Pictures at 11: 11 Photojournalism Classics
1. Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
The photo was taken on June 6, 1944, by Robert F. Sargent. It depicts U.S. Army First Division soldiers disembarking from a LCVP from the U.S. Coast Guard-manned USS Samuel Chase at Omaha Beach during the Normandy Landings in World War II. The phrase "into the jaws of Death" in the photograph's title comes from a refrain in Alfred Tennyson 's poem "The Charge of the Light Brigade."
2. Migrant Mother by Dorothea Lange
This is the classic image that has come to represent the Great Depression. The woman in the photo is Florence Thompson. The original photo featured Florence's thumb and index finger on the tent pole, but the image was later retouched to hide Florence's thumb. Her index finger was left untouched.
3. Saigon, 1968 by Eddie Adams
Like many on this list, Eddie Adams’ name is well-known and attached to one specific photograph. Often referred to as “Saigon, 1968,” Adams said the image haunted him for the rest of his life.
4. Gandhi at his spinning wheel by Margaret Bourke-White
Bourke-White is known equally well in both India and Pakistan for her photographs of Gandhi at his spinning wheel and Pakistan's founder, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, upright in a chair. She also was called "one of the most effective chroniclers" of the violence that erupted at the independence and partition of India and Pakistan.
5. The Falling Soldier by Robert Capa
Taken by Robert Capa on September 5, 1936 and long thought to depict the death of a Republican, specifically an Iberian Federation of Libertarian Youth (FIJL) soldier during the Spanish Civil War, who was later identified as the anarchist Federico Borrell García. The full title of the photograph is Loyalist Militiaman at the Moment of Death, Cerro Muriano, September 5, 1936.
6. Iranian Demonstrators by David Burnett
Over the course of the 44 consecutive days that shocked the world in 1979, Burnett photographed the initial uprisings that culminated in mass demonstrations, violence and mourning. He also captured the celebrations of revolutionary Shiites upon the fall of a monarch. At the time, Burnett's photographs were featured extensively in Time magazine.
7. Kiss by the Hôtel de Ville by Robert Doisneau
While Doisneau is renowned for his 1950 image Le baiser de l'hôtel de ville (Kiss by the Hôtel de Ville), a photo of a couple kissing in the busy streets of Paris, he, along with Henri Cartier-Bresson, is considered one of the main pioneers of photojournalism, period. He spent much of his life shooting "ordinary" street scenes, which was revolutionary at the time. I think the reason people love the Kiss photo so much is because it reminds us how short life is. It says: don't miss opportunities to enjoy your life. It says: Kiss the one you're with. It says: Public displays of affection shouldn't be scoffed at. It says: Just do it! So what are you waiting for? Stop reading this post now and reach out to the ones you care about and tell them as much! Tell them you love them, or at least kove them (a word I just coined: one keystroke away from "love").
8. The Battle For Saigon by Philip Jones Griffiths
U.S. policy in Vietnam was based on the premise that peasants driven into the towns and cities by the carpet-bombing of the countryside would be safe. Furthermore, removed from their traditional value system they could be prepared for imposition of consumerism. This "restructuring" of society suffered a setback when, in 1968, death rained down on the urban enclaves.
9. Behind the Gare St. Lazare by Henri Cartier-Bresson
While this might be the most iconic work by Cartier-Bresson, he never thought the photo was such a big deal. Of it, he said, ”There was a plank fence around some repairs behind the Gare St. Lazare and I was peeking through the space with my camera at my eye. This is what I saw. The space between the planks was not entirely wide enough for my lens, which is the reason the picture is cut off on the left.”
10. Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima by Joe Rosenthal
Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima is one of the most iconic photos in history. It was taken by Joe Rosenthal in 1945 and went on to win the Pulitzer Prize in the same year. This was not the first time the american flag was raised on Iwo Jima. Earlier that day when this part of the island was originally captured, the first flag was raised, a smaller one, more makeshift in appearance. This scene is actually the replacement of the original flag with a more substantial one.
11. First Flag Raising on Iwo Jima by Staff Sergeant Louis R. Lowery
Here is the real flag raising shot, raised atop the mountain soon after it was captured early in the morning of February 23, 1945. According to this source, Captain Dave Severance was ordered by 2nd Battalion Commander Chandler Johnson to send a platoon to go take the mountain. "Severance, the commander of Easy Company, ordered First Lieutenant Harold G. Schrier to lead the patrol. Just before Schrier was to head up the mountain, Commander Chandler Johnson handed him a flag saying, 'If you get to the top, put it up.' Johnson's adjutant, second lieutenant Greeley Wells, had taken the 54-by-28-inch (140-by-71-centimeter) American flag from their transport ship, the USS Missoula. The patrol reached the top without incident and the flag was raised, and photographed by Staff Sergeant Louis R. Lowery, a photographer with Leatherneck magazine.
For 11-11-11, we'll be posting twenty-four '11 lists' throughout the day. Check back 11 minutes after every hour for the latest installment, or see them all here.