# How to Solve a Rubik's Cube in Five Steps

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Watching someone solve a Rubik’s Cube with a few twists and turns never stops being impressive. But it doesn’t take a genius to conquer the classic puzzle: All you need to do is memorize a handful of steps to join the ranks of the Rubik’s Cube masters.

This infographic, shared by Reddit user CitizenYellow, lays out the trick to solving a Rubik’s Cube step-by-step. The guide is broken into five parts, with a few moves and illustrations accompanying each section. To ensure you’re fully prepared before diving in, refer to the key of moves, layers, and essential information to know at the top of the page. After going through the process, the final result should be a cube with perfect solid blue, yellow, green, red, orange, and white squares on each side.

This is just one of the many algorithms that have been devised to make tackling a Rubik's Cube less of a headache. Once you have this one memorized, you can work on executing it as fast as possible. The current best time to beat is 4.69 seconds.

[h/t Visualistan]

# America's Best and Worst Cities for Public Transit

Washington D.C.'s Metro
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Trains, Buses, People: An Opinionated Atlas of U.S. Transit, a new release from Island Press, is undoubtedly a book for transit nerds. But everyone else could learn a little something from it, too. In just a few quick visuals, it's able to distill why transit use is common in some big cities in the U.S., while in others, people are chained to their cars.

The density maps, which we first spotted over on CityLab, highlight where the most people live and are employed in major U.S. cities, overlaying information about how accessible frequent rail and/or bus service is in that area. The combined data show a realistic picture of how accessible certain parts of a city are, illuminating which U.S. cities, and which of their neighborhoods, are easiest to get around without a car.

Washington D.C.
Trains, Buses, People: An Opinionated Atlas of U.S. Transit, Island Press

Sure, there are likely bus lines that run farther out beyond the bounds of downtown, but frequency is one of the most important predictors of whether people actually use transit or not. So is distance—you're not going to get many riders if people have to drive to your bus stop—and while some planners consider a quarter-mile to be the ideal maximum distance to be considered "walkable" distance to transit, others, including those running major transit agencies like the Washington D.C. Metro, use a half-mile as the standard. (The book's author, Rice University urban planner Christof Spieler, served on the board of directors for the Houston METRO from 2010 to 2018.)

New York City
Trains, Buses, People: An Opinionated Atlas of U.S. Transit, Island Press

The resulting infographics portray the reality of American transit options. Even in cities we imagine are great for public transportation (New York) there are wide swaths of densely populated geography that are virtually inaccessible. Other cities known for their over-dependency on the car (Los Angeles) actually might have far more transit options than you imagine.

Trains, Buses, People: An Opinionated Atlas of U.S. Transit, Island Press

So what U.S. cities have the overall best transit coverage, according to Spieler? He names these cities as the five best: New York City, Boston, San Francisco, Seattle, and Washington, D.C.

And the most useless? As far as individual rail lines go, Nashville's \$41 million Music City Star line carries fewer people than most bus routes. St. Clair County, Illinois, has a MetroLink line running from St. Louis eastward to serve "literal corn fields," Spieler writes. A Cleveland light-rail extension built in the 1990s serves a pathetic 400 people a day. Dallas's system, DART, is the biggest light-rail line in the country, but it "reaches remarkably few places," carrying half as many people per mile as transit in San Diego, Phoenix, or Houston.

In general, recent American transit projects cost taxpayers a ton of money and serve relatively few people—New York, despite having one of the best transit systems in the U.S., has paid \$18.9 billion over the last 10 years on a mere three subway stations and one commuter-rail station.

Curious as to how your city measures up? Get the book on Amazon for \$36.

[h/t CityLab]

# The 20 Safest Cities in America, Mapped

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If safety is a top concern for you when choosing where to live, there are several factors you need to take into account. Personal safety may come to mind immediately, but financial risks and natural disasters are also worth considering, too. Fortunately, as Thrillist reports, WalletHub has weighed all of these factors in its latest analysis of the safest cities in America, which you can explore in the map below.

To crown the country's safest city, WalletHub considered 39 different factors in three different categories. In the home and community safety category, the number of mass shootings, sex offenders, law-enforcement employees, and traffic fatalities per capita were factored into the score, among other information. The financial safety score, on the other hand, accounted for the unemployment rate, number of identity theft complaints, job security, and retirement plan access and participation rates. The natural-disaster risk score was based on the likelihood of earthquakes, floods, hurricane storm surges, hail, tornados, and wildfires.

Source: WalletHub

Out of the 182 U.S. cities included in WalletHub’s analysis, Columbia, Maryland ranked the highest for overall safety, earning 86 points out of 100 overall. The city appeared fourth in the home and community safety category, 34th in the financial safety category, and 63rd in the natural-disaster safety category.

Below are the 20 safest cities in the country, according to WalletHub.

## The 20 Safest Cities

1. Columbia, Maryland
2. South Burlington, Vermont
3. Plano, Texas
4. Virginia Beach, Virginia
5. Warwick, Rhode Island
6. Gilbert, Arizona
7. Yonkers, New York
8. Bismarck, North Dakota
9. Nashua, New Hampshire
10. Boise, Idaho
11. Brownsville, Texas
12. Chandler, Arizona
13. Aurora, Illinois
14. Chesapeake, Virginia
15. Scottsdale, Arizona
16. Burlington, Vermont
17. Lewiston, Maine
18. Fargo, North Dakota
19. Salem, Oregon
20. Worcester, Massachusetts

The round-up also gives you an idea of the least safe cities in America, if you’re hoping to avoid locales with a less-than-stellar track record. This analysis identifies St. Louis, Missouri as the least safe city in the country. Baton Rouge, Louisiana, ranks lowest in home and community safety. Here are some of the others that made the least-safe list:

## The 20 Least-Safe cities

1. St. Louis, Missouri
2. Fort Lauderdale, Florida
3. San Bernardino, California
4. Baton Rouge, Louisiana
5. Little Rock, Arkansas
6. Detroit, Michigan
7. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
8. Wichita, Kansas
9. Los Angeles, California
10. Jackson, Mississippi
11. Memphis, Tennessee
13. New Orleans, Louisiana
14. Cleveland, Ohio
16. St. Petersburg, Florida
17. Lexington-Fayette, Kentucky
18. Kansas City, Missouri
19. Orlando, Florida
20. Knoxville, Tennessee