Literary legend Kurt Vonnegut died in 2007, but the author still has a few more stories to share. Five previously unpublished short stories were recently discovered within his papers, held at Indiana University Bloomington, and one of them is now available to read in The Atlantic. The others will be published in the Vonnegut collection Complete Stories later in September.
The stories were found by Vonnegut’s friend Dan Wakefield and a scholar of the author’s work named Jerome Klinkowitz, both of whom served as editors for Complete Stories. Vonnegut’s archives are held at the Lilly Library at Indiana University Bloomington, which also holds the papers of authors like Sylvia Plath and Upton Sinclair, among others.
New discoveries aren’t entirely rare there—in May 2017, researchers found several previously unknown Plath poems. And this isn't the first posthumous publication of new Vonnegut work—as we put it back in 2012, "Vonnegut’s the Tupac of American literature—the posthumous hits just keep coming." Those hits include previously unpublished short stories, a novella, essays, and more.
The new Vonnegut story, “The Drone King,” likely dates back to the early 1950s, according to Klinkowitz. At that point, the author was just beginning to publish short fiction and had not yet written a novel. (He would eventually publish 14.) The roughly 3700-word short story follows the narrator’s relationship with Sheldon Quick, an eccentric who’s about to resign from a social club called the Millennial Club—where the rules include “no women or flowers allowed past the front desk”—to start a bee-related business venture.
Read the story over at The Atlantic. The magazine has an audio version of the story, if listening's more your style.
Don't tell Winnie the Pooh, but he's not the only big shot on the children's book bear market. Paddington Bear has been charming children and adults alike since 1958. As he readies for his second big-screen outing in Paddington 2, which hits theaters on Friday, here's how Paddington came to be.
1. IT STARTED WITH A LONELY TEDDY BEAR.
Have you ever seen a neglected toy abandoned on a store shelf or tossed aside, unwanted, and felt oddly sorry for it? That's exactly how Paddington Bear came about. Author Michael Bond was roaming Selfridges department store on Christmas Eve in 1956 looking for a gift for his wife when he came across a lonely teddy bear all alone on a shelf.
“I felt sorry for it," Bond said. Though Bond purchased him, the idea of the abandoned bear stuck with the would-be author. He began writing stories about it, mostly for his own amusement, then realized he might have something children would be interested in.
Paddington isn't this beloved bear's real name. He has a Peruvian name, but tells his adoptive family that no one would be able to understand it (we find out much later that it's "Pastuso"). They decide to call him Paddington, which is the name of the railway station where he was discovered. The bear Bond took home from the department store on Christmas Eve received the same name because Bond and his wife lived near Paddington Station at the time.
3. HE WASN'T ALWAYS FROM PERU.
Originally, Paddington wasn't going to be from Darkest Peru. First drafts had Paddington calling "darkest Africa"home. But after Bond got an agent, the agent informed him no bears exist in Africa. Peru, however, does have spectacled bears.
4. IT TOOK SEVEN YEARS FOR MICHAEL BOND TO QUIT HIS DAY JOB.
JOHN STILLWELL/AFP/Getty Images
It took about seven years from the time the first book was published in 1958, but eventually the sales of Paddington books allowed Bond to retire from his job as a cameraman for the BBC.
5. BOND WAS SURPRISED BY PADDINGTON'S SUCCESS.
Paddington books have sold more than 35 million copies and have been translated into over 40 languages, which surprised Bond. "I am constantly surprised by all the translations because I thought that Paddington was essentially an English character," he once said. "Obviously Paddington-type situations happen all over the world."
6. THERE'S A STATUE OF PADDINGTON AT PADDINGTON STATION.
There's a little statue of Paddington Bear at Paddington Station. He's just the size you would expect him to be. When you're done snapping a photo with him, you can march yourself over to the Paddington shop at the station, which sells nothing but Paddington Bear gear.
7. PADDINGTON FACED IMMIGRATION ISSUES IN 2008.
Poor Paddington faced a rather grown up situation in 2008. When P.B. goes to report his stolen shopping cart, the police discover that he's in London illegally from Darkest Peru and immigration issues ensue. "There is this side of Paddington the Browns don't really understand at all," Bond said. "What it's like to be a refugee, not to be in your own country."
8. HE ONCE TRADED IN MARMALADE FOR MARMITE.
Of course Paddington adores marmalade, and no reason is ever given for that ("Bears love marmalade" is all we get). But in 2007, he decided to give Marmite a try instead. Although he had been enjoying marmalade for the 49 years prior (always keeping an emergency sandwich under his hat, just in case), it was apparently the right time to try something different, and he finds a Marmite and cheese sandwich to be "rather good." But don't expect Paddington's favorite fare to be replaced anytime soon—it was a one-time advertising promotion.
9. IT TOOK 15 YEARS FOR PADDINGTON'S WELLIES TO BECOME FAMOUS.
Paddington's famous Wellies weren't that famous until the plush version of him came out in 1972. The owner of a small business called Gabrielle Designs decided to make a Paddington stuffed animal for her children because there wasn't one on the market yet. Although the bear had received a pair of Wellington boots in 1964's Paddington Marches On, he wasn't necessarily known for them. The Wellies were placed on the stuffed bear's feet just to help him stand upright, and he became known for his colorful boots when the toy became a commercial success.
10. THE REST OF HIS SIGNATURE OUTFIT HAS ITS OWN HISTORY, TOO.
Speaking of Paddington's clothes, here's where the rest of the famous outfit came from: The blue duffle coat was purchased for him by the Browns soon after he came to live with them. The old hat was handed down to him from his uncle, who is still in Darkest Peru with Aunt Lucy. Aunt Lucy is the one who placed the "Please Look After This Bear" tag around his neck.
These Vending Machines Dispense Short Stories Instead Of Snacks
BY James Hunt
January 8, 2018
While many have lamented the lost art of reading in our social media-driven world, few have actually tried to do anything about it. Short Éditionis the exception. In 2011, the Grenoble, France-based startup began installing short story-dispensing vending machines in some of the country's most popular public spaces, beginning with Paris's Charles de Gaulle Airport. And now they've made their way to America.
The screen-less contraptions, known as Short Story Dispensers, are the brainchild of Christophe Sibieude (the co-founder and head of Short Édition) and Grenoble's mayor, Éric Piolle, a noted environmentalist who agreed to fund the company's first eight prototypes. The pair hoped that commuters and bystanders would make use of these stories to expand and enrich their minds while waiting around, rather than tapping and swiping their way aimlessly through Facebook or Twitter.
“The idea came to us in front of a vending machine containing chocolate bars and drinks," Sibieude told Agence-France Presse in 2015. "We said to ourselves that we could do the same thing with good quality popular literature to occupy these little unproductive moments.”
Stories are dispensed according to how much time you've got to spend reading (one-, three-, and five-minute options are all available), and the stories are printed out on long, receipt-like paper that is both eco-friendly and BPA-free. According to the company, "Thanks to innovative printing on demand, there is no waste, no ink, and no cartridge." But there is a rabid interest in what Short Édition is doing.
According to The Verge, the machines offer more than 13 million works by 6800 authors, and include classics from the likes of Shakespeare and Virginia Woolf.
Since that first machine made its airport debut, more than 150 others have popped up, mainly in France, but the U.S. has started to catch on. Francis Ford Coppola was an early fan of the concept; in addition to becoming an investor, the first U.S. machine was installed in his Café Zoetrope in San Francisco.
All told, there are currently about 20 machines spread across America—though something tells us that number will soon be on the rise. Short Édition is showing off its Short Story Dispenser at this year's CES, one of the world's biggest showcases for emerging consumer technologies, where it will undoubtedly attract new fans.