You Can Now Buy a Rare Reprint of the Gutenberg Bible

Taschen
Taschen

The Gutenberg Bible is one of the rarest books in the world. Only 49 copies of the original 180 bibles are thought to survive today, and not all of those are complete texts. Since you probably can't get your hands on one of the originals, Taschen is offering the next best thing. The publisher is releasing a facsimile of the historic text as it appeared when it was first printed in the 15th century.

The printing of the Gutenberg Bible in 1454 was radical—not because of the book's contents, but because of the way the book itself was made. It marked the first time a major Western publication was produced using movable metal type. Prior to that, every book published in Europe was transcribed by hand.

The reprint of the Gutenberg Bible from Taschen is modeled after the Göttingen Library edition, one of the few copies of the book that remains fully intact. Like the original, the 1282 pages of the Taschen version are printed in Latin. The text comes with a companion book outlining the Gutenberg Bible's impact on the history of publishing.

"Not only did Gutenberg’s innovation of mechanical movable type significantly speed up production without sacrificing quality," Taschen's product description explains, "it irreversibly enriched public knowledge, pioneering mass communication and allowing people to access ideas and participate in discussions like never before."

While there are other facsimiles of the Gutenberg Bible out there, they're not common, and they can cost hundreds—if not thousands—of dollars. At $150, Taschen's is a steal.

The book is available for pre-order now from Taschen's website and Amazon, and will ship in July.

The two volumes of Taschen's Gutenberg Bible and its companion text sitting on a table

An open copy of Taschen's Gutenberg Bible

A reprint of the Gutenberg Bible sits open on a table.

All images courtesy Taschen

Beowulf Was Written By One Person, According to Computer Analysis

Justin Sullivan, Getty Images
Justin Sullivan, Getty Images

The poem has been read in classrooms around the world and has influenced countless works of literature, but the identity of the author of Beowulf remains unknown. Scholars can't agree on when exactly the anonymous poet wrote Beowulf, or on whether it was even a single person. Now, a study published in the journal Nature Human Behaviour may finally put one part of that debate to rest. After analyzing the text of the Old English epic, researchers have concluded that Beowulf is the work of one author, the Boston Globe reports.

Written a millennium ago, Beowulf follows a brave hero, the title character, as he slays beasts in Scandinavia, including a monster named Grendel and Grendel's mother. The oldest surviving manuscript dates back to roughly 1000 CE, and there are many competing theories as to its origins.

For their study, researchers from Harvard and other universities used computer algorithms to find patterns in the poem. A type of literary statistic analysis called stylometry was able to break down Beowulf by a number of factors, including meter, breaks, word choice, and the prevalence of certain letter combinations.

The team found that many of the distinguishing style elements of Beowulf are consistent throughout the poem, suggesting that every line came from the same source. But who that one author might have been is still unknown.

Scholars love to speculate on the true authorship of great works—even when there are famous names attached to them. Some experts think that as many as nine writers are really responsible for William Shakespeare's body of work.

[h/t Boston Globe]

25 Classic Books That Have Been Banned

iStock.com/asadykov
iStock.com/asadykov

National Library Week is a time to celebrate the most influential books in literary history. But not every novel that's considered a classic today received instant praise. Many beloved titles had to overcome years of censorship before securing spots on required reading lists and library shelves.

The American Library Association has shared a list of books from the Radcliffe Publishing Course Top 100 Novels of the 20th Century that have been challenged or banned. Of the 100 books, nearly half have received pushback from institutions in the past. Some have been criticized for featuring violence (Beloved), profanity (To Kill a Mockingbird), or controversial political messages (Animal Farm). Even seemingly inoffensive novels have been targeted by censors. (The Lord of the Rings was burned outside a New Mexico church in 2001 for being "satanic.")

Below are 25 of the most popular works of literature from the last century that have been banned from schools, libraries, and, in some cases, entire countries. For even more great books that have been banned, including picture books like Dr. Seuss's The Lorax, check out this list.

  1. The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger

  1. The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck

  1. To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee

  1. The Color Purple by Alice Walker

  1. Beloved by Toni Morrison

  1. Gone With the Wind by Margaret Mitchell

  1. Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov

  1. Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck

  1. Catch-22 by Joseph Heller

  1. Brave New World by Aldous Huxley

  1. Animal Farm by George Orwell

  1. The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway

  1. As I Lay Dying by William Faulkner

  1. A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway

  1. Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison

  1. Native Son by Richard Wright

  1. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest by Ken Kesey

  1. Slaughterhouse Five by Kurt Vonnegut

  1. For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway

  1. The Call of the Wild by Jack London

  1. The Jungle by Upton Sinclair

  1. Lady Chatterley's Lover by D.H. Lawrence

  1. A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess

  1. The Awakening by Kate Chopin

  1. In Cold Blood by Truman Capote

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