Language App Can Now Help You Learn High Valyrian From Game of Thrones

HBO
HBO

The language-learning app Duolingo is a helpful tool for preparing for a Japanese vacation or brushing up on your high-school Spanish. But soon there will a new reason to download the app: In addition to the “real” languages it teaches, Duolingo will be offering High Valyrian to enhance your Game of Thrones-watching experience, SFGate reports.

In the acclaimed HBO series, High Valyrian is the dialect spoken by Daenerys Targaryen, one of the last surviving descendants of Old Valyria. As is the case with Dothraki, Valyrian was invented by conglanger (language constructor) David J. Peterson. He thoughtfully composed both languages to mimic organic linguistics, so that viewers could learn to speak the languages at home.

Now Game of Thrones fans will be able teach themselves High Valyrian without studying a digital dictionary. A beta version of Duolingo’s High Valyrian lessons will launch for web browsers on July 13 and eventually make its way to the iOS and Android apps.

The seventh season of Game of Thrones premieres July 16 on HBO. While you may not be able to reach Daenerys-level fluency by then, you’ll have plenty of time to learn the basics, like Valar morghulis, or ”All men must die.”

[h/t SFGate]

Harry Potter Fans Have Been Mispronouncing Voldemort's Name

Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. // Harry Potter Publishing Rights J.K.R.
Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. // Harry Potter Publishing Rights J.K.R.

Just last month we learned J.K. Rowling included the correct pronunciation of "Hermione" in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire to keep fans from continuing to say her name wrong. And now we find out that the vast majority of Harry Potter fans have been mispronouncing Voldemort's name for 20 years as well. We need a second to collect ourselves.

According to Cosmopolitan, List25 tweeted, “#DidYouKnow Contrary to popular belief, the ‘t’ at the end of Voldemort is silent. The name comes from the French words meaning ‘flight of death.’”

Apparently, JK Rowling also confirmed the correct, silent "t" pronunciation of Voldemort three years ago—yet many Potterheads have been blissfully ignorant to their mispronunciation.

Back in 2015, a fan messaged Rowling on Twitter, saying, "One piece of Harry Potter trivia I always forget to mention: the ‘t’ is silent in Voldemort." According to ​The Sun, Rowling confirmed the common mistake by replying, "… but I’m pretty sure I’m the only person who pronounces it that way."

What's the Difference Between Straw and Hay?

iStock.com/dusipuffi
iStock.com/dusipuffi

The words straw and hay are often used interchangeably, and it's easy to see why: They're both dry, grassy, and easy to find on farms in the fall. But the two terms actual describe different materials, and once you know what to look for, it's easy to tell the difference between them.

Hay refers to grasses and some legumes such as alfalfa that are grown for use as animal feed. The full plant is harvested—including the heads, leaves, and stems—dried, and typically stored in bales. Hay is what livestock like cattle eat when there isn't enough pasture to go around, or when the weather gets too cold for them to graze. The baled hay most non-farmers are familiar with is dry and yellow, but high-quality hay has more of a greenish hue.

The biggest difference between straw and hay is that straw is the byproduct of crops, not the crop itself. When a plant, such as wheat or barley, has been stripped of its seeds or grains, the stalk is sometimes saved and dried to make straw. This part of the plant is lacking in nutrients, which means it doesn't make great animal fodder. But farmers have found other uses for the material throughout history: It what's used to weave baskets, thatch roofs, and stuff mattresses.

Today, straw is commonly used to decorate pumpkin-picking farms. It's easy to identify (if it's being used in a way that would be wasteful if it were food, chances are it's straw), but even the farms themselves can confuse the two terms. Every hayride you've ever taken, for example, was most likely a straw-ride.

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