You Can Now Buy a Rare Reprint of the Gutenberg Bible

Taschen
Taschen

The Gutenberg Bible is one of the rarest books in the world. Only 49 copies of the original 180 bibles are thought to survive today, and not all of those are complete texts. Since you probably can't get your hands on one of the originals, Taschen is offering the next best thing. The publisher is releasing a facsimile of the historic text as it appeared when it was first printed in the 15th century.

The printing of the Gutenberg Bible in 1454 was radical—not because of the book's contents, but because of the way the book itself was made. It marked the first time a major Western publication was produced using movable metal type. Prior to that, every book published in Europe was transcribed by hand.

The reprint of the Gutenberg Bible from Taschen is modeled after the Göttingen Library edition, one of the few copies of the book that remains fully intact. Like the original, the 1282 pages of the Taschen version are printed in Latin. The text comes with a companion book outlining the Gutenberg Bible's impact on the history of publishing.

"Not only did Gutenberg’s innovation of mechanical movable type significantly speed up production without sacrificing quality," Taschen's product description explains, "it irreversibly enriched public knowledge, pioneering mass communication and allowing people to access ideas and participate in discussions like never before."

While there are other facsimiles of the Gutenberg Bible out there, they're not common, and they can cost hundreds—if not thousands—of dollars. At $150, Taschen's is a steal.

The book is available for pre-order now from Taschen's website and Amazon, and will ship in July.

The two volumes of Taschen's Gutenberg Bible and its companion text sitting on a table

An open copy of Taschen's Gutenberg Bible

A reprint of the Gutenberg Bible sits open on a table.

All images courtesy Taschen

Newly Discovered Documents Reveal Details of William Shakespeare's Early Years, Based on His Father's Financial Fall

Hulton Archive, Getty Images
Hulton Archive, Getty Images

Newly discovered documents found in the UK's National Archives reveal that William Shakespeare's father was in deep legal and financial trouble for most of the Bard's childhood, according to The Guardian. The 21 documents, previously unknown to scholars, were discovered in the archives by University of Roehampton Shakespeare historian Glyn Parry during the course of his research for a book about the playwright's early life.

Records had previously shown that William Shakespeare's father, John, an entrepreneur, landlord, and occasional politician, was in trouble with the law during the playwright's youth. He was accused of illegal money lending and wool trading without a license (wool was highly taxed at the time, making it a valuable smuggled good) between 1569 and 1572, when the young William was between around 5 and 8 years old. Scholars assumed that John settled the cases out of court, but these new documents show that his legal woes lasted much longer—up until at least 1583—which no doubt contributed to William's worldview and the topics he wrote about in his plays.

Parry discovered the documents by poring over the National Archives' trove of historical material related to Britain's Exchequer, or royal treasury. He found record of John Shakespeare's debts and writs against him, including ones authorizing sheriffs to arrest him and seize his property for the Queen as punishment for his crimes. He owed a sizable sum to the Crown, according to these documents, including a debt of £132, or in 2018 dollars, about $26,300 (£20,000).


Writ of capias to Sheriff of Warwickshire to seize John ‘Shackispere’ of Stratford upon Avon
Crown Copyright, courtesy of The National Archives, UK

John Shakespeare's crimes against the Crown were reported by professional informants, known as "common informers," who, within the Exchequer system, were entitled to half of the goods seized from the person they helped convict. The system, unsurprisingly, was riddled with corruption, and informers would often attempt to extort bribes from their victims in exchange for not taking them to court.

John's legal jeopardy damaged his financial standing within the community where he had served as a constable, an alderman, and a high bailiff (a position similar to town mayor). The government could seize his property at any time, including wool he bought on credit or money he had loaned to other people, making him a risky person for people to do business with.

"So John Shakespeare fell victim to a perfectly legal kind of persecution, which ruined his business through the 1570s, and William grew to adulthood in a household where his father had fallen in social and economic rank," Parry explained to The Guardian. This no doubt influenced his view of power, social standing, and money, all subjects he would explore in detail in his plays.

[h/t The Guardian]

George R.R. Martin Says Game of Thrones Could've Gone on Much Longer

Rich Polk, Getty Images for IMDb
Rich Polk, Getty Images for IMDb

by Natalie Zamora

Despite the excitement every Game of Thrones fan had last night when the HBO series won the biggest Emmy award of the night for Outstanding Drama Series, there are still two major things we just can't ignore. The first is that the final season is still ​months away, and the second is the fact that it's all about to end.

George R.R. Martin, the genius behind the A Song of Ice and Fire novels, is clearly feeling our pain. While on the Emmys' Red Carpet last night, the famed author revealed he doesn't actually know why the TV series is ending.

"I dunno. Ask David [Benioff] and Dan [Weiss] when they come through," Martin replied when Variety asked him why the show was ending. "We could have gone to 11, 12, 13 seasons, but I guess they wanted a life."

"If you've read my novels, you know there was enough material for more seasons," the author elaborated. "They made certain cuts, but that's fine." It's not really fine for the diehard fans who aren't going to know what to do with themselves when it's over!

Thankfully, Martin did give us hope as to ​what's to come after Thrones. "We have five other shows, five prequels, in development, that are based on other periods in the history of Westeros, some of them just 100 years before Game of Thrones, some of them 5000 years before Game of Thrones," he shared.

Westeros Forever. No? Fine.

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