CLOSE
Original image
The Warriors Wiki
entertainment
arrow

21 Street Gangs Featured in The Warriors

Original image
The Warriors Wiki

Nearly 40 years ago, writer-director Walter Hill introduced American audiences to a new vision of New York City street gangs with the release of The Warriors. The movie—about a Coney Island gang trying to make it home from the Bronx after being framed for the murder of the city’s most powerful warlord—is a cult classic today. But its initial release in 1979 was surrounded by controversy.

Reports of violence, vandalism, and even three homicides were linked to screenings of the film, prompting Paramount Pictures to offer to pay the costs for additional security at theaters nationwide. It was a reaction that surprised Hill, who had always intended for The Warriors, which he adapted from Sol Yurick’s novel, to be seen as a fantasy film. “I felt very strongly that it certainly was not a very realistic book, and I wanted to make it even less so,” Hill recently recalled to Esquire. “I wanted to take it into a fantasy element, but at the same time add some contemporary flash.”

The genre intentions may have been lost on some audience members at the time, but the film has endured. It’s still regularly screened at repertory theaters and a favorite midnight movie. It has also been turned into a comic book series and a popular video game. Now, we’re paying tribute to The Warriors’ real stars—the fictional street gangs who assembled for that midnight summit back in 1979.

1. THE WARRIORS

Okay, so this one’s a gimme. The titular gang from Coney Island set the pace and plot of the film, as they attempt to make their way from the Bronx to Brooklyn after being framed for the murder of Cyrus, The Gramercy Riffs’ leader. Unfortunately for The Warriors, they’re being pursued by the rest of the gangs on this list.

2. THE GRAMERCY RIFFS

In the hierarchy of street gangs, The Gramercy Riffs are at the very top. And it’s their leader—Cyrus—who organizes the midnight summit in Van Cortlandt Park that sets off the plot. Cyrus requests that each of the city’s gangs send a handful of (unarmed) members to discuss how they might begin collaborating with each other instead of competing. It’s a groundbreaking idea, but it’s short-lived; Cyrus is gunned down in the midst of sharing his vision. The Rogues are the ones who did it, but they successfully manage to blame the murder on The Warriors. And the chase begins…

3. THE ROGUES

“The Rogues” is an appropriate name for this Hell’s Kitchen crew, as they operate by their own set of rules. It’s their leader, Luther, who is the real shooter, and also the first to point the finger at The Warriors. Luther also has a knack for offering up some of the film’s most memorable catchphrases. Though actor David Patrick Kelly has long been credited with improvising the now-famous “Waaaaarriors, come out to plaaaay” line, he insists it was Hill. “I’ll take credit for the bottles and how I said it,” Kelly told Entertainment Weekly in 2012. “But I remember him kicking in the lines.”

4. TURNBULL AC’S

The Turnbull AC’s are easy to recognize for two reasons: They’re all bald, and they ride around the city in an old bus. It’s that same bus that the gang uses to try and run down The Warriors shortly after the summit breaks up (the Turnbull AC’s are the first group The Warriors must face off against).

5. THE ORPHANS

The Orphans, who reside in the Tremont neighborhood of the Bronx, aren’t the most sophisticated of the film’s street gangs. So much so that they weren’t even invited to the summit. As Warrior member Fox says of their reputation: “They’re so far down, they’re not even on the map.” Ouch! Of all the gangs they encounter, The Orphans are the most pleasant, at least at first, and even agree to let The Warriors pass through their neighborhood problem-free. But they change their minds about playing nice when a local girl, Mercy, calls their leader “chicken” for not defending his territory. The encounter comes to an abrupt end when a Molotov cocktail makes an appearance.

6. THE BASEBALL FURIES

The Baseball Furies take their identity seriously, with each member decked out in a Yankees-style baseball uniform. Which may not seem all that frightening ... until they whip out their baseball bats.

7. THE LIZZIES

The all-girl Lizzies use their feminine wiles to coax three of The Warriors back to their pad near Union Square, and come closer than any other gang to capturing—and killing—the titular crew. Fortunately for The Warriors, the gals don’t have great aim. They’re able to escape relatively unscathed (even if they did need to punch and break a chair over the head of a couple of their female counterparts).

8. THE PUNKS

We’re not sure what’s so “punk” about pairing denim overalls with a rugby shirt. Or a pair of roller skates. But The Punks do reside in the Bowery, so the name is at least somewhat appropriate. As is the fact that their defeat begins with a can of spray paint.  

9. THE BOPPERS

The Harlem-based Boppers look more like a boy band than a street gang to be reckoned with, but they are very much the latter.

10. THE HURRICANES

The Boppers’ main rivals are the Spanish Harlem-based Hurricanes, who make only a brief appearance in the film, at Cyrus’ summit.

11. THE HI-HATS

The SoHo-based Hi-Hats might be the best proof Hill has got that he intended for The Warriors to be a fantasy film. Because clowns are scary, and mimes are not.

12. THE ELECTRIC ELIMINATORS

Also based in SoHo are The Electric Eliminators, rivals to the Hi-Hats, who are seen twice in the film: first as they make their way to the summit, in their satin yellow bomber jackets, and later in the confusion following Cyrus’ murder.

13. THE SARACENS

The Electric Eliminators pal around with The Saracens, who are based in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn. And do a fine job of making black tank tops look intimidating.

14. THE JONES STREET BOYS

The Jones Street Boys also hail from Bensonhurst, so they aren’t fans of The Saracens. Their only appearance in the film is at the summit (they’re the bumblebee-looking dudes in yellow and black stripes).

15. THE SAVAGE HUNS

The Savage Huns of Chinatown are seen twice in the movie: once as they wait for the train uptown, and again as part of the crowd at the summit. Though the filmmakers did a great job of making the summit seem jam-packed, Hill says “I doubt if we had more than 200 to 300 people at a time, though we tried to make it look like more.”

16. THE SATANS MOTHERS

The Savage Huns’ rivals, the Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn-based Satans Mothers, are the movie’s only motorcycle gang. And apparently not big on possessive punctuation.

17. THE BOYLE AVENUE RUNNERS

When it comes to Queens-based street gangs, The Boyle Avenue Runners are it as far as The Warriors goes.

18. THE MOONRUNNERS

The Moonrunners make their way to Van Cortlandt park from their own turf in the Bronx, in Pelham. They may look ready to jazzercise, but their standard issue necklaces—complete with moon pendants—pay tribute their toughness.

19. THE VAN CORTLANDT RANGERS

The Moonrunners’ greatest enemies are The Van Cortlandt Rangers, a.k.a. the VC Rangers, whose fedoras match their striped shirts.

20. THE PANZERS

The Washington Heights-based Panzers are one of the few gangs who look properly attired for warfare.

21. THE GLADIATORS

Not much is seen or known about the Canarsie, Brooklyn-based Gladiators. Except that they do seem like polite enough men, even paying for their subway tokens and entering through the turnstile in an orderly fashion. (See for yourself at the 2:25 mark.)

Several other gangs were included in a list in the official movie script, but are either unidentified on screen or not seen at all. In alphabetical order, they are:

THE ALLEY CATS

THE AMSTERDAM ALL-STARS

THE BLACK HANDS

THE BLACKJACKS

THE BIG TRAINS

THE CHARLEMAGNES

THE COLT 45’S

THE DEALERS

THE DELANEY ROVERS

THE DINGOS: The Dingos, a homosexual gang and rivals of The Warriors, did play a part in the original script when they captured one of The Warriors, but the scene was ultimately cut.

THE E STREET SHUFFLERS

THE EASY ACES

THE EIGHTH AVENUE APACHES

THE FASTBALLS

THE FIFTH STREET BOMBERS

THE FILMORES

THE FIRETASTERS

THE FIVE POINTS

THE GERRARDS

THE GO HARDS

THE GUN HILL DANCERS

THE HOMEBOYS

THE HOPLITES

THE HOWITZERS

THE HIGH ROLLERS

THE HUKS

THE IMPS

THE JESTERS

THE JUDAS BUNCH

THE JUPITERS

THE KNOCKDOWNS

THE KNUCKLES

THE LOCOS

THE MAGICIANS

THE MEATPACKERS

THE NAPOLEONS

THE NICKEL STEAKS

THE NIGHTRIDERS

THE NINTH AVENUE RAZORS

THE PHILLIES

THE PLAINSMEN

THE QUEEN’S BRIDGE MUTILATORS

THE REAL BOYS

THE RED HOOK SHOOTERS

THE ROADMASTERS

THE ROMANS

THE RUNAWAYS

THE SARATOGAS

THE SHANGHAI SULTANS

THE SOUTHERN CROSS

THE SPEEDWAGONS

THE STEVEDORES

THE STILETTOS

THE STONEBREAKERS

THE TERRIERS

THE TURKS

THE WHISPERS

THE WIZARDS

THE XENOPHONES

THE YOUNGBLOODS

THE YO-YO’S

THE ZODIACS

THE ZULUS

All photos courtesy of The Warriors Wiki.

Original image
iStock // Ekaterina Minaeva
technology
arrow
Man Buys Two Metric Tons of LEGO Bricks; Sorts Them Via Machine Learning
May 21, 2017
Original image
iStock // Ekaterina Minaeva

Jacques Mattheij made a small, but awesome, mistake. He went on eBay one evening and bid on a bunch of bulk LEGO brick auctions, then went to sleep. Upon waking, he discovered that he was the high bidder on many, and was now the proud owner of two tons of LEGO bricks. (This is about 4400 pounds.) He wrote, "[L]esson 1: if you win almost all bids you are bidding too high."

Mattheij had noticed that bulk, unsorted bricks sell for something like €10/kilogram, whereas sets are roughly €40/kg and rare parts go for up to €100/kg. Much of the value of the bricks is in their sorting. If he could reduce the entropy of these bins of unsorted bricks, he could make a tidy profit. While many people do this work by hand, the problem is enormous—just the kind of challenge for a computer. Mattheij writes:

There are 38000+ shapes and there are 100+ possible shades of color (you can roughly tell how old someone is by asking them what lego colors they remember from their youth).

In the following months, Mattheij built a proof-of-concept sorting system using, of course, LEGO. He broke the problem down into a series of sub-problems (including "feeding LEGO reliably from a hopper is surprisingly hard," one of those facts of nature that will stymie even the best system design). After tinkering with the prototype at length, he expanded the system to a surprisingly complex system of conveyer belts (powered by a home treadmill), various pieces of cabinetry, and "copious quantities of crazy glue."

Here's a video showing the current system running at low speed:

The key part of the system was running the bricks past a camera paired with a computer running a neural net-based image classifier. That allows the computer (when sufficiently trained on brick images) to recognize bricks and thus categorize them by color, shape, or other parameters. Remember that as bricks pass by, they can be in any orientation, can be dirty, can even be stuck to other pieces. So having a flexible software system is key to recognizing—in a fraction of a second—what a given brick is, in order to sort it out. When a match is found, a jet of compressed air pops the piece off the conveyer belt and into a waiting bin.

After much experimentation, Mattheij rewrote the software (several times in fact) to accomplish a variety of basic tasks. At its core, the system takes images from a webcam and feeds them to a neural network to do the classification. Of course, the neural net needs to be "trained" by showing it lots of images, and telling it what those images represent. Mattheij's breakthrough was allowing the machine to effectively train itself, with guidance: Running pieces through allows the system to take its own photos, make a guess, and build on that guess. As long as Mattheij corrects the incorrect guesses, he ends up with a decent (and self-reinforcing) corpus of training data. As the machine continues running, it can rack up more training, allowing it to recognize a broad variety of pieces on the fly.

Here's another video, focusing on how the pieces move on conveyer belts (running at slow speed so puny humans can follow). You can also see the air jets in action:

In an email interview, Mattheij told Mental Floss that the system currently sorts LEGO bricks into more than 50 categories. It can also be run in a color-sorting mode to bin the parts across 12 color groups. (Thus at present you'd likely do a two-pass sort on the bricks: once for shape, then a separate pass for color.) He continues to refine the system, with a focus on making its recognition abilities faster. At some point down the line, he plans to make the software portion open source. You're on your own as far as building conveyer belts, bins, and so forth.

Check out Mattheij's writeup in two parts for more information. It starts with an overview of the story, followed up with a deep dive on the software. He's also tweeting about the project (among other things). And if you look around a bit, you'll find bulk LEGO brick auctions online—it's definitely a thing!

Original image
iStock
Sponsor Content: BarkBox
arrow
8 Common Dog Behaviors, Decoded
May 25, 2017
Original image
iStock

Dogs are a lot more complicated than we give them credit for. As a result, sometimes things get lost in translation. We’ve yet to invent a dog-to-English translator, but there are certain behaviors you can learn to read in order to better understand what your dog is trying to tell you. The more tuned-in you are to your dog’s emotions, the better you’ll be able to respond—whether that means giving her some space or welcoming a wet, slobbery kiss. 

1. What you’ll see: Your dog is standing with his legs and body relaxed and tail low. His ears are up, but not pointed forward. His mouth is slightly open, he’s panting lightly, and his tongue is loose. His eyes? Soft or maybe slightly squinty from getting his smile on.

What it means: “Hey there, friend!” Your pup is in a calm, relaxed state. He’s open to mingling, which means you can feel comfortable letting friends say hi.

2. What you’ll see: Your dog is standing with her body leaning forward. Her ears are erect and angled forward—or have at least perked up if they’re floppy—and her mouth is closed. Her tail might be sticking out horizontally or sticking straight up and wagging slightly.

What it means: “Hark! Who goes there?!” Something caught your pup’s attention and now she’s on high alert, trying to discern whether or not the person, animal, or situation is a threat. She’ll likely stay on guard until she feels safe or becomes distracted.

3. What you’ll see: Your dog is standing, leaning slightly forward. His body and legs are tense, and his hackles—those hairs along his back and neck—are raised. His tail is stiff and twitching, not swooping playfully. His mouth is open, teeth are exposed, and he may be snarling, snapping, or barking excessively.

What it means: “Don’t mess with me!” This dog is asserting his social dominance and letting others know that he might attack if they don’t defer accordingly. A dog in this stance could be either offensively aggressive or defensively aggressive. If you encounter a dog in this state, play it safe and back away slowly without making eye contact.

4. What you’ll see: As another dog approaches, your dog lies down on his back with his tail tucked in between his legs. His paws are tucked in too, his ears are flat, and he isn’t making direct eye contact with the other dog standing over him.

What it means: “I come in peace!” Your pooch is displaying signs of submission to a more dominant dog, conveying total surrender to avoid physical confrontation. Other, less obvious, signs of submission include ears that are flattened back against the head, an avoidance of eye contact, a tongue flick, and bared teeth. Yup—a dog might bare his teeth while still being submissive, but they’ll likely be clenched together, the lips opened horizontally rather than curled up to show the front canines. A submissive dog will also slink backward or inward rather than forward, which would indicate more aggressive behavior.

5. What you’ll see: Your dog is crouching with her back hunched, tail tucked, and the corner of her mouth pulled back with lips slightly curled. Her shoulders, or hackles, are raised and her ears are flattened. She’s avoiding eye contact.

What it means: “I’m scared, but will fight you if I have to.” This dog’s fight or flight instincts have been activated. It’s best to keep your distance from a dog in this emotional state because she could attack if she feels cornered.

6. What you’ll see: You’re staring at your dog, holding eye contact. Your dog looks away from you, tentatively looks back, then looks away again. After some time, he licks his chops and yawns.

What it means: “I don’t know what’s going on and it’s weirding me out.” Your dog doesn’t know what to make of the situation, but rather than nipping or barking, he’ll stick to behaviors he knows are OK, like yawning, licking his chops, or shaking as if he’s wet. You’ll want to intervene by removing whatever it is causing him discomfort—such as an overly grabby child—and giving him some space to relax.

7. What you’ll see: Your dog has her front paws bent and lowered onto the ground with her rear in the air. Her body is relaxed, loose, and wiggly, and her tail is up and wagging from side to side. She might also let out a high-pitched or impatient bark.

What it means: “What’s the hold up? Let’s play!” This classic stance, known to dog trainers and behaviorists as “the play bow,” is a sign she’s ready to let the good times roll. Get ready for a round of fetch or tug of war, or for a good long outing at the dog park.

8. What you’ll see: You’ve just gotten home from work and your dog rushes over. He can’t stop wiggling his backside, and he may even lower himself into a giant stretch, like he’s doing yoga.

What it means: “OhmygoshImsohappytoseeyou I love you so much you’re my best friend foreverandeverandever!!!!” This one’s easy: Your pup is overjoyed his BFF is back. That big stretch is something dogs don’t pull out for just anyone; they save that for the people they truly love. Show him you feel the same way with a good belly rub and a handful of his favorite treats.

The best way to say “I love you” in dog? A monthly subscription to BarkBox. Your favorite pup will get a package filled with treats, toys, and other good stuff (and in return, you’ll probably get lots of sloppy kisses). Visit BarkBox to learn more.

SECTIONS
BIG QUESTIONS
BIG QUESTIONS
WEATHER WATCH
BE THE CHANGE
JOB SECRETS
QUIZZES
WORLD WAR 1
SMART SHOPPING
STONES, BONES, & WRECKS
#TBT
THE PRESIDENTS
WORDS
RETROBITUARIES