How Losing Weight Affects Your Body and Brain


Have you ever wondered why it's so easy to lose weight one week into a new diet, and after that it gets progressively harder? It isn't just your imagination. A video by Business Insider shows how your body and brain can turn against you when you're trying to eat healthy foods and shed a few pounds.

After the first week of a new diet, during which time you may shed mostly water weight, your metabolism adjusts to changes in your diet and you won't burn as many calories. Also, as you start to burn more fat, you may notice that you feel hungrier. That's because a hormone called leptin, whose function is to let your brain know you're full after finishing a meal, is in shorter supply when you lose weight. As the video points out, one study revealed that obese people who had lost 10 percent of their body weight had lower levels of leptin, which activated certain areas of the brain linked with appetite.

Not only does this make you want to eat more, but your body's attempt to bring your leptin levels back to normal may also make you crave fatty foods that are high in calories. Those who push through the temptation will start to feel the difference, though. Besides lessening the strain on blood vessels and improving overall brain function, every pound of weight lost lifts four pounds of pressure from the knee joints.

Where does all that fat go when you burn it off, though? According to one study, for every 10 pounds of fat you shed, 8.4 pounds are exhaled as CO2. The remaining 1.6 pounds are converted to water and discharged from the body as urine, feces, sweat, and other bodily fluids. So rather than "burning" fat, you're actually excreting it.

[h/t Business Insider]

From Cocaine to Chloroform: 28 Old-Timey Medical Cures


Is your asthma acting up? Try eating only boiled carrots for a fortnight. Or smoke a cigarette. Have you got a toothache? Electrotherapy might help (and could also take care of that pesky impotence problem). When it comes to our understanding of medicine and illnesses, we’ve come a long way in the past few centuries. Still, it’s always fascinating to take a look back into the past and remember a time when cocaine was a common way to treat everything from hay fever to hemorrhoids.

In this week's all-new edition of The List Show, Mental Floss editor-in-chief Erin McCarthy is highlighting all sorts of bizarre, old-timey medical cures. You can watch the full episode below.

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Game of Thrones Star Sophie Turner Opened Up About Her Struggles With Depression

Helen Sloan, HBO
Helen Sloan, HBO

Playing one of the main characters on the most popular show currently on television isn't always as glamorous as it seems. Sometimes, the pressures of fame can be too much. Sophie Turner realized this while playing Sansa Stark on Game of Thrones, and has recently revealed how being in the public eye took a toll on her mental health.

Turner took on the role of Sansa Stark in 2011, when she was just a teenager, and she quickly became a household name. Now, at 23, she's come forward to Dr. Phil on his podcast Phil in the Blanks to explain how negative comments on social media affected her self-image and mental health.

"I would just believe it. I would say, ‘Yeah, I am spotty. I am fat. I am a bad actress.' I would just believe it," Turned explained. "I would get [the costume department] to tighten my corset a lot. I just got very, very self-conscious."

Later on, these feelings led to major depression. Turner developed a sense of isolation after she realized that all of her friends and family were going off to colleege while she was pursuing a sometimes-lonely acting career.

"I had no motivation to do anything or go out. Even with my best friends, I wouldn't want to see them, I wouldn't want to go out and eat with them," Turner explained. "I just would cry and cry and cry over just getting changed and putting on clothes and be like, 'I can't do this. I can't go outside. I have nothing that I want to do.'"

The feelings of depression stayed with Turner for most of the time she was filming Game of Thrones, and it's a battle she's still fighting. "I've suffered with my depression for five or six years now. The biggest challenge for me is getting out of bed and getting out of the house. Learning to love yourself is the biggest challenge," she continued.

The actress shared that she goes to a therapist and takes medication for her depression—two things that have helped her feel better.

Between Game of Thrones ending and planning her wedding to fiancé Joe Jonas, Turner may not have the time to take on many new acting roles in the near future. However, we'll continue to see her as Sansa Stark in the final season of Game of Thrones, and as Jean Grey in Dark Phoenix, which hits theaters on June 7.

[h/t: E! News]