By the Numbers: The Billions of Animals Killed by Cats

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By Chris Gayomali/The Week

The internet loves cats. And why not? They're cute, endlessly entertaining and, unlike dogs, don't require constant attention. But what do cats do when they're not curling up in your lap? According to biologists, they're off killing other animals — billions of 'em. Scientists from the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute and the Fish and Wildlife Service estimate that each year, apparently bloodthirsty felines are preying on billions of birds and small mammals like indigenous chipmunks, shrews, and meadow voles. "When we ran the model, we didn't know what to expect," researcher Dr. Peter Marra told the New York Times. "We were absolutely stunned by the results." The model, which crunches numbers from 21 existing studies, is the first of its kind in the United States, and follows on the heels of a controversial plan in New Zealand to eliminate the nation's cats. Here's a look at our killer cats, by the numbers:

84 million

House cats in the United States

4 to 18

Birds killed by a typical house cat every year

8 to 21

Small mammals killed by a typical house cat every year

30 million to 80 million

Free-roaming, feral cats estimated to be living in the United States. They either survive alone or live in colonies. In Washington, D.C., for example, there are estimated to be some 300 outdoor cat colonies.

23 to 46

Birds killed by each feral cat every year

129 to 338

Small mammals killed by each feral cat every year

1.4 billion to 3.7 billion

Total birds killed by America's cats every year

15

Percentage of all bird deaths estimated to come at the hands — er, paws — of cats

6.9 billion to 20.7 billion

Total small mammals killed by cats every year

2 to 4

Factor by which these newly estimated kill rates are higher than mortality figures previously suggested. "Our findings suggest that free-ranging cats cause substantially greater wildlife mortality than previously thought and are likely the single greatest source of anthropogenic mortality for U.S. birds and mammals," the study's authors conclude. "Scientifically sound conservation and policy intervention is needed to reduce this impact."

Sources: LiveScience, New York TimesUSA Today

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