11 Things That Are Usually Steals on Black Friday

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If you're a big shopper, or even if you're just good at planning out your holiday shopping well in advance, you've likely blocked off Black Friday as a prime day for getting items marked off your wish lists. And if you want to maximize your savings, you know to plan ahead. Some items, from TVs to video games to wearables, are typically the ones with the biggest annual markdowns. To help ensure that you get the best deals, here are 11 of the best things to buy on Black Friday.

1. TVS

Woman shops for TVs.
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Electronics are a big part of Black Friday, and dedicated shoppers are known to camp out in front of stores for the doorbusters. Electronics stores like Best Buy and discount retailers like Target and Walmart are the major destinations for deals on gadgets, and flat screen TVs are one of the most sought-after items. In fact, according to a 2017 survey by Ebates on Black Friday shopping, 33 percent of adult Americans plan to shop for TVs on Black Friday. One incredible deal? This year, Best Buy is selling the Sharp 50" LED Smart Ultra HD TV for $179.99, down from $499.99. Heads up: this deal is in-store only.

2. SMARTPHONES

Man shopping for a phone.
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Considering how expensive Apple products are, it's no surprise that iPhones are always a popular buy on Black Friday. It's the perfect time of to upgrade yours. You won't be alone: according to the Ebates survey, 28 percent of adults will buy smartphones this November 24. Target has the iPhone SE marked down from $159.99 to $99.99. It's not just iPhones, though! You can save on other smartphones, like the Samsung Galaxy S7, which Walmart is selling for $299 with a Straight Talk Wireless plan—a savings of $200.

3. LAPTOPS

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Expect a ton of deals on Macs and PCs alike. Best Buy's 2017 Black Friday ad features discounts on laptops from Apple, Samsung, Dell, Lenovo, HP, and more. This year, Ebates found that 32 percent of adults intend to take advantage of the deals on laptops, as well as 38 percent of teens. If you know you're gonna need a new laptop for next semester, buy it now for some strategic savings.

4. CLOTHING

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Despite the flashy deals on electronics, clothing is actually the number one item that Americans will purchase this Black Friday. According to Ebates, 39 percent of adults and 49 percent for teens plan to buy clothes on the big day. Many retailers run store-wide discounts, so you can effectively go on a regular shopping trip (albeit in a more crowded environment than usual) while saving a ton of money. Look out for deals on featured items from stores like JCPenney and Macy's, but know that prices on clothing will typically continue to go down through December, even though the risk of those boots you have your eye on going out-of-stock will also increase.

5. TOYS

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Black Friday is a great time to do your holiday gift shopping, and you can save a lot of money on toys for the kids in your life. Ebates found that 30 percent of Americans plan to buy toys this year. Retailers Babies "R" Us and Toys "R" Us always have Black Friday promotions, like 50 percent off select Barbie sets and 40 percent off select LEGO construction sets. You can also find great presents in the toy aisles of stores Target, Walmart, and Kohl's.

6. APPLIANCES

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Department stores and discount retailers offer a range of deals on appliances, especially kitchen gadgets. Think toasters, coffee makers, blenders, microwaves, and more. Take advantage of the better sales and stock your kitchen with the basics, or search for novelty items, such as Walmart's offering of a 1.5 liter deep-fryer for $9.88—a 60 percent savings. Try to look for discounts over 40 or 50 percent though—many items priced at the 25-30 percent off range aren't worth the effort on a shopping day like Black Friday.

7. TABLETS

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Like laptops and smartphones, tablets are a major steal on Black Friday. Look for price drops on the Apple iPad, the Amazon Fire, and the Samsung Galaxy Tab. Best Buy has the Apple iPad mini 4 128 GB for $274.99 (down from $400). And don't forget about e-readers like the Amazon Kindle! Amazon's own Black Friday deals have already begun with their Countdown to Black Friday, but keep your eyes peeled on the actual day for deals on Amazon Devices.

8. VIDEO GAMES AND CONSOLES

Video game controllers.
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Black Friday is huge for gamers. You can find serious deals at GameStop, Best Buy, and P.C. Richard, or discount retailers like Walmart and Target. Many places offer saving on otherwise expensive consoles like PlayStation, Nintendo Switch, and Xbox. Best Buy has the Xbox One S 500GB Console for $189.99, a $90 savings. Don't forget the games themselves: at Walmart, select titles start at $9.

9. SMART HOME DEVICES

Smart home device.
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Black Friday is the perfect time to take the plunge into the world of smart home gadgets—you can expect to find markdowns on many devices including the Amazon Echo and Google Home. Target has the Amazon Echo Dot for $29.99, a savings of $20. Head to Walmart to get a Google Home for $79 (down from $129).

10. WEARABLES

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Wearable technology is on the table too, with the chance to save on a variety of smart watches and fitness trackers. Target has the Apple Watch Series 1 for $179.99 (down from $250), while Walmart has the Fitbit Alta HR Small Bundle for 33 percent off, down to $99. Pro tip: wear a fitness tracker on Black Friday to see how many extra steps you fit in while running around finding deals.

11. CAMERAS

Woman shopping for cameras.
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Treat yourself to a real camera on Black Friday and stop relying on your phone for your photography needs. Deals on digital and analog cameras as well as camcorders are always plentiful. Save $70 on a pocket-sized Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX80 at Best Buy for $299.99, or go big with the Canon EOS Rebel T6. At $449.99, it might be one of the bigger Black Friday splurges, but at 40 percent off its original $750 price tag, it's also one of the day's biggest savings.

15 Long-Lost Words To Revive This Christmas

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Nog. Tidings. Wassail. Every time Christmas rolls around it brings with it its own vocabulary of words you barely hear the rest of the year. But while words derived from ancient English ales (like the nog in eggnog) and Middle English greetings (wassail is thought to derive from a Germanic phrase meaning “good health!”) are one thing, some choice festive words haven’t stood the test of time, and are basically unknown outside of the dustiest corners of the dictionary.

Here are 15 long-lost and long-forgotten words to get you through the holiday season.

1. Ninguid

Derived from Latin, a landscape that is ninguid is snow-covered. And if that’s what your walk to work looks like over the festive period, you might also need to know that to meggle is to trudge laboriously through snow. (A peck-of-apples, meanwhile, is a fall on ice.)

2. Crump

That crunching sound you make walking on partially frozen snow is called crumping.

3. Hiemate

Hibernate is sleeping throughout the entire winter; hiemate is to spend winter somewhere.

4. Yuleshard

As another word for the festive period, Yule comes via Old English from jol, an ancient Scandinavian word for a series of end-of-year festivities. A yuleshard—also called a yule-jade (jade being an insult once upon a time)—is someone who leaves a lot of work still to be done on Christmas Eve night.

5. Yule-Hole

And the yule-hole is the (usually makeshift) hole you need to move your belt to after you’ve eaten a massive meal.

6. Belly-Cheer

Dating from the 1500s, belly-cheer or belly-timber is a brilliantly evocative word for fine food or gluttonous eating.

7. Doniferous

If you’re doniferous then you’re carrying a present. The act of offering a present is called oblation, which originally was (and, in some contexts, still is) a religious term referring specifically to the presentation of money or donation of goods to the church. But since the 15th century it’s been used more loosely to refer to the action of offering or presenting any gift or donation, or, in particular, a gratuity.

8. Pourboire

Speaking of gratuities, a tip or donation of cash intended to be spent on drink is a pourboire—French, literally, for “for drink.” Money given in lieu of a gift, meanwhile, has been known as present-silver since the 1500s.

9. Toe-Cover

A cheap and totally useless present? In 1940s slang, that was a toe-cover.

10. Xenium

A gift given to a houseguest, or a gift given by a guest to their host, is called a xenium.

11. Scurryfunge

Probably distantly related to words like scour or scourge, scurryfunge first appeared in the late 18th century, with meanings of “to lash” or, depending on region, “to scour.” By the mid-1900s, however, things had changed: perhaps in allusion to scrubbing or working hard enough to abrade a surface, scurryfunge came to mean “to hastily tidy a house” before unexpected company arrive.

12. Quaaltagh

Quaaltagh was actually borrowed into English in the 1800s from Manx, the Celtic-origin language spoken on the Isle of Man—a tiny island located halfway between Britain and Ireland in the Irish Sea. It was on the Isle of Man that festive tradition dictates that the identity of the first person you see (or the first to enter your house) on Christmas or New Year morning will have some bearing on the events of the year to come. And in Manx culture, the person you meet on that early-morning encounter is called the quaaltagh.

13. Lucky-Bird

We’re more likely to call them a first-footer these days, but according to old Yorkshire folklore the first person across the threshold of your home on New Year’s morning is the lucky-bird. And just like the quaaltagh, tradition dictates that the identity of the lucky-bird has an important bearing on the success of the year to come: Men are the most fortuitous lucky-birds; depending on region, either dark-haired or light-haired men might be favored (but dark-haired is more common). Other regional variations claimed the man had to be a bachelor, had to bring a gift of coal (though by the 1880s whisky was increasingly popular), and/or had to have a high arch on the foot. People with a suitable combination for their region could “become almost professional,” according to the Leeds Mercury Weekly Supplement.

14. Apolausticism

Derived from the Greek word for “to enjoy,” apolausticism is a long-lost 19th-century word for a total devotion to enjoying yourself.

15. Crapulence

Once all the festive dust and New Year confetti has settled, here’s a word for the morning after the night before: crapulence, as the Oxford English Dictionary puts it, is an 18th-century word for “sickness or indisposition resulting from excess in drinking or eating.”

14 Facts About Celiac Disease

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Going gluten-free may be a modern diet trend, but people have been suffering from celiac disease—a chronic condition characterized by gluten intolerance—for centuries. Patients with celiac are ill-equipped to digest products made from certain grains containing gluten; wheat is the most common. In the short-term this can cause gastrointestinal distress, and in the long-term it can foster symptoms associated with early death.

Celiac diagnoses are more common than ever, which also means awareness of how to live with the condition is at an all-time high. Here are some things you might not know about celiac disease symptoms and treatments.

1. Celiac an autoimmune disease.

The bodies of people with celiac have a hostile reaction to gluten. When the protein moves through the digestive tract, the immune system responds by attacking the small intestine, causing inflammation that damages the lining of the organ. As this continues over time, the small intestine has trouble absorbing nutrients from other foods, which can lead to additional complications like anemia and osteoporosis.

2. You can get celiac disease from your parents.

Nearly all cases of celiac disease arise from certain variants of the genes HLA-DQA1 and HLA-DQB1. These genes help produce proteins in the body that allow the immune system to identify potentially dangerous foreign substances. Normally the immune system wouldn't label gliadin, a segment of the gluten protein, a threat, but due to mutations in these genes, the bodies of people with celiac treat gliadin as a hostile invader.

Because it's a genetic disorder, people with a first-degree relative (a sibling, parent, or child) with celiac have a 4 to 15 percent chance of having it themselves. And while almost all patients with celiac have these specific HLA-DQA1 and HLA-DQB1 variations, not everyone with the mutations will develop celiac. About 30 percent of the population has these gene variants, and only 3 percent of that group goes on to develop celiac disease.

3. Makeup might contribute to celiac disease symptoms.

People with celiac disease can’t properly process gluten, the protein naturally found in the grains like wheat, rye, and barley. Patients have to follow strict dietary guidelines and avoid most bread, pasta, and cereal, in order to manage their symptoms. But gluten isn’t limited to food products: It can also be found in some cosmetics. While makeup containing gluten causes no issues for many people with celiac, it can provoke rashes in others or lead to more problems if ingested. For those folks, gluten-free makeup is an option.

4. The name comes from 1st-century Greece.

A 1st-century Greek physician named Aretaeus of Cappadocia may have been the first person to describe celiac disease symptoms in writing [PDF]. He named it koiliakos after the Greek word koelia for abdomen, and he referred to people with the condition as coeliacs. In his description he wrote, “If the stomach be irretentive of the food and if it pass through undigested and crude, and nothing ascends into the body, we call such persons coeliacs.”

5. There are nearly 300 celiac disease symptoms.

Celiac disease may start in the gut, but it can be felt throughout the whole body. In children, the condition usually manifests as bloating, diarrhea, and abdominal discomfort, but as patients get older they start to experience more “non-classical” symptoms like anemia, arthritis, and fatigue. There are at least 281 symptoms associated with celiac disease, many of which overlap with other conditions and make celiac hard to diagnose. Other common symptoms of the disease include tooth discoloration, anxiety and depression, loss of fertility, and liver disorders. Celiac patients also have a greater chance of developing an additional autoimmune disorder, with the risk increasing the later in life the initial condition is diagnosed.

6. Some patients show no symptoms at all.

It’s not uncommon for celiac disease to be wrecking a patient’s digestive tract while showing no apparent symptoms. This form of the condition, sometimes called asymptomatic or “silent celiac disease,” likely contributes to part of the large number of people with celiac who are undiagnosed. People who are at high risk for the disease (the children of celiac sufferers, for example), or who have related conditions like type 1 diabetes and Down syndrome (both conditions that put patients at a greater risk for developing new autoimmune diseases) are encouraged to get tested for it even if they aren’t showing any signs.

7. It’s not the same as wheat sensitivity.

Celiac is often confused with wheat sensitivity, a separate condition that shares many symptoms with celiac, including gastrointestinal issues, depression, and fatigue. It’s often called gluten sensitivity or gluten intolerance, but because doctors still aren’t sure if gluten is the cause, many refer to it as non-celiac wheat sensitivity. There’s no test for it, but patients are often treated with the same gluten-free diet that’s prescribed to celiac patients.

8. It's not a wheat allergy either.

Celiac disease is often associated with wheat because it's one of the more common products containing gluten. While it's true that people with celiac can't eat wheat, the condition isn't a wheat allergy. Rather than reacting to the wheat, patients react to a specific protein that's found in the grain as well as others.

9. It can develop at any age.

Just because you don’t have celiac now doesn’t mean you’re in the clear for life: The disease can develop at any age, even in people who have tested negative for it previously. There are, however, two stages of life when symptoms are most likely to appear: early childhood (8 to 12 months) and middle adulthood (ages 40 to 60). People already genetically predisposed to celiac become more susceptible to it when the composition of their intestinal bacteria changes as they get older, either as a result of infection, surgery, antibiotics, or stress.

10. Not all grains are off-limits.

A gluten-free diet isn’t necessarily a grain-free diet. While it’s true that the popular grains wheat, barley, and rye contain gluten, there are plenty of grains and seeds that don’t and are safe for people with celiac to eat. These include quinoa, millet, amaranth, buckwheat, sorghum, and rice. Oats are also naturally gluten-free, but they're often contaminated with gluten during processing, so consumers with celiac should be cautious when buying them.

11. Celiac disease can be detected with a blood test.

Screenings for celiac disease used to be an involved process, with doctors monitoring patients’ reactions to their gluten-free diet over time. Today all it takes is a simple test to determine whether someone has celiac. People with the condition will have anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies in their bloodstream. If a blood test confirms the presence of these proteins in a patient, doctors will then take a biopsy of their intestine to confirm the root cause.

12. The gluten-free diet doesn’t work for all patients.

Avoiding gluten is the most effective way to manage celiac disease, but the treatment doesn’t work 100 percent of the time. In up to a fifth of patients, the damaged intestinal lining does not recover even a year after switching to a gluten-free diet. Most cases of non-responsive celiac disease can be explained by people not following the diet closely enough, or by having other conditions like irritable bowel syndrome, lactose intolerance, or small intestine bacterial overgrowth that impede recovery. Just a small fraction of celiac disease sufferers don’t respond to a strict gluten-free diet and have no related conditions. These patients are usually prescribed steroids and immunosuppressants as alternative treatments.

13. If you don’t have celiac, gluten probably won’t hurt you.

The gluten-free diet trend has exploded in popularity in recent years, and most people who follow it have no medical reason to do so. Going gluten-free has been purported to do everything from help you lose weight to treat autism—but according to doctors, there’s no science behind these claims. Avoiding gluten may help some people feel better and more energetic because it forces them to cut heavily processed junk foods out of their diet. In such cases it’s the sugar and carbs that are making people feel sluggish—not the gluten protein. If you don’t have celiac or a gluten sensitivity, most experts recommend saving yourself the trouble by eating healthier in general rather than abstaining from gluten.

14. The numbers are growing.

A 2009 study found that four times as many people have celiac today than in the 1950s, and the spike can’t be explained by increased awareness alone. Researchers tested blood collected at the Warren Air Force Base between 1948 and 1954 and compared them to fresh samples from candidates living in one Minnesota county. The results supported the theory that celiac has become more prevalent in the last half-century. While experts aren’t exactly sure why the condition is more common today, it may have something to do with changes in how wheat is handled or the spread of gluten into medications and processed foods.

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