15 of Nelson Mandela's Most Inspiring Quotes

Scott Barbour/Getty Images
Scott Barbour/Getty Images

From the four-hour “I am prepared to die” speech he gave at his 1962 trial to letters written after his retirement, Nelson Mandela’s thoughts and words of wisdom have long inspired people around the world. On what would have been his 99th birthday, here are some of Madiba’s most thought-provoking and inspirational words.

1. ON COURAGE:

"I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear."

The Long Walk to Freedom, 1994

2. ON GROWTH:

"It is in the character of growth that we should learn from both pleasant and unpleasant experiences.”

Address to the Foreign Correspondents Association, 1997

3. ON LEARNING FROM THE PAST:

“Out of the experience of an extraordinary human disaster that lasted too long, must be born a society of which all humanity will be proud.”

Presidential inauguration, 1994

4. ON ACHIEVING SUCCESS:

“Everyone can rise above their circumstances and achieve success if they are dedicated to and passionate about what they do.”

—A letter to South African cricket player Makhaya Ntini, 2009

5. ON PARENTING:

“Few things make the life of a parent more rewarding and sweet as successful children.”

Letter from prison, 1981

6. ON HUMANITY:

“Men, I think, are not capable of doing nothing, of saying nothing, of not reacting to injustice, of not protesting against oppression, of not striving for the good society and the good life in the ways they see it.”

Statement to the court, 1962

7. ON UNITY:

“We must embrace one another on the basis of justice and nurture the extended family to which we all belong.”

Speech at anti-Apartheid activist Beyers Naude's 80th birthday celebration, 1995

8. ON PERSISTENCE:

“But I have discovered the secret that after climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb.”

The Long Walk to Freedom, 1994

9. ON MEETING CHALLENGES:

"Difficulties break some men but make others. No axe is sharp enough to cut the soul of a sinner who keeps on trying, one armed with the hope that he will rise even in the end."

Letter to Winnie Mandela, 1975

10. ON INTEGRITY:

“Those who conduct themselves with morality, integrity and consistency need not fear the forces of inhumanity and cruelty.”

—British Red Cross Humanity lecture, 2003

11. ON EQUALITY:

“I have never regarded any man as my superior, either in my life outside or inside prison.”

Letter written from prison to the Prison Commissioner, 1976

12. ON OPTIMISM:

“Part of being optimistic is keeping one's head pointed toward the sun, one's feet moving forward.”

Long Walk to Freedom, 1994

13. ON EDUCATION:

“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”

Speech from the launch of the Mindset Network, 2003

14. ON LIVING LIFE FULLY:

"There is no passion to be found playing small—in settling for a life that is less than the one you are capable of living."

Long Walk to Freedom, 1994

15. ON BELIEFS:

“One cannot be prepared for something while secretly believing it will not happen.”

Long Walk to Freedom, 1994

The Time Baby Ruth Sued Babe Ruth

Allsport/Hulton Archive/Getty Images
Allsport/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

In 1920, the Curtiss Candy Company introduced the Baby Ruth candy bar, causing a certain baseball player with a very similar name to take notice. Babe Ruth was having a monstrous year—his 54 home runs in the 1920 season were more than any other team in the American League. If you were going to misappropriate someone’s name for a candy bar, Ruth’s was a logical choice.

Sensing opportunity, the Great Bambino struck back by creating his own Babe Ruth Home Run Bar. Curtiss quickly sued Ruth’s company for trademark infringement. But what happened next was surprising: When the Sultan of Swat accused the company of using his name, Curtiss feigned shock. Its bar was named after “Baby” Ruth Cleveland, daughter of President Grover Cleveland.

For years, this has been the oft-repeated explanation, but the argument makes no sense. Cleveland had been out of office for more than two decades and dead for 12 years when the bar debuted. “Baby” Ruth herself had died of diphtheria in 1904, at just 12 years old. Although the country’s most famous baseball star would seem much more likely to have a namesake candy than a former president's departed child, the courts sided with Curtiss.

When Ruth learned of the verdict, he bellowed, “Well, I ain’t eatin’ your damned candy bar anymore!” Somehow, the Baby Ruth bar survived without his support.

What Is the Wilhelm Scream?

iStock
iStock

What do Star Wars, The Lord of the Rings, Pirates of the Caribbean, Harold and Kumar Go to White Castle, Toy Story, Reservoir Dogs, Titanic, Anchorman, 22 Jump Street, and more than 200 other films and TV shows have in common? Not much besides the one and only Wilhelm Scream.

The Wilhelm Scream is the holy grail of movie geek sound effects—a throwaway sound bite with inauspicious beginnings that was turned into the best movie in-joke ever when it was revived in the 1970s.

Just what is it? Chances are you’ve heard it before but never really noticed it. The Wilhelm Scream is a stock sound effect that has been used in both the biggest blockbusters and the lowest low-budget movies and television shows for over 60 years, and is usually heard when someone onscreen is shot or falls from a great height.

First used in the 1951 Gary Cooper western Distant Drums, the distinctive yelp began in a scene in which a group of soldiers wade through a swamp, and one of them lets out a piercing scream as an alligator drags him underwater.

As is the case with many movie sound effects, the scream was recorded later in a sound booth with the simple direction to make it sound like “a man getting bit by an alligator, and he screams.” Six screams were performed in one take, and the fifth scream on the recording became the iconic Wilhelm (the others were used for additional screams in other parts of the movie).

Following its debut in 1951, the effect became a regular part of the Warner Bros. sound library and was continually used by the studio’s filmmakers in their movies. Eventually, in the early 1970s, a group of budding sound designers at USC’s film school—including future Academy Award-winning sound designer Ben Burtt—recognized that the unique scream kept popping up in numerous films they were watching. They nicknamed it the “Wilhelm Scream” after a character in the first movie they all recognized it from, a 1963 western called The Charge at Feather River, in which a character named Private Wilhelm lets out the pained scream after being shot in the leg by an arrow.

As a joke, the students began slipping the effect into the student films they were working on at the time. After he graduated, Burtt was tapped by fellow USC alum George Lucas to do the sound design on a little film he was making called Star Wars. As a nod to his friends, Burtt put the original sound effect from the Warner Bros. library into the movie, most noticeably when a Stormtrooper is shot by Luke Skywalker and falls into a chasm on the Death Star. Burtt would go on to use the Wilhelm Scream in various scenes in every Star Wars and Indiana Jones movie, causing fans and filmmakers to take notice.

Directors like Peter Jackson and Quentin Tarantino, as well as countless other sound designers, sought out the sound and put it in their movies as a humorous nod to Burtt. They wanted to be in on the joke too, and the Wilhelm Scream began showing up everywhere, making it an unofficial badge of honor. It's become bigger than just a sound effect, and the name “Wilhelm Scream” has been used for everything from a band name, to a beer, to a song title, and more.

But whose voice does the scream itself belong to? Burtt himself did copious amounts of research, as the identity of the screamer was unknown for decades. He eventually found a Warner Bros. call sheet from Distant Drums that listed actors who were scheduled to record additional dialogue after the film was completed. One of the names, and the most likely candidate as the Wilhelm screamer, was an actor and musician named Sheb Wooley, who appeared in classics like High Noon, Giant, and the TV show Rawhide. You may also know him as the musician who sang the popular 1958 novelty song “Purple People Eater.”

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