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Lauren Tamaki

How Irish Whiskey Made a Comeback

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Lauren Tamaki

Irish whiskey almost died in the 1970s. To survive, it needed a little luck.

Scotland may steal today’s European whiskey spotlight, but for centuries, Scotch was very much the underdog fighting against the rich fruits of Ireland’s pot stills. Throughout the 19th century, Irish whiskey’s smooth approachable flavor made it the choice of European drinkers; as Irish immigrants flocked to the United States, they brought the taste of home with them. Irish whiskey was so popular that Scottish distillers shipped casks of their booze to Ireland and had it relabeled as Irish whiskey to fetch a higher price.

But then Irish whiskey distillers fell on a rash of bad luck. As the 20th century began, their Scottish counterparts harnessed more efficient stills to create lighter, milder whiskeys to appeal to more drinkers. American Prohibition, World War I, and the Irish War of Independence further suppressed demand. Irish whiskey kept declining past World War II. By the 1970s, only one company was making it and much of the country’s output was consumed in Irish coffees, an American concoction.

Other countries might have packed it in at that point, but not Ireland! After weathering this slump, Irish whiskey came roaring back in the 1980s and ’90s. After the fall of communism, Eastern Europeans were eager to sip anything besides vodka, and once global spirits giant Pernod Ricard acquired the Jameson brand, Irish whiskey’s subtle, smooth flavors became trendy again. In fact, according to the International Wine & Spirit Report, Irish whiskey has been the world’s fastest-growing spirit for each of the last 23 years. On March 17, don’t settle for another pint of Guinness; raise a glass of Irish whiskey and find out what all the fuss is about.

5 to Try...

1. Kilbeggan

Kilbeggan Distillery

Smooth grains and elegant, leathery flavors greet less experienced drinkers with a note of "Hi, I'm whiskey. It's so nice to meet you!" 

2. 2 Gingers 

Liquor Barn

Perfect for cocktails, this is delicate and pillowy enough to drink neat (making a face) but brash enough to go toe-to-toe with ginger ale.

3. Jameson Select Reserve Black Label

Drink Up NY

Jameson's refined older brother doesn't punch you in the jaw—it offers you whiskey's answer to fruit salad. 

4. Tullamore Dew Phoenix

Wine-Searcher

Vanilla and toffee give way to the spritzy, lively citrus and firm bite of an angry leprechaun running a lemonade stand. 

5. Redbreast 12-Year-Old

Drink Up NY

This nutty, peppery pour manages to be both floral and bold, like a marigold that's really into kickboxing. It's a sipper's dream. 

This story originally appeared in mental_floss magazine. Subscribe to our print edition here, and our iPad edition here.

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iStock // Ekaterina Minaeva
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technology
Man Buys Two Metric Tons of LEGO Bricks; Sorts Them Via Machine Learning
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iStock // Ekaterina Minaeva

Jacques Mattheij made a small, but awesome, mistake. He went on eBay one evening and bid on a bunch of bulk LEGO brick auctions, then went to sleep. Upon waking, he discovered that he was the high bidder on many, and was now the proud owner of two tons of LEGO bricks. (This is about 4400 pounds.) He wrote, "[L]esson 1: if you win almost all bids you are bidding too high."

Mattheij had noticed that bulk, unsorted bricks sell for something like €10/kilogram, whereas sets are roughly €40/kg and rare parts go for up to €100/kg. Much of the value of the bricks is in their sorting. If he could reduce the entropy of these bins of unsorted bricks, he could make a tidy profit. While many people do this work by hand, the problem is enormous—just the kind of challenge for a computer. Mattheij writes:

There are 38000+ shapes and there are 100+ possible shades of color (you can roughly tell how old someone is by asking them what lego colors they remember from their youth).

In the following months, Mattheij built a proof-of-concept sorting system using, of course, LEGO. He broke the problem down into a series of sub-problems (including "feeding LEGO reliably from a hopper is surprisingly hard," one of those facts of nature that will stymie even the best system design). After tinkering with the prototype at length, he expanded the system to a surprisingly complex system of conveyer belts (powered by a home treadmill), various pieces of cabinetry, and "copious quantities of crazy glue."

Here's a video showing the current system running at low speed:

The key part of the system was running the bricks past a camera paired with a computer running a neural net-based image classifier. That allows the computer (when sufficiently trained on brick images) to recognize bricks and thus categorize them by color, shape, or other parameters. Remember that as bricks pass by, they can be in any orientation, can be dirty, can even be stuck to other pieces. So having a flexible software system is key to recognizing—in a fraction of a second—what a given brick is, in order to sort it out. When a match is found, a jet of compressed air pops the piece off the conveyer belt and into a waiting bin.

After much experimentation, Mattheij rewrote the software (several times in fact) to accomplish a variety of basic tasks. At its core, the system takes images from a webcam and feeds them to a neural network to do the classification. Of course, the neural net needs to be "trained" by showing it lots of images, and telling it what those images represent. Mattheij's breakthrough was allowing the machine to effectively train itself, with guidance: Running pieces through allows the system to take its own photos, make a guess, and build on that guess. As long as Mattheij corrects the incorrect guesses, he ends up with a decent (and self-reinforcing) corpus of training data. As the machine continues running, it can rack up more training, allowing it to recognize a broad variety of pieces on the fly.

Here's another video, focusing on how the pieces move on conveyer belts (running at slow speed so puny humans can follow). You can also see the air jets in action:

In an email interview, Mattheij told Mental Floss that the system currently sorts LEGO bricks into more than 50 categories. It can also be run in a color-sorting mode to bin the parts across 12 color groups. (Thus at present you'd likely do a two-pass sort on the bricks: once for shape, then a separate pass for color.) He continues to refine the system, with a focus on making its recognition abilities faster. At some point down the line, he plans to make the software portion open source. You're on your own as far as building conveyer belts, bins, and so forth.

Check out Mattheij's writeup in two parts for more information. It starts with an overview of the story, followed up with a deep dive on the software. He's also tweeting about the project (among other things). And if you look around a bit, you'll find bulk LEGO brick auctions online—it's definitely a thing!

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© Nintendo
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fun
Nintendo Will Release an $80 Mini SNES in September
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© Nintendo

Retro gamers rejoice: Nintendo just announced that it will be launching a revamped version of its beloved Super Nintendo Classic console, which will allow kids and grown-ups alike to play classic 16-bit games in high-definition.

The new SNES Classic Edition, a miniature version of the original console, comes with an HDMI cable to make it compatible with modern televisions. It also comes pre-loaded with a roster of 21 games, including Super Mario Kart, The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past, Donkey Kong Country, and Star Fox 2, an unreleased sequel to the 1993 original.

“While many people from around the world consider the Super NES to be one of the greatest video game systems ever made, many of our younger fans never had a chance to play it,” Doug Bowser, Nintendo's senior vice president of sales and marketing, said in a statement. “With the Super NES Classic Edition, new fans will be introduced to some of the best Nintendo games of all time, while longtime fans can relive some of their favorite retro classics with family and friends.”

The SNES Classic Edition will go on sale on September 29 and retail for $79.99. Nintendo reportedly only plans to manufacture the console “until the end of calendar year 2017,” which means that the competition to get your hands on one will likely be stiff, as anyone who tried to purchase an NES Classic last year will well remember.

In November 2016, Nintendo released a miniature version of its original NES system, which sold out pretty much instantly. After selling 2.3 million units, Nintendo discontinued the NES Classic in April. In a statement to Polygon, the company has pledged to “produce significantly more units of Super NES Classic Edition than we did of NES Classic Edition.”

Nintendo has not yet released information about where gamers will be able to buy the new console, but you may want to start planning to get in line soon.

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