Original image
Google Maps

How the Indianapolis Neighborhood Venerable Flackville Got Its Name

Original image
Google Maps

My neighborhood is called Fishtown, which I think is pretty great. Venerable Flackville kind of blows that out of the water, though. So who put the Flack in Flackville? That would be Mr. Joseph F. Flack (1843-1926), who went west with his family from Ohio when he was a child. After working in agriculture for a while, he became a brick manufacturer and set up a brickyard in what was then a rural area northwest of Indianapolis.

Flack, apparently, was no slouch in the arena of brickmaking. According to the book Greater Indianapolis: The History, the Industries, the Institutions, and the People of a City of Homes, he churned out some 55 million in his career, all of which were used in Indianapolis buildings and a million and a half of which were “consumed in the construction of the building for insane women in 1871.”

Flack expanded his business pursuits over the years, buying a dairy farm near his brickyard and commercial and residential real estate in that area and in downtown Indianapolis. At one point or another, according to one of his obituaries, he owned most of the land in what’s now the western part of the city. He owned so much of it, in fact, that the locals began loaning the area his name. 

To get downtown from his little kingdom, Flack and anyone hauling his bricks or milk had to use a toll road. Flack didn’t like that, so he bought a strip of land running parallel to the toll road and made his own roadway. “It was that kind of shrewd operating which made Flack 'the richest man in these parts,’” the Indianapolis Times said in 1962. “And naming the settlement in his honor followed naturally." No word on what made Flack or the neighborhood so venerable, though. 

Venerable Flackville might be one of the weirdest neighborhood names I’ve heard (see also: The Tenderloin, in San Francisco), but then I don’t spend a lot of time rooting around for weird neighborhood names. What are some good ones that I'm missing out on?

Original image
Courtesy Umbrellium
These LED Crosswalks Adapt to Whoever Is Crossing
Original image
Courtesy Umbrellium

Crosswalks are an often-neglected part of urban design; they’re usually just white stripes on dark asphalt. But recently, they’re getting more exciting—and safer—makeovers. In the Netherlands, there is a glow-in-the-dark crosswalk. In western India, there is a 3D crosswalk. And now, in London, there’s an interactive LED crosswalk that changes its configuration based on the situation, as Fast Company reports.

Created by the London-based design studio Umbrellium, the Starling Crossing (short for the much more tongue-twisting STigmergic Adaptive Responsive LearnING Crossing) changes its layout, size, configuration, and other design factors based on who’s waiting to cross and where they’re going.

“The Starling Crossing is a pedestrian crossing, built on today’s technology, that puts people first, enabling them to cross safely the way they want to cross, rather than one that tells them they can only cross in one place or a fixed way,” the company writes. That means that the system—which relies on cameras and artificial intelligence to monitor both pedestrian and vehicle traffic—adapts based on road conditions and where it thinks a pedestrian is going to go.

Starling Crossing - overview from Umbrellium on Vimeo.

If a bike is coming down the street, for example, it will project a place for the cyclist to wait for the light in the crosswalk. If the person is veering left like they’re going to cross diagonally, it will move the light-up crosswalk that way. During rush hour, when there are more pedestrians trying to get across the street, it will widen to accommodate them. It can also detect wet or dark conditions, making the crosswalk path wider to give pedestrians more of a buffer zone. Though the neural network can calculate people’s trajectories and velocity, it can also trigger a pattern of warning lights to alert people that they’re about to walk right into an oncoming bike or other unexpected hazard.

All this is to say that the system adapts to the reality of the road and traffic patterns, rather than forcing pedestrians to stay within the confines of a crosswalk system that was designed for car traffic.

The prototype is currently installed on a TV studio set in London, not a real road, and it still has plenty of safety testing to go through before it will appear on a road near you. But hopefully this is the kind of road infrastructure we’ll soon be able to see out in the real world.

[h/t Fast Company]

Original image
Tokyo Tops List of Safest Cities in the World, New Report Says
Original image

When choosing a city to call home, some might weigh factors like affordability, potential for job growth, and even the number of bookstores and libraries. But for many aspiring urbanites, safety is a top concern. This list of the world’s safest cities from the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) proves you don’t need to trade your sense of welfare for the hustle and bustle of city life—especially if you're headed to Tokyo.

As Quartz reports, the EIU assessed the overall safety of 60 major cities using categories like health safety, infrastructure safety, personal safety, and the cybersecurity of smart city technology. With an overall score in 89.80 out of 100 points, Tokyo is the 2017 Safe Cities Index's highest-ranking city for the third year in a row.

While it was rated in the top five places for cybersecurity, health security, and personal security, Tokyo's No. 12 spot in the infrastructure security category kept it from receiving an even higher score. The next two spots on the EIU list also belong to East Asian cities, with Singapore snagging second place with a score of 89.64 and Osaka coming in third with 88.67. Toronto and Melbourne round out the top five. View more from the list below.

1. Tokyo
2. Singapore
3. Osaka
4. Toronto
5. Melbourne
6. Amsterdam
7. Sydney
8. Stockholm
9. Hong Kong
10. Zurich

You may have noticed that no U.S. cities broke into the top 10. The best-rated American metropolis is San Francisco, which came in 15th place with a score of 83.55. Meanwhile, New York, which used to hold the No. 10 slot, fell to No. 21 this year. The report blames the U.S.'s poor performance in part on America's aging infrastructure, which regularly receives failing grades from reports like these due to lack of maintenance and upgrades.

Surprised by your city's rank? For an idea of how other countries view the U.S. in terms of safety, check out this list of travel warnings to foreign visitors.

[h/t Quartz]


More from mental floss studios