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How Do You Renounce Your Citizenship?

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In August, the Dallas Morning News outed Texas senator Ted Cruz as a native of Calgary, Alberta and likely dual American-Canadian citizen. In response, Cruz announced that he would be renouncing his Canadian citizenship. 

“Nothing against Canada,” he said in a statement. “But I’m an American by birth [his mother was a U.S. citizen living in Canada], and as a U.S. Senator, I believe I should be only an American.”

Renouncing your citizenship involves a little more than just saying you’re doing it (same with declaring bankruptcy). First Cruz has to prove his eligibility to de-Canadianize himself by asserting that he’s over 18, does not live in Canada, and meets certain other criteria. If he passes that inspection, he fills out an online application, pays a $100 fee, and then waits for his request to process. Once he gets the okay, boom!, he’s all American. 

If the shoe was on the other foot, and Cruz was a member of the Canadian Parliament and a secret Texan who wanted to renounce his U.S. citizenship, he’d have a little more work to do than just filling out a web form. He’d start by finding an American consulate or embassy in a foreign country. There, a consular or diplomatic officer would then conduct an exit interview with him and have him fill out an oath of renunciation and some other paperwork asserting that he understands the ramifications of his decision. Then, he’d pay a fee of $450 and wait for his Certificate of Loss of Nationality. 

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Big Questions
What Is the Difference Between Generic and Name Brand Ibuprofen?
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What is the difference between generic ibuprofen vs. name brands?

Yali Friedman:

I just published a paper that answers this question: Are Generic Drugs Less Safe than their Branded Equivalents?

Here’s the tl;dr version:

Generic drugs are versions of drugs made by companies other than the company which originally developed the drug.

To gain FDA approval, a generic drug must:

  • Contain the same active ingredients as the innovator drug (inactive ingredients may vary)
  • Be identical in strength, dosage form, and route of administration
  • Have the same use indications
  • Be bioequivalent
  • Meet the same batch requirements for identity, strength, purity, and quality
  • Be manufactured under the same strict standards of FDA's good manufacturing practice regulations required for innovator products

I hope you found this answer useful. Feel free to reach out at www.thinkbiotech.com. For more on generic drugs, you can see our resources and whitepapers at Pharmaceutical strategic guidance and whitepapers

This post originally appeared on Quora. Click here to view.

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Big Questions
Do Cats Fart?
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Certain philosophical questions can invade even the most disciplined of minds. Do aliens exist? Can a soul ever be measured? Do cats fart?

While the latter may not have weighed heavily on some of history’s great brains, it’s certainly no less deserving of an answer. And in contrast to existential queries, there’s a pretty definitive response: Yes, they do. We just don’t really hear it.

According to veterinarians who have realized their job sometimes involves answering inane questions about animals passing gas, cats have all the biological hardware necessary for a fart: a gastrointestinal system and an anus. When excess air builds up as a result of gulping breaths or gut bacteria, a pungent cloud will be released from their rear ends. Smell a kitten’s butt sometime and you’ll walk away convinced that cats fart.

The discretion, or lack of audible farts, is probably due to the fact that cats don’t gulp their food like dogs do, leading to less air accumulating in their digestive tract.

So, yes, cats do fart. But they do it with the same grace and stealth they use to approach everything else. Think about that the next time you blame the dog.

Have you got a Big Question you'd like us to answer? If so, let us know by emailing us at bigquestions@mentalfloss.com.

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