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Scientists Remove the Gluten Genes From Wheat

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Oprah loves bread. We all love bread. But, as gluten-free diets become more mainstream, more and more people are realizing that even if they don't have celiac disease, they still suffer from gluten sensitivity (known as non-celiac gluten sensitivity). And that means no bread. (Or hundreds of other delicious foodstuffs, like beer, or pasta, or fried chicken, or even soy sauce.)

But, in what could be a huge boon for people with gluten issues, scientists in Spain have managed to remove the majority of the proteins that make gluten so troublesome from wheat, according to Digital Trends.

The study, published in the journal Plant Biotechnology, used CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing technology to drastically reduce the amount of gliadins—a protein in gluten that's particularly problematic for celiacs—in wheat. This technique could allow researchers to breed wheat strains that people with gluten-sensitivity are naturally less reactive to, leading to a naturally low-gluten flour.

Unfortunately, the technique probably won't help people with celiac disease just yet. The researchers were able to eliminate 35 of the 45 gliadin genes in wheat, but that's not enough to make wheat safe for celiacs. The genetic changes reduced reactivity to the gluten in the wheat by 85 percent, which means celiacs would still have an immune response to it.

But for people with less serious gluten-sensitivity issues who can still digest small amounts of gluten, the innovation would allow them to eat wheat products without the resulting stomach hell. And while the technology isn't there just yet, it's possible that celiac-safe wheat could be in our future. The researchers are still working on removing those 10 remaining gliadin genes, which would allow them to create gluten-safe wheat strains. Sadly, no amount of gluten-removing technology will help the poor souls with non-gluten wheat sensitivity.

[h/t Digital Trends]

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Beyond the Label: How to Pick the Right Medicines For Your Cold and Flu Symptoms
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The average household spends an annual total of $338 on various over-the-counter medicines, with consumers making around 26 pharmacy runs each year, according to 2015 data from the Consumer Healthcare Products Association. To save cash and minimize effort (here's why you'd rather be sleeping), the Cleveland Clinic recommends avoiding certain cold and flu products, and selecting products containing specific active ingredients.

Since medicine labels can be confusing (lots of people likely can’t remember—let alone spell—words like cetirizine, benzocaine, or dextromethorphan), the famous hospital created an interactive infographic to help patients select the right product for them. Click on your symptom, and you’ll see ingredients that have been clinically proven to relieve runny or stuffy noses, fevers, aches, and coughs. Since every medicine is different, you’ll also receive safety tips regarding dosage levels, side effects, and the average duration of effectiveness.

Next time you get sick, keep an eye out for these suggested elements while comparing products at the pharmacy. In the meantime, a few pro tips: To avoid annoying side effects, steer clear of multi-symptom products if you think just one ingredient will do it for you. And while you’re at it, avoid nasal sprays with phenylephrine and cough syrups with guaifenesin, as experts say they may not actually work. Cold and flu season is always annoying—but it shouldn’t be expensive to boot.

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Why You Might Not Want to Order Tea or Coffee On Your Next Flight
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A cup of tea or coffee at 40,000 feet may sound like a great way to give yourself an extra energy boost during a tiring trip, but it might be healthier to nap away your fatigue—or at least wait until hitting ground to indulge in a caffeine fix. Because, in addition to being tepid and watery, plane brew could be teeming with germs and other harmful life forms, according to Business Insider.

Multiple studies and investigations have taken a closer look at airplane tap water, and the results aren’t pretty—or appetizing. In 2002, The Wall Street Journal conducted a study that looked at water samples taken from 14 different flights from 10 different airlines. Reporters discovered “a long list of microscopic life you don’t want to drink, from Salmonella and Staphylococcus to tiny insect eggs," they wrote.

And they added, "Worse, contamination was the rule, not the exception: Almost all of the bacteria levels were tens, sometimes hundreds, of times above U.S. government limits."

A 2004 study by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) found that water supplies on 15 percent of 327 national and international commercial aircrafts were contaminated to varying degrees [PDF]. This all led up to the 2011 Aircraft Drinking Water Rule, an EPA initiative to make airlines clean up. But in 2013, an NBC investigation found that at least one out of every 10 commercial U.S. airplanes still had issues with water contamination.

Find out how airplane water gets so gross, and why turning water into coffee or tea isn’t enough to kill residual germs by watching Business Insider’s video below.

[h/t Business Insider]

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