The Top 20 Coffee Cities in the U.S.

iStock
iStock

The City That Never Sleeps owes its nickname in part to the massive amounts of caffeine that fuel its citizenry. That’s right—New York City is the top coffee city in America, according to a new breakdown by WalletHub. The city has 17.4 times more coffee shops per capita than Laredo, Texas—the city with the fewest number of cafes.

In celebration of National Coffee Day this Saturday, September 29, the site used 14 criteria to assess the “coffee culture” in the country’s 100 largest cities. A few of these metrics include the number of coffee shops and cafes per capita, the average cost of a pack of coffee, the average price of a cappuccino, and the share of households that own coffee makers.

The fact that the top two spots are claimed by New York and Seattle probably won’t come as a shock to anyone. A few other cities on the top 20 list are less obvious, though. Miami, Florida, has the fourth lowest percentage of households that own coffee makers, but the city made up for it in other categories and came in at number eight on the list of best coffee cities overall.

Check out the full list below, and be sure to visit WalletHub’s website for a more detailed breakdown of which cities fared best (or worst) in each individual category.

1. New York, NY
2. Seattle, WA
3. San Francisco, CA
4. Portland, OR
5. Los Angeles, CA
6. Washington, DC
7. Chicago, IL
8. Miami, FL
9. Boston, MA
10. San Diego, CA
11. Denver, CO
12. Las Vegas, NV
13. Minneapolis, MN
14. Philadelphia, PA
15. Orlando, FL
16. Atlanta, GA
17. Austin, TX
18. Pittsburgh, PA
19. Oakland, CA
20. Fremont, CA

Climate Change Is Threatening Nearly All UNESCO Sites Around the Mediterranean

iStock.com/tunart
iStock.com/tunart

The Mediterranean is home to some of the world's most famous cultural wonders, with 49 UNESCO-recognized world heritage sites in the region in total. Now, the organization warns that all but two of these sites are threatened by flooding and erosion linked to climate change, Artnet News reports.

For a recent study, published in the journal Nature Communications, a team of researchers looked at how various possible outcomes of rising sea levels could impact the Mediterranean coast between now and 2100. They found that even if global temperatures rise just 2°C (about 3.6°F) above pre-industrial numbers, the area's most treasured sites will still be at risk.

The places most vulnerable to rising sea levels include the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia, the Renaissance city of Ferrara, and the city of Venice. When it comes to erosion, Tyre in Lebanon, the archaeological sites of Tárraco in Spain, and the Ephesus in Turkey face the most pressing danger.

A handful of world heritage sites along the Mediterranean Sea, like the Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna and the Cathedral of St. James, could potentially be relocated as an extreme final option. Only two sites on the list—Medina of Tunis and Xanthos-Letoon—would be safe from the flooding and erosion spurred by climate change.

Rising global temperatures are on track to reshape coasts, not just in the Mediterranean, but around the world. In addition to historic sites, homes and airports are also under threat.

[h/t Artnet News]

Today is National Necktie Day in Croatia—Birthplace of the Necktie

Srdjan Stevanovic, Getty Images
Srdjan Stevanovic, Getty Images

If you're wearing a necktie to work today, you can thank (or blame) the Croatians for this stylish invention. The necktie's predecessor, a short knotted garment called the cravat, is a source of pride in this Western Balkan nation—so much so that they celebrate Cravat Day each year on October 18.

It's unclear when exactly the necktie was invented, but Croatian soldiers wore red cravats as part of their uniform during the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648). According to The Atlantic, Croatian mercenaries carried it to Western Europe that same century, and the French borrowed the idea and dubbed it the cravate. It became even more stylish when Louis XIV of France started wearing a lace cravat in 1646 at the tender age of 7, according to The Dubrovnik Times. The English eventually helped spread the accessory around the world, and it morphed into the elongated form we're most familiar with today.

In 1997, a nonprofit organization called the Academia Cravatica was founded to promote the cravat as a symbol of Croatian ingenuity. "By spreading the truth about the cravat, we improve Croatia's image in the international public," the organization states. "The fact that Croats invented the Cravat makes us proud to be Croats." (According to Time Out, Croatia also invented the first MP3 player, the zeppelin, the parachute, and fingerprint identification.)

The cravat is also tied up with national identity. The words Croat and cravat are etymologically linked, and were once different spellings of the same word. One sample sentence by David Hume in 1752 reads, "The troops are filled with Cravates and Tartars, Hussars, and Cossacs."

The holiday isn't normally a big to-do, but the county's capital city, Zagreb, occasionally gets pretty festive. In 2003, when the holiday first debuted in Croatia, the Academia Cravatica wrapped an oversized red necktie around Pula Arena, a Roman amphitheater. It took two years to prepare and five days to install—and at 2650 feet long, it ended up being the largest necktie in the world, as recognized by Guinness World Records.

Cravat Day was formally declared a holiday by Croatian Parliament in 2008, and it's been a hallmark of Croatian culture ever since. A few events were planned in Zagreb today, including a march featuring the "city's famous Cravat Regiment." So if you happen to be in the Croatian capital, now you know why more than 50 historic statues are looking dapper in their red cravats.

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