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Wikimedia Commons

9 City Streets Named After Real People

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Wikimedia Commons

It seems strange that streets these days—from the cul de sac around the block to the major roadway that runs through the whole town—can be named after just about anything, inevitably leading to plenty of eye-popping and head-shaking moments while you’re meant to be focusing on the literal road ahead. There are plenty of famously wacky street names out there (favorites range from Psycho Path in Traverse City, Michigan to Tater Peeler Road in Lebanon, Texas), but there are still more alleys, avenues, and drives dedicated to something far better—real people. But just who is getting their moniker slapped on a street sign? And how exactly did they make that happen?

1. Martin Luther King, Jr. – various cities

America’s most famous activist has been honored with his very own streets in hundreds of American cities—at last count, there were over 730 streets named after the civil rights leader, with his own home state of Georgia laying down the pavement for at least 100 of them (the most of any state by far). The most famous of the hundreds of MLK streets can be found in Atlanta, his hometown, where Martin Luther King Jr. Drive borders the Atlanta University Center, a collection of historically black colleges and universities—including Morehouse College, where King went to school. Elsewhere across the country, MLK’s names adorns highways, byways, interchanges, and city streets. And while Georgia may have the most MLK streets, Illinois was the first state to use the good doctor’s name to mark a roadway—they dedicated Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive back in 1968.

2. George Balanchine Way – New York City

Beloved ballet choreographer, co-founder of the New York City Ballet, and father of American ballet George Balanchine got his very own street (well, portion of a street) named after him in New York City back in 1990. Positioned near the New York State Theatre on West 63rd Street, George Balanchine Way honors one of the world’s most famous choreographers and a true visionary when it came to artistic pursuits of the feet and mind. Balanchine is also honored by another street that bears his name in Tbilisi, the capital of the country of Georgia, where it's home to the U.S. Embassy.

3. Peter Jennings Way – New York City

New York City loves honoring its most famous citizens with streets named after them, and veteran newsman Peter Jennings is no exception. A year after the ABC anchor passed away, a portion of West 67th Street between Columbus Avenue and Central Park West was named for Jennings. The stretch of road is particularly meaningful: It's exactly where ABC Headquarters is located. It’s a fitting location and, hey, it’s just a hop, skip, and a jump away from good ol' George Balanchine Way.  

4. Bob Hope Drive – Burbank, CA and Rancho Mirage, Ca

If there’s one key to getting a street named after you, it’s to just be wildly famous. The national treasure who was Bob Hope—comedian, vaudevillian, actor, singer, dancer, author, athlete, and Broadway star—has a whole mess of things named after him, especially around the areas of Southern California where his Hollywood career took place. Hope’s got an airport named after him, along with a square, a number of theaters, and even a golf tournament. The star even has four literal stars to his name, at least of the Hollywood Walk of Fame variety (one each for his contributions to live theater, radio, motion pictures, and television). But Hope also has two streets named after him—both “Bob Hope Drive”—located in Burbank, California and Rancho Mirage, California. Basically, you can’t move too far in SoCal without hitting something named after the superstar.

5. Astaire Avenue, Garland Drive, Lamarr Avenue, Skelton Circle, and Hepburn Circle – Culver City, CA

Elsewhere in Southern California, still more stars are honored with streets bearing their names, and we daresay they’re all talents with just as much class as Hope himself (good luck locating a Miley Cyrus Drive or a Britney Spears Circle out there, but we’ll give it some time). Culver City, a new mini suburb built on what was the back lot of the classic MGM Studio, includes a cluster of roadways named after some of the movie house’s most famous stars—including (Fred) Astaire Avenue, (Judy) Garland Drive, (Hedy) Lamarr Avenue, (Red) Skelton Circle, and (Katharine) Hepburn Circle. A few of those sound good enough to dance on.

6. Sam Cooke Way – Chicago, IL

It may have taken some time, but a change did indeed come to Chicago when soul singer superstar and pioneering talent Sam Cooke was honored with “Sam Cooke Way” back in June of 2011. The small stretch of the city’s Cottage Grove Avenue was picked because of its proximity to a corner where a teenaged Cooke would hang out and exercise his trademark pipes. Cooke had long since passed when the street was finally given a fresh moniker—he was shot by a hotel manager back in 1964—but fans of the singer can still visit the street named after him and imagine what it was like to hear him bust out a groove on a once-nondescript avenue.

7. Dave Grohl Alley – Warren, OH

All apologies to Nirvana, The Foo Fighters, and Them Crooked Vultures, but only drummer and singer Dave Grohl has earned his own street back in his hometown of Warren, Ohio. The street was dedicated in August of 2009, and Grohl returned to the town he was born in to receive both a key to the city and the honor of having an entire alley named after him. While an alley might not scream excitement, the town put on a real show, with Grohl himself putting on an actual show along with other local bands. The alley itself is also something special—it’s covered with murals dedicated to Grohl and crafted by local artists.

8. Flaming Lips Alley – Oklahoma City, OK

Grohl isn’t the only musician with his own alley. Oklahoma City’s own Flaming Lips also have one named in their honor. The rock band earned the distinction back in December of 2006, when the city bestowed a street in their entertainment district, Bricktown, with the name “Flaming Lips Alley.” Succinct, right? Not content to have Bricktown celebrate just one street named after a popular musical act, the city also gave streets to both Vince Gill and Charlie Christian during the event. Bricktown is also home to the Oklahoma City Redhawks’ baseball stadium, located on the corner of Johnny Bench Drive and Joe Carter Avenue, both baseball players who were Oklahoma City natives.

9. Korn Row – Bakersfield, CA

Did you know that American nu metal band Korn has two Grammys? No? Then you’re probably not aware that the SoCal band also has a small stretch of road in their hometown of Bakersfield, California named after them. Back in February 2006, the band not only got the portion of road (a back access road to the town’s Rabobank Arena) dedicated to them, their hometown also honored them with an entire day in their honor. Yup, Korn Row was dedicated on Korn Day, and now you’re up to date on your Korn honors. 

BONUS: Tupac Lane – Las Vegas, NV

While Las Vegas’s own “Tupac Lane” isn’t officially named after dead rapper Tupac Shakur (who was shot dead in the city in 1996), it’s still too strange to ignore. What are the odds that a famous musician with a unique moniker would share a name with an apparently unrelated street in the very city that he lost his life in? Actually, the odds might be pretty high, considering that Las Vegas has a laughable history of strange street names (including some amazingly incorrect versions of both common words and proper names). The Awl covered the phenomenon of terrible Las Vegas street names earlier this year, but here’s a sample of other famous names attached to unrelated streets (all misspellings are, embarrassingly enough for the city, correct): Jane Austin Avenue, Alfa Romero Avenue, De Vinci Court, and Bugsy Siegal Circle. Get it together, City of Sin.

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Pop Culture
5 Killer Pieces of Rock History Up for Auction Now (Including Prince’s Guitar)
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Karrah Kobus/NPG Records via Getty Images

If you’ve ever wanted to own a piece of rock history, now is the time. A whole host of cool music memorabilia from the 20th century is going up for sale through Julien’s Auctions in Los Angeles as part of its “Icons and Idols” sale. If you’ve got the dough, you can nab everything from leather chairs from Graceland to a shirt worn by Jimi Hendrix to never-before-available prints that Joni Mitchell signed and gave to her friends. Here are five highlights from the auction:


Elvis’s nunchucks
Courtesy Julien's Auctions

Elvis’s karate skills sometimes get a bad rap, but the King earned his first black belt in 1960, and went on to become a seventh-degree black belt before opening his own studio in 1974. You can cherish a piece of his martial arts legacy in the form of his nunchaku. One was broken during his training, but the other is still in ready-to-use shape. (But please don’t use it.) It seems Elvis wasn’t super convinced of his own karate skills, though, because he also supposedly carried a police baton (which you can also buy) for his personal protection.


A blue guitar used by Prince
Courtesy Julien's Auctions

Prince’s blue Cloud guitar, estimated to be worth between $60,000 and $80,000, appeared on stage with him in the late ’80s and early ’90s. The custom guitar was made just for Prince by Cloud’s luthier (as in, guitar maker) Andy Beech. The artist first sold it at a 1994 auction to benefit relief efforts for the L.A. area’s devastating Northridge earthquake.


Kurt Cobain wearing a cheerleader outfit in the pages of Rolling Stone
Courtesy Julien's Auctions

The Nirvana frontman wore the bright-yellow cheerleader’s uniform from his alma mater, J.M. Weatherwax High School in Aberdeen, Washington, during a photo shoot for a January 1994 issue of Rolling Stone, released just a few months before his death.


A white glove covered in rhinestones
Courtesy Julien's Auctions

A young Michael Jackson wore this bejeweled right-hand glove on his 1981 Triumph Tour, one of the first of many single gloves he would don over the course of his career. Unlike later incarnations, this one isn’t a custom-made glove with hand-sewn crystals, but a regular glove topped with a layer of rhinestones cut into the shape of the glove and sewn on top.

The auction house is also selling a pair of jeans the star wore to his 2003 birthday party, as well as other clothes he wore for music videos and performances.


A piece of wood in a frame under a picture of The Beatles
Courtesy Julien's Auctions

You can’t walk the halls of Abbey Road Studios, but you can pretend. First sold in 1986, the piece of wood in this frame reportedly came from Studio Two, a recording space that hosted not only The Beatles (pictured), but Pink Floyd, Stevie Wonder, Eric Clapton, and others.

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Wellcome Images // CC BY 4.0
5 Dubious Historical Antidotes for Poison (and What Actually Works)
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An artificial bezoar stone from Goa, India
Wellcome Images // CC BY 4.0

When it comes to their health, humans will believe just about anything. In this extract from the new book Quackery: A Brief History of the Worst Ways to Cure Everything, authors Lydia Kang, MD, and Nate Pedersen discuss some of the more questionable ways people once tried to protect themselves from poison—whether or not the methods actually worked.

Poison is everywhere. Naturally or unnaturally, it can be in the soil (arsenic), in the air (carbon monoxide), in your drinks (lead), and in your food (cyanide). With so much danger around, it’s no wonder humans have obsessed over finding a universal antidote—the one thing that could save us from all toxins. Imagine you’re a medieval prince about to inherit the throne. Chances are, there are a lot of power-hungry wannabes waiting in the wings. A little arsenic or hemlock might be your best friend or your worst nightmare. Just in case, best have an antidote on standby.

For millennia, a certain amount of magical thinking was employed when arming oneself against poison because science was inconveniently slow to catch up. So grab your handy unicorn horn and a bezoar, and let’s take a look.


Bezoars have been used for centuries as antidotes to poisons. A bezoar is solid mass of undigested food, plant fibers, or hair found in the digestive tracts of animals, including deer, porcupines, fish, and, yes, humans. Anyone with a cat is familiar with the less-cool feline version: hairballs.

Bezoars and other stone-like items created by animals often had a good story behind them. Legends told of deer that would eat poisonous snakes and become immune or cry tears that solidified into poison-curing stones. First-century Arabic author al-Birumi claimed bezoars could protect against one poison called “the snot of Satan,” which we hope never ever to encounter. By the 12th century, when Europe became plagued with, uh, plagues, the bezoar crept into pharmacopeias as panaceas and alexipharmics (poison antidotes).

Bezoars were a seductive notion for the rich and royal, who were at risk of assassination. The stones were often enclosed in bejeweled gold for display or worn as amulets. Indian bezoars, in particular, were sought for life-threatening fevers, poisonous bites, bleeding, jaundice, and melancholy. Consumers were also known to scrape off a bit of bezoar and add it to their drinks for heart health and kidney stones. These tonics were sometimes adulterated with toxic mercury or antimony, which caused vomiting and diarrhea, making buyers think they were effective.

But were they? One team of researchers soaked bezoars in an arsenic-laced solution and found that the stones absorbed the arsenic or that the poison was neutralized. Hard to say if it worked well enough to cure a fatal dose. Ambroise Paré, one of the preeminent French physicians of the 16th century, was also a doubter. The king’s cook, who’d been stealing silver, was given the choice between hanging or being Paré’s lab rat. He chose the latter. After the cook consumed poison, Paré looked on as a bezoar was stuffed down his throat. Six hours later, he died wracked with pain. Perhaps he chose ... poorly?


This antidote was named after Mithridates VI, the king of Pontus and Armenia Minor. Born in 134 BCE, he pretty much invented the phrase “what doesn’t kill you makes you stronger” by consuming poisons daily to prevent his own assassination. His royal home was stocked with stingray spines, toxic mushrooms, scorpions, mineral poisons, and a poisonous plant–filled garden. He was so unpoisonable that after his son took over his kingdom and he faced execution, he couldn’t even commit suicide by poison! He begged a guard to stab him to death. (It worked.)

Though the king’s actual recipe for the antidote is nowhere to be found, versions began to circulate after his death, and they became synonymous with the king himself. Compounds with lengthy and expensive ingredient lists prevailed, including iris, cardamom, anise, frankincense, myrrh, ginger, and saffron. In the first century, Pliny the Elder snarkily remarked, “The Mithridatic antidote is composed of fifty-four ingredients ... Which of the gods, in the name of Truth, fixed these absurd proportions? ... It is plainly a showy parade of the art, and a colossal boast of science.”

Showy or not, people would take the extensive mix of herbs, pound them together with honey, and eat a nut-sized portion to cure themselves. At least it endowed them with expensive-smelling breath.


An apothecary shop sign in the shape of a unicorn
An ivory pharmacy sign in the shape of a unicorn's head
Wellcome Images // CC BY 4.0

Unicorn horns have been considered a part of antidote legend since the mythical beast galloped into literature around 300 BCE. For centuries afterward, real earthly beasts would sacrifice their lives and their horns to slake our thirst for the miraculous, nonexistent animal, including rhinoceroses, narwhals, and oryx. Even fossilized ammonites were used. It was believed that drinking vessels made of such horns might neutralize poisons, and wounds could be cured by holding them close by. In the 16th century, Mary, Queen of Scots reportedly used a unicorn horn to protect her from poisoning. Too bad it didn’t prevent her beheading.


Pearls have long been thought to be powerful antidotes. A beautiful, rare gem created by the homely oyster, a pearl is born out of annoyance (the mollusk secretes iridescent nacre to cover an irritant, like a parasite or grain of sand). Pretty as they are, they’re about as useful as the chalky antacid tablets on your bedside table; both are chiefly made of calcium carbonate. Good for a stomachache after some spicy food, but not exactly miraculous.

Pearl powder has been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat a variety of diseases, and Ayurvedic physicians used it as an antidote in the Middle Ages. It was also reported to make people immortal. An old Taoist recipe recommended taking a long pearl and soaking it in malt, “serpent’s gall,” honeycomb, and pumice stone. When softened, it would be pulled like taffy and cut into bite-sized pieces to eat, and voilà! You would suddenly no longer need food to stay alive. Cleopatra famously drank down a large and costly pearl dissolved in wine vinegar, though in that case she wasn’t avoiding poison. She didn’t want to lose a bet with Antony—which might have fatally injured her pride.


Albarello vase for theriac, Italy, 1641
A vase for theriac, Italy, 1641
Wellcome Images // CC BY 4.0

Theriac was an herbal concoction created in the first century by Emperor Nero’s physician, Andromachus, who was reported to have Mithridates’s secret notes. It was a mashed formula of about 70 ingredients, including cinnamon, opium, rose, iris, lavender, and acacia in a honey base. In the 12th century, theriac made in Venice was branded as particularly special, and Venetian treacle (derived from a Middle English translation of theriac) became a hot commodity. Its public, dramatic production often attracted curious crowds.

By the 18th century, cheaper golden syrup was substituted for honey. As treacle began to lose its luster as a treatment, its definition as an herbal remedy disappeared from common vernacular. But the sweet syrup remained. Which is why when we think of treacle, we think of treacle tarts, not a fancy means of saving ourselves from a deathly poisoning.


Thankfully, science has brought us a wide range of antidotes for many items we shouldn’t be exposed to in dangerous quantities, if at all. N-acetylcysteine, fondly referred to as NAC by doctors, saves us from acetaminophen overdoses. Ethanol can treat antifreeze poisoning. Atropine, ironically one of the main components of plants in the toxic nightshade family (such as mandrake), can treat poisoning from some dangerous fertilizers and chemical nerve agents used as weapons. For years, poisonings were treated with emetics, though it turns out that plain old carbon—in the form of activated charcoal—can adsorb poisons (the poisons stick to the surface of the charcoal) in the digestive system before they’re dissolved and digested by the body.

As long as the natural world and its humans keep making things to kill us off, we’ll keep developing methods to not die untimely deaths.

We’ll just leave the fancy hairballs off the list.

The cover of the book Quackery: A Brief History of the Worst Ways to Cure Everything
Workman Publishing

Excerpt from Quackery: A Brief History of the Worst Ways to Cure Everything by Lydia Kang, MD and Nate Pedersen/Workman Publishing. Used with permission.


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