10 Pieces of Harry Potter Memorabilia From an Unofficial Collector’s Guide

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.

You may own all seven Harry Potter books, all eight films, and a closet filled with swag to match your Hogwarts house, but would you spend thousands of dollars on a piece of rare Harry Potter memorabilia? For his new book Harry Potter: The Unofficial Guide to the Collectibles of Our Favorite Wizard, Eric Bradley compiled some of the most magical items to come from the wizarding world. Whether they belong to private buyers or have been displayed to the public, here are the pieces he featured that are sure to make every fan wish they knew a summoning charm.

1. CHOCOLATE FROG WIZARD TRADING CARDS

Prop card from Harry Potter film.
ScreenUsed

As is the case in Harry Potter, chocolate frog wizard trading cards are collector's items. But instead of being worth a few sickles, they can sell for hundreds in the real world. This prop card used in Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone (2001) sold for $475 at an auction in 2012. In place of a disappearing, holographic wizard, the piece of cardboard has a green surface for superimposing computer graphics.

2. HARRY'S FIRST BROOM

Broom from 'Harry Potter' movie and 'Vanity Fair' magazine.
Ewbank's Auctions

This prop broomstick, which is actually made from fiberglass, was ridden by Daniel Radcliffe in the first Harry Potter film. The piece is also identical to the broom the actor appeared with on his 2001 Vanity Fair cover. It’s no Nimbus 2000, but a crew member had no problem selling it even before Sorcerer’s Stone premiered. The broom was purchased by its current owner for $2860.

3. ORIGINAL SORCERER'S STONE POSTER

Original poster art from Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone.
Profiles in History

Any poster used to advertise one of the eight Harry Potter films is a potential collector’s item. But this illustration, hand-made by artist Drew Struzan for the first movie, is a work of art that stands on its own. Struzan is best known for creating the iconic posters for Back to the Future (1985) and the Indiana Jones series. Warner Bros. originally planned to have Struzan produce the posters for every installment of the Harry Potter franchise, but following the success of Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone, they switched to photo-heavy promotional art, making Struzan’s sole contribution even more special. His original painting is very similar to the final poster, with only Rupert Grint’s face having been changed. The piece is valued between $40,000 and $60,000.

4. HAGRID’S CROSSBOW

Crossbow prop from Harry Potter movie.
Julien's Auctions

With a flying motorcycle, a menagerie of beastly pets, and a moleskin coat, Hagrid is arguably the coolest wizard living at Hogwarts. But his crossbow may be his most enviable possession of all. For the first film, the production designers aimed to give it a vintage look with distressed wood and iron components. The prop sold for $25,000 at Julien’s Auctions in 2012.

5. UNUSED SHEET MUSIC

Sheet music prop from Harry Potter film.
Animation Ink Archive

Props don’t have to appear in the Harry Potter movies to be sought-after collector's items. As Bradley writes in The Unofficial Guide to the Collectibles of Our Favorite Wizard, sheet music written for a scene that was cut from Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone ended up gaining attention even without any screen time. The unused print of the music and lyrics, penned in gold ink, was purchased by a fan for $600.

6. ARITHMANCY SIGN

Prop sign from Harry Potter film.
Animation Ink Archive

Looking for the perfect sign to hang beside your collection of Harry Potter books at home? The arithmancy sign that can be seen hanging above a Diagon Alley bookstore in Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone is hard to beat. Chained beneath the text of the sign itself, a gold hand was carved to point passersby in the direction of the shop. A private buyer bought the painted wood prop for $800.

7. LIFE-SIZED DOBBY

Statue of Dobby the house elf.

Grilled Cheese, Flickr // CC BY-ND 2.0

A physical Dobby prop wasn’t used to make Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (2002) (unless you count his tennis ball stand-in). But a life-sized model of the house elf was made by Warner Bros. and distributed to Walmart locations across the U.S. According to Eric Bradley, the 28-inch statue was usually awarded to stores as a top sales bonus and eventually raffled off to employees. Only 200 of the promotional products were made, and today they’re worth between $350 and $700 apiece.

8. J.K. ROWLING’S CHARACTER SKETCH

Some readers picture the characters from Harry Potter as the illustrations from the books, while others picture the actors from the film. A rare drawing by J.K. Rowling demonstrated how the author envisioned her creations. Sketched in pencil in 1999, her scene included Hagrid, Snape, Dumbledore, Professor McGonagall, Ron, Harry, Hermione, Dobby, Crookshanks, Fawkes, a golden snitch, and the Sorting Hat. Rowling originally made it for the BBC charity Children in Need. It was auctioned off for $42,000 in 2007.

9. THE TRIWIZARD CUP

Twiwizard cup from Harry Potter movie.
Warner Bros.

The Triwizard Cup sets off the events in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2004), making it one of the more memorable props from the film. Though Bradley guesses it could easily go for tens of thousands of dollars at auction, it’s never been sold to a member of the public. The piece of movie memorabilia was made available for anyone to see in 2012 as part of the Harry Potter Exhibition at the London Film Museum.

10. J.K. ROWLING-DESIGNED CHARM BRACELET

Bracelet with Harry Potter charms.
Sotheby's

You won't recognize this piece from the movies or the books. J.K. Rowling designed it exclusively to raise money for Lumos, an organization that works to find families for children placed in orphanages around the world. Many of the charms, like the lightning bolt, the glasses, the Deathly Hallows, and the witch’s hat, are symbols from Harry Potter. The butterfly is the logo for Lumos and it’s meant to symbolize transformation and liberation. A Scottish businessman and father purchased the bracelet at a charity auction in 2013 for $25,000. He said he hopes the keepsake remains in his family for several generations to come.

15 Animal Names That Can Be Used As Verbs

iStock.com/fotojagodka
iStock.com/fotojagodka

People can go fishing, rabbit on incessantly, dog one another, and horse around. But because of their usefulness in completing burdensome work, horse has also been used in (originally naval) slang since the mid-19th century to mean “to work to the point of exhaustion”—or, in the words of the Oxford English Dictionary, “to drive or urge at work unfairly or tyrannically.” But horses aren’t the only animals whose names can be “verbed.” From turtles to tigers, you can drop any one of these 15 creatures into your everyday conversation.

1. Bulldog

No one is entirely sure why bulldogs are called bulldogs, with different theories pointing to everything from their bull-like stature to their bullish faces to the fact that they might once have been bred to bait bulls. Whatever the origin, the bulldog’s strength and its robust, resilient behavior means that you can use its name as a verb meaning “to attack roughly,” or “to wrestle to the ground.”

2. Tiger

A tiger
iStock.com/konmesa

If you tiger, then you walk to and fro, like a tiger pacing in a cage. If you tiger something, then you paint or mark it with contrasting stripes.

3. Spider

Jumping spider
iStock.com/elthar2007

As well as being used simply to mean “to creep” or “to move like a spider,” if you ensnare or entrap something, or else cover it in a cobweb-like pattern, then you spider it.

4. Cat

British shorthair cat with expressive orange eyes
iStock.com/Leesle

Because the cathead is the horizontal beam at the bow of a ship that’s used to raise an anchor, the word cat has a number of nautical uses as a verb, including “to lift an anchor from the water,” “to secure an anchor,” and “to draw an anchor through the water.” But because shooting the cat was 19th century slang for being sick from drinking too much, you can also use cat to mean “to vomit.”

5. Vulture

White-backed vulture
iStock.com/EcoPic

Vultures’ grim feeding habits and their remarkable flying ability have given the word two meanings as a verb in English. Feel free to use it to mean “to eat voraciously” or “to tear at your food,” or else “to descend steadily through the air.”

6. Owl

Owl in flight
iStock.com/WhitcombeRD

Owling (as well as being a short-lived social media craze) was once the name given to the crime of smuggling sheep and wool from England to the continent—a crime so-called because the nefarious “owlers” carried out their crimes at night. That might not be the most useful of words these days of course, so feel free to also use owl to mean “to act wisely, despite not knowing anything.”

7. Shark

It’s easy to presume that the use of shark as a verb to mean “to act like a predator” (which is the same shark as in loanshark, incidentally) derives from the deadly sea creatures. In fact, it might be the opposite: Both meanings of the word shark date back to the late 16th century, but it’s possible that the verb shark is the older of the two. If so, it’s possible that it comes from the earlier word shirk (in the sense of using deceit or trickery to avoid work) or else a northeastern French word, cherquier, which was often used in a phrase that essentially meant “to sponge of others” or “to act as a parasite.” So how did sea-dwelling sharks come to be called sharks? It’s possible the deceitful sharks gave their name to the menacing creatures, or else the two could be completely unrelated—and, thanks to a sea battle off the Yucatan peninsula in 1569, shark could in fact be a Mayan word.

8. Monkey

Chimpanzee looking surprised
iStock.com/photomaru

As well as meaning “to play the fool” or “to behave playfully”—as in “monkeying around”—monkey, like ape, can also be used to mean “to mimic” or “to copy someone’s movements or actions.”

9. Turtle

If a boat “turns turtle,” then it capsizes and flips over, so that it looks like a turtle’s domed shell floating atop the water. Because of that, to turtle something is to turn it upside down.

10. Snail

Burgundy snail
iStock.com/AlexRaths

For obvious reasons, snail has been used to mean “to move slowly” since the late 16th century, but because of the snail’s coiled shell, you can also use snail to mean “to draw or carve a spiral,” or “to roll into a spiral shape.”

11. Porcupine

Porcupine walking
iStock.com/ser-y-star

When your hair stands on end, feel free to say that it porcupined.

12. Canary

Canary birds take their name from the Canary Islands, which, somewhat confusingly, take their name from canis, the Latin word for “dog.” But in the 16th and 17th centuries, the canary was also the name of an energetic dance inspired by a traditional dance performed by the natives of the Canary Islands. And because of that, you can also use the word canary as a verb meaning “to dance in a lively fashion.”

13. Earwig

Earwig
iStock.com/Mr_Fu

Earwigs are so-called because they were once (thankfully erroneously) thought to crawl inside people’s ears as they slept. Through association with someone whispering clandestinely into someone’s ear, in the late 18th century eavesdroppers and people who seeked to secretly influence others became known as earwiggers—and so to earwig is to do precisely that.

14. Pig

Cute pig leaning on railing of his cot
iStock.com/Fotosmurf03

Pig has been used to mean “to give birth” since as far back as the 15th century in English (a fairly uncomplimentary allusion to a pregnant sow delivering a litter of piglets). But slightly less depreciatively, the living habits of pigs mean that it can also be used to mean “to huddle together,” or else “to live or sleep in crowded or dirty conditions.”

15. Dingo

A dingo
iStock.com/JohnCarnemolla

Because of their stereotypically sneaky behavior, to dingo on someone meant “to let down” or “to betray” them in 1930s Australian slang, while to dingo meant simply “to shirk” or “to back out of something at the last minute.”

This list first ran in 2016.

10 Facts About The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Public Domain, Wikimedia Commons
Public Domain, Wikimedia Commons

On its surface, Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a straightforward story about a boy and a runaway slave floating down the Mississippi River. But underneath, the book—which was published in the U.S. on February 18, 1885—is a subversive confrontation of slavery and racism. It remains one of the most loved, and most banned, books in American history. 

1. Huckleberry Finn first appears in Tom Sawyer.

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a sequel to Tom Sawyer, Twain’s novel about his childhood in Hannibal, Missouri. Huck is the “juvenile pariah of the village” and “son of the town drunkard,” Pap Finn. He wears cast-off adult clothes and sleeps in doorways and empty barrels. Despite this, the other children “wished they dared to be like him.” Huck also appears in Tom Sawyer, Detective, and Tom Sawyer Abroad, as well as the unfinished Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer Among the Indians.  

2. Huckleberry Finn may be based on Mark Twain's childhood friend.

Twain said Huck is based on Tom Blankenship, a childhood playmate whose father, Woodson Blankenship, was a poor drunkard and the likely model for Pap Finn. “In Huckleberry Finn I have drawn Tom Blankenship exactly as he was,” he wrote in Autobiography. “He was ignorant, unwashed, insufficiently fed; but he had as good a heart as ever any boy had." 

However, Twain may be exaggerating here. In 1885, when the Minneapolis Tribune asked who Huck was based on, Twain admitted it was no single person: “I could not point you out the youngster all in a lump; but still his story is what I call a true story.”

3. It took Twain seven years to write the book.

Huckleberry Finn was written in two short bursts. The first was in 1876, when Twain wrote 400 pages that he told his friend he liked “only tolerably well, as far as I have got, and may possibly pigeonhole or burn” the manuscript. He stopped working on it for several years to write The Prince and the Pauper and Life on the Mississippi.

In 1882, Twain took a steamboat ride on the Mississippi from New Orleans to Minnesota, with a stop in Hannibal. It must have inspired him, because he dove into finishing Huckleberry Finn. In August 1883, he wrote: “I have written eight or nine hundred manuscript pages in such a brief space of time that I mustn’t name the number of days; I shouldn’t believe it myself, and of course couldn’t expect you to.” The book was published in 1884. 

4. Like Huck, Twain changed his view of slavery.

Huck, who grows up in South before the Civil War, not only accepts slavery, but believes that helping Jim run away is a sin. The moral climax of the novel is when Huck debates whether to send Jim’s owner a letter detailing Jim’s whereabouts. Finally, Huck says, "All right, then, I'll go to hell,” and tears the letter up. 

As a child, Twain didn’t question the institution of slavery. Not only was Missouri a slave state, his uncle owned 20 slaves. In Autobiography, Twain wrote, “I vividly remember seeing a dozen black men and women chained to one another, once, and lying in a group on the pavement, awaiting shipment to the Southern slave market. Those were the saddest faces I have ever seen.”

At some point, Twain’s attitudes changed and he married into an abolitionist family. His father-in-law, Jervis Langdon, was a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad and housed Frederick Douglass.

5. Emmeline Grangerford is a parody of a Victorian poetaster.

Huckleberry Finn parodies adventure novels, politics, religion, the Hatfields and the McCoys, and even Hamlet’s soliloquy. But most memorable may be Emmeline Grangerford, the 15-year-old poet. Emmeline is a parody of Julia A. Moore, the “Sweet Singer of Michigan,” who wrote bad poetry about death. So does Emmeline, according to Huck: “Every time a man died, or a woman died, or a child died, she would be on hand with her "tribute" before he was cold. She called them tributes.” Along with bad poetry, Emmeline paints “crayons” of dramatic subjects, such as a girl “crying into a handkerchief” over a dead bird with the caption, "I Shall Never Hear Thy Sweet Chirrup More Alas."

6. A PENIS DRAWING ALMOST RUINED THE BOOK.

Twain, who ran his own printing press, hired 23-year-old E. W. Kemble to illustrate the first edition of Huckleberry Finn. Right as the book went to press, someone—it was never discovered who—added a penis to the illustration of Uncle Silas. The engraving shows Uncle Silas talking to Huck and Aunt Sally while a crude penis bulges from his pants. 

According to Twain’s business manager Charles Webster, 250 books were sent out before the mistake was caught. They were recalled and publication was postponed for a reprint. If the full run had been sent out, Webster said, Twain’s “credit for decency and morality would have been destroyed.” You can view Kemble’s original illustrations here.

7. Many consider Huckleberry Finn the first American novel.

“All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn,” Ernest Hemingway wrote in Green Hills Of Africa. “There was nothing before. There has been nothing as good since." 

While this statement ignores great works like Moby-Dick and The Scarlet Letter, Huckleberry Finn was notable because it was the first novel to be written in the American vernacular. Huck speaks in dialect, using phrases like “it ain’t no matter” or "it warn’t no time to be sentimentering.” Since most writers of the time were still imitating European literature, writing the way Americans actually talked seemed revolutionary. It was language that was clear, crisp, and vivid, and it changed how Americans wrote. 

8. The end of the book is often considered a cop-out.

A major criticism of Huckleberry Finn is that the book begins to fail when Tom Sawyer enters the novel. Up until that point, Huck and Jim have developed a friendship bound by their mutual plight as runaways. We believe Huck cares about Jim and has learned to see his humanity. But when Tom Sawyer comes into the novel, Huck changes. He becomes passive and doesn’t even seem to care when Jim is captured.

To make matters worse, it turns out that Jim’s owner has already set him free, and that Huck’s abusive dad is dead. Essentially, Huck and Jim have been running away from nothing. Many, including American novelist Jane Smiley, believe that by slapping on a happy ending, Twain was ignoring the complex questions his book raises.

9. The book is frequently banned.

Huckleberry Finn was first banned in Concord, Massachussets in 1885 (“trash and suitable only for the slums”) and continues to be one of the most-challenged books.

The objections are usually over n-word, which occurs over 200 times in the book. Others say that the portrayal of African Americans is stereotypical, racially insensitive, or racist.

In 2011, Stephen Railton, a professor at University of Virginia, published a version of the book that replaced that offensive word with “slave.” Soon after appeared The Hipster Huckleberry Finn, where the word was replaced with “hipster.” The book's description says, “the adventures of Huckleberry Finn are now neither offensive nor uncool.”

10. Twain had some thoughts about the book's censorship.

In 1905, the Brooklyn Public Library removed Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer from the shelves because, as librarian wrote Twain, Huck is “a deceitful boy who said 'sweat' when he should have said 'perspiration.'" Here’s Twain’s reply: 

DEAR SIR:

I am greatly troubled by what you say. I wrote Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn for adults exclusively, and it always distresses me when I find that boys and girls have been allowed access to them. The mind that becomes soiled in youth can never again be washed clean; I know this by my own experience, and to this day I cherish an unappeasable bitterness against the unfaithful guardians of my young life, who not only permitted but compelled me to read an unexpurgated Bible through before I was 15 years old. None can do that and ever draw a clean sweet breath again this side of the grave. Ask that young lady—she will tell you so.

Most honestly do I wish I could say a softening word or two in defence of Huck's character, since you wish it, but really in my opinion it is no better than those of Solomon, David, Satan, and the rest of the sacred brotherhood. 

If there is an unexpurgated Bible in the Children's Department, won't you please help that young woman remove Huck and Tom from that questionable companionship?

Sincerely yours,

S. L. Clemens

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