people who encounter the snakehead—a long, splotchy-brown fish that can reach 3 feet in length—to kill it and freeze it, then report the catch to the agency's fisheries office.

Wildlife authorities believe snakeheads wind up in non-native areas as a result of the aquarium trade or food industry. A snakehead was recently caught in southwestern Pennsylvania. The species has been spotted in 14 states.

[h/t CNN]

42 Amazing Facts About Dogs

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fongleon356/iStock via Getty Images

Does this even need an introduction? It's cool facts about dogs, so you're already sold. Cuddle up with your best friend (or borrow a best friend's best friend) and detox from the world with interesting items about the animal that American humorist Josh Billings called "the only thing on Earth that loves you more than you love yourself."

1. DOGS LICK PEOPLE AND OTHER DOGS FOR A VARIETY OF REASONS.

A small dog licks the nose of a woman while lying in bed.
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Puppies will lick their mothers or owners as a sign of affection or to indicate that they're hungry. As adults, licking becomes a sign of submission to an authority figure. So if your dog licks you, they're probably trying to let you know that they want something—probably food and/or attention.

2. Licking ALSO MAKES dogs FEEL BETTER.

Licking your face releases endorphins that calm and relieve your dog's stress. But if a dog is constantly licking itself, they might be bored or have a skin problem you need to have checked out by a vet.

3. DOGS CIRCLE UP BEFORE LYING DOWN ON INSTINCT.

If we spun around three times before taking a nap it would seem like a waste of time or adherence to ancient superstition, but for dogs it's a matter of old habits dying hard. Dogs do it as a behavior evolved from their wild ancestors. Their nightly routine entailed (ahem) pushing down tall grass which scared off bugs or snakes while forming a small bed. Turns out spinning achieves a lot.

4. YOU SHOULd NEVER LEAVE YOUR DOG ALONE IN A CAR.

According to the American Kennel Club, a dog should never be left alone in a car—with no exceptions. Not only will your dog miss you but, according to Bright Side, the temperature inside cars increases rapidly regardless of whether or not the car is parked directly in sunlight, and dogs overheat extremely easily!

5. PUPPIES ARE FUNCTIONALLY BLIND AND DEAF AT BIRTH.

On day one, a puppy's eyes are firmly shut and their ear canals closed. Why? In brief, it’s part of an evolutionary trade-off. Since pregnancy can hurt a carnivore's ability to chase down food, dogs evolved to have short gestation periods. Brief pregnancies meant that canine mothers wouldn't need to take prolonged breaks from hunting. However, because dog embryos spend such a short time in the womb (only two months or so), puppies aren't born fully developed—and neither are their eyes or ears.

6. dogs understand the power of "puppy eyes."

A black and white dog's head resting on a dining table, its eyes looking up.
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According to a study from 2017, dogs raise their eyebrows (to make “puppy eyes”) and make other dramatic facial expressions when they know humans are watching. Shelter dogs have learned this trick, too; pups who employ the puppy eyes trick tend to get adopted more quickly than dogs that show other behaviors, like wagging their tails.

7. DOGS IMPROVE YOUR ATTITUDE.

That feeling of happiness you get while watching a bunch of puppies fall all over each other is genuine. Studies have found that spending time with dogs, especially in high-stress situations, can ease tension in humans. They can also lower your blood pressure (and they like going on walks, which helps you, too).

8. ONE OF THE MOST EXPENSIVE BREEDS HAS BEEN POPULAR SINCE THE RENAISSANCE.

Löwchens are a petite, long-haired dog that have been a popular breed since the Renaissance, and even showed up in some paintings from that period. As they're rare today, a Löwchen will cost you around $10,000 in some parts of the world.

9. DOGS CAN UNDERSTAND UP TO 250 WORDS AND GESTURES.

Young girl talking to her dog
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The average dog is estimated to be as intelligent as a 2-year-old child.

10. A WET NOSE being a sign of a dog's good health is a myth.

It's a common misconception that your dog’s wet nose is a sign of good health, but the real reason for the moisture on Fido’s nose is a little murkier. One explanation is that dogs repeatedly lick their nose throughout the day to keep it clean. Another is that the moisture helps them cool off. Dogs don’t sweat the way humans do, so they pant and let off extra heat through their noses. A special gland in the nose produces a clear fluid that helps them cool down faster.

11. dogs KNOW HOW YOU FEEL.

A red-haired woman holds a sleepy black Dachshund dog.
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Dogs can read your mood. A 2016 study from the universities of Lincoln and Sao Paolo found that dogs can read and respond to the emotions on human faces, even in photographs.

12. dogs have an amazing sense of smell.

A dog can smell anywhere from 10,000 to 100,000 times better than the average human. Canines have 300 million olfactory receptors, compared to our measly 6 million. Moreover, the part of the brain dedicated to smell is 40 times larger in dogs than in humans.

13. dogs BREATHE DIFFERENTLY than humans.

While people breathe in and out the same way, canines breathe in through their nostrils and out through the slits found on the sides of the nose. This system circulates air so that the animal is always bringing in new smells. Breeds like the bloodhound also have the advantage of floppy ears that push up new smells.

14. DOGS GET JEALOUS.

Anyone with two dogs will probably tell you that dogs definitely feel jealousy—and it’s true! A 2014 study confirmed that your pet gets a little miffed when you start petting other dogs on the side.

15. THEIR FEET MIGHT SMELL LIKE POPCORN.

If you think your dog’s feet smell like popcorn or corn chips, you’re not alone! Dogs have a lot of bacteria and yeast that grow on their paws as a result of moisture that gets caught in the many folds and pockets between their toes. These microorganisms create a variety of smells. The bacteria Proteus or Pseudomonas are the likely parties guilty of giving your hound’s feet that distinct tortilla smell. There’s no need to go wash your pet’s paws just yet, though—a subtle smell is completely normal.

16. GUIDE DOGS DO THEIR BUSINESS ON COMMAND.

A black and red sign that says "Clean Up After Your Pets"
amanalang iStock via Getty Images

Guide dogs are extremely well trained and only go to the bathroom on command. Usually the owner will have a specific spot for the hound and use a command word like, “go time” or, “do your business,” so they’ll know when and where to clean up.

17. DOG NAMES HAVE CHANGED A LOT THROUGHOUT THE YEARS.

In 2018, the most common dog names were Bella, Coco, Charlie, Lucy, Becks, and Max. If you’re curious about how much dog name trends change, here are some popular ones from Medieval times: Blawnche, Nosewise, Smylfeste, Bragge, Holdfast, Zaphyro, Zalbot, Mopsus, and Mopsulus.

18. DOGS DIG TO BEAT THE HEAT.

A Dalmation dog digs a hole in the san on a beach
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When stuck on an open lawn with little to no shade, unearthing a fresh layer of dirt untouched by the sun is a quick way to cool down.

19. DOGS ALSO DIG TO HIDE THEIR STUFF.

Imagine your dog gets bored with chewing his favorite bone but knows he wants to come back for it later. Instead of leaving it out in the open where anyone can snatch it up, he decides to bury it in a secret place where only he'll be able to find it. Whether or not he'll actually go back for it is a different story. Note: If your dog Smylfeste's motive for digging is more destructive than practical, he may have an energy problem.

20. DOGS BOW TO SIGNAL ATTACK PRACTICE.

Wondering why dogs bow? In many cases, it serves an important evolutionary function. A prime example is the play bow: If you've ever seen a dog crouch forward with its elbows on the ground and its rear end in the air, wagging tail and all, then you know what it is. The position is the ultimate sign of playfulness, which is important for a species that often uses playtime as practice for attacking prey.

21. SEVERAL dog BREEDS ARE CAT-FRIENDLY.

A grey kitten sleeps in the paws of a Golden Retriever dog.
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If you’re a cat owner looking for a dog that won’t fight with your feline, look for one of these breeds: Japanese Chins, Golden Retrievers, Papillons, Labrador Retrievers, and Beagles. Of course, every dog has its own personality—so just being one of the above breeds doesn't guarantee that Fido and Fluffy will become instant BFFs.

22. LABRADOR RETRIEVERS ARE THE MOST POPULAR PUREBRED DOGS IN AMERICA

According to the American Kennel Club’s official list, labrador retrievers, German shepherds, and golden retrievers have been the most popular purebred dogs, in that order, since at least 2014. Labs have taken the top spot in the organization's rankings of most popular breeds for 24 consecutive years—the longest reign of any breed in AKC history.

Coming in at spots 4 and 5 for 2018 were French bulldogs and bulldogs. Anecdotal evidence suggests that mutts are pretty popular, too.

23. THE NAME BEAGLE could HELP EXPLAIN THEIR LOUD BARK.

The word Beagle most likely comes from the French word begueule, which means “open throat.” The name is pretty accurate: Beagles have impressive vocal cords that are much fuller and louder than those of other dogs. Beagles are so talented at vocalizing, they do so in three different ways: There’s the standard bark for everyday things, like the doorbell or getting a new treat. Then there’s baying, which sounds a lot like doggy yodeling. This throaty yowl is used on the hunt to alert fellow dogs that they've picked up an interesting scent. Finally, there's the forlorn howl. Beagles will howl if they are sad, bored—or if others are howling first.

24. HUNTERS IN THE MIDDLE AGES HAD TINY BEAGLES.

A beagle puppy against a blue background
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Hunters in the 13th century employed pocket beagles, which are exactly as tiny and adorable as they sound. These miniature pups were only about 8 to 9 inches tall. Today, beagles are about 13 to 15 inches tall.

25. FRENCH BULLDOGS CAN'T DOGGY PADDLE.

French bulldogs’ origins are murky, but most sources trace their roots to English bulldogs. Lace makers in England were drawn to the toy version of the dog and would use the smaller pups as lap warmers while they worked. When the lace industry moved to France, they took their dogs with them. There, the English bulldogs probably bred with terriers to create bouledogues français, or French bulldogs.

As a result of their squat frame and bulbous head, French bulldogs can’t swim, so pool owners should keep a watchful eye on their pups.

26. HOT DOGS ARE NAMED AFTER WEINER DOGS, NOT THE OTHER WAY AROUND.

A Dachshund in a hot dog costume.
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The deli product hawked by street vendors was originally known as a dachshund sausage because it resembled the short-legged hound. How the name switched is up for debate, but some believe the name was shortened to hot dog when a befuddled cartoonist could not spell the original name.

27. DOG TAILS HAVE THEIR OWN LANGUAGE.

A dog’s tail can tell you a lot about how they are feeling. A loose wag from side to side means the dog feels relaxed and content. More fervent wagging with hip movements means the dog is happy or saying hello to a loved one. If the tail is straight up, it is a sign of confidence or aggression; down and curled between the legs usually means fear or submission.

28. TESTING DOG INTELLIGENCE IS BASED ON LEARNING NEW COMMANDS QUICKLY.

Border collies, poodle, and German shepherds are considered to be among the smartest breeds of dog. To be placed in the top tier of intelligence, breeds must understand a new command after only five repetitions and follow the first command given to them 95 percent of the time.

29. SOME DOGS WILL LOOK LIKE PUPPIES THEIR WHOLE LIVES.

Although rare, some dogs can have pituitary dwarfism, just like humans. As a result, the dogs are puppy-like forever, keeping their puppy fur and staying small in stature. While this condition makes them look like adorable teddy bears, it comes with a whole slew of health problems.

30. SOME DOGS CAN HOLD EGGS IN THEIR MOUTHS WITHOUT BREAKING THEM.

A yellow Labrador Retriever lying in a field of wheat.
Chalabala iStock via Getty Images

Golden Retrievers have “soft mouths,” meaning they can carry things in their chops without damaging them—an important skill for canines tasked with retrieving their masters' hunting trophies. They’re so gentle, in fact, that some can be trained to hold a raw egg in their mouths without breaking it.

31. DOGS SMELL Each others' BUTTS TO LEARN ABOUT THEIR NEW ACQUAINTANCES.

Dogs sniff rear ends as their way of asking, “Who are you and how have you been?” Canines can find out a whole slew of information from just a whiff. The secretions released by glands in the rump tell other animals things like the dog’s gender, diet, and mood. It’s sort of like talking with chemicals.

32. LABRADOR RETRIEVERS AREN'T FROM LABRADOR.

They actually come from Newfoundland. In the 18th century, Greater Newfoundland dogs bred with smaller water dogs to produce St. John’s water dogs. These smaller canines looked a lot like modern day Labs, but with white muzzles and paws. The St. John’s water dog eventually went extinct, but it served as the ancestor for the Labrador retriever.

33. YOU CAN GET ALL FLAVORS OF LAB FROM ANY FLAVOR OF LAB PARENTS.

Regardless of the parents’ color, a single litter of Labs can include black, yellow, and chocolate puppies. There are two genes that cause the pigmentation of the coat, so the variation can be just as common as different hair colors in a human family.

34. CORGIS ARE GREAT FOR HERDING CATTLE.

A Corgi runs toward the camera.
Lisa_Nagorskaya iStock via Getty Images

The Welsh used the short dogs as herders as early as the 10th century. In those days, pastures were considered common land, so there were no fences. In order to keep a farmer’s cattle together and separated from other herds, corgis would nip at their legs to herd them. Because of their closeness to the ground, corgis had easy access to the cows’ ankles and were difficult targets of the retaliatory kicks of cattle.

35. DOGS HAVE LEFT- OR RIGHT-DOMINANT PAWS—JUST LIKE HUMANS.

They also have different blood types, and they can get laryngitis from barking continuously.

36. DOG'S MOUTHS AREN'T "CLEAN."

A common myth is that a dog’s mouth is a magically clean place. This is not the case: A canine mouth is brimming with bacteria. Fortunately, a lot of those germs are specific to the species so you don’t have to worry when your pup goes in for a wet kiss. That said, there are some similar bacteria, so make sure your pet has up-to-date shots.

37. DOGS HAVE DREAMS.

Smaller dogs also tend to dream more than larger dogs, and older dogs more than midlife dogs.

38. WE'RE LEAVING A LOT TO OUR DOGS.

An estimated 1 million dogs in the U.S. have been named primary beneficiary in their owner's wills. (Humans are still in charge of the money, though.)

39. THERE IS A DOG WITH SIX TOES.

A Lundehund standing on green grass.
CaptureLight iStock via Getty Images

Meet the Lundehund—which translates literally to puffin dog—has six toes on each foot. They're helpful for climbing the jagged, slippery rocks were puffins like to make their homes.

40. BLOODHOUNDS ARE THE MOST SKILLED SMELLERS.

A bloodhound’s sense of smell is the strongest among any dog breed. In fact, a bloodhound’s sense of smell is so strong and impressive that it's admissible as evidence in a court of law.

41. THE LABRADOODLE'S BREEDER THINKS IT WAS A MISTAKE TO CREATE THEM.

Sad Labradoodle dog.
dmbaker/iStock via Getty Images

In 2019, Wally Conron —the 90-year-old dog breeder who developed the Labradoodle— said that creating the designer dog breed was his "life's regret." "I opened a Pandora's box and released a Frankenstein['s] monster," he added. We'll add: An adorable, playful Frankenstein's monster.

42. RATES OF EUTHANASIA ARE DOWN.

In 2019, The New York Times examined data from shelters in 20 major American cities and discovered that rates of euthanasia—the practice of terminating the life of animals, often by lethal injection—has dropped by an average of 75 percent in recent years. In Houston, for example, 57 percent of animals brought into shelters in 2012 were put down. In 2018, that number dropped to just 15 percent. In Philadelphia, the rate decreased from 36 percent to 13 percent in the same timeframe. Phoenix went from 46 percent to just 4 percent. Other cities, including Los Angeles and New York, demonstrated similar declines.

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